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Ford County, Illinois, 




Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative Citizens, 
Together with Biographies of all the 

iOYeniors of the Itate, and of the Iresideiits 



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[IE greatest of English historians, Macaulay, and one of the most brilliant -writers of 
the present ceutur>-, has said: "The history of a country is best told in a record of the 
lives of its pec^jle." In conformity with this idea the Poutkait and BiooR.u'incAL 
Record of tj^ig county has been prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and 
taking therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, our 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by their 
enterprise ai| d industry, brought the county to rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
iuduence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
& records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very 

man3-, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way," content 
to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy — "they have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strenr''! of j'oung manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawj-er's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their countrj^'s 
J call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains so much that would never find its way into puljlic records, and which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers flatter them- 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograph- 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
tlie family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were mjidc 
at their residence or place of business. 

.July, 18'J2. Lakk Crrv rii-.LisiiiNG Co. 


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HE Father of our Country was 
m) born in Westmorland Co., Va., 
*-' Feb. 22, 1732. His parents 
were Augustine and Mary 
(Ball) Washington. The family 
to which he belonged has not 
been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a pros[)erous 
planter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John, 
Augustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his 
second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
Samuel, John Augustine, Charles 
and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a large landed property. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the parental residence. George 
received only such education as the neighborhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left 
scliool, ivlien he received private instruction in 
mathematics. His spelling v/as rather defective. 

Remarkable stories are told of his great physica 
strength and development at an early age. He was 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was 14 years oldhe had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for liim, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandoned. Two years later he was appointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 1751, though only 19 years of 
age, he was appointed adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained fot 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her demise the 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Uixin the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia was 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assigned to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
cepted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to I)e traversed 
was Ijetween 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and the journey was to be made without military 
escort, through a territory occupied by Indians. The 


irip was a perilous one, and several limes he came near 
losing his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a full and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of 300 men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major Washington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
were disabled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says : "I had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was levelino my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not born to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

After having been five years in the militarj- service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, he 
took advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesne and the 
expulsion of the French from the valley of tlie Ohio, 
to resign his commission. Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he took an 
active and important part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
^f Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
delphia.Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
[;eaceably if possible. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
cord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and 
responsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
who was still a memberof the Congress. He accepted 
it on June 19, but upon the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress 10 pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the people of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under ever)- possible disadvantage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame every 
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On Dec. 23, 17S3, Washington, in 
a patting address of surpassing beauty, lesigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army 10 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public lite. 

In February, 1 7 89, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he was 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a riew 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the part 
of other governments; trials from want of harmony 
between the diflerent sections of our own country; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owing to the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
clear judg.nent could discern the golden mean; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outset, it left him exposed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often bitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a third nominaiion. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, hoping to pass there 
his few remaining years free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France- 
At the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintei.ded from his 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preiiarations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he took 
a severe cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in h's throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was borne wi'h military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad-« 
miration. The more we see of the operations of 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force of his tal- 
ent and character, which have be-^n able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tali, erect 
and well proportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetry 
He commanded respect without any a]. pea ranee qt 
haughtiness, and ever seiipus withouf l-^ine; dull. 


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|l OHN ADAMS, the second 
■\ President and the first Vice- 
' President of the United States, 
was born \\\ Braintree ( now 
Quincy),Mass., and about ten 
miles from Boston, Oct. ig, 
1735. His great-grandfather, Henry 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1640, with a family of eight 
''\ sons, and settled at Braiatree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams. His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in Worcester, Mass. This lie found but a 
'school of afflic-tion," from which hi endeavored to 
gain relief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this purpose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this liy what he 
termed " the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
jils, of diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature," 
of the operations of which he had been a witness in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
jiTofession, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and fluenc of speech, and having quick percep- 
tive powers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, (i7f'5), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa- 
'ion turi'i'-jd him from law to politics. He took initial 
steps toward holdin^ i town meeting, and the resolu- 

tions he offered on the subject became very populai 
throughout the Province, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocatesof the popular cause, and 
was chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
lislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himsell 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against tb^ 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he mcved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume the duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of .ive 
appointed June 11, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved the task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with tha 
glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of prophecy. "Yesterday," he says, "the 
greatest question was decided that ever was debated 
in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or wil 
be decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissendng colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states.' The day is passed. Tlie fourth of 
July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch in the history 
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty 
God, It ought to be solemnized v.'ith pomp, shows. 



games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. Vou will think me transported 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see the 
rays of hght and glory. I can see that the end is 
Wurlh more than all the means; and that posterity 
will triumph, although you and I may rue, which I 
ho[ie we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
ddegate to France and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms qnd money 
from the French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
comiielled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
posed him to greatperilof capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
might Ije found willing to listen to such pvoposels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
H lUand, where he negotiated important loans and 
formed important commercial treaties 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 21, 1783. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and anxiety through which Mr. Adams had passed 
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink the waters of 
Bith. ^Vhile in England, still drooping anddespond- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was 
delicate, yet he immediately set out, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot, he made the trip. 

February 24, 1785^ Congress appointed Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. As England did not 
condescend to appoint a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he was accom- 
plishing but little, he sought permission to return to 
nis own country, where he arrived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
Adams, rendered illustiious by his signal services at 
home and abroad, was chosen Vice President. .Again 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President,though not without much opposition. 
Serving in this office four years,he was succeeded by 
Mr. Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice President the great 

French Revolution shook the continent of Euroije, 
and it was upon this point which he was atissujwuh 
the majority of his countrymen led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in their struggle, for he had no confidence in their 
power of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
classof atheist philosophers who he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence or- 
iginated the alienation between these distinguished 
men, and two powerful parties were thus soon organ- 
ized, Adams at the head of the one whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the comjilete success of the 
institution which he had l)een so active in creating and 
supporting. In 1824, his cup of happiness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished their 
earthly pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found himself too weak to rise from 
his bed. On being requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " In- 
dependence FOREVER." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his attendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fourth of July — God bless it — God bless you all.'' 
In the course of the day he said, "It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were, 
"Jefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spirit into the hands of his God. 

The personal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particularly prepossessing. His face, 
as his portrait manifests,was intellectual ard expres 
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and h''- 
manners were frequently abrupt and unrourteous 
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, nri 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners and address of Jefferson. 



liorn April 2, 1743, at Shad- 
l^well, Albermarle county, Va. 
His parents were Peter and 
Jane ( Randolph) Jefferson, 
the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
ing been kept diligently at school 
from the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
end Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obodeof fashion splendor. Young Jefferson, who was then 17 
years old, lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet lie 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irreproacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences, that he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he had 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to hard study, allowing himself for e.x- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
higli intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
Greek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar has seldom gone fortli from college halls; anvi 

there was not to be found, perhaps, in all Virginia, a 
more pureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued in the 
practice of his profession he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
The policy of England had awakened the spirit of 
resistance of the American Colonies, and tlie enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was choser. 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, In 
1772 he married Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very beauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow 

Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shadwell, there 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticello, which 
commanded a prospect of wonderful extent and 
beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest ye^ 
elegant architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon 
became the most distinguished resort in our land. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Colonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
was placed upon a number of important committees, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This com- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was appointed 
to draw up the paper. Franklin and Adams suggested 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 28, a few slight changes were made 
in It by Congress, and it was jxissed and signed July 
4, 1776. What must have been the feelings of that 



man — what the emotions that swelled his breast — 
who was charged with the preparatioii of that Dec- 
laration, which, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, -.vas also to publish her to the world, free, 
soverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
markable papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
of the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
sufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

Ill 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, as Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British officer, Taileton, sent.a secret expedition to 
Moniicelio, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two ye us later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 1789, he became Secretary of State 
m Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. r, 1794. In 1797, he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Glinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
■ tion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquility and peace of the Union; this was the con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an uni^rincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the plan of a 
military expedition intc the Spanish territories on our 
>oathwestern frontier, for the purpose of lorming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a f:ir more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from political life. For a period of nearly 
:3rty years, he had been continually before the pub- 
■ic, and all tliattime had l)een employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years recjuired, and upon the organization of 
the new administration, in March, i8og, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, — 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, — and remained three and even six months. 
Life at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July 1826, being the fiftieth anniver- 

sary of the Declaration of American Independence, 

great preparations were made in every part of the 
Union lor its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
ot the occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framer. 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their lestivities. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained nc 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the ne.x* 
day, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, he expressed the earnest wish tha; 
he might be permitted to breathe the air of the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard — that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life! To die on that day, — the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day which his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, 
as the author, under God. of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill up the record his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the champions of 
freedom ; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had lalwred together for tne good of 
the country; and row hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair orit;inally red, in after life became 
white and silvery; his complexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole cou]^»^enance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He possessed great fortitude of mind as 
Avell as personal courage ; and :.':s command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable the care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 


y^g-^-t-'Lt, .c-C^ A<.x^-^r <r's. 





%) of the Constitution," and fourth 
President of the United States, 
was born Marcli 16, 1757, and 
died at his home in Virginia, 
^ June 28, 1836. The name of 
James Madison is inseparably con- 
nected with most of the important 
events in that heroic period of our 
country during which the founda- 
tions of this great repubUc were 
laid. He was the last of the founders 
of the Constitution of tlie United 
States to be called to his eternal 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World, 
landing upon the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of 
James Madison was an opulent 
planter, residing upon a very fine es- 
tate called "Montpelier," Orange Co., 
Va. The mansion was situated in 
the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
esque and romantic, on the west side 
of South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
Blue Ridge. It was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest personal and 
political attachment existed between these illustrious 
men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison wasconducteil 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
18 he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most im- 

prudent zeal; allowing himself, for months, but three 
hours' sleep out of the 24. His health thus became so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He graduated in 1771, with a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subsf ' 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive and systematic reading. 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with which he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire hiin with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him for his life-work o! 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
mind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life was not to be long, he directed especial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a mind 
singularly free from passion and prejudice, and with 
almost unequalled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, when 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
(1777), he was a candidate for the General Assembly. 
He refused to treat the whisky-lovir.g voters, and 
consequently lost his election ; but those who had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his behalf, 
and he was appointed to the Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison remained 
member of the Council ; and their appreciation of his 



mtellectual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he u;et the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madi^en continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
■In tlie year 17S4, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
wliich would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to appoint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
tliis subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
ihe time appointed. F.very State but Rhode Island 
was represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention; and the present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it l)e rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but litile power at home and little lespect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by tne conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, expounding the principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. Wliile in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable power of fascination, 
whom he married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far occupied 
so prominent a position in the very peculiar society 
which has constituted our republican court as Mrs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. 

British orders in council destioyed our commerce, and 
our flag was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiring 
in his disi)osition, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American ship brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crcw to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects ; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the 1 8th of June, 18 12, President Madison gave 
his approval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the war, the country 
in general approved; and iVIr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, 1813, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and enieied upon his second term of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on the land and on the water. Our infan. 
navy then laid the foundations of its renown in grap- 
pling v.'iih the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British fleet, early in February, 
1813, in Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as me 
ditator. America accepted; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on the banks 
of the Patu.xet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and inarched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensljurg echoed through the streets of the 
metropolis. The whole ]X)pulaticn fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the doer to 
await his speedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go back without danger of being 
captured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Ca[)itol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, 1815, the treaty of peace was signed at Ghent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 

' yC^' 

7 /^ -^^- / 1 ^> ^-^ 



_j^j,^kiLtdjQ^^ ha^^i^ 

pi]QESn]OI|ROE.u-, .;<■»*»■- 





AMES MONROE, the fifth 
I'residentof The United States, 
was born in Westmoreland Co., 
Va., April 28, 1758. His early 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had for 
many years resided in the prov- 
ince in which he was born. When, 
at 17 years of age, in the process 
of completing his education at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia to deliberate upon the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
Great Britian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and promul- 
gated the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked hope- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came pouring 
in ; and the tories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect of con- 
tending with an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, tlie United States owe their 
political emancipation. Tiie young cadet joined the 
ranks, and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 

for liberty. Firmly yet sadly he shared in the mel- 
ancholy retreat from Harleam Heights and White 
Plains, and accompanied the dispirited army as it fled 
before its foes through New Jersey. In four months 
after the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle of 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg- 
ing upon the enemy he received a wound in the left 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was pro- 
moted a captain of infantry ; and, having recovered 
from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, however, 
receded from the line of promotion, by becoming an 
officer in the staff of Lord Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 1778, in the actions of Brandy 
wine, Germantown and Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-camp; but becoming desirous to regain his 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the State. Upon 
this failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay aside the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as a volun 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. ■ 

In 1782, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Leglislature of Virginia, and by that 
body he was elevated to a seat in tlie Executive 
Council. He was thus honored with tlie confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period displayed some of that ability 
and aptitude for legislation, wliich were afterwards 
employed with unremittii^g energy for the public good, 



lie was in the succeeding year chosen a member of 
the Congress of the United States. 

Deeplyas Mr. Moinoeft;h the imperfections of the old 
Confederacy, he was opposed to the new Constitution, 
Thinking, with many others of *:he Republican party, 
that it gave too much power to the Central Government, 
and not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
supporters, aiid who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its ado[)tion. In 1789, he became a member 
of the United States Senate; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
strict construction of the Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little power, and the State 
Governments as much power, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists sympathized with England, 
and were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much power to the 
Central Government as that document could possibly 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
building up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to eclipse all Grecian and Assyrian greatness, the com- 
bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light equilibrium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was then President. England had es- 
poused the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Europe w^s drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now combined to prevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
than that which we had endured Col. Monroe, more 
magnanimous than [jrudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the Pres- 
ident's proclamation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by appointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convention 
in France witn the most enthusiastic demonstr/^tions. 

Shortly after his return to this countrv, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three yeais. He was again sent to France tu 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Their united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
This was probably the largest transfcr of real estate 
which was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of our 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our seamen. but Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on the same mission, but coidd receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State undc" 
Madison. While in this office war with England was 
declared, the Secretary ot War resigned, and during 
these trying times, the duties of the War Departnien 
were also put upon him. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Upon the return ol 
peace he resigned the Dei)artment of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the ex- 
])iration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec- 
tion held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opiX)sition, and 
upon March 4, rSiy, was inaugurated. Four year? 
later he was elected for a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presidencv 
were the cession of Florida to the LTnited States; the 
Missouri Comiiromise, and the " Monroe doctrine.' 

This famous doctrine, since known as the " Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. At tha^ 
time the United States had recognized the independ- 
ence of tlie South American states, and did not wish 
to have European powers longer attempting to sub 
due portions of the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could no' 
view any interposition for the ])urpose of oppressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation by 
powers of an unfriendly disposition toward the Unircr 
States." This doctrine immediately affected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sentiment of the United States. 

At the end of his f econd term Mr Monroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived unii! 1S30 
when he went to New York to live with his son-in 
law. In that city he died, on the 4th of July, 1831 


J ■ «,^ , c/it i Ctyyy^ 



A;Mrj/^^ 7^ 


lOm QniI]6Y ^D^^EQS. 



sixth President of the United 
^States, was born in the rural 
home of his honored father, 
John Adams, in Quincy, Mass., 
on the I ith cf July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exaUed 
worth, watched over his childhood 
during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but 
eight years of age, he stood with 
"' his mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Bunker's Hill, and gazing on 
upon the smoke and flames billow- 
ing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he 
took a tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with iiis falner for Europe, 
through a fleet ot liostile British cruisers. The bright, 
animated boy spent a year and a half in Paris, where 
liis father was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
minister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguished men, and he received 
from them flattering m;irks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
cou/.try, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. Again 
(ol-.n Quincy accompanied his father. At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for six months, 
to -.nidy; then accompained his fatlier to Holland, 
where he entered, first a school in .\msterdam, then 
the University at Leyden. About a year from this 
time, in t78i, when the manly 1 oy was but fourteen 
yea—, of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretar)'. 

Tn this school of incessant labor and of enobling 
culture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
!o Holland thiough Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This l(>ng journey he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his sixteenth year. Aijain he resumed 
nis studies, under a pn-'^te tutor, at Hague. Thence, 

in the spring of 1782, he accompanied his father ts 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming acquaintance 
with the most distinguished men on the Continent- 
examining architectural remains, galleries of paintings 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he again 
became associated with the most illustrious men ol 
all lands in the contemplations of thcloftiest temporal 
themes which can engross the human mind. Afte" 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, ana 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned to America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, who had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the etiquette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
CLunstances, must have been extremely attractive 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to America to complete his education 
in an American college. He wished then to study 
law, that with an honorable profession, he might be 
able to obtain an independent support. 

Upon leaving Harvard College, at the age of twenty- 
he studied law for three years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but tv/enty-seven years of age, he was ap- 
pointed by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reachea 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted^ to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinckney, 
assisting them in negotiating a commercial treaty wit): 
Great Brilian. After thus spending a fortnight i. 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to Portugal as 
minister plenipotentiary. On his way to Portugal, 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatches, 
directing him to the court of Beiiin, but requesting! 
him to remain in London until he should receive his 
instructions. While wr.iting he was married to ar. 
American lady to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged, — Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughte' 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in I ondon 
a lady endownd with that beauty and those accom- 
plishment which eminently fitted her to move in X.\a 
elevated sphere for which she w»s <^.«s''ioed. 



He reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, having ful- 
filled all the purposes of his mission, he sohcited his 

Soon after his return, in 1S02, he was chosen to 
Ihe Senate of Massachusetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4th of March, 1804. His reputation, his 
ability and his experience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of that body. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these points, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately nominated John 
Quincy Adams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1809. 

Wiiile in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins ; to 
the climate and astronomical observations; while he 
Kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accouiplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
All through life the Bible constituted an importart 
part of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
chapters every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1S17, Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately appointed Mr. 
.'Vdams Secretary of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in June, i8ig, for the United States. On the 
1 8th of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight yearsof Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before '.he close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to lie presented 
for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. Adams l.)rought 
forward his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety nine; John Quincy .\dams, eighty-four; 
William H. Crawford, forty-one; Henry Clay, thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, the 
question went to the House of Re[)resentatives. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
:ombined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams. Tliere is nothing more disgraceful in 
•V»e nast history of our country than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. 'i'here never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of the coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate ui his habits; always rising 
early, and taking much exercise. VMien at his homein 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own fire and applying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1820, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew- 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
portentous magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quiiicy and to his studies, which he pursued witii un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected re|)resentative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his death, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his [leers, ever ready to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brouglit forward and escape his scru'lin)-. 'I he 
battle wliich Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
the proslavery party in the Government, was sul)lime 
in Its moral dating and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury 
with expulsion from tlic Houfe, with assassination 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered liy the lapse of 
fourscore years, yielding to the simple faith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, l)eforc 
he slept, the prajer which his mother taught him in 
his infant years. 

On the 2 1 St of February, 1848, he rose on llie lloor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address flie 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by ]iar;ily 
sis, and was caught in the arms of those around liiin. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was convened to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is the end of earth .-"then after a moment's 
pause he add'.'d, ''\T am eonteiif" These were the 
last words of the grand " Old Man Eloquent." 



,E 5'(T? -^cMisim^r 


4,¥©««^R |4.fl^|f jf. 

-■aiaiJ®^^^'''^^'^ ' 



seventh Presider.t of the 
United States, was born in 
Waxhaw settlement, N. C, 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after his father's death. His 
parents were poor einigrants 
from Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty. 
Andrew, or Andy, as he was 
universally called, grew up a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was but very 
little in his character, made- visible, which was at- 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
lySr, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

-The brute drew his sword, and aimed a desperate 
Dlow at the head of the helpless young prisoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, — one on the hand and the other upon the 
head. The officer then turned to his brother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which quite 
disabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-pox. Their 
mother was successfi'-l 'i> >i".itainin5 their exchange, 

and took her sick boys home. After a long illnjss. 
Andrew recovered, and the death of his mother s;oon 
loft him e.itirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways, s i:h as 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a ge:ieral store, until 1784, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 1788, he was appointed 
solicitcr for the western district of North Carolina, ol 
whicli Tennessee was then a part. This involved 
many long and tedioas journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but Andrew Jackson never knew fear, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmish 
witn the Sharp Knife. 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditions of the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty tliousand inhabitants, the 
people met in convention at Knoxville to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from each of the eleven 
counties. Andrew Jackson was one of the delega'es. 
The new State was entitled to but one meml cr iv 
the National House of Representatives. Andrew Jade- 
son was chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Philedelphia, where Congress then held its 



sessions, — a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and hated England. As Mr. 
Jackson took his seat, Gen. Washington, whose 
second term of office was then expiring, delivered his 
last speech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
complimentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one of the 
twelve who voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstration had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after he was chosen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which jjosition he held for si.\ years. 

When the war of 18 12 with Great Britian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
would do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred uix)n him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
offered his services and those of twenty-five hundred 
volunteers. His offer was accepted, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack upon New Orleans, where Gen. Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
with fifteen hundred troops to aid Wilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and afteradelay of sev- 
eral weeks there, without accomi)llshing anything, 
the men were ordered back to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers, won him 
golden opiniotrs; and he became the most popular 
man in the State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of "Old Hickory." 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a ditel, in 
which a younger brother of Benton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering upon a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to extenrtinate the white set- 
tlers, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without assis- 
tance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Alabama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fort on 
one of the bendsof the Tallapoosa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort Strother. 
With an army of two thousand men. Gen. Jackson 
traversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
days. He reached their fort, called Tohopeka or 
Horse-shoe, on the 27th of March. 1814. The bend 

of the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres o." 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indrans had constructed a formidable brea^jl- 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suply of arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. When 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. The carnage was 
awful and revolting. Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swani. Nearly everyone of the niire hundred war- 
rios were killed A few probably, in the night, swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
[jower of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with itsterriffic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands came to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
thari Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. 

Late in August, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march. Gen. Jackson came to 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force ujxm the beach, arrchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore conmienccd a furious 
assault The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his little 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
And the battle of New Orleans w hich soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the Briiish army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thineen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1S28, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832. In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the death of 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most n^cmcrabie 
in the annals of our country; applaude'' oy one party, 
condemned by the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends. At the expiration of his 
two terms of office he retired to the Hermitage, where 
he died Tune 8, 1845. The last vears of Mr. Jack- 
son's life were that of a devoted Christian man. 

/ 7 ^ZJ^/ ^c^jU^c.^^^ 



eighth President of the 
United States, was born at 
Kinderhook, N. Y., Dec. 5, 
1782. He died at the same 
Lice, July 24, 1862. His 
jody rests in the cemetery 
at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a plain granite shaft fifteen feet 
high, bearing a simple inscription 
about hall way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered 
or unbounded by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van Buren 
of romantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though liis life was stormy in 
political and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, liis days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among tiie earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary piety. 

.le was decidedly a precocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
in his native village, and commenced the study of 
law. As he had not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-office were required of him 
«)efore he could be ad.iiitted to the bar. Inspired with 
A lofty ambition, and conscious of his powers, he pur- 
sued liis studies with indefatig.ible industry. After 
spending six; in an office in His native village, 

he went to the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years ol 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. Van 
Buren was from the beginning a politician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listenipiig to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquently espoused the 
cause of State Rights ; though at that time the Fed- 
eral ijarty held the supremacy both in his town 
and State. 

His success and increasing ruputation led him 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, tht 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years, 
constantly gaining strength by contending in tht 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mi. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consump- 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep over 
her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren was 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of those years is barren in items of public interest. 
In 181 2, when thirty years of age, he was chosen to 
the State Senate, and gave his strenuous support to 
Mr. Madison's adminstration. In 1815, he was ap- 
pointed Attorney-General, and the next year moved 
to All.)any, the. capital of the State. 

While he was acknovVledged as one of the most 
liiominent leaders of the Democratic party, he had 



the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that '' universal suffrage" which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
path leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
to every man without distinction, no one should be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of the 

In 182 I he was elected ;. member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
.lative State. His course in this convention secured 
the approval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose at once to a 
conspicuous position as an active and usefullegislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
.tie Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
lermined opposer of the Administration, adopting the 
'Stare Rights" view in opposition to what was 
deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governor of 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
Adams from the Presidential chair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Buren. Whether 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
garded througiiout the United States as one of the 
jnost skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians. 
It was supix)sed that no one knew so well as he how 
to touch the secret spiings of action; how to pull all 
;he wires to put his machinery in motion; and how to 
organize a political army which would, secretly and 
pter-'thily accomplish the most gigantic results. By 
these powers it is said tliat he outv.'itted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
few thought then could be accomplished. 

\^\\i:\ Andrew Jackson was elected President he 
appointed Mr. Van Buren Secretary of State. This 
position he resigned in i83t, and was immediately 
appointed Minister to England, where he went the 
same autumn. The Senate, however, when it met, 
.'■etu:>ed to ratifv the nomination, and he returned 

home, apparently imtroubled; was nominated Vice 
President in the pLace of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President lackson ; and with smiles for all and 
fiowns for none, he took his place at the head of that 
Senate which lud refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite ; and this, probably mure than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Esecu 
tive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," sa_ i Mr. Parton, 'the election of Mr. Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Jackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
upon him the power to appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events- 
'i"he insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in- 
volve this country in war with England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re-election. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats, in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietVy upon his estate until 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal habits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unquestioned 
patriotism, and the distinguished positions which he 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 4 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 1841, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lind^nwald. 
he still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on 
the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty years, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth; enjoyirg in a healthy old 
age, probably far more happiness than he had before 
experienced amid the stormy scenes of his active life. 



Zt/. /5f /V/iS-'^.^-^TA.^ 



wtjs8si4® aiiif a4Rass®s 


■f.^ SON, the ninth President of 
|S tlie United States, was born 
In at Berkeley, Va., Feb. 9, 1773. 
Q His father, Benjamin Harri- 
son, was in comparatively op- 
ulent circumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
intimate friend of George 
Washington, ^\as early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
among the patriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachments of the 
ISritish crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
both candidates for the office of 

Mr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
was twice re-elected. His son, 
i William Henry, of course enjoyed 

in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidney College, where he graduated 
with honor soon after the death of his father. He 
chen repaired to Philadelphia to study medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianship of 
lObert Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

Jpon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
v/ithstandlng the 'emonslrances of his friends, he 
aDando'-'ed liis medical studies and entered tlie army, 
.laving obtained a commission of Ensign from Presi- 

dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old. 
From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned his commission. He was then aj)- 
pointed Secretary of the North-western Territory. This 
Territory was then entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill that 

In the spring of 1800 the North-western Territory 
was divided by Congress into two portions. The 
eastern portion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called '" The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western portion, which 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wib 
liam Henry Harrison, then 27 years of age, was ap 
ixjinted by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with powers nearly dictatorial over the n&w 
rapidly increasing white population. The ability and 
fidelity with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he was four 
times appointed to this office — first by John Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there were but 
three white settlements in that almost boundless region, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 
tumult of wealth and traffic. Oneof these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Louisville; one at 
Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the third a French 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrisoi» 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. Aboi" 





the year 1806, two extraordinary men, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. One of 
these was called Tecumseh, or " The Crouching 
Panther;" the other, Olliwacheca, or "The Prophet." 
Tecumseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foresight and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise in which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the highest enthusiasm, 
and had long regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
an orator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath which 
they dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely an orator: he was, 
in the superstitious minds of the Indians, invested 
with the superhuman dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
October 28, 1812, his army began its march. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Harrison was 
approaching them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
short conference, arrangements were made for a meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations Selecting a favorable six)t for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against surprise. 
His troops were posted in a hollow square, and slept 
upon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by his side,and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
the darkness, the Indians had crept as near as possi- 
ble, and j'lst then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation which superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
httle army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompained by a shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
ous yells, the Indian bands rushed on, not doubtii-.g a 
speedy and an entire victory. But Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
until day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge with the bayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing th^ foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British descending Iruni theCan- 
adas, were of themselves a very formidal)ie force ; but 
with their savage allies, rushing like wolves I'roni the 
forest, searching out every remote farm-house, Imrn- 
ing, plundering, scalping, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation wliich even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
Tiie war-whoop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances. Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the North-western army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; bul 
General Harrison was found equal to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re- 

He won the love of his soldiers by always sharing 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, while 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in a 
valise; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his -saddle Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with him after the battle. 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 
before the fire, witliout bread or salt. 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member of 
the National House of Representatives, to represent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he spoke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In 1819, Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the jjresidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote for Henry Clay. Tlie 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison brought him 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re -nominated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler forthe Vice Presidency. 
The contest was very animated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; but 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Webster 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with wliich any President had ever been 
surrounded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these bright and 
joyous prospects. Gen. . Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisv-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4th of April ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States. 




-ife Presidentof the United States. 
He was born in Charles-city 
Co., Va., March 29, 1790. He 
was the favored child of af- 
fluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of 
twelve, John entered William 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his 
father and partly with Edmund 
! g fi Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, ne 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
I et of the court in which he was 

1. 3t retained. When but twenty-one years of age, he 
was almost unanimously ejected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cr;itic party, and warmly advocated the measures of 
lefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
\vi;s elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
unanimous vote or his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was elected 
a niemiier of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably with ihe Democratic party, opposing a national 
bank, inu-nal improvements by the General 'Govern- 

ment, a protective tariff, and advocatmg a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term he found it necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. VVith a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes, Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States, k portion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his op|X)nenf, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
popularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opposed the tariff"; he spoke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional ; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification ; he declared that Gen. 
Jackson, by his opposition to the nullifiers, had 
abandoned the principles of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, — a record 
in perfect accordance with the principles which be 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice of 
his profession. There was a rplii in the Democratic 


J arty. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
ieisonian, gave him a dinner, and showered compli- 
ments upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-six. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
sequence of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; and it was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children ; and he again 
look his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
7839. The maioritv of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment of 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in the Noith: but the Vice 
President has but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time, President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus -:und himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
une.xpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
A;"ril v/as inaugurated to the high and responsible 
office. He was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his long life he had been 
opposed tc the main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
sistent, honL:t man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own.' or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
nr.ony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Hanrison had 
selected to retain their seats. He reccomm-nded a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incor[X)ration of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
The President, after ten days' delay, returned it with 
his veto. He suaeested, however, that he would 

approve of a bill drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him. He gave it his approval. 
It ",vas passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
It is said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitterl)-. All the members of his 
cabinet, e.xcepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming tliat all political alliance 
between the Whigs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his Whig friends. Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. iVo one was satisfied. The 
land was filled with murmurs and vituperation. Whigs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy with his 
old friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratic candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from the 
harassments of office, to the regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unspeakable relief. His first wife. 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1842; 
and in June, 1844, President Tyler was again married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia (lardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, — Sherwood For- 
est, Charles-city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with information from 
books and experience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unusual attractions. With sufficient 
means for the exercise of a generous hospitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own principles and 
policy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State- 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Ca\- 
houn had inaugurated, President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates. He was chosen a member of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to destroy, b" 
force of arms, the Government over which he had 
once presided, he was taken sick and soon died. 




AMES K. POLK, the eleventh 
|LPresident of the United States, 
was born in Mecklenburg Co., 
N. C.,Nov. 2, 1795. His par- 
ents were Samuel and Jane 
(Knox) Polk, the former a son 
of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 
at the above place, as one of the 
first pioneers, in 1735. 

In the )'ear i3o6, with his wife 
and children, and soon after fol- 
lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk famly, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huts, 
and established their homes. In the 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit cf a surveyor to that of a farmer, 
gradually increased in wealth until 
he became one of the leading men of the region. His 
mother was a superior woman, of strong common 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and expressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
liim methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
principles of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
£ather, fearing that he migiit not be able to endure a 

sedentary life, got a situation for him behind the 
counter, hoping to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed hiwi, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. With 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of 1815, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel' 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplary of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 1818, with the highest honors, be- 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, both in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Polk's health was at this 
time much impaired by the assiduity with which he 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
relaxation he went to Nashville, and entered the 
office of Felix Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had probably been 
slightly acquainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adliered to the same politi- 
cal faith. He was a popular public speaker, and was 
constantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such that 
he was popularly called the Napoleon of the stump. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genial and 



courterus in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
nature in the jo) s and gnefs of others which ever gave 
him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong intluence towards the election of his friend, 
Mr. Jackso:i, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, — a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinuec in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only that he might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of Tennessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
member, a frequent and a po[)ular speaker. He was 
alwoys in his seat, always courteous; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the House as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, 1839, took the oath of office at Nashville. Ini84i, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the country in favor of the annexalionof Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress ; and the last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nature to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
left the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message. President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with the 
other States. In the meantime, Gen. Taylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. He was 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said wis the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent .nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where he erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and wai 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of "observation," then of "occupation,' 
thenof" invasion, "was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It v/as by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands. 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. This 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right: there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twentv thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. Mr Polk rode to the Capitol in tlie 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good. With an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of the dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of tranquility and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera — that fearful scourge — was then sweeping up 
the Valley of the Mississippi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15th of June, 1849, in the fiftv-fourth 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 

'>/i^:^c.-:>^/[^^^^ , 



i -1C^V.V.j ? 


President of the United States, 
-^<*\vas born on the 24lh of Nov., 
1784, in Orange Co., Va. His 
2io father, Colonel Taylor, was 
S^J^tJ-S'W^Jy'^ a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
tinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
was an infant, his father with his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. In this front- 
ier home, away from civilization and 
all its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. When six years of age he attended a common 
school, and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bbintness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, feailess and self-reliant, and 
manifested a strong desire to enter tlie army to fight 
the Lidians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to l)e recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood o;i his father's large but lonely plantation. 
In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and he joined the troops which were stationed 
at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady 
from one of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, in i8i2, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison, on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
led by Tecumseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 

company of inf;xntry numbering fifty men, many of 
whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 1812, the Indians, stealthily, 
and in large numbers, moved uixin the fort. Their 
approach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every possible preparation to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in the morning their chief would come to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down; the savages disappeared, the 
garrison slept upon their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war whooi) burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of cap- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, no immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. Tiie savages suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to one of the block -houses- 
Until six o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every point, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, MajorTaylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on Fox River, which 
empties into Green Bay. Here there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 



tellectual stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful 
years rolled on Gradually he rose to the rank of 
colonel. In the Black-Hawk war, which resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty-four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
;the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and m 
'employments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year 1836, he was seat to Florida to compel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
iiac' promised they should do. The services rendered 
he.c secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
tc .he rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
after, in May, 1838, was appointed to the chief com- 
mand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of svich wearisome employment 
riHiidst the everglades of the peninsula. Gen. 'Faylor 
obtained, at his own request, a change of command, 
r.nd was stationed over the Department of the South- 
west. This field embraced Louisiana, Mississijipi, 
Alabama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
at Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
to a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
Here he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
from the world, but faithfully discharging every duty 
imixjsed ujxin him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
.by the United States. Soon the war with Mexico 
was brought on, and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la 
Palma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Mexicans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
Was received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
the Nation. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
forces much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
■simplicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
\\\^ sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready.' 

Tiie tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
.-pread the wildest enthusiasm over the country. The 
name of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
Whig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
ful popularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 

■ "•■ed, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
I'residency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
nouncement, and for a time would not listen to it; de- 
claring that he was not at all qualified for such an 
offtce. So little interest had he taken in politics that, 
for forty years, he had not cast a vote. It was not 
without chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
who had lieen long years m the ])ublic service found 
'\.z\x claims set aside in behalf of one whose name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, — 
Gen. Cass and Ex-President Martin Van Buren. 
Thougli he selected an excellent cabinet, the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial position, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slavery party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy , expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but little 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the 9th of July, 1850. 
His last words were, " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people ; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
description of his character: — " With a good store of 
common sense, Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out* 
side pocket, — in any such case, this critic held the 
offi.'nder to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not, to use his oft repeated phrase, 
' touch with a pair of tongs.' 

"Any allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and combats. Inshor* 
few men have ever had a more comfortarAe. '-'>^'^t. 
saving contempt for learning of every kind.' 


i/s ^ f^^^-t^^-T^xru) 

thirteejsTth president. 






^ teentli President of the United 
States, was born at Summer 
Hill, Cayuga Co., N. Y ., on 
the 7th of January, 1800. His 
'^'^ father was a farmer, and ow- 
ing to misfortune, in haml)le cir- 
cumstances. Of his mother, the 
daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, 
of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said tliat she [xjssessed an intellect 
of very high order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
position, graceful manners and ex- 
quisite sensibilities. She died in 
1831 ; having lived to see her son a 
' young man of distinguished prom- 
ise, though she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited 
raeans of his father, Millard enjoyed liut slender ad- 
vantages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, which he occasionally attended were 
very imperfect institutions; and books were scarce 
and expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was about to enter. He was a plain farmer's boy; 
intelligent, good-looking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the then wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Neav the mill there was a small villiage, where some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village library. Tliis proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent in read- 
ing. Soon every leisure moment was occupied with 
books. His thirst for knowledge became insatiate 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history, 
biography, oratory , and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something more 
than a mere worker with his hands; and he was be- 
coming, almost unknown to himself, a well-informed, 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age of 
nineteen years, and was of fine personal appearance 
and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so happened tha'. 
there was a gentleman in the neighborhood of ample 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, — Judge Walter 
Wood, — who was struck with the prepossessing an- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made his acquaint- 
ance, and was so much impressed with his ability and 
attainments that he advised him to abandon his 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his own, 
r.o friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very imperfect. But Judge Wood had 
so much confidence in him that he kindly offered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. Most gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion about 
a collegiate education. A young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a boy loiters through university hal' ■ 
ind then enters a law office, who is by no means as 



well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1S23, when twenty-three years of age, he v/as 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise in foitune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, — Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention ; and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Piuffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he'had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sympathies were with 
the Whig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a helpless minority in the 
Legislature , still the testimony comes from all parties, 
that his courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degn e the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
the United States Congress He entered that troubled 
arena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, which he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress ; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837. His past expe- 
rience as a representative gave hmi sttength and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear w\x>n the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the State, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as Comptroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the approaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to be 
proclaimed in tiumpet-tones all over the land. But 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of tliese considerations, tlie 
namesof Zachary Taylor ar.d Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of tjie Whigs, as their candidates fur 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On tlie 4th of March, 1849, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and lour mcnths after his inauguia 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 

Mr. Fillniore had very serious difficulties to contend 
with, since the opiwsition had a majority in both 
Houses. He did everything in his power tocontiliate 
the South; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
the inadequacy of all measuresof transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the power of the Government sliould 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous compromise measures were adopted under Mr. 
Fillmcre's adminstration, and the Japan Expedition 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr, Fill- 
more, liaving served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, but was beaten 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed iha* 
his sympathies were rather with those who were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our instUutions. President 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any 
cordial words of cheer to the one party or the other. 
He was thus forgotten by both. He lived to a ri])e 
old age, and died in Buffalo. N. Y., March 8, 1874. 



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m ibiirteenth President of the 
Jr United States, was born in 
Hillsborough, N. H., Nov. 
23, 1804. His father was a 
Revolutionary soldier, who, 
with his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inflexible integrity; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an uncompromis- 
ing Democrat. The mother of 
Franklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, — an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate, Cliristian wom- 
an. Franklin was the sixtli of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked upon him with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, with a peculiar unstudied tact 
which taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar ; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most popular young men in the college. 
The purity cf his moral character, the unvarying 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 

genial nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied: it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, ill the year 1824, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
Woodbury, one of the most distinguished lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. The 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was en- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci- 
nating yet perilous path of political life. With all 
the ardor of his nature he esiioused the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He commenced the 
practice of law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four yeais. The last two years he was 
chosen speaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Without taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associatad. 

In 1837, being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest member in 
the Senate. In the year 1834. he married Miss Jane 
Means Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn every 
station with which her husband was honoied, Of the 



three sons who were born to them, all now sleep with 
their parents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of May, 1847. 
He took an important part in this war, proving him- 
self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his native 
State, he was received enthusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
very frequently taking an active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval ; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of llie North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a " Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the I 2th of June, 1852, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
=nd in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delegation 
brought forward his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantly 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States — Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pieice 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy ije 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point Ii became evident that there was 
an " irrepressible conflict" between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on every South- 
ern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly edien- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery sentiment, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; ;ill 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep repreliension of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the Soutli, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with whicli he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government winch they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, ' also, feeling that he had 
rendered himself so unpopular as no longer to be 
able accejJtably to serve them, ungratefully drop[)ed 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed liim. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident , and 
wife, one of the most estimable ajid accomplished of 
ladies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Reljellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slavery party with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voite 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. He continued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in Oclol er, 
1869. He was one of the most genial and social ol 
men, an honored communicant of tlie Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen 
erous to a fault, he conttibuted liberally for the al- 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of his lowrs 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 


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AMES BUCHANAN, the fif- 
jteenth President of the United 
States, was born in a small 
frontier town, at the foot of the 
.^^ eastern ridge of the Allegha- 
nies, in Franklin Co., Penn.,on 
the 23d of April, 179:. The place 
where the humble cabin of his 
lather st' od was called Stony 
« Batter. It was a wild and ro- 
mantic spot in a gorge of the moun- 
tains, with towering summits rising 
grandly all around. His father 
was a native of the north of Ireland ; 
a poor man, who had emigrated in 
1783, with little property save his 
own strong arms. Five years afterwards he married 
Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plun:ied into the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscure part in the drama of life. In this se- 
cluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or intellectual 
advantages. When James was eight years of age, his 
father removed to the village of iVIercersburg, where 
his son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
progress was rapid and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickmson College, at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped reniarkalMe talent, and took his stand among 
the fir>it scholars in the institution. His application 
'to study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 

abled him to master the most abstruse subjects wi '- 

In the year 1809, he graduated with the highest 
honors of his clas:.. He was then eighteen years of 
age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1812, when he was 
but twenty-one years of age. Very rapidly he rose 
in his profession, and at once took undisjjuted stand 
with the ablest lawyers of the State. When but 
twenty-six years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate ore of the 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles of 
impeachment. At the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; and 
there was no lawyer in the State who had a more lu- 
crative practice. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and foi 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower House. 
During the vacations of Congress, he occasionally 
tried some imix)rtant case. In 1S31, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his profession, having ac- 
quired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the Presidency, 
appointed Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, which 
gave satisfaction to all parties. Upon his return, in 
r 833, he was elected to a seat in the United States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Webster. 
Clay, \Vright and Calhoun. He advocated tl-ie meas- 
ures proposed by President Jackson, of ra itiiig repn- 



sals against France, to enforce the payment of our 
claims against that country ; and defended the course 
of the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from office of those who were not the sup- 
porters of his administration. Upon this question he 
Was brought into direct collision with Henry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated expunging 
from tire journal of the Senate the vote of censure 
against Gen. Jackson for removing the deposits. 
Earnestly he opposed the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and urged the prohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on the subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated that they should be respectfully received; and 
that the reply should be returned, that Congress had 
no power to legislate upon the subject. " Congress," 
said he, " might as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of the 
States where it now exists." 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed that crossing 
the Nueces by the American troops into the disputed 
territory was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross 
the Rio Crande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our Government pursued in that 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the pi'rpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to bear against the Wilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial approval to the compromise measures of 1050, 
which included the fugitive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
upon his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with tlie mission to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict was one of the most severe in which 
our country has ever engaged. All the friends of 
slavery were on one side ; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, re- 
•eived 114 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
174, and was elected. The popular vote stood 
t, 340, 618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for Buchanan. On 
March 4th, 1857, Mr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
vears were wanting to fill up his threescore years and 
ten. His own friends, those with whom he had been 
allied in political principles and action for years, were 
seeking the destruction of the Government, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
nation whose corner-stone should be human slavery. 
In this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly be- 
wildered He could not, with his long-avowed prin- 

ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights party in 
their assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the laws 
he could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominalcd Abraham Lincoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slavery 
party declared, that if he were elected, and ihe con- 
trol of the Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from the Union, taking 
with them, as they retired, the National Capitol at 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory of 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
party was such, that he had been willing to ofTerthem 
far more than they had ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention upon the subject of slavery. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Buchanan avow- 
ing that Congress had no power to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhibitions of governmental im- 
becility was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any .State which had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from the Union. This 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with 
his hand upon his sword hilt, he exclaimed, " The 
Union must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel flag was raised in Charleston : Fort Sumpter 
was besieged ; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized; our depots of military stoies were plun- 
dered ; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looked 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close the administration, so terrilile in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, when Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends cannot recall it with 
])leasure. And still more deplorable it is for his fame, 
that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our country's 
banner should trium|ih over the flag of the rebellion 
He died at his Wheatland retreat, June i, 1868. 

I r 





sixteenth President of the 
IJI^Uiuted States, horn in 
Hardin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
iSog. About the year 1 7 So, a 
man by the name of Abraham 
Lincohi left Virginia with his 
family and moved into the then 
wildsof Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, still a young 
man, while working one day in a 
field, was stealthily appro.xhed by 
an Indian andshot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five 
tittle children, three boys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of Abraham Lincoln, the 
President of the United States 
whose name must henceforth foi-ever be enrolled 
with tlie most prominent in the annals of our world. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
the poorest of the poor. His home was a wretched 
log-cabin ; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or write. As soon as he was able to do anything for 
himself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a friend- 
less, wandering boy, seeking work. He hired him- 
self out, and thus spent the whole of his youth as a 
?iborer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he buill a log- 
cabin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was Abraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noble 
woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die in a hovel. 
"All 'hat I am, or hope to be," exclaims the grate- 
ful son " I owe to my angel-mother. 

When he was eight years of age, his father sold his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiana Whei- 
two years later his mother died. 

Abraham soon became the scribe of the uneducated 
community around him. He could not have had a 
better school than this to teach him to put thoughts 
into words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few ; but these he ead 
and re-read until they were almost committf ^ tc 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly familj 
was the usual lot of humanity. There were joys anii 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sistt i 
Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was mai 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, and 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his squatter's claim in 1830 
and emigrated to Macon Co., 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and thei' 
sm.all lot of enclosed prairie planted with corn, when 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value oi 
education and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power He saw the ruin 
which ardent spirits were causing, and be< ame 
strictly temperate; refusing to allow a drop of intoxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. And he had read in 
God's word, "Thou shalt not take the name of the 
Lord thy God in vain;" and a profane expression he 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

Young Abraham worked for a time as a hired laborei 
among the farmers. Then he went to .Siiringfield, 
where he was employed in building a large flat-boat 
In this he took a herd of swine, floated them dowi, 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis- 
sissippi to New Orleans. Whatever Abraham Lin- 
coln undertook, he performed so faithfully as to give 
great satisfaction to his employers. In this adven 



ture his employers were so well pleased, lliat upon 
his return they placed a store and Uiill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak, of the lilack Hawk war, he 
enlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
Jackson the appointment of Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1834 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
Mr. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
one hundred miles to Vandalia, then tlie capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1856, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of th.e leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in 1858 for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notable part of his history. The issue was on the 
ilavery question, and he took the broad ground of 
.he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated' in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the 1 6th ot June, i860. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. An immense building called "The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H. Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
orominent. It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, to which that nomination doomed him : 
and as little did he dream that he was to render services 
to his country, which would fi.x upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would give him 
a place in the affections of his countrymen, second 
cnly, if second, to that of Washington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received 180 
electoral votes out of 203 cast, and was, therefore, 
constitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that was poured upon this good 

and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to thi.-> 
high position. In February, 186 i, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stopping m all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was froughl 
with much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to" get up a row," 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and hand-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was provided ta 
take him from Harrisburg, through Baltimore, at an 
unexpected hour of the night. The train started at 
half-past ten ; and to prevent ai.y possible communi- 
cation on the part ot the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train hac 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln 
reached Washington in safety and was inaugurated, 
although great anxiety was felt by all loyal people 
In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr. Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opponents before the convention he gave 
important positions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving upon the President been so manifold, and 
the responsibilities so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowirg this, and 
feeling his own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strength to cope with, the difficulties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, bo'h personal and national Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell a victim 
tooneofthem. Ai^ril 14, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would Le present. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, witn his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play an actor by the name of John Wilkes Booth 
entered the box where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 

Never before, in the history of tlie world was a nation 
plunged into such deep grief by the death of its ruler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in speechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will fitly become a 
model. His name as the savior of his country w-:!! 
live with that of Washington's, ils father; his c^v-ntry- 
men being unable to decide whii K is tl>e greater. 






:S,U O K Sif W I 

teenth President of the United 
States. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was born December 29, 180S, 
in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of the 
"poor whites " of the South, were 
in such circumstances, that they 
could not c';nf:r ^.-er. the slight- 
est advantages of education upon 
their child. When Andrew was five 
years of age, his father accidentally 
lost his life while herorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning, ^^nvil ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy abour the streets, supported by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
was in the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British states- 
men. Andrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow-workmen, 
jearned his letters. He then called upon the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of si>eeches. The owner. 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave him the book, 
but assisted him in learning to combine the letters 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed oi- 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve houi-s 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreatior to devote such time as he could to 

He went to Tennessee in 1826, and located z.t 
Greenville, where he married a young lady who pos 
sessed some education. Under her instructions he 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs ; identifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a very active member of the legislature 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and in 
1840 "stumped the State," advocating Martin Van 
Buren's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to thoSv 
of Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that important post for ten years. In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these resixjnsible ]X)si- 
tions, he discharged his duties with distinguished abi'. 


ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1S45, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
50ns of Africa are to pass from bondage to freedom, 
(ind become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people of the Territories should 
be permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the *'ree States of the North should return to the 
3ouLh persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed of his lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir," 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston- Baltimore convention of i8bo, ne 
was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
"Presidency. In 1S61, when the purpose of the South- 
irn Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
stand in favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
pointed him Military Governor of the State, and he 
established the most stringent military rule. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1864, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 

1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, " The American people must be taught, if 
they do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be rvinished ; that the Government will not 
always beat with its enemies ; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter inconsistency with, and the most violent 

opposition to, the principles laid down in that speech 
In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress; and he char 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied it, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginning of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 
It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the not guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotent!--, 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the days of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding this, never was 
there presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his name, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1875. On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the special 
session convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous health, but on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 A.M., July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstration of respect. 






eighteenth President of the 
■United States, was born on 
the 29th of April, 1822, of 
_^^:j 5 Christian parents, in a humble 
-:'W home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1839, he entered 
the Military Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
iolid, sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasperating 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the exhibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resaca de la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
of Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
ne performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for more, along 
a route exposed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging upon one 
side of the anin^-il, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 


From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
to aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
preparation for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed quartermaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protecrion of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States; and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at Ga- 
lena, 111. This was in the year i860. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army: though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready to discharge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my eword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Capt. 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organization that was being formed in the 
State in behalf of the Government. On the 15 th of 



June, 1 86 1, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was placed in command at Cairo. The 
rebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the moutli 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing the enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henry 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
immediately made a Major-General, and the military 
iistrict of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
Dushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow which the rebels had thus far encountered, 
and opened up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 
Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed to the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a wonderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put the Union Army infighting condition. Then 
followed the bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
and enter upon '.hp duties of his new ofl^ce 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge of 
• the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upon Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened with closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago, 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 1872, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second term 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term. Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized worid, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and ofiicial, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Republican National Convention in 1880 for a re- 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in the brokerage business under the firm 
nameof Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1885, the nation wenf in mourning over the death of 
the illustrious General. 








the nineteentli President of 
the United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
death of his father, Rutherford 
Hayes. His ancestry on both 
the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as far back as 1280, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned extensive estates, 
' and had a large following. Misfor- 
tane ovtrtaking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
land in i6iSo, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George wai, born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was a manufac- 
turer of scythes at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of Ezekiel aud grandfather of President Hayes, was 
born in New Haven, in August, t756. He was a fanner, 
blacksmith and tavern-keepyer. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an unknown date, settling in BraMleboro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 18 13, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, they having been 
among the wealthiest and best famlies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back to 
1635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me- 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a stock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 181 2, for reasons inexplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day 
when there were no canals, steamers, not railways, 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in 1817. He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth of the 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the support she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, and the 



subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
was not expected to live beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
quiring from time to time " if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
last night." On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
familiar terms with the family, after alludnig to the 
boy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
him, said in a bantering way, " That's right! Stick to 
him. You have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet." 

" You r.eed not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. " You 
ivait and see. You cau't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1825, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 

The boy was seven years old before he w<;nt to 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
.'ister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
in his education ; and as the boy's health had im- 
proved, and he was making good progress in his 
studies, he proposed to send him to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; bit he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
VVesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838, at the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thouias Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
the Law School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1845, after graduatmg at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, acquiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his pro- 

\n 1849 he moved to Cincinnati, where his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a powerful influence u|)on his subse- 
quent 'ife. One of these was his marrage with Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James Webb, of 
Chilicothe; the other was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
members such men as'^hief Justice Salmon P. Chase, 

Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she toreflect honor upon American woman 
hood. The Literary Cluu brought Mr. Hayes into 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulne.s and 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judgj of 
the Court of Common Pleas; but he declined to ac. 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office ol 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Council 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1861, when the Rebellion broke out, he was at 
the zenith of his professional lif ,. His rank at the 
bar was among the the first. But the news of the 
attack on Fort Sumpter found him eager to take -in 
arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. In 
October, 186 1, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of the 79th Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, he 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the liattle 
of South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
faint and bleeding displayed courage and fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and placed 
in command of the celebrated Kanawha division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevetted 
Major-General, "forgallant and distinguished services 
during the campaigns of 1864, in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times 

In 1S64, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not present during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army ; but he finally declared, " I 
shall never come to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." Pie was re-elected in 1866. 

In 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Oliio, 
over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a populai Democrat. 
In r869 was re-elected over George H. Pendleton. 
He was elected Governor for the third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard beaierof the Repub- 
lican Party in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was in 
augurated Monday, March 5, 1875. He served his 
full term, not, hcwever, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his administration was an average or\? 



%' 'III/' 

AMES A. GARi'IELD, twen- 
tieth President of the United 
States, was born Nov. ig, 
1 83 1, in the woods of Orange, 
Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
ents were Abram and EUza 
(Ballon) Garfield, both of New 
England ancestry and from fami- 
lies well known in the early his- 
tory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was 
born was not unlike the houses of 
poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
, tic about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be- 
.\/2en the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
aard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
cleared, an orchard planted, and a log barn built, 
f he household comprised the father and mother and 
/.heir four children — Mehetabel, 'I'iiomas, Mary and 
Tames. In May, i823j the father, from a cold con- 
.racted in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
diis time James was about eighteen montlis old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
fell how much James was indebted to his biother's 
toil and self sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
ters live in .Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
them. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anything that 
would bring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
mother in he' struggles to keep the little family to- 

gether. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever ashamed of his 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor, 
the humblest f)iend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The poorest laborer was sure of the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until hi 
was about si.xteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he sliould try to obtain 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting with 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. He re- 
mained at this work but a short time when he went 
iiome, and attended the seminary at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of schoolin 
the meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to help pay his way 
He then became both teacher and pupil. He soon 
" exhausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in the 
fall of 1854, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the liighest hc*,,- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram 
College as its President. As above slated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Yale College, says of him in reference to his religion : 



" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Christ and life and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
my judgment there is no more interesting feature of 
his character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian communions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of the many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
church of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
t,arian charity for all 'who love our Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage witli Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. ii, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
whom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1856, 
jn Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
years later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
ings, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in 1861 was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut.-Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
14, 1861. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired inaction, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
'Humphrey Marshall) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. ro, 1862; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
before, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with Gen. Baell's army at Shiloh, 
in its operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a member of the 
General Court-Martial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the "Chief of Staff." 

The military tJstory of Gen. Garfield closed with 

his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he woe 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Ge? Garfield wa» 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1862 from the 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for si.xty year* 
mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and JoshuK 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. There he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of his labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question whicii 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before & 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to whicL 
you will not find, if you wish mstruction, the argu- 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Uix>n Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of the 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1881, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Garfield, and every 
day it grew in favor with the people, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Williams 
College. While on his way and at the dejxjt, in com- 
pany with Secretary Blaine, a man stepped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, but in.licting no further 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
before in the history of the Narion had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit- 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his power and hope. For eighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons — how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
rg, 1883, at Elberon, N. J., on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly previous. The 
worid wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the foul deed. 





twenty-first Presi'^.^ni of the 

United States, was born in 

Franklin Cour ty, Vermont, on 

thefifthofOc'ober, 1830, and is 

the oldest of a family , of two 

sons and five daughters. His 

father was the Rev. Dr. William 

Arthur, aBaptisld'-fgyman,who 

emigrated to tb'.s country from 

the county Antnm, Ireland, in 

'M his 1 8th year, and died in 1875, '" 

Newtonville, neai Albany, after a 

long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at 
Union College, S( henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
in Vermont for two years, and at 
the expiration of that time came to 
New York, with $500 in his pocket, 
and ewtered the office of ex- Judge 
E. D. Culver as student. After 
being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
in the West, and for three months they roamed about 
in the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where they 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success^ 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 
soon afterward raaxped the daughter of Lieutenant 

Herndon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur's 
nommation to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, the famous Lemmon suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Superior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Jon- 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal, 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Charles O'Conor here esjxjused the cause 
of the slave-holders, but he too was beaten by Messrs 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by Genera! 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of $500 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies quickly 


followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge-Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, appointed him Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New York, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
politics. He was apix)inted Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 -1872, to suc- 
ceed Thomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
20, 1 87 8, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. -Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, 1880. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on the continent. It 
was composed of the 'sading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
.vas Garfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
March 4, 1881, as President and Vice-President. 
k few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, — those moments of 
anxious suspense, wher the hearts of all civilized na- 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainly God- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to his 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored ]X)sition in the world tvas at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field from further suffering, and the world, as never 
before in its history over the death of any other 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty of 
the Vice President to assume the responsibilitiis of 
the high office, and he took the oath in New \'ork. 
Sept. 20, 1881. The position was an embarr.issing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him ; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances Presidept 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in }-is i'\. 
hands; and, as embarrassing as were the condition ■■^' 
affairs, he happily surprised the nation, acting so 
wisely that but few criticised liis administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until tlie 
close of his administration, March 4, 1885, and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would have 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfactory 
to them and with credit to himself. 







'vTv- •£* ^A^ 


LAND, the twenty- second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little two-and-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the humble birth-place of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
trast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
origin and born in the cradle of 
wealth. When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way of the Hudson River and Erie Canal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supporting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at 'that time in Fayetteville seemed 
to be a position in a country store, where his father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
influence. Grover was to be paid $50 for his services 
the first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $100 the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an in- 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hibit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette~ 
ville, he went with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
studies until the family removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as the " Holland Patent," a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica, 
N. Y. At this place his father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not his 


calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 

he left the city to seek his fortune, instead of soing 

to a city. He lirst mougnc ot Cleveland, Uhio, as 

there was some charm in that name for him; but 

before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 

jisk the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 

stock- breeder of that place. The latter did not 

speak enthusiastically. " What is it you want to do, 

my boy.''" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 

lav," was the reply, "Good gracious!" remarked 

ih« old gentleman ; " do you, indeed .'' What ever put 

that into your head? How much money have you 

got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 


After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at $50 a 
year, while he could "look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told Ihem what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Grover's persistency won, and 
he was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 
Have the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or $4 a week. Out of tliis he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat — he had 
none — yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of clerks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
but in due time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
possibilities. " Let us quit talking and go and do 
it," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
eiected was tliat of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y., in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital pi'-'.ishment upon two 
cainiinals. Li r88i he was elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffilo. on the Democratic ticket, with es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain reforms 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
cit" In this office, as well as that of Sheriff, his 
periormance of duty has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an iniqui^ 
tous street-cleaning contract: "This is a time foi 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination of 
a mos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the peopls and to wors3 
than squander the people's money." The New York 
Sun afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and tliere- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected in 1882, 
and his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made^ if 
any, were made very public throughout the nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
It, 1884, by the National Democratic Convention at 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F. 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.: and he 
was elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub- 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 1885, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Chief Executive of ihe United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th of 
March, 1885. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen: For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York ; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts ; 
Secretary of the Navy, WiUiam C. Whitney, of New 
York; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, of 
Mississippi ; Postmaster-General, William F. Vilas, 
of Wisconsin ; Attorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 

The silver question precipitated a controversy be- 
tween those who were in favor of the continuance of 
silver coinage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Cleveland answering for the latter, even before his 








twenty-third President, is 
the descendant of one of the 
historical families of this 
country. The head of the 
family was a Major General 
Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted follow- 
ers and fighters. In the zenith of Crom- 
well's power it became the duty of this 
Harrison to participate in the trial of 
Charles I, and afterward tc sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subse- 
quently paid for this with his life, being 
hung Oct. 13, 1660. His descendants 
came to America, and the next of the 
family that appears in history is Benja- 
rzin Harrison, of Virginia, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Harrison 
waa a member of the Continental Congress during 
the years 1 774-5-6, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
wa^ three times elected Governor of Virginia. 
Qen William Henry Harrison, the son of the 

distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a suc- 
cessful career as a soldier during the War of 1812, 
and with -a clean record as Governor of the North- 
western Territory, was elected President of the 
United States in 1840. His caroer was cut short 
by death within one month after jis innuguration. 
President Harrison was born at North Bend, 
Hamilton Co., Ohio, Aug. 20, 1883. His life up to 
the time of his graduation by the Miami University, 
at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful one of a coun- 
try lad of a family of small means. His father was 
able to give him a good education, and nothing 
more. He became engaged while at college to ths 
daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of a female school 
at Oxford. After graduating he determined to en- 
ter upon the study of the law. He went to Cin 
cinnati and then read law for two years. At the 
expiration of that time young Harrison received th'. 
only inheritance of his life ; his aunt dying left him 
a lot valued at $800. He regarded this legacy as a 
fortune, and decided to get married at once, »aks 
this money and go to some Eastern town an '. be- 
gin the practice of law. He sold his lot, and with 
the money in his pocket, he started out wita his 
young wife to fight for a place in the world. Me 



decided to go to Indianapolis, which was even at 
Ihat time a town of promise. He met with sliglit 
encouragement at first, making scarcely an^'thing 
the first year. He worked diligently, applj"ing him- 
self closely to his calling, built up an extensive 
practice and took a leading rank in the legal pro- 
fession, lie is the father of two children. 

In 1860 Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and then be- 
gan his experience as a stump speake; He can- 
vassed the State thoroughly, and was elected by a 
handsome majority. In 1862 he raised the 17th 
Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its Colonel. His 
regiment was composed of the rawest of material, 
out Col. Harrison employed all his time at first 
mastering military tactics and drilling his men, 
when he therefore came to move toward the East 
with Sherman his regiment was one of the best 
drilled and organized in the army. At Resaca he 
especially distinguished himself, and for his bravery 
at Peachtree Cl'eek he was made a Brig.adier Gen- 
eral, Gen. Hooker speaking of him in the most 
complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the field 
he Supreme Court declared the office of the Su- 
preme Court Reporter vacant, and another person 
was elected to the position. From the time of leav- 
ing Indiana with his regiment until the fiill ot 1864 
be had taken no leave of absence, but having been 
nominated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-day leave of absence, and during that time 
made a brilliant canvass ot the State, and was elected 
for another term. He then started to rejoin Sher- 
man, but on the way was stricken down with scarlet 
fever, and after a most trying siege made his way 
to the front in time to participate in the closing 
'xcidents of the war 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined re-election as 
;eporter, and resumed the practice of law In 1876 
fle was a candidate for Governor. Although de- 
eated, the brilliant campaign hb made won ior him 
a National reputation, and he was much sought, es- 
pecial.y in the East, to make speeches. In 1880, 
as usual, he took an active part; in the campaign, 
snd wi^-: elected to the Vnited States Senate. Here 
uc sei-ved six years, and vas known as one oi the 
ftblest men, best lawyer' ^nd stronges*' debaters in 

that body. With the expiration of his Scnaioiia) 
term he returned to the practice of his profession, 
becoming the head of one of the strongest firms in 
the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. The 
convention which assembled in Chicago in June and 
named Mr. Harrison as the chief standard bearer 
of the Republican party, was great in ever}' partic- 
ular, and on this .account, and the attitude it as- 
sumed upon the vital questions of the day, chief 
among which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest 
in the campaign throughout the Nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit Mr. 
Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This move- 
ment became, and from all sections of the 
country societies, clubs and delegations journeyed 
thither to pay their respects to the distinguished 
statesman. The popularity of these was greatly 
increased on account of the remarkable speeches 
made by Mr. Harrison. He spoke dail}- all through 
the summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent were 
his speeches that they at once placed him in the 
foremost rank of American orators and statesmen. 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and hir 
power as a debater, he was called upon at an un- 
commonly early age to take part in the discussion 
of the great questions that then began to agitate 
tlie country. He was an uncompromising anti 
slavery man, and was matched against some of tLe 
most eminent Democratic speakers of his State. 
No man who felt the touch of his blade der'red to 
be pitted with him again. With all his eloq^'ence 
as an orator ho never spoke for oratorical etfect, 
but his words always went like bullets to the mark 
He is purely American in his ideas and is a splec 
did type of the American statesman. Gifted witli 
quick perception, a logical mind and a ready tongue, 
he is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the Nation. Many of these speeches 
sparkled with the rarest of eloquence and contained 
arguments of greatest weight. Many of his terse 
statements have alreadr become aphorisms. Origl- 
nal in thought precise in logic, terse In statement, 
yet withal faultless in elo'yience, he is recognized as 
the sound statesman and brilUan: or.ator c ta^ day 

-^^i ■% ^, 











jlP^HADRACH BOND, the first 
Governor of Illinois after its 
organization as a State, serving 
from 1818 to 1822, was bom in 
Frederick County, Maryland, 
in the year r773, and was 
raised a farmer on liis father's 
plantation, receiving only a plain 
English education. He emigrated 
to this State in 1794, when it was a 
part of the "Northwest Territory," 
continuing in the vocation in which 
he had been brought up in his native 
State, in the " New Design," near 
Eagle Creek, in what is now Monroe 
County. He served several terms as 
a member of the General Assembly 
of Indiana Territory, after it was organized as such, 
and in 1812-14 he was a Delegate to the Twelfth 
and Thirteenth Congresses, taking his seat Dec. 3, 
1812, and serving until Oct. 3, (814. These were 
the times, the reader will recollect, when this Gov- 
ernment had its last struggle with Great Britain. 
The year 1812 is also noted in the history of this 
State as that in which the first Territorial Legislature 
was held. It convened at Kaskaskia, Nov. 25, and 
adjourned Dec. 26, following. 

While serving as Delegate to Congress, Mr. Bond 
was instrumental in procuring the right of pre-emp- 
tion on the public domain. On the expiration of his 
term at Washington he was appointed Receiver of 
Public Moneys at Kaskaskia, then the capital of the 
Territory. In company wiih John G. Comyges, 

Thomas H. Harris, Charles Slade, Michael Jones, 
Warren Brown. Edward Humphries and Charles W 
Hunter, he became a proprietor of the site of the 
initial city of Cairo, which they hoped, from its favor- 
able location at the junction of the two great 
rivers near the center of the Great West, would 
rapidly develop into a metropolis. To aid the enter- 
prise, they obtained a special charter from the Legis- 
lature, incorporating both the City and the Bank of 

In i8r8 Mr. Bond was elected the first Governor 
of the State of Illinois, being inaugurated Oct. 6 
that year, which was several weeks before Illinois 
was actually admitted. The facts are these: In 
January, i8i8, the Territorial Legislature sent a peti- 
tion to Congress for the admission of Illinois as a 
State, Nathaniel Pope being then Delegate. The 
petition was granted, fixing the northern line of the 
State on the latitude of the southern extremity of 
Lake Michigan; but the bill was afterward so amend- 
ed as to extend this line to its present latitude. In 
July a convention was called at Kaskaskia to draft a 
constitution, which, however, was not submitted to 
the people. By its provisions, supreme judges, pros 
ecuting attorneys, county and circuit judges, record- 
ers and justices of the peace were all to be appointed 
by the Governor or elected by the Legislature. This 
constitution was accepted by Congress Dec. 30. At 
that time Illinois comprised but eleven counties, 
namely, Randolph, Madison, Gallatin, Johnson, 
Pope, Jackson, Crawford, Bond, Union, Washington 
and Franklin, the northern portion of the State be- 
ing mainly in Madison County. Thus it appears 
that Mr. Bond was honored by the naming of a 


county before he was elected Governor, The present 
county of Bond is of small limitations, about 60 to 80 
miles south of Springfield. For Lieutenant Governor 
tiie people chose Pierre Menard, a prominent and 
worthy Frenchman, after whom a county in this State 
is named. In this election there were no opposition 
candidates, as the popularity of these men had made 
their promotion to the chief offices of the Siate, even 
Defore the constitution was drafted, a foregone con- 

The principal points that excited the people in 
reference to political issues at this period were local 
or "internal improvements," as they were called. 
State banks, location of the capital, slavery and the 
personal characteristics of the proposed candidates. 
Mr. Bond represented the " Convention party," for 
introducing slavery into the State, supported by Elias 
Ke It Kane, his Secretary of State, and John Mc- 
Lean, while Nathaniel Pope and John P. Cook led 
the anti-slavery element. The people, however, did 
not become very much excited over this issue until 
1820, when the faraius Missouri Compromise was 
adopted by Congress, limiting slavery to the south 
of the parallel of 36° 30' except in Missouri. While 
this measure settled the great slavery controversy, 
so far as the average public sentiment was tempor- 
arily concerned, until 1854, when it was repealed 
under the leadership of Stephen A. Douglas, the issue 
as considered locally in this State was not decided 
until 1,824, after a most furious campaign. (See 
sketch of Gov. Coles.) The ticket of 181 8 was a 
compromise one, Bond representing (moderately) the 
pro-slavery sentiment and Menard the anti-slavery. 

An awkward element in the State government 
under Gov. Bond's administration, was the imperfec- 
tion of the State constitution. The Convention 
wished to have Elijah C. Berry for the first Auditor 
of Public Accounts, but, as it was believed that the 
new Governor would not appoint him to tiie office, 
the Convention declared in a schedule that " an 
auditor of public accounts, an attorney general and 
such other officers of the State as may be necessary, 
may be appointed by the General Assembly." The 
Constitution, as it stood, vested a very large appoint- 
ing power in the Governor; but for the purpose of 
getting one man into office, a total change was made, 
and the power vested in the Legislature. Of this 
provision the Legislature took advantage, and de 

Glared that State's attorneys, canal commissioners, 
bank directors, etc., were all '" officers of the State' 
and must therefore be appointed by itself independ- 
ently of the Governor. 

During Gov. Bond's administration a general law 
was passed for the incorporation of academies and 
towns, and one authorizing lotteries. The session of 
1822 authorized the Governor to appoint commis- 
sioners, to act in conjunction with like commissioners 
appointed by the State of Lidiana, to report on the 
practicability and expediency of improving the navi- 
gation of the Wabash River; also inland navigation 
generally. Many improvements were recommended, 
some of which have been feebly worked at even till 
the present day, those along the Wabash being of no 
value. Also, during Gov. Bond's term of office, the 
capital of the State was removed from Kaskaskia to 
Vandalia. In 1820 a law was passed by Congress 
authorizing this State to open a canal through the 
public lands. The State appointed commissioners 
10 explore the route and prepare the necessary sur- 
veys and estimates, preparatory to its execution; 
but, being unable out of its own resources to defray 
the expenses of the undertaking, it was abandoned 
until some time after Congress made the grant of 
land for the purpose of its construction. 

On the whole. Gov. Bond's administration was 
fairly good, not being open to severe criticism from 
any party. In 1824, two years after the expiration 
of his term of office, he was brought out as a candi- 
date for Congress against the formidable John P. 
Cook, but received only 4,374 votes to 7,460 for the 
latter. Gov. Bond was no orator, but had made 
many fast friends by a judicious bect-jwment of his 
gubernatorial patronage, and these worked zealously 
for him in the campaign. 

In 1827 ex-Gov. Bond was appointed by the Leg- 
islature, with Wm. P. McKee and Dr. Gershoni 
Jayne, as Commissioners to locate a site for a peni- 
tentiary on the Mississippi at or near Alton. 

Mr. Bond was of a benevolent and convivial dis- 
position, a man of shrewd observation and clear ap- 
preciation of events. His person was erect, stand- 
ing six feet in height, and after middle life became 
portly, weighing 200 pounds. His features were 
strongly masculine, complexion dark, h.iir jet and 
eyes hazel ; was a favorite wiili the ladies. He died 
April II, 1S30, in peace and -ontentment 

id^^r-UA^ Co<U2<^ 



DWARD COLES, second 
Governor of Illinois, 1823- 
, 6, was born Dec. 15, 1786, 
in Albemarle Co., Va., on 
the old family estate called 
" Enniscorthy," on the 
Green Mountain. His fath- 
er, John Coles, was a Colonel in the 
Revolutionary War. Having been fit- 
ted for college by private tutors, he 
was sent to Hampden Sidney, where 
he remained until the autumn of 1805, 
when he was removed to William and 
gCT) OJlf^S' Mary College, at Williamsburg, Va. 
^SyP'/tw This college he left in the summer of 
1807, a short time before the final and graduating 
examination. Among his classmates were Lieut. 
Gen. Scott, President John Tyler, Wm. S. Archer, 
United States Senator froni Virginia, and Justice 
Baldwin, of the United States Supreme Court. The 
President of the latter college. Bishop Madison, was 
a cousin of President James Madison, and that cir- 
cumstance was the occasion of Mr. Coles becoming 
personally acquainted with the President and re- 
ceiving a position as his private secretary, 1809-15. 
The family of Coles was a prominent one in Vir- 
ginia, and their mansion was the seat of the old- 
fashioned Virginian hospitality. It was visited by 
such notables as Patrick Henry, Jefferson, Madison, 
Monroe, the Randolphs, Tazewell, Wirt, etc. At the 
age of 23, young Coles founa himself heir to a plant- 
ation and a considerable numljer of slaves. Ever 
since his earlier college days his attention had been 
drawn to the questio'i of slavery. He read every- 

thing on the subject that came in his way, and 
listened to lectures on the rights of man. The more 
he reflected upon the subject, the more impossible 
was it for liim to reconcile the immortal declaration 
"that all men are born free and equal " with the 
practice of slave-holding. He resolved, therefore, to 
free his slaves the first opportunity, and even remove 
his residence to a free State. One reason which de- 
termined him to accept the appointment as private 
secretary to Mr. Madison was because he believed 
that through the acquaintances he could make at 
Washington he could better determine in what part 
of the non-slaveholding portion of the Union he woulc 
prefer to settle. 

The relations between Mr. Coles and President 
Madison, as well as Jefferson and other distinguished 
men, were of a very friendly character, arising from 
the similarity of their views on the question of slavery 
and their sympathy for each other in holding doc- 
trines so much at variance with the prevailing senti- 
ment in their own State. 

In 1857, he resigned his secretaryship and spent a 
portion of the following autumn in exploring the 
Northwest Territory, for the purpose of finding a lo- 
cation and purchasing lands on which to settle his 
negroes. He traveled with a horse and buggy, with 
an extra man and horse for emergencies, through 
many parts of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Missouri, 
determining finally to settle in Illinois. At this time, 
however, a misunderstanding arose between our 
Government and Russia, and Mr. Coles was selected 
to repair to St. Petersburg on a special mission, bear- 
ing important papers concerning the matter at issue 
The result was a conviction of the Emperor (Alex- 



ander) of the error committed by his minister at 
Washington, and the consequent withdrawal of the 
the latter from the post. On his return, Mr. Coles 
visited other i)arts of Europe, especially Paris, where 
he was introduced to Gen. Lafayette. 

\\\ the spring of 1819, he removed with all his 
negroes from Virginia to Edwardsville, 111., with the 
iinention of giving them their liberty. He did not 
make known to ihem his intention until one beautiful 
morning in April, as tliey were descending the Ohio 
R'ver. He lashed all the boats together and called 
all the negroes on deck and made them a short ad- 
dress, concluding his remarks by so expressing him- 
self that by a turn of a sentence he proclaimed in 
the shortest and fullest manner that they were no 
longer slaves, but free as he was and were at liberty 
to proceed with him or go ashore at their pleas- 
ure. A description of the effect upon the negroes is 
best desciibed in his own language : 

"The effect upon them was electrical. They stared 
at rr.e and then at each other, as if doubting the ac- 
curacy or reality of what they heard. In breathless 
silence they stood before me, unable to utter a word, 
but with countenances beaming with expression which 
no words could convey, and which no language 
can describe. As they began to see the truth of 
what they had heard, and realize their situation, there 
came on a kind of hysterical, giggling laugh. After 
a pause of intense and unutterable emotion, bathed 
in tears, and with tremulous voices, they gave vent to 
their gratitude and implored the blessing of God 
on me." 

Before landing he gave them a general certificate 
of freedom, and afterward conformed more particu- 
larly with tiie law of this State requiring that each 
individual should have a certificate. This act of 
Mr. Coles, all the more noble and heroic considering 
the overwhelming pro-slavery influences surrounding 
him, has challenged the admiration of every philan- 
thropist of modern times. 

March 5, 1819, President Monroe appointed Mr. 
Coles Registrar of the Land Office at EdwardsviLe, 
at that time one of the principal land offices in the 
State. While acting in this capacity and gaining 
many friends by his politeness and general intelli- 
gence, the greatest struggle that ever occurred in 
Illinois on the slavery ques ion culminated in the 
furious contest characterizing the campaigns and 
elections of 1822-4. In the summer of 1823, when a 
new Governor was to be elected to succeed Mr. 
Bond, the pro-slavery element divided into factions, 
iiuiting forward for the executive office Joseph 
I'hillips, Chief Justice of the State, Thomas C. 
Browne and Gen. James B. Moore, of the State Mil- 
i'.ia. The anti-slavery element united upon Mr. 
Coles, and, after one of the most bitter campaigns, 
s'lcceeded in electing him as Governor. His plural- 
ity over Judge Phillips was only 59 in a total vote of 

over 8,000. The Lieutenant Governor was elected 
by the slavery men. Mr. Coles' inauguration speech 
was marked by calmness, deliberation and such a 
wise expression of appropiiate suggestions as to 
elicit the sanction of all judicious politicians. But 
he compromised not witli evil. In his message to 
the Legislature, the seat of Government being then 
at Vandalia, he strongly urged the abrogation of the 
modified form of slavery whi';h then existed in this 
State, contrary to the Ordinance of 1787. His posi- 
tion on this subject seems the more remarkable, when 
it is considered that he was a minority Governor, the 
population of Illinois being at that lime almost ex- 
clusively from slave-holding States and by a large 
majority in favor of the perpetuation of that old relic 
of barbarism. The Legislature itself was, of course, 
a reflex of the popular sentiment, and a majority of 
them were led on by fiery men in denunciations of 
the conscientious Governor, and in curses loud and 
deep upon him and all his friends. Some of the 
public men, indeed, went so far as to head a sort of 
mob, or "shiveree" party, who visited the residence 
of the Governor and others at Vandalia and yelled 
and groaned and spat fire. 

The Constitution, not establishing or permitting 
slavery in this State, was thought therefore to be 
defective by the slavery politicians, and they desired 
a State Convention to be elected, to devise and sub- 
mit a new Constitution; and the dominant politics 
of the day was "Convention" and "anti-Conven- 
tion." Both parties issued addresses to the people. 
Gov. Coles himself being the author of the address 
published by the latter party. This address revealed 
the schemes of the conspirators in a masterly .tian- 
ner. It is difficult for us at this distant day to esti- 
mate the critical and extremely delicate situation in 
which the Governor was placed at that time. 

Our hero maintained himself honorably and with 
supreme dignity throughout his administration, and 
in his honor a county in this State is named. He 
was truly a great man, and those who lived in 
this State during his sojourn here, like those who 
live at the baseof tlie mountain, were too nearto see 
and recognize the greatness that overshadowed i hem. 

Mr. Coles was married Nov. 28, 1833, by Bisliop 
De Lancey, to Miss Sally Logan Roberts, a daughter 
of Hugh Roberts, a descendant of Welsh ancestrv , 
who cami to this country with Wm. Penn in 1682. 

After tlie expiration of his term of service. Gov. 
Coles continued his residence in Edwardsville, sup- 
erintending his farm in the vicinity. He "as fon<l 
of agriculture, and was the founder of tlie fir->t agri- 
cultural society in the State. On account of ill 
health, however, and having no family to tie him 
down, he spent much of his time in Eastern cities. 
About 1832 he changed his residence to I'hiladel- 
phia, where he died July 7, 1868, and is buried at 
\V'oodland, near that city. 

' O cP-C/u^iSi^-^ 



I ill a 




Ironi 1827 to 1S30, was a soa 
of Benjamin Edwards, and 
"as born in Montgomery 
-^/o County, Maryland, in March, 
1775. His domestic train- 
^' ing was well fitted to give 
lis mind strength, firmness and 
oi.orable iirinciples, and a good 
foundation was laid fertile elevated 
character to which he afterwards 
attained. His parents were Bap- 
tists, and very strict in their moral 
piinciples. His education in eaily 
youth was in company with and 
partly under the tuition of Hon. Wni. 
Wirt, whom his father patronized 
and who was more than two years 
older. An intimacy was thus 
forin.-d between them which was lasting for life. He 
was further educated at Dickinson College, at Car- 
lisle, Pa. He next cimmenced the study of law, but 
before completing his course lie moved to Nelson 
County, Ky., to open a farm for his father and to 
purchase homes and locate lands for his brothers and 
sisters. Here he fell in the company of dissolute 
companions, and for several years led the life of a 
spendthrift. He was, however, elected to the Legis- 
lature of Kentucky as the Representative of Nelson 
•J-ounty before he was 21 years of age, and was re- 
jected by an almost unanimous vote. 

In 1798 he was licensed to practice law, and the 
fjllowing year was admitted to the Courts of Tennes- 
see. About this time he left Nelson County for 
Russellville, in Logan County, broke away from his 
dissolute companions, commenced a reformation and 
devoted himself to severe and laborious study. He 
then began to rise rapidly in his profession, and soon 
became an eminent lawyer, and inside of four years 
he filled in succession the offices of Presiding Judge 
of the General Court, Circuit Judge, fourth Judge of 
the Court of Appeals and Chief Justice of the State, 
— all before he was 32 years of age! Li addition, in 
1802, he received a commission as Major of a battal- 
ion of Kentucky militia, and in 1804 was chosen a 
Presidential Elector, on the Jefferson and Clinton 
ticket. In 1806 he was a candidate Tor Congress, 
but withdrew on being promoted to the Court of 

Illinois was organized as a separate Territory in 
the spring of 1809, when Mr. Edwards, then Chief 
Justice of the Court of Appeals in Kentucky, received 
from President Madison the appointment as Gover- 
nor of the new Territory, his commission bearing date 
April 24, 1809. Edwards arrived at Kaskaskia in 
June, and on the i ith of that month took the oath of 
office. At the same time he was appointed Superin- 
tendent of the United States Saline, this Government 
interest then developinginto considerable proportions 
in Southern Illinois. Although during the first three 
years of his administration he had the power to make 
new counties and appoint all the officers, yet he always 
allowed the people of each county, by an informal 


vole, to select their own officers, both civil and mili- 
tary. The noted John J. Crittenden, afterward 
United States Senator from Kentucky, was appointed 
by Gev. Edwards to the office of Attorney General of 
the Territory, which office was accepted for a short 
time only. 

The Indians in tSio committing sundry depreda- 
tions in the Territory, crossing the Mississippi from 
the Territory of Louisiana, a long correspondence fol- 
lowed between the respective Governors concerning 
the remedies, which ended in a council with the sav- 
ages at Peoria in 1812, and a fresh interpretation of 
the treaties. Peoria was depopulated by these de- 
predations, and was not re -settled for many je^rs 

As Gov. Edwards' term of office expired by law in 
1812, he was re-appointed for another term of three 
years, and again in 1815 for a third term, serving 
until the organization of the State in the fall of 1818 
and the inauguration of Gov. Bond. At this time 
ex-Gov. Edwards was sent to the United States 
Senate, his colleague being Jesse B. Thomas. As 
Senator, Mr. Edwards took a conspicuous part, and 
acquitted himself honorably in all the measures that 
came up in that body, being well posted, an able de- 
bater and a conscientious statesman. He thought 
seriously of resigning this situation in 1821, but was 
persuaded by liis old friend, Wm. Wirt, and others to 
continue in office, which he did to the end of the 

He was then appointed Minister to Mexico by 
President Monroe. About this time, it appears that 
Mr. Edwards saw suspicious signs in the conduct of 
Wm. H. Crawford, Secretary of the United States 
Treasury, and an ambitious candidate for the Presi- 
dency, and being implicated by the latter in some of 
his statements, he resigned his Mexican mission in 
order fully to investigate the charges. The result 
was the exculpation of Mr. Edwards. 

Pro-slavery regulations, often termed "Black Laws," 
disgraced the statute books of both the Territory and 
ihe Stale of Illinois during the whole of his career in 
/his commcnwealtli, and Mr. Edwards always main- 
tained the doctrines of freedom, and was an important 
actor in the great struggle which ended in a victory 
for his parfy in 1824. 

In 1826 7 the Winnebago and other Indians com- 
mitted soue depredations in the northern part of the 

State, and the white settlers, who desired the land? 
and wished to exasperate the savages into an evacu- 
ation of the country, magnified the misdemeanors of 
the aborigines and thereby produced a hostility be- 
tween the races so great as to precipitate a little war, 
known in history as the "Winnebago War." A few 
chases and skirmishes were had, when Gen. Atkinson 
succeeded in capturing Red Bird, the Indian chief, 
and putting him to death, thus ending the contest, at 
least until the troubles commenced which ended in 
the " Black Hawk War " of 1832. In the interpre- 
tation of treaties and execution of their provisions 
Gov. Edwards had much vexatious work to do. The 
Indians kept themselves generally within the juris- 
diction of Michigan Territory, and its Governor, 
Lewis Cass, was at a point so remote that ready cor- 
respondence with him was difficult or impossible. 
Gov. Edwards' administration, however, in regard to 
the protection of the Illinois frontier, seems to havj 
been very efficient and satisfactory. 

For a considerable portion of his time after his re- 
moval to Illinois, Gov. Edwards resided upon his 
farm near Kaskaskia, which he had well stocked with 
horses, cattle and sheep from Kentucky, also with 
fruit-trees, grape-vines and shrubbery. He estab- 
lished saw and grist-mills, and engaged extensively 
in mercantilebusiness, having no less than eight or ten 
stores in this State and Missouri. Notwithstanding 
the arduous duties of liis office, he nearly always pur- 
chased the goods himself with which to supply the 
stores. Although not a regular practitioner of medi- 
cine, he studied the healing art to a considerable ex- 
tent, and took great pleasure in prescribing for, and 
taking care of, the sick, generally without charge. 
He was also liberal to the poor, several widows and 
ministers of the gospel becoming indebted to him 
even for their homes. 

He married Miss Elvira Lane, of Maryland, in 
1803, and they became the affectionate parents of 
several children, one of wiiom, especially, is well' 
known to the people of the " Prairie State," namely, 
Ninian Wirt Edwards, once the Superintendent c< 
Public Instruction and still a resident of Springfield 
Gov. Edwards resided at and in the vicinity of Kas- 
kaskia from 180910 1818; in Edwardsville (named 
after him) from that time to 1824; and from the lat- 
ter date at Belleville, St. Clair County, until his 
death, July 20, 1833, of Asiatic cholera. Edwards 
County is also named in his honor. 

^/ ^^^^0^/0-1.-^/-^^?^^ 




'((^HN REYNOLDS, Governor 1831- 
Iff^s^ 4, \v;is boil"! in Montgomery Coun- 
ig: ty, Pennsylvania, Feb. 26, 1788. 
His father, Robert Reynolds and 
liis mother, nee Margaret Moore, 
were both natives of Ireland, from 
wliich country they emigrated to 
the United States in 1785, land- 
ing at Philadelphia. The senior 
Reynolds entertained an undying 
hostility to the British Govern- 
ment. When the subject of tliis 
sketch was about six months old, 
hjs parents emigrated with him to 
Tennessee, where many of their 
relatives had already located, at the base of the 
Copper Ridge Mountain, about 14 miles northeast of 
the present city of Knoxville. There they were ex- 
oosed to Indian depredations, and were much molest- 
ed by them. In 1794 they moved into the interior 
of the State. They were poor, and brought up their 
children to habits of manual industry. 

In i8oo tlie fimily removed to Kaskaskia, III., with 
eight horses and two wagons, encountering many 
Hardships on the way. Here young Reynolds passed 
the most of his childhood, while his character began 
to develop, the most prominent traits of which were 
ambition and energy. He also adopted the principle 
and practice of total abstinence from intoxicating 
liquors. In 1807 the family made another removal, 

this time to the " Goshen Settlement," at the foot of 
tlie Mississippi bluffs three or four miles southwest 
of Edwardsville. 

On arriving at his 20th year, Mr. Reynolds, seeing 
that he must look about for his own livelihood and 
not yet having determined what calling to pursue, 
concluded first to attend college, and he accordingly 
went to such an institution of learning, near Knox- 
ville, Tenn., where he had relatives. Imagine his 
diffidence, when, after passing the first 20 years of 
his life without ever having seen a carpet, a papered 
wall or a Windsor chair, and never having lived in a 
shingle-roofed house, he suddenly ushered himseir 
into the society of the wealthy in the vicinity of 
Knoxville! He attended college nearly two years, 
going through the principal Latin authors; but it 
seems that he, like the rest of the world in modern 
times, had but very little use for his Latin in after 
life. He always failed, indeed, to exhibit any good 
degree of literary disciphne. He commenced the 
study of law in Knoxville, but a pulmonary trouble 
came on and compelled him to change his mode 
of life. Accordingly he returned home and re- 
cuperated, and in 1812 resumed his college and 
law studies at Knoxville. In the fall of 181 2 he was 
admitted to the Bar at Kaskaskia. About this time 
he also learned the French language, which he 
practiced with pleasure in conversation with his 
family for many years. He regarded this language 
as being superior to all others for social intercourse. 



From his services in the West, in the war of i8i 2, 
he obtained the sobriquet of the " Old Ranger." He 
was Orderly Sergeant, then Judge Advocate. 

Mr. Reynolds opened his first law office in the 
winter and spring of 1814, inthe French village of 
(3ahokia, then the capital of St. Clair County. 

In the fall of 1818 he was elected an Associate 
Justice upon the Supreme Bench by the General 
Assembly. In 1825 he entered more earnestly than 
ever into the practice of law, and the very next year 
was elected a member of the Legislature, where he 
acted independently of all cliques and private inter- 
ests. In 1828 the Whigs and Democrats were for 
the first time distinctively organized as such in Illi- 
nois, and the usual party bitterness grew up and 
raged on all sides, while Mr. Reynolds preserved a 
iudicial calmness and moderation. The real animus 
,if the campaign was " Jackson " and " anti-Jackson," 
'he former party carrying the State. 

In August, 1S30, Mr. Reynolds was elected Gov- 
ernor, amid great e.xciteraent. Installed in office, he 
did all within his power to advance the cause of edu- 
cation, internal improvements, the Illinois & Mich- 
igan Canal, the harbor at Chicago, settling the coun- 
try, etc.; also recc mmended the winding up of the 
State Bank, as its affairs had become dangerously 
complicated. In his national politics, he was a 
moderate supporter of General Jackson. But the 
most celebrated event of his gubernatorial admin- 
istration was the Black Hawk War, which occurred 
in 1832. He called out the militia and prosecuted 
the contest with commendable diligence, appearing 
in person on the battle-grounds during the most 
critical periods. He was recognized by the President 
as Major-General, and authorized by him to make 
treaties vi'itli the Indians. By the assistance of the 
general Government the war was terminated without 
much bloodshed, but after many serious fights. This 
war, as well as everything else, was materially re- 
tarded by the occurrence of Asiatic cholera in the 
West. This was its first appearance here, and was 
the next event in prominence during Gov. Reynolds' 

South Carolina nullification coming up at this time, 
t was heartily condemned by both President Jackson 
and Gov. Reynolds, who took precisely the same 
grounds as the Unionists in the last war. 

On the termination of his gubernatorial term in 
• 834, Gov. Reynolds was elected a Member of Con- 
gress, still coiisidering himself a backwoodsman, as 
^e had scarcely been outside of the State since he 
became of age, and had spent nearly all his youthful 
days in the wildest region of the frontier. His first 
move in Congress was to adopt a resolution that in 
all elections made by the House for officers the votes 
should be given viva voce, each member in his ])lace 
naming aloud the person for whom he votes. This 
created considerable heated discussion, but was es- 

sentially adopted, and remained the controlling prin- 
ciple for many years. The ex Governor was scarcely 
Absent from his seat a single day, during eight ses- 
sions of Congress, covering a period of seven year^, 
and he never vacillated in a party vote; but he failed 
to get the Democratic party to foster his " National 
Road" scheme. He says, in "My Own Times" (a 
large autobiography he published), that it was only 
by rigid economy that he avoided insolvency while in 
Washington. During his sojourn in that city he was 
married, to a lidy of the place. 

In 1837, while out of Congress, and in company 
with a few others, he built the first railroad in the 
Mississippi Valley, namely, one about six miles long, 
leading from his coal mine in the Mississippi bluff to 
the bank of the river opposite St. Louis. Hiving not 
the means to purchase a locomotive, they operated it 
by horse-power. The next spring, however, the com- 
pany sold out, at great sacrifice. 

In 1839 the ex-Governor was appointed one of the 
Canal Commissioners, and authorized to borrow 
money to prosecute the enterprise. Accordingly, he 
repaired to Philadelphia and succeeding in obtaining 
a million dollars, which, however, was only a fourth 
of what was wanted. The same year he and his 
wife made at our of Europe. This year, also, Mr. 
Reynolds had the rather awkward little responsibility 
of introducing to President Van Buren the noted 
Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith, as a " Latter-Day 

In 1846 Gov. Reynolds was elected a member of 
the Legislature from St. Clair County, more particu 
larly for the purixsse of obtaining a feasible charter 
for a macadamized road from Belleville to St. Louis, 
a distance of nearly 14 miles. This was immediately 
built, and was the first road of the kind in the State. 
He was again elected to the Legislature in 1852, when 
he was chosen Speaker of the House. In i860, aged 
and infirm, he attended the National Democratic 
Convention at Charleston, S. C , as an anti-Douglas 
Delegate, where he received more attention from the 
Southern Delegates than any other member. He 
supported Breckenridge for the Presidency. After 
the October elections foreshadowed the success of 
Lincoln, he published an address urging the Demo- 
crats to rally to the support of Douglas. Immedi- 
ately preceding and during the late war, his corre- 
spondence evinced a clear sympathy for the Southern 
secession, and about the first of March, i86r, he 
urged upon the Buchanan officials the seizure of the 
treasure and arms in the custom-house and arsenal 
at St. Louis. Mr. Reynolds was a rather talkative 
man, and apt in all the Western plirases and catch- 
words that ever gained currency, besides many cun- 
ning and odd ones of his own manufacture. 

He was married twice, but had no children. He 
died in Belleville, in May, 1865, just after the close 
of the war. 



Governor of Illinois Nov. 3 
^^«s to 17, 1834, was a native 
of Kentucky, and probably 
of Scotch ancestry. He bad 
a fine education, was a gentle- 
man of polished manners and 
refined sentiment. In 1830 John Rey- 
nolds was elected Governor of the State, 
and Zadok Casey Lieutenant Governor, 
and for the principal events that followed, 
and the characteristics of the times, see 
sketch of Gov. Reynolds. The first we 
^Ph/ see in history concerning Mr. Ewing, in- 
forms us that he was a Receiver of Public 
Mor.eys at Vandalia soon after the organization of 
this State, and that the public moneys in his liands 
v.'ere deposited in various banks, as they are usually 
W-aW i^resent day. In 1823 the State Bank was 
-ubbed,by which disaster Mr. Ewing lost a thousand- 
dollar deposit. 

The subject of this sketcli had a commission as 
Colonel in the Black Hawk War, and in emergencies 
ne acted also as Major. In the summer of 1832, 
when I "ras rumored among the whites that Black 
Hawk and his men had encamped somewhere on 
Rock River, Gen. Henry was sent or. a tour of 
reconnoisance, and witii orders to drive the Indians 
from the State. After some opposition from his 
lubordinate officers, Henry resolved to proceed up 
Rock River in searcii of the enemy. On the 19th of 
uly, early in the morning, five baggage wagons. 

cainp equipage and all heavy and cumbersome arti- 
cles were piled up and left, so that the army migli'- 
make speedy and forced marches. For some miles 
the travel was exceedingly bad, crossing swamps 
and the worst thickets; but the large, fresh trail 
gave life and animation to t!',e Americans. Gen. 
Dodge and Col. Ewing were both acting as Majors, 
and composed the " spy corps " or vanguard of the 
army. It is supposed the army marched nearly 50 
miles this day, and the Indian trail they followed 
became fresher, and was strewed with much property 
and trinkets of the red-skin-, that they had lost or 
thrown away to hasten their march. During 'he 
following night there was a terrific thunder-storm, and 
the soldiery, with all their appurtenances, were dior- 
oughly drenched. 

On approaching nearer the Indians the next day. 
Gen. Dodge and Major Ewing, each commanding a 
battalion of men, were placed in front to bring on the 
battle, but the savages were not overtaken this day 
Forced marches were continued until they reached. 
Wisconsin River, where a veritable battle ensued, 
resulting in the death of about 68 of Black Hawk's 
men. The next day they continued the chase, and 
as soon as he discovered the trail of the Indians 
leading tow.ird the Mississippi, Maj. Ewing formed 
his battalion in order of battle and awaited the order 
of Gen. Henry. The latter soon appeared on the 
ground and ordered a charge, wliich directly resulted 
in chasing the red warriors across the great river. 
Maj. Ewing and his command proved particularly 
efficient in war, as it seems they were the chief actors 
in driving the main body of the Sacs and Foxes, in- 



eluding Black Hawk himself, across the Mississippi, 
while Gen. Atkinson, commander-in-chief of the ex- 
pedition, with a body of the army, was hunting for 
them -.n another direction. 

In the above affair Maj. Ewmg is often referred to 
as a "General," which title he had derived from his 
connection with the militia. 

It was in the latter part of the same year (1832) 
that Lieutenant Governor Casey was elected to Con- 
gress and Gen. Ewing, who had been elected to the 
Senate, was chosen to preside over that body. At 
the August election of 1834, Gov. Reynolds was also 
elected to Congress, more than a year ahead of the 
time at which he could actually take his seat, as was 
then tlie law. His predecessor, Chailes Slade, had 
just died of Asiatic cholera, soon after the elec- 
tion, and Gov. Reynolds was chosen to serve out his 
unexpired term. Accordingly he set out for Wash- 
ington in November of that year to take his seat in 
Congress, and Gen. Ewing, by virtue of his office as 
President of the Senate, became Governor of the 
State of Illinois, his term covering only a period of 
15 days, namely, from the 3d to the 17th days, in- 
clusive, of November. On the 17th the Legislature 
met, and Gov. Ewing transmitted to that body his 
message, giving a statement of the condition of the 
affairs of the State at that time, and urging a contin- 
uance of the policy adopted by his predecessor; and 
on the same day Governor elect Joseph Duncan 
was sworn into office, thus relieving Mr. Ewing from 

the responsible situation. This is the only time that 
such a juncture has happened in the history of Illi- 

On the 29th of December, 1835, Gen. Ewing was 
elected a United States Senator to serve out the 
unexpired term of Elias Kent Kane, deceased. The 
latter gentleman was a very prominent figure in the 
early politics of Illinois, and a county in this State is 
named in his honor. The election of Gen. Ewing to 
the Senate was a protracted struggle. His competi- 
tors were James Semple, who af erwards held several 
important offices in this State, and Richard M. 
Young, afterward a United States Senator and a 
Supreme Judge and a man of vast influence. On 
the first ballot Mr. Semple had 25 votes. Young 19 
and Ewing 18. On the eighth ballot Young was 
dropped ; the ninth and tenth stood a tie ; but on 
the 1 2th E.ving received 40, to Semple 37, and was 
accordingly declared elected. In 1837 Mr. Ewin^; 
received some votes for a continuance of his term in 
Congress, when Mr. Young, just referred to, was 
elected. In 1842 Mr. Ewing was elected State 
Audit-^r on the ticket with Gov, Ford. 

Gen. Ewing was a gentleman of culture, a lawyer 
by profession, and was much in public life. In person 
he was above medium height and of heavy builJ, 
with auburn hair, blue eyes, large-sized head and 
short face. He was genial, social, friendly and 
affable, with fair talent, though of no high degree o' 
originality. He died March 25, 1846. 


Jc^s'^/^^ ^ 



'i'^'isi££M^^<i,^.,^9 -^^$M^^ --&^ -—':'■■ ^[-_f&^^^ 

1834-8, was born at Paris, 
Ky., Feb. 23, 1794. At the 
tender age of 19 years he en- 
listed in the war against Great 
Britain, and as a soldier he 
acquitted liimself " iih credit. He 
was an Ensign under the daunt- 
less Croghan at Lower Sandusky, 
\S, or Fort Stephenson. In Illinois 
he first appeared in a public capa- 
city as Major-Geneial of the ISIilitia, 
a position which his military fame 
had procured him. Subsequently 
he became a Slate Senator from 
. Jackson County, and is honorably 
mentioned for introducing the first bill providing for 
a free-school system. In 1826, when the redoubt- 
able John P. Cook, who had previously beaten such 
men as John McLean, Elias Kent Kane and ex- 
Gov. Bond, came up for the fourth time forCongress, 
Mr. Duncan was brought forward against him by his 
friends, greatly to the surprise of all the politicians. 
\s yet he was but little known in the Stale. He was 
an original Jackson man at that time, being attached 
to his political fortune in adniiraiion of the glory of 
his militaiy achievements. His chances of success 
against Cook were generally regarded as hopeless, 
liut he entered upon the campaign undaunted. His 
speeches, though short and devoid of ornament, were 
full of good sense. He made a diligent canvass of 
the State, Mr. Cook being hindered by the condition of 
his health. The most that was expected of Mr. 
Duncan, under the circumstances, was that he would 

obtain a respectable vote, but williout defeating Mr 
Cook. The result of the campaign, however, was a 
source of surprise and amazement to both friends 
and foes, as Mr. Duncan came out 641 votes ahead! 
He received 6,321 votes, and Mr. Cook 5,680. Un- 
til this denouement, the violence of party feeling 
smoldering in the breasts of the people on account 
of the defeat of Jackson, was not duly appreciated, 
Aside from the great convention struggle of 1824, no 
other than mere local and perional considerations 
had ever before controlled an election in Illinois. 

From the above date Mr. Duncan retained his 
seat in Co igress until his election as Governor in 
.\ugust, 1834. The first and bloodless year of the 
Black Hawk War he was appointed by Gov. Rey- 
nolds to the position of Brigadier-General of the 
volunteers, and he conducted his brigade to Rock 
Island. But he was absent from the Slate, in Wash- 
ington, during the gubernatorial campaign, and did 
not personally participate in it, but addressed circu- 
lars to his constituents. His election was, indeed, 
attributed to the circumstance of his absence, be- 
cause his estrangement from Jackson, formerly his 
political idol, and also from the Democracy, largely 
in ascendency in the State, was complete; but while 
his defection was well known to his Whig friends, 
and even to the leading Jackson men of this State, 
the latter were unable to carry conviction of that fact 
to the masses, as mail and newspaper facilities at 
that day were far inferior to those of the present 
lime. Of course the Governor was much abused 
afterward by the fossilized Jackson men who re- 
garded party ties and affiliations as above all 
other issues that could arise; but he was doubtless 



sincere in his opposition to the old hero, as the latter 
i\zA vetoed several important western measures 
which were dear to Mr. Duncan. In his inaugural 
message he threw off the mask and took a bold stand 
ogainst the course of tiie President. The measures 
'.e recommended in his message, however, were so 
desirable that the Legislature, although by a large 
majority consisting of Jackson men, could not refrain 
from endorsing them. These measures related 
Mainly to banks and internal improvements. 

It was while Mr. Duncan was Governor that the 
people of Illinois went whirling on with bank and in- 
ternal improvement schemes that well nigh bank- 
'upted the State. The hard times of 1837 came on, 
and the disasters that attended the inauguration of 
Jiese plans and the operation of the banks were mu- 
tually charged upon the two political parties. Had 
any one man autocratic power to introduce and 
carry on any one of these measures, he would proba- 
bly have succeeded to the satisfaction of the public ; 
but as many jealous men had hold of the same plow 
handle, no success followed and each blamed the other 
•or the failure. In this great vortex Gov. Duncan 
was carried along, suffering the like derogation of 
character with his fellow citizens. 

At the height of the e-xcitement the Legislature 
"provided for" railroads from Galena to Cairo, Alton 
to Shawneetown, Alton to Mount Carmel, Alton to the 
eastern boundary of the State in the direction of 
Terre Haute, Quincy via Springfield to the Wabash, 
Bloomington to Pekin, and Peoria to Warsaw, — in all 
about 1,300 miles of road. It also provided for the 
improvement of the navigation of the Kaskaskia, 
Illinois, Great and Little Wabash and Rock Rivers ; 
also as a placebo, $200,000 in money were to be dis- 
.ributed to the various counties wherein no improve 
ments were ordered to be made as above. The 
estimate for the expenses for all these projects was 
placed at a little over $10,000,000, which was not 
more inan half enough! That would now be equal to 
saddling upon the State a debt of $225,000,000! It 
was sufficient to bankrupt the State several times 
over, even counting all the possible benefits. 

One of the most exciting events that ever occurred 
in this fair State was the murder of Elijah P. Love- 
ipy in the fall of 1837, at Alton, during Mr. Duncan's 
term as Governor. Lovejoy was an "Abolitionist," 
editing the Observer at that place, and the pro- 
slavery slums there formed themselves into a mob, 

and after destroying successiveJy three presses be- 
longing to Mr. Lovejoy, surrounded the warehouse 
where the fourth press was stored away, endeavoring 
to destroy it, and where Lovejoy and his friends 
were entrenching themselves, and shot and killed the 
brave reformer! 

About this time, also, the question of removing 1112 
State capital again came up, as the 20 years' limit for 
its existence at Vandalia was drawing to a close 
There was, of course, considerable excitement over 
the matter, the two main points competing for it be- 
ing Springfield and Peoria. The jealousy of the lat- 
ter place is not even yet, 45 years afterward, fully 

Gov. Duncan's term expired in 1838. In 1842 
he was again proposed as a candidate for the Execu- 
tive chair, this time by the Whig party, against Adan: 
W. Snyder, of St. Clair County, the nominee of the 
Democrats. Charles W. Hunter was a third candi 
date for the same position. Mr. Snyder, however, di^^d 
before the campaign had advanced very far, and liis 
party substituted Thomas Ford, who was elected 
receiving 46,901 votes, to 38,584 for Duncan, and 
909 for Hunter. The cause of Democratic success 
at this time is mainly attributed to the temporary 
support of the Mormons which they enjoyed, and the 
want o.' any knowledge, on the part of the masses, 
ihiit Mr. Ford was opposed to any given policy en- 
tertained in the respective localities. 

Gov. Duncan was a man of rather limited educa- 
tion, but with naturally fine abilities he profited 
greatly by his various public services, and gathered 
a store of knowledge regarding public affairs which 
served him a ready purpose. He possessed a clear 
judgment, decision, confidence in himself and moral 
courage to carry out his convictions of right. In his 
deportment he was well adapted to gain tlie admira 
tion of the people. His intercourse with them was 
both affable and dignified. His portrait at the Gov- 
ernor's mansion, from which the accompanying w.i.i 
made, represents liim as having a swarthy complcj:- 
ion, high cheek bones, broad forehead, piercing blail: 
eyes and straight black hair. 

He was a liberal patron of the Illinois College ai 
Jacksonville, a member of its Board of Trustees, and 
died, after a short illness, Jan. 15, 1S44, a devotcil 
member of the Presbyterian Church, leaving a wifi.- 
but no children. Two children, born to theui, iiad 
died in infancy. 





^^MHOMAS CARLIN, the sixth 
""" ' Governor of the State of 
Illinois, serving from 1838 
to 1842, was also a Ken- 
tuckian, being born near 
Frankfort, that State, July 
18, 1789, of Irish paternity. 
The opportunities for an education 
being very meager in his native 
lace, he, on approaching years of 
jiid 'tnent and maturity, applied 
himself to those branches of learn- 
ing that seemed most important, 
and thus became a self-made man ; 
and his taste for reading and 
study remained with him through 
life. In 1803 his father removed 
10 Missouri, then a part of " New Spain," where he 
died in 1810. 

In 18 r 2 young Carlin came to Illinois and partici- 
pated in all the "ranging" service incident to the 
war of that period, proving himself a soldier of un- 
daunted bravery. In 1814 he married Rebecca 
Huitt, and lived for four years on the bank of the 
Mississippi River, opposite the mouth of the Mis- 
scari, where he followed farming, and then removed 
to Greene County. He located the town site of Car- 
rt»'ton,in tliat county, and in 1825 made a liberal 
donation of land for county building purposes. He 
was the first Sheriff of that county after its separate 
organization, and afterward was twice elected, as a 
lackson Democrat, to the Illinois Senate. In the 
Black Hawk War he commanded a spy battalion, a 
post of considerable danger. In 1834 he was ap- 
(xjinted by President Jackson to the position of 
Receiver of Pul>lic Mon-'vs, and to fulfill the office 

more conveniently lie removed to the city of Quincy. 

While, in 1838, the unwieldy internal iin[)rovemeiit 
system of the State was in full operation, witli all its 
ex|)ensive machinery, amidst bank suspensions 
throughout the United States, a great stringency in 
the money market everywhere, and Illinois bonds 
forced to sale at a heavy discount, and the " liardest 
times " existing that the people of the Prairie State 
ever saw, the general election of State officers was 
approaching. Discreet men who had ciierished tiie 
hope of a speedy subsidence of the public infatua- 
tion, met with disappointment. A Governor and 
Legislature were to be elected, and these were now 
looked forward to for a repeal of the ruinous State 
policy. But the grand schenif; had not yet lost it-f 
dazzling influence upon the minds of the people. 
Time and e.xperience had not yet fully demonstrated 
its utter absurdity. Hence the question of arresting 
its career of profligate expenditures did not become 
a leading one with the dominant party during the 
campaign, and most of the old members of the Leg 
islatuie were returned at this election. 

Under these circumstances the Democrats, in State 
G)nvention assembled, nominated Mr. Carlin for the 
office of Gov-'rnor, and S. H. Anderson for Lieuten- 
ant Governor, while the Whigs nominated Cyrus Ed- 
wards, brotherof Ninian Edwards, formerly Governor, 
and W. H. Davidson. Edwards came out strongly 
for a continuance of the State policy, while Car!:;- 
remained non-committal. This was the first tunc 
that the two main political parties in this State were 
unembar'assed Ijy any third party in the field. The 
result of the election was: Carlin, 35,573 ; Ander- 
son, 30,335; Edwards, 29,629; and Davidson, 28,- 

Ui)on the meeting of the subsequent Legislature 
(1839), the retiring Governor CDuncan) in his mes- 



sage spoke in emphatic terms of the impolicy of the 
internal improvement system, presaging the evils 
threatened, and uiged that body to do their utmost 
to correct the great error ; yet, on the contrary, the 
Legislature not only decided to continue the policy 
but also added to its burden by voting more appro- 
priations and ordering more improvements. Although 
the money market was still stringent, a further loan 
of $4,000,000 was ordered for the Illinois & Mich- 
igan Canal alone. Cn'cago at that time began to 
loom up and promise to be an important city, even 
the great emporium of the West, as it has since in- 
deed came to be. Ex-Gov. Reynolds, an incompe- 
tent financier, was commissioned to effect the loan, 
and accordingly hastened to the East on this respons- 
ible errand, and negotiated the loans, at considera- 
ble sacrifice to the State. Besides this embarrassment 
X. Carlin's administration, the Legislature also de- 
clared that he had no authority to appoint a Secretary 
of State until a vacancy existed, and A. P. Field, a 
Whig, who had already held the post by appointment 
.hrough three administrations, was determined to 
keep the place a while longer, in spite of Gov. Car- 
lins preferences. The course of the Legislature in 
this regard, however, was finally sustained by the 
Supreme Court, in a quo ivarranio case brought up 
before it by Jchn A. McClernand, whom the Gov- 
ernor had nominated for the office. Thereuwn that 
dignified body was denounced as a "Whig Court!" 
endeavoring to establish the principle of life-tenure 
of office. 

A new law was adopted re-organizing the Judici- 
ary, and under it five additional Supreme Judges 
were elected by the Legislature, namely, Thomas 
Ford (afterward Governor), Sidney Breese, Walter B. 
Scales, Samuel H. Treat and Stephen A. Douglas — 
all Democrats. 

It was during Gov. Carlin's administration that the 
noisy campaign of " Tippecanoe and Tyler too " oc- 
curred, resulting in a Whig victory. This, however, 
did net affect Illinois politics very seriously. 

Another prominent event in the West during Gov. 
Carlin's term of office was the excitement caused by 
the Mormons and their removal from Independence, 
Mo., to Nauvoo, 111., in 1840. At the same time 
they began to figure somewhat in State politics. On 
account of their believing — as they thought, accord- 
ing to the New Testament — that they should have 

" all things common," and that consequently " all 
the earth " and all that is upon it were the" Lord's " 
and therefore the property of his " saints," they 
were suspected, and correctly, too, of committing 
many of the deeds of larceny, robbery, etc., that 
were so rife throughout this country in those days. 
Hence a feeling of violence grew up between the 
Mormons and "anti-Mormons." In the State of 
Missouri the Mormons always supported the Dem- 
ocracy until they were driven out by the Democratic 
government, when they turned their support to the 
Whigs. They were becoming numerous, and in the 
Legislature of 1840-1, therefore, it became a matter 
of great interest with both parties to conciliate these 
people. Through the agency of one John C. Ben- 
nett, a scamp, the Mormons succeeded in rushing 
through the Legislature (both parties not darinj» to 
oppose) a charter for the city of Nauvoo which vir- 
tually erected a hierarchy co-ordinate with the Fed- 
eral Government itself. In the fall of 1841 the 
Governor of Missouri made a demand upon Gov. 
Carlin for the body of Joe Smith, the Mormon leader, 
as a fugitive from justice. Gov. Carlin issued th^ 
writ, but for some reason it was returned unserved. 
It was again issued in 1842, and Smith was arrested, 
but was either rescued by his followers or discharged 
by the municipal court on a writ of habeas corpus. 

In December, 1841, the Democratic Convention 
nominated Adam W. Snyder, of Belleville, for Gov- 
ernor. As he had been, as a member of the Legisla- 
ture, rather friendly to the Mormons, the latter 
naturally turned their support to the Democratic 
party. The next spring the Whigs nominated Ex- 
Gov. Duncan for the same office. In the meantime 
the Mormons began to grow more odious to the 
masses of the people, and the comparative prospects 
of the respective parties for success became very 
problematical. Mr. Snyder died in May, and 
Thomas Ford, a Supreme Judge, was substituted as 
a candidate, and was elected. 

At the close of his gubernatorial term, Mr. Carlin 
removed back to his old home at Carrollton, where 
he spent tha remainder of his life, as before his ele- 
vation to office, in agricultural pursuits. In 1849 
he served out the unexpired term of J. D. Fry in the 
Illinois House of Representatives, and died Feb. 4, 
1852, at his residence at Carrollton, leaving a wife 
and seven children. 






N?>*</ .it: - - • ^ . — — • . ... __ ■■— ",■ ■_.._.. -?"., 



J i_ 



>gHOMAS FORD, Governor 
from 1842 to 1846, and au- 
thor of a very interesting 
history of Illinois, was born 
at Uniontown, Pa., in the 
year 1 800. His mother, after 
the death of her first hus- 
band (Mr. Forquer), married Rob- 
ert Ford, who was killed in 1802, 
by the Indians in the mountains 
of Pennsylvania. She was conse- 
quently left in indigent circum- 
stances, with a large family, mostly 
girls. With a view to better her 
condition, she, in 1804, removed to 
Missouri, where it had been cus- 
tomary by the Spanish Govern- 
ment to give land to actual settlers; but upon her 
arrival at St. Louis she found the country ceded to 
the United States, and the liberal policy toward set- 
tlers changed by the new ownership. After some 
sickness to herself and family, she finally removed to 
Illinois, and settled some three miles south of Water- 
loo, but the following year moved nearer the Missis- 
sippi bluffs. Here young Ford received his first 1 

schooling, under the instructions of a Mr. Hum[)hrey, 
for which he had to walk three miles. His mother, 
though lacking a thorough education, was a woman 
of superior mental endowments, joined to energy 
and determination of character. She inculcated in 
her children those high-toned principles which dis- 
tinguished her sons in public life. She exercised a 
rigid economy to provide her children an education; 
but George Forquer, her oldest son (six years older 
than Thomas Ford), at an early age had to quit 
school to aid by his labor in the support of the family. 
He afterward became an eminent man in Illinois 
affairs, and but for his early death would jMobably 
have been elected to the United States Senate. 

Young Ford, with somewhat better opportunities, 
received a better education, though limited to the 
curriculum of the common school of those pioneer 
times. His mind gave early promise of superior en- 
dowments, with an inclination for mathematics. His 
proficiency attracted the attention of Hon. Daniel P. 
Co)k, who became his efficient patron and friend 
The latter gentleman was an eminent Illinois states- 
man who, as a Member of Congress, obtained a grant 
of 300,000 acres of land to aid in completing the 
Illinois & Michigan Canal, and after whom the 
county of Cook was named. Through the advice of 



this gentleman, Mr. Ford turned his attention to the 
study of law; but Forq;ier, then merchandising, re- 
garding his education defective, sent him to Transyl- 
vania University, where, however, he remained but 
one term, owing to Forquer's failure in business. On 
his return he aUernated his law reading with teach- 
irig school for support. 

In 1829 Gov. Edwards app;jinled him Pro-iecuting 
Attorney, and in 1831 he was re-appointed by Gov. 
Reynolds, and after that he was four times elected a 
Judge by the Legislature, without opposition, twice a 
Circuit Judge, oice a Judge of Chicago, and as As- 
sociate Judge of the Supreme Court, when, in 1841, 
the latter tribunal was re -organized by the addition 
of five Judges, all Democrats. Ford was assigned to 
the Ninth Judicial Circuit, and while in this capacity 
ne was holding Court in Ogle County he received a 
notice of his nomination by the Democratic Conven- 
tion for the office of Governor. He immediately re- 
signed his place and entered upon the canvass. In 
August, 1842, he was elected, and ou the 8th of De- 
cember following he was inaugurated. 

All the offices which he had lield were unsolicited 
by him. He received them upon the true Jefferson- 
jan principle, — Mever to a-.k and never to refuse 
office. Both as a lawyer and as a Judge he stood 
deservedly high, but his cau of intellect fitted him 
rather for a writer upon law than a practicing advo- 
cate in the courts. In the latter capacity he was void 
of the moving Dower of eloquence, so necessary to 
success with juries. As a Judge his opinions were 
■'ound, lucid and able expositions of the law. In 
,)ractice, he was a stranger to the tact, skill and in- 
sinuating address of the politician, but he saw through 
he arts of demagogues as w;:ll as any man. He was 
plain in his demeanor, so much so, indeed, that at 
one time after the expiration of his term of office, 
during a session of the Legislature, he was taken by 
a stranger 10 be a seeker for the position of door- 
Keeper, and was wai;ed upon at his hotel near mid- 
r.ight by a knot of small office-seekers with the view 
of effecting a " combination ! " 

Mr. Ford had not the " brass " of the ordinary 
politician, nor that impetuosity which characterizes a 
political leader. He cared little for money, and 
fiardly enough for a decent support. In person he 
was of small stature, slender, of dark complexion, 
with black hair, sharp features, deep-set eyes, a 
pointed, aquiline nose having a decided twist to one 
side, and a small mouth. 

The three most important events in Gov. Ford's 
r.dn".inistration were the establishment of the high 
financial credit of the State, the " Mormon War "and 
.he Me.xican War. 

In the first of tnese the Governor proved himself 
'a be eir;inently wise. On coming into office he found 
the State badly paralyzed by the rui'ious effects of 
•.ne r.otocious "internal improvement" schemes of 

the preceding decade, with scarcely anything tc; 
show by w-iy of "improvement." The enterprise 
that seemed to be getting ahead more than all the 
rest was the Illinois & Michigan Canal. As this 
promised to be the most important thoroughfare, 
feasible to the people, it was well under headway in 
its construction. Therefore the State policy was 
almost concentrated upon it, in order to rush it on te 
completion. The bonded indebtedness of the State 
was growing so large as to frighten the people, and 
they were about ready to entertain a proposition for 
repudiation. But the Governor had the foresight to 
recommend such measures as would maintain the 
public credit, for which every citizen to-day feels 

But perhaps the Governor is remembered more for 
his connection with the Mormon troubles than for 
anything else; for it was during his term of office 
that the " Latter-Day Saints " becam? so strong at 
Nauvoo, built their temple there, incre.tsed their num- 
bers throughout thecount-y, committed misdemean- 
ors, taught dangerous doctrines, suffered the loss of 
their leader, Jo Smith, by a violent death, were driven 
out of Nauvoo to the far West, etc. Having i)een a 
Judge for so many years previously, Mr. Ford of 
course was no i-committal concerning Mormon affairs, 
and was therefore claimed by both parties and also 
accused by each of sympathizing too greatly with the 
other side. Mormonism claiming to be a system of 
religion, the Governor no doubt was " between two 
fires," and felt compelled to touch the matter rather 
" gingerly," and doubtless felt greatly relieved when 
that pestilential people left the State. Such compli- 
cated matters, especially when religion is mixed up 
with them, expose every person particijiating in 
them to criticism from all parties. 

The Mexican War was begun in the sjjring of 
1845, and was continued into the gubernatorial term 
of Mr. Ford's su;ce5Sor. The Governor's connection 
with this war, however, was not conspicuous, as it 
was only administrative, commissioning officers, etc. 

Ford's " History of Illinois " is a very readable and 
entertaining work, of 450 small octavo pages, and is 
destined to increase in value with the lapse of time. 
It exhibits a natural flow of compact and forcible 
thought, never failing to convey the nicest sense. In 
tracing with his trenchant pen the devious operptions 
of the professional politician, in which he is inimit- 
able, his account is open, perhaps, to the objection 
that all his contemporaries are treated as mere place- 
seekers, while many of them have since been judged 
by the people to be worthy statesmen. His writings 
seem slightly open to the criticism that they exhibit 
a litile splenetic partiality against those of his con- 
temporaries who were prominent during his term of 
office as Governor. 

The death of Gov. Ford took place at Peoria, III., 
Nov. 2, i8i;o. 



— -^^^-^^=^^^^M^^^ 



S-t '-...^'-if- 

I Augustus a French. 



Governor of Illinois from 
1846 to 1852, was born in 
the town of Hill, in the 
State of New Hampshire, 
Aug. 2, 1808. He was a 
descendant in the fourth 
generation of Nathaniel 
French, who emigrated from England 
in 1687 and settled in Saybury, Mass. 
In early life young French lost his 
father, but continued to receive in- 
struction from an exemplary and 
Christian mother until he was 19 years 
old, when she also died, confiding to 
his care and trust four younger broth- 
ers and one sister. He discharged his trust with 
parental devotion. His education in early life was 
such mainly as a common school afforded. For a 
brief period he attended Dartmouth College, but 
from pecuniary causes and the care of his brothers 
and sister, he did not graduate. He subsequently 
read law, and was admitted to the Bar in 1831, and 
shortly afterward removed to Illinois, settling first at 
Albion, Edwards County, where he established him- 
self in the practice of law. The following year he 
removed to Paris, Edgar County. Here he attained 
eminence in his profession, and entered public life 
by representing that county in the Legislature. A 
strong attachment sprang up between him and Ste- 
phen A. Douglas. 

In 1839, Mr. French was appointed Receiver of 
the United States Land Office at Palestine, Craw- 
ford County, at which place he was a resident when 

elevated to the gubernatorial chair. In 1844 he was 
a Presidential Elector, and as such he voted for 
James K. Polk. 

The Democratic State Convention of 1846, meet- 
ing at Springfield Feb. 10, nominated Mr. French 
for Governor. Other Democratic candidates were 
Lyman Trumbull, John Calhoun (subsequently of 
Lecompton Constitution notoriety), Walter B. Scates. 
Richard M. Young and A. W. Cavarly, — an array of 
very able and prominent names. Trumbull was per- 
haps defeated in the Convention by the rumor that 
he was opposed to the Illinois and Michigan Canal, 
as he had been a year previously. For Lieutenant 
Governor J. B. Wells was chosen, while other candi- 
dates were Lewis Ross, Wm. McMurlry, Newton 
Cloud, J. B. Hamilton and W. W. Thompson. The 
resolutions declared strongly against the resuscita- 
tion of the old State Banks. 

The Whigs, who were in a hopeless minority, held 
their convention June 8, at Peoria, and selected 
Thomas M. Kilpatrick, of Scott County, for Governor, 
and Gen. Nathaniel G. Wilcox, of Schuyler, for 
Lieutenant Governor. 

In the campaign the latter exposed Mr. French's 
record and connection with the passage of the in- 
ternal improvement system, urging it against his 
election; but in the meantime the war with Mexico 
broke out, regarding which the Whig record was un- 
popular in this State. The war was the absorbing 
and dominating question of the period, sweeping 
every other political issue in its course. The elec- 
tion in August gave Mr. French 58,700 votes, and 
Kilpatrick only 36,775. Richard Eells, Abolitionist 
candidate for the same office, received 5,152 vots>s 



By the new Constitution of 1848, a new election for 
State officers was ordered in November of that year, 
before Gov. French's terra was half out, and he was 
re-elected for the term of four years. He was there- 
fore the incumbenl for six consecutive years, the 
only Governor of this State who has ever served in 
that capacity so long at one time. As there was no 
organized opposition to his election, he received 67,- 
453 votes, to 5,639 for Pierre Menard (son of the 
first Lieutenant Governor), 4,748 for Charles V. 
Dyer, 3,834 for W. L. D. Morrison, and i,36t for 
James I.. D. Morrison. But Wm. McMurtry, of 
Knox County, was elected Lieutenant Governor, in 
place of Joseph B. Wells, who was before elected 
and did not run again. 

Governor French was inaugurated into office dur- 
ing the progress of the Mexican War, which closed 
during the summer of 1847, although the treaty of 
Guadalupe Hidalgo was not made until Feb. 2, 
1848. The policy of Gov. French's party was com- 
mitted to that war, but in connection with that affair 
he was, of course, only an administrative officer. 
During his term of office, Feb. 19, 1847, the Legisla- 
ture, by special permission of Congress, declared tiiat 
all Government lands sold to settlers should be im- 
mediately subject to State taxation; before this they 
were exempt for five years after sale. By this ar- 
rangement the revenue was materially increased. 
About the same lime, the distribution of Government 
!and warrants among the Mexican soldiers as bounty 
threw upon the market a great quantity of good 
lands, and this enhanced the settlement of the State. 
The same Legislature authorized, with the recom- 
mendation of the Governor, the sale of the Northern 
Cross Railroad (from Springfield to Meredosia, the 
first in the State and now a section of the Wabash, 
St. Louis & Pacific) It sold for $100,000 in bonds, 
although it had cost the State not less than a million. 
The salt wells and canal lands in the Saline reserve 
in Gallatin County, granted by the general Govern- 
ment to the State, were also authorized by the 
Governor to be sold, to apply on the State debt. \\\ 
1850, for the first time since 1839, the accruing State 
revenue, exclusive of specific appropriations, was 
sufficient to meet the current demands upon the 
treasury. The aggregate taxable property of the 
State at this time was over $100,000,000, and the 
population 851,470. 

In 1S49 the Legisiivture adopted the township or- 
ganization law, which, however, proved defective, 
and was properly amended in 185 1. At its session 
in the latter year, the General Assembly also pasied 
a law to exempt homesteads from sale on executions 
This beneficent measure had been repeatedly urgecj 
upon that body by Gov. French. 

In 1S50 some business men in St. Louis com- 
menced to build a dike opposite the lower part of 
their city on the Illinois side, to keep the Mississippi 
in its channel near St. Louis, instead of breaking 
away from them as it sometimes threatened to do. 
This they undertook without permission from the 
Legislature or Executive authority of this State ; and 
as many of the inhabitants thera complained that 
the scheme would inundate and ruin much valuable 
land, there was a slight conflict of jurisdictions, re- 
sulting in favor of the St. Louis project; and since 
then a good site has existed there for a city (East St. 
Louis), and now a score of railroads center there. 

It was in September, 1850, that Congress granted 
to this State nearly 3,000,000 acres of land in aid of 
the completion of the Illinois Central Railroad, 
which constituted the most important epoch in the 
railroad — we might say internal improvement — his- 
tory of the State. The road was rushed on to com- 
pletion, which accelerated the settlement of the in- 
terior of the State by a good class of industrious citi- 
zens, and by the charter a good income to the State 
Treasury is paid in from the earnings of the road. 

In 185 r the Legislature passed a law autliorizing 
free stock banks, which was the source of much leg- 
islative discussion for a number of years. 

But we have not space further to particularize 
concerning legislation. Gov. French's administra- 
tion was not marked by any feature to be criticised, 
while the country was settling up as never before. 

In stature, Gov. French was of medium height, 
squarely built, light complexioned, with ruddy face 
and pleasant countenance. In manners he was 
plain and agreeable. By nature he was somewhat 
diffident, but he was often very outspoken in his con- 
victions of duty. In public speech he was not an 
orator, but was chaste, earnest and persuasive. In 
business he was accurate and methodical, and in his 
administration he kept up the credit of the State. 

He died in 1865, at his home in Lebanon, St. 
Clair Co., Til. 



l0el %. plsi'ttes0tt 

!.<)EL A. MATTESON, Governor 

^Mgst 1853-6, was born Aug. 8, 1808, 
1^1 in Jefferson County, New York, 
to which place his father had re- 
moved from Vermont three years 
before. His father was a farmer 
in fair circumstances, but a com- 
mon Enghsh education was all 
that his only son received. Young 
Joel first tempted fortune as a 
small tradesman in Prescott, 
Canada, before he was of age. 
He returned from that place to 
his home, entered an academy, 
taught school, visited the prin- 
cipal Eastern cities, improved a farm liis father had 
given him, made a tour in the South, worked tliere 
in building railroads, experienced a siorm on the 
Gulf of Mexico, visited the gold diggings of Northern 
Georgia, and returned via Nashville to St. Louis and 
through Illinois to his father's home, when he mar- 
ried. In 1833, having sold his farm, he removed, 
with his wife and one child, to Illinois, and entered 
a claim on Government land near the head of Au 
Sable River, in what is now Kendall County. At 
that time there were not more than two neighbors 
within a range of ten miles of his place, and only 
■ hree or four houses between him and Chicago. He 
opened a large farm. His fatuily was boarded 12 

miles away while he erected a house on his claim, 

sleeping, daring this time, under a rude pole shed. 
Here his life was once placed in imminent peril by 
a huge prairie rattlesnake sharing his bed. 

In 1835 he bought largely at the Government land 
sales. During the speculative real-estate mania which 
broke out in Chicago in 1 836 and spread over the State, 
he sold his lands under the inflation of that period 
and removed to Joliet. In 1838 he became a heavy 
contractor on the Illinois & Michigan Canal. Upon 
the completion of his job in 1841, when hard times 
prevailed, business at a stand, contracts paid in State 
scrip; when all the public works except the canal 
were abandoned, the State offered for sale 700 tons 
of railroad iron, which was purchased by Mr. Mat- 
teson at a bargain. This he accepted, shipped and 
sold at Detroit, realizing a very handsome profit, 
enough to pay off all his canal debts and leave hirn a 
surplus of several thousand dollars. His enterprise 
next prompted him to start a woolen mill at Joliet, 
in which he prospered, and which, after successive 
enlargements, became an enormous establishment. 

In 1842 he was first elected a State Senator, but, 
by a bungling apiiortionment, jC. m Pearson, a Senator 
holding over, was found to be in the same district, 
and decided to be entitled to represent it. Mat- 
teson's seat was declared vacant. Pearson, however 
with a nobleness difficult to appreciate in this day of 



greed for office, unwilling to represent his district 
under the circumstances, immediately resigned his 
unexpired term of two years. A bill was passed in a 
few hours ordering a new election, and in ten days' 
time Mr. Matteson was returned re-elected and took 
his seat as Senator. From his well-known capacity 
as a business man, he was made Chairman of the 
Committee on Finance, a position he held during 
this half and two full succeeding Senatorial terms, 
discharging its im[X)rtant duties with ability and faith- 
fulness. Besides his extensive woolen-mill interest, 
when work was resumed on the canal under the new 
loan of $[,600,000 he again became a heavy con- 
tractor, and also subsequently operated largely in 
building railroads. Thus he showed himself a most 
energetic and thorough business man. 

He was nominated for Governor by the Demo- 
cratic State Convention which met at Springfield 
April 20, 1852. Other candidates before the Con- 
vention were D. L. Gregg and F. C. Sherman, of 
Cook ; John Dement, of Lee ; Thomas L. Harris, of 
Menard; Lewis W. Ross, of Fulton ; and D. P. Bush, 
of Pike. Gustavus Koerner, of St. Clair, was nom- 
inated for Lieutenant Governor. For the same offices 
the Whigs nominated Edwin B. Webb and Dexter A. 
Knowlton. Mr. Matteson received 80,645 votes at 
the election, while Mr. Webb received 64,408. Mat- 
teson's forte was not on the stump; he had not cul- 
tivated the art of oily flattery, or the faculty of being 
all things to all men. His intellectual qualities took 
rather the direction of efficient executive ability. His 
turn consisted not so much in the adroit manage- 
ment of party, or the powerful advocacy of great gov- 
ernmental principles, as in those more solid and 
enduring operations which cause the physical devel- 
opment and advancement of a State, — of commerce 
and business enterprise, into which he labored with 
success to lead the people. As a politician he was 
just and liberal in his views, and both in official and 
private life he then stood untainted and free from 
blemish. As a man, in active benevolence, social 
rirtues and all the amiable qualities of neighbor or 
citizen, he had few superiors. His messages present 
a perspicuous array of facts as to the condition of the 
State, and are often couched in forcible and elegant 

The greatest excitement during his term of office 
was the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, by Con- 

gress, under the leadership of Stephen A. Douglas in 
1854, when the bill was passed organizing the Terri- 
tory of Kansas and Nebraska. A large portion of 
the Whig parfy of the North, through their bitter op- 
position to the Democratic party, naturally drifted 
into the doctrine of anti-slavery, and thus led to vi'hat 
was temporarily called the "Anti-Nebraska" party, 
while the followers of Douglas were known as " Ne- 
braska or Douglas Democrats." It was during this 
embryo stage of the Republican party that Abraham 
Lincoln was brought forward as the " Anti-Nebraska " 
candidate for the United States Senatorship, while 
Gen. James Shields, the incumbent, was re-nom- 
inated by the Democrats. But after a fewballotings 
in the Legislature (1855), these men were dropped, 
and Lyman Trumbull, an Anti-Nebraska Democrat, 
was brought up by the former, and Mr. Matteson, 
then Governor, by the latter. On the nth ballot 
Mr. Trumbull obtained one majority, and was ac- 
cordingly declared elected. Before Gov. Matteson's 
term expired, the Republicans were fully organized 
as a national party, and in 1856 put into the field a 
full national and State ticket, carrying the State, but 
not the nation. 

The Legislature of 1855 passed two very import- 
ant measures, — the present free-school system and a 
submission of the Maine liquor law to a vote of the 
people. The latter was defeated by a small majority 
of the popular vote. 

During the four years of Gov. Matteson's admin- 
istration the taxable wealth of the State was about 
trebled, from $137,818,07910 $349,951,272; the pub- 
lic debt was reduced from $17,398,985 to $12,843,- 
144; taxation was at the same time reduced, and the 
State resumed paying interest on its debt in New 
York as fast as it fell due ; railroads were increased 
in their mileage fronr something less than 400 to 
about 3.000 ; and the population of Chicago was 
nearly doubled, and its commerce more than quad- 

Before closing this account, we regret that we have 
to say that Mr. Matteson, in all other respects an 
upright man and a good Governor, was implicated 
in a false re-issue of redeemed canal scrio, amount- 
ing to $224,182.66. By a suit in the Sangamon Cir- 
cuit Court the State recovered the jirincipal and a.ll 
the interest excepting $27,500. 

He died in the winter of 1872--3, at Chicago. 





1-5— # a<3!$-<ffl>>^®-t> 

ernor 1857-60, was born 
p A]5ril 25, 181 1, in the 
State of New York, near 
Painted Post, Yates County. 
His parents were obscure, 
honest, God-fearing people, 
who reared their children under the daily 
example of industry and frugality, accord- 
ing to the custom of that class of Eastern 
society. Mr. Bissell received a respecta- 
ble but not thorough academical education. 
By assiduous application he acquired a 
knowledge of medicine, and in his early 
manhood came West and located in Mon- 
roe County, this State, where he engaged in the 
practice of that profession. But he was not enam- 
ored of his calling: he was swayed by a broader 
ambitiori, to such an extent that the mysteries of the 
healing art and its arduous duties failed to yield him 
further any charms. In a few years he discovered 
his choice of a profession to be a mistake, and when 
he approached the age of 30 he sought to begin 
anew. Dr. Bissell, no doubt unexpectedly to him- 
self, discovered a singular facility and charm of 
speech, the exercise of which acquired for him a 
ready local notoriety. It soon came lo be under- 

stood that he desired to abandon his profession and 
take up that of the law. During terms of Court he 
would spend his time at the county seat among the 
members of the Bar, who extended to him a ready 

It was not strange, therefore, that he should drift 
into public life. In 1840 he was elected as a Dem- 
ocrat to the Legislature from Monroe County, and 
was an efficient member of that body. On his re- 
turn home he qualified himself for admission to the 
Bar and speedily rose to the front rank as an advo- 
cate. His powers of oratory were captivating. With a 
pure diction, charming and inimitable gestures, 
clearness of statement, and a remarkable vein of sly 
humor, his efforts before a jury told with irresistible 
effect. He was chosen by the Legislature Prosecut- 
ing Attorney for the Circuit in which he lived, and 
in that position he fully discharged his duty to the 
State, gained the esteem of the Bar, and seldom 
failed to convict the offender of the law. 

In stature he was somewliat tall and slender, and 
with a straight, military bearing, he presented a dis- 
tinguished appearance. His complexion was dark, 
his head well poised, though not large, his address 
pleasant and manner winning. Hi* was exemplary 
in his habits, a devoted husband and kind parent. 
He was twice married, the first time to Miss James, 



of Monroe County, by whom he had two children, 
both daughters. She died soon after the year 1840, 
and Mr. B. married for his second wife a daughter 
of Elias K. Kane, previously a United States Senator 
from this State. She survived hi.oi but a short time, 
and died without issue. 

When the war with Mexico was declared in 1846, 
Mr. Bissell enlisted and was elected Colonel of his 
regiment, over Hon. Don Morrison, by an almost 
unanimous vote, — 807 to 6. Considering the limitad 
opportunities he had had, he evinced a high order of 
military talent. On the bloody field of Buena Vista 
he acquitted himself with intrepid and distinguished 
ability, contributing with his regiment, the Second 
Illinois, in no small degree toward saving the waver- 
ing fortunes of our arms during that long and fiercely 
contested battle. 

After his return home, at the close of the war, he 
was elected to Congress, his opponents being tlie 
Hons. P. B. Fouke and Joseph Gillespie. He served 
two terms in Congress. He was an ardent jjolitician. 
During the great contest of 1850 he voted in favor 
of the adjustment measures; but in 1854 he opposed 
the repeal of the Missouri Compromise act and 
therefore the Kansas-Nebraska bill of Douglas, and 
thus became identified with the nascent Republican 

During his first Congressional term, while the 
Southern members were following their old practice 
of intimidating the North by bullying language, 
and claiming most of the credit for victories in the 
Mexican War, and Jefferson Davis claiming for the 
Mississippi troops all the credit for success at Buena 
Vista, Mr. Bissell bravely defended the Northern 
troops ; whereupon Davis challenged Bissell to a duel, 
which was accepted. This matter was brought u)) 
against Bissell when he was candidate for Governor 
and during his term of office, as the Constitution of 
this State forbade any duelist from holding a State 

In 1856, when the Republican party first put forth 
a candidate, John C. Fremont, for President of the 
United States, the same party nominated Mr. Bissell 
for Governor of Illinois, and John Wood, of Quincy, 
for Lieutenant Governor, while the Democrats nomi- 
nated Hon. W. A. Richardson, of Adams County, 
for Governor, and Col. R. J. Hamilton, of Cook 
County, for Lieutenant Governor. The result of the 

election was a plurality of 4,729 votes over Richard- 
son. The American, or Know-Nothing, party had a 
ticket in the field. The Legislature was nearly bal- 
anced, but was politically opposed to the Governor. 
His message to the Legislature was short and rather 
ordinary, and was criticised for expressing the sup- 
posed obligations of the people to the incorporators 
of the Illinois Central Railroad Company and for re- 
opening the slavery question by allusions to the 
Kansas troubles. Late in the session an apportion- 
ment bill, based upon the State census of 1855, was 
passed, amid much partisan strife. The Governor 
at first signed the bill and then vetoed it. A furious 
debate followed, and the question whether the Gov- 
ernor had the authority to recall a signature was 
referred to the Courts, that of last resort deciding in 
favor of the Governor. Two years afterward another 
outrageous attempt was made for a re-apportionment 
and to gerrymander the State, but the Legislature 
failed to pass the bill over the veto of the Governor. 

It was during Gov. Bissell's administration that 
the notorious canal scrip fraud was brought to light 
''mplicating ex-Gov, Matteson and other prominent 
State officials. The principal and interest, aggregat- 
ing $255,500, was all recovered by the State except- 
ing $27,500. (See sketch of Gov. Matteson.) 

In 1859 an attempt was discovered to fraudu- 
lently refund the Macalister and Stebbins bonds and 
thus rob the State Treasury of nearly a quarter of a 
million dollars. The State Government was impli- 
cated in this affair, and to this day remains unex- 
plained or unatoned for. For the above, and other 
matters previously mentioned. Gov. Bissell has been 
severely criticised, and he has also been most shame- 
fully libelled and slandered. 

On account of e.xposure in the army, the remote 
cause of a nervous form of disease gained entrance 
into his system and eventually developed paraplegia, 
affecting his lower extremities, which, wiiile it left 
his body in comparative health, deprived him of loco- 
motion e.xcept by the aid of crutches. While he was 
generally hopeful of ultimate recovery, this myste- 
rious disease pursued him, without once relaxing its 
stealthy hold, to the close of his life, March 18, 
i860, over nine months before the expiration of his 
gubernatorial term, at the early age of 48 years. He 
died in the faith of the Roman Catholic Church. o< 
which he har» been a member since 1854. 




>;( )HN WOOD, Governof 1860-1, and 
ft^ the first settler of Quincy, 111., 
was born in the town of Sempro- 
nius (now Moravia), Cayuga Co., 
N. Y., Dec. 20, 1798. He was 
the second child and only son of 
Dr. Daniel Wood. His mother, 
nee Catherine Crause, was of 
German parentage, and died 
while he was an infant. Dr. 
Wood was a learned and skillful 
physician, of classical attain- 
ments and proficient in several 
modern lai guages, who, after 
serving throughout the Revolu- 
tionary War as a Surgeon, settled on the land granted 
hiin by the Government, and resided there a re- 
spected and leading influence in his section until his 
deatli, at the ripe age of 92 years. 

The subject of this sketch, impelled by the spirit 
of Western adventure then pervading everywhere, 
left his home, Nov. 2, 1818, and passed the succeed- 
ing winter in Cincinnati, Ohio. The following sum- 
mer he pushed on to Illinois, landing at Shavvneetown, 
and spent the fall and following winter in Calhoun 
County. In 1820, in company with Willard Keyes, 
he settled in Pike County, about 30 miles southeast 
of Quincy, where for the next two years he pursued 
farming. In i82r he visited "the Bluffs" (as the 
present siie of Quincy was called, then uninhabited) 
and, pleased with its prospects, soon after purchased 
a quarter-section of land near by, and in the follow- 
ing fall (1822) erected near the river a small cabin, 

18 X 20 feet, the first building in Quincy, of which 
he then became the first and for some months the 
only occupant. 

Aiiout this time he visited his old friends in Pike 
County, chief of wliom was William Ross, the lead- 
ing man in building up the village of Atlas, of that 
county, which was thought then to be the possible 
commencement of 3 city. One day they and others 
were traveling together over the country between the 
two points named, making observations on the com- 
parative merits of the respective localities. On ap- 
proaching the Mississippi near Mr. Wood's place, 
the latter told his companions to follow him and he 
would show them where he was going to build a city. 
They went about a mile ofifthe main trail, to a high 
point, from which the view in every direction was 
most magnificent, as it had been for ages and as yet 
untouched by the hand of man. Before them swept 
by the majestic Father of Waters, yet unburdened by 
navigation. After Mr. Wood had expatiated at 
length on the advantages of the situation, Mr. Ross 
replied, " But it's too near Atlas ever to amount to 
anything! " 

Atlas is still a cultivated farm, and Quincy is 3 
city of over 30,000 population. 

In 1824 Mr. Wood gave a newspaper notice, 
as the law then prescribed, of his intention to apply 
to the General Assembly for the formation of a new 
county. This was done the following winter, result- 
ing in the establishment of the present Adams 
County. During the next summer Quincy was se- 
lected as the county seat, it and the vicinity then 
containing but four adult male residents and half 



that number of females. Since that period Mr. 
Wood resided at the place of his early adoption un- 
til his death, and far more than any other man was 
he identified with every measure of its progress and 
history, and almost continuously kept in public posi- 

He was one of the early town Trustees, and after 
the place became a city he was often a member of 
the City Council, many times elected Mayor, in the 
face of a constant large opposition political majority. 
In 1850 he was elected to the State Senate. In 1856, 
on the organization of the Republican party, he was 
chosen Lieutenant Governor of the State, on the 
ticket with Wm. H. Bissell for Governor, and on the 
death of the latter, March 18, i860, he succeeded to 
the Chief Executive chair, which he occupied until 
Gov. Yates was inaugurated nearly ten months after- 

Nothing very marked characterized the adminis- 
tration of Gov. Wood. The great anti-slavery cam- 
paign of i860, resulting in tlie election of the honest 
lUinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the Presidency of the 
United States, occurred during the short period 
while Mr. Wood was Governor, and tne excitement 
and issues of that struggle dominated over every 
other consideration, — indeed, supplanted them in a 
great measure. The people of Illinois, during all 
that time, were passing the comparatively petty strifes 
under Bissell's administration to the overwhelming 
issue of preserving the whole nacion from destruction. 

In 1861 ex-Gov. Wood was one of the five Dele- 
gates from Illinois to the " Peace Convention " at 
Washington, and in April of the sanr.e year, on the 
breaking om of the Rebellion, he was appointed 

Quartermaster-General of the State, which position 
he held throughout the war. In 1864 he took com- 
mand as Colonel of the 137th 111. Vol. Inf., with 
whom he served until the period of enlistment ex- 

Politically, Gov. Wood was always acdvely identi- 
fied with tlie Whig and Republican parties. Few 
men have in personal experience comprehended so 
many surprising and advancing local changes as 
vested in the more than half century recollections of 
Gov. Wood. Sixty-four years ago a solitary settler 
on the "Bluffs," with no family, and no neighbor 
within a score of miles, the world of civilization away 
behind him, and the strolling red-man almost his 
only visitant, he lived to see growing around him, 
and under his auspices and aid, overspreading the 
wild hills and scraggy forest a teaming city, second 
only in size in the State, and surpassed nowhere in 
beauty, prosperity and promise ; whose people recog- 
nize as with a single voice the proverbial honor and 
liberality that attach to the name and lengthened 
life of their pioneer settler, "the old Governor." 

Gov. Wood was twice married, — first in January, 
1826, to Ann M. Streeter, daughterof Joshua Streeter, 
formeriy of Salem, Washington Co., N. Y. They had 
eight children. Mrs. W. died Oct. 8, 1863, and in 
June, 1865, Gov. Wood married Mrs. Mary A., widow 
of Rev. Joseph T. Holmes. Gov. Wood died June 4, 
1880, at his residence in Quincy. Four of his eight 
children are now living, namely: Ann E., wife of 
'Gen. John Tillson; Daniel C, who married Mary J. 
Abernethy; John, Jr., who married Josephine Skinner, 
and Joshua S., who married Annie Bradley. The 
last mentioned now resides at Atchison, Kansas, and 
all the rest are still at Quincy. 



gi^y^ .A'^v-V .^pV:c^f-.VT.-^>?V:yiS2a; 

Governor," 1861-4, was born 
Jan. 18, 18 18, on the banks of 
the Ohio River, at Warsaw, 
Gallatin Co., Ky. His lather 
'^ moved in 1831 to Illinois, and^ 
after stopping for a time in 
Springfield, settled at Island 
Grove, Sangamon County. Here, 
after attending school, Richard joined 
tlie family. Subsequently he entered 
Illinois College at Jacksonville, 
where, in 1837, he graduated with 
first honors. He cho-,e for his pro- 
fession the law, the Hon. J. J. Har- 
din being his instructor. After ad- 
mission to the Bar he soon rose to distinction as an 


Gifted with a fluent and ready oratory, he soon 
appeared in the political hustings, and, being a 
passionate admirer of the great Whig leader of the 
West. Henry Clay, he joined his political fortunes to 
.he party of his idol. In 1 840 he engaged with great 
=Tdor in the exciting " hard cider " campaign for 
riarrison. Two years later he was elected to the 
Legislature from Morgan County, a Democratic 
stronghold. He served three or four terms in the 
Legislature, and such was the fascination of his ora- 
Tory that by 1850 his large Congressional District, 
extending from Morgan and Sangamon Counties 
. OTth to include LaSalle, unanimously tendered him 
tne Whig nomination for Congress. His Democratic 
opponent was Maj. Thomas L. Harris, a very pop- 
ular man who had won distinction at the battle of 
Cerro Gordo, in the Mexican War, and who had 
acaten Hon. Stephen T. Logan for the same position. 

two years before, by a large majority. Yates wa? 
elected. Two years later he was re-elected, over 
John Calhoun. 

It was during Yates second term in Congress that 
the great question of the repeal of the Missouri Com- 
promise was agitated, and the bars laid down for re- 
opening the dreaded anti-slavery question. He took 
strong grounds against the repeal, and thus became 
identified with the rising Republican party. Conse- 
quently he fell into the minority in his district, which 
was pro-slavery. Even then, in a third contest, he 
fell behind Major Harris only 200 votes, after the 
district had two years before given Pierce 2,000 
majority for President. 

The Republican State Convention of t86o met at 
Decatur May 9, and nominated for the offi.:e of Gov- 
ernor Mr. Yates, in preference to Hon. Norman B. 
Judd, of Chicago, and Leonard Swett, of Blooming- 
ton, two of the ablest men of the State, who were 
also candidates before the Convention. Francis A. 
Hoffman, of DuPage County, was nominated foi 
Lieutenant Governor. This was the year when Mr. 
Lincoln was a candidate for President, a period re- 
membered as characterized by the great whidpool 
which precipitated the bloody War of the Rebellion. 
The Douglas Democrats nominated J. C. Allen of 
Crawford County, for Governor, and Lewis W. Ross, 
of Fulton County, for Lieutenant Governor. The 
Breckenridge Democrats and the Bell-Everett party 
had also full tickets in the field. After a most fear- 
ful campaign, the result of the election gave Mr. 
Yates 172,196 votes, and Mr Allen 159,253. Mr. 
Yates received over a thousand more votes than did 
Mr. Lincoln himself. 

Gov. Yates occupied the chair of State during the 



most critical period of our country's history. In the 
fate of the nation was involved that of each State. 
The life struggle of the former derived its sustenance 
from the loyalty of the latter; and Gov. Yates 
seemed to realize the situation, and proved himself 
both loyal and wise in upholding the Government. 
He had a deep hold upon the affections of the 
people, won by his moving eloquence and genial 
manners. Erect and symmetrical in person, of pre- 
possessing appearance, with a winning address and a 
magnetic power, few men possessed more of the ele- 
ments of popularity. His oratory was scholarly and 
captivating, his hearers hardly knowing why they 
were transported. He was social and convivial. In 
the latter respect he was ultimately carried too far. 

The very creditable military efforts of this State 
during the War of the Rebellion, in putting into the 
field the enormous number of about 200,000 soldiers, 
were ever promptly and ably seconded by his excel- 
lency ; and the was ambitious to deserve the title of 
"the soldier's friend." Immediately after the battleof 
Shiloh he repaired to the field of carnage to look 
after the wounded, and his appeals for aid were 
promptly responded to by the people. His procla- 
mations calling for volunteers were impassionate 
appeals, urging upon the people the duties and re- 
quirements of patriotism; and his special message 
in 1863 to the Democratic Legislature of this State 
pleading for material aid for the sick and wounded 
soldiers of Illinois regiments, breathes a deep fervor 
of noble sentiment and feeling rarely equaled in 
beauty or felicity of expression. Generally his mes- 
sages on political and civil affairs were able and com- 
prehensive. During his administration, however, 
there were no civil events of an engrossing character, 
although two years of his time were replete with 
partisan quarrels of great bitterness. Military ar- 
rests, Knights of the Golden Circle, riot in Fulton 
County, attempted suppression of the Chicago Times 
and the usurping State Constitutional Convention of 
1862, were the chief local topics that were exciting 
during the Governor's term. This Convention assem- 
bled Jan. 7, and at once took the high position that 
he law calling it was no longer binding, and that it 
:,ad supreme power; that it represented a virtual 
assemblage of the whole people of the State, and was 
sovereign in the exercise of all power necessary to 
effect a peaceable revolution of the State Government 

and to the re-establishment of one for the "happiness., 
prosperity and freedom of the citizens," limited only 
by the Federal Con^jtitution. Notwithstanding the 
law calling the Convention required its members to 
take an oath to support the Constitution of the State 
as well as that of the general Government, they 
utterly refused to take such oath. They also as- 
sumed legislative powers and passed several import- 
ant "laws!" Interfering with the (then) present 
executive duties, Gov. Yates was provoked to tell 
them plainly that " he did not acknowledge the right 
of the Convention to instruct him in the performance 
of his duty." 

In 1863 the Governor astonished the Democrats 
by " proroguing " their Legislature. This body, after 
a recess, met June 2, that year, and soon began to 
waste time upon various partisan resolutions ; and, 
while the two houses were disagreeing upon the 
question of adjourning «■«,? die, the Governor, having 
the authority in such cases, surprised them all by 
adjourning them " to the Saturday next preceding the 
first Monday in January, 1865 ! " This led to great 
excitement and confusion, and to a reference of the 
Governor's act to the Supreme Court, who decided in 
his favor. Then it was the Court's turn to receive 
abuse for weeks and months afterward. 

During the autumn of 1864 a conspiracy was de- 
tected at Chicago which had for its object the liber- 
ation of the prisoners of war at Camp Douglas, the 
burning of the city and the inauguration of rebellion 
in the North. Gen. Sweet, who had charge of the 
camp at the time, first had his suspicions of danger 
aroused by a number of enigmatically worded letters 
which passed through the Camp postoffice. A de- 
tective afterward discovered that the rebel Gen. 
Marmaduke was in the city, under an assumed 
name, and he, with other rebel officers — Grenfell, 
Morgan, Cantrell, Buckner Morris, and Charles 
Walsh — was arrested, most of whom were convicted 
by a court-martial at Cincinnati and sentenced to 
imprisonment, — Grenfell to be hung. The sentence 
of the latter was afterward commuted to imprison- 
ment for life, and all the others, after nine months' 
imprisonment, were pardoned. 

In March, 1873, Gov. Yates was appointed a Gov- 
ernment Director of the Union Pacific Railroad, in 
which office he continued until his decease, at St. 
Louis, Mo., on the 27th of November following. 



Michard J. Ogleshy 


ernor 1865-8, and re-elected 
in 1872 and 1884, was born 
July 25, 1824, in Oldham Co., 
Ky., — the State which might 
be considered the " mother of 
Illinois Governors." Bereft of 
his parents at the tender age 
of eight years, his early education 
was neglected. When 12 years of 
age, and after he had worked a year 
and a half at the carpenter's trade, 
he removed with an uncle, Willis 
Oglesby, into whose care he had 
been committed, to Decatur, this 
State, where he continued liis ap- 
prenticeship as a mechanic, working six months for 
Hon. E. O. Smith. 

In 1844 he commenced studying law at Spring- 
field, with Judge Silas Robbins, and read with him 
one year. He was admitted to the Bar in 1845, and 
commenced the practice of his chosen profession at 
Sullivan, the county seat of Moultrie County. 

The next year the war with Mexico was com- 
menced, and in June, 1846, Mr. Oglesby volunteered, 
was elected First Lieutenant of Co. C, Fourth Illinois 
Regiment of Volunteers, and participated in the bat- 
tles of Vera Cru2. and Cerro Gordo. 

On liis return he sought to perfect his law studies 
by attending a course of lectures at Louisville, but 
on the breaking out of the California "gold fever " in 
1849, lie crossed the plains and mountains to the 
new Eldorado, driving a six-mule team, with a com- 


pany of eight men, Henry Prather being the leader. 

In 1852 he returned home to Macon County, and 
was placed that year by the Whig party on the ticket 
of Presidential Electors. lu 1856 he visited Europe, 
.\jia and Africa, being absent 20 months. On his 
return home he resumed the practice of law, as a 
member of the fir.n of Gallagher, Wait & Oglesby. 
In 1858 he was the Republican noininee for the 
Lower House of Congress, but was defeated by the 
Hon. James C. Robinson, Democrat. In i860 he 
was elected to the Illinois State Senate ; and on the 
evening the returns of this election were coming in. 
Mr. Oglesby had a fisticuff encounter with " Cerro 
Gordo Williams," in which he came out victorious, 
and which was regarded as " the first fight of the 
Rebellion." The following spring, when the war 
had commenced in earnest, his ardent nature 
quickly responded to the demands of patriotism and 
he enlisted. The extra session of the Legislature 
elected him Colonel of the Eighth Illinois Infantry, 
the second one in the State raised to suppress the 
great Rebellion. 

He WIS shortly entrusted with important com- 
mands. For a time he was stationed at Bird's Point 
and Cairo; in April he was promoted Brigadier Gen> 
eral ; at Fort Donelson his brigade was in the van, 
being stationed on the right of General Grant's army 
and the first brigade to be attacked. He lost 500 
men before re-inforcements arrived. Many of these 
men were from Macon County. He was engaged in 
the battle of Corinth, and, in a brave charge at this 
place, was shot in the left lung with an ounce ball, 
and was carried from the field in expectation of im- 



mediate death. That rebel ball he carries to this 
day. On his partial recovery he was promoted as 
Major General, for gdlantry, his commission to rank 
from November, 1862. In the spring of 1863 he 
was assigned to the command of the i6th Army 
Corps, but, owing to inability froii the effects of liis 
wound, he relinquished this command in July, that 
year. Gen. Grant, however, refused to accept his 
resignation, and he was detailed, in December follow- 
ing, to court-martial and try the Surgeon General of 
tlie Army at Washington, where he remained until 
May, 1864, when he returned home. 

The Republican, or Uiion, State Convention of 

1864 was held at Springfield, May 25, when Mr. 
Oglesby was nominated for the office of Governor, 
while other candidates before the Convention were 
Allen C. Fuller, of Boone, Jesse K. Dubois, of Sanga- 
mon, and John M. Palmer, of .Macoupin. Wm. 
Bross, of Chicago, was nominated for Lieutenant 
Governor. On the Democratic State ticket were 
James C. Robinson, of Clark, for Governor, and S. 
Corning Judd, of Fulton, for Lieutenant Governor. 
The general election gave Gen. Oglesby a majority 
of about 31,000 votes. The Republicans had also a 
majority in both the Legislature and in the repre- 
sentation in Congress. 

Gov. Oglesby was duly inaugurated Jan. 17, 1865. 
The day before the first time set for his installation 
death visited his ]ij;ne at Decatur, and took from it 
his only son, an intelligent and sprightly lad of six 
years, a great favorite of the bereaved parents. This 
caused the inauguration to be postponed a week. 

The political events of the Legislative session of 

1865 were the election of ex-Gov. Yates to the 
United States Senate, and the ratification of the 13th 
amendment to the Constitution of the United States, 
abolishing slavery. This session also signalized 
itself by repealing the notorious " black laws," part 
of which, although a dead letter, had held their place 
upon the statute books since 1819. Also, la.vs re- 
quiring tlie registration of voters, and establisiiing a 
State Board of Equalization, were passed by this Leg- 
islature. But the same body evinced that it was cor- 
ruptly influenced by a mercenary lobby, as it adopted 
some bad legislation, over the Governor's veto, nota- 
bly an amendment to a charter for a Chicago horse 
railway, granted in 1859 for 25 years, and now 
sought to be extended 99 years. As this measure 
was promptly passed over his veto by both branches 
of the Legislature, he deemed it useless further to 
attempt to check their headlong career. At this 
session no law of a general useful character or public 
interest was perfected, unless we count such the 
turning over of the canal to Chicago to be deepened. 
The session of 1867 was still more productive of 
private and special acts. Many omnibus bills were 
prcpcsed, and seme passed. The contests over the 
iC-cation of the Industrial College, the dipital, the 

Southern Penitentiary, and the canal enlargement 
and Illinois River improvement, dominated every 
thing else. 

During the year 1872, it became evident that i( 
the Republicans could re-elect Mr. Oglesby to the 
office of Governor, they could also elect him to the 
United_ States Senate, which they desired to do. 
Accordingly they re-nominated him for the Execu- 
tive chair, and placed upon the ticket with him for 
Lieutenant Governor, John L. Beveridge, of Cook 
County. On the other side the Democrats put into 
the field Gustavus Koerner for Governor and John 
C. Black for Lieutenant Governor. The election 
gave the Republican ticket majorities ranging from 
3S'334 to 56,i74,^the Democratic defection being 
caused mainly Ijy their having an old-time Wliig and 
Abolitionist, Horace Greeley, on the national ticket 
for President. According to the general understand- 
ing had beforehand, as soon as the Legislature met 
it elected Gov. Oglesby to the United States Senate, 
whereupon Mr. Beveridge became Governor. Sena- 
tor Oglesby 's term expired March 4, 1879, -having 
served his party faithfully and exhibited an order of 
statesmanship beyond criticism. 

During the campaign of 1884 Mr. Oglesby was 
nominated for a "third term" as Executive of the 
State of Illinois, against Carter H. Harrison, Mayor 
of Chicago, nominated by the Democrats. Both 
gentlemen "stumped " the State, and while the peo- 
ple elected a Legislature which was a tie on a join; 
ballot, as between the two parties, they gave the 
jovial " Dick" Oglesby a majority of 15,018 for Gov- 
ernor, and he was inaugurated Jan. 30, 1885. The 
Legislature did not fully organize until this date, on 
account of its equal division between the two main 
parties and the consequent desperate tactics of eacl: 
party to clieckmate the latter in the organization of 
the House. 

Gov. Oglesby is a fine-appearing, affable man, with 
regular, well defined features and rotund face. In 
stature he is a little above tiiedium height, of a large 
frame and somewhat fleshy. His physical a|)pear- 
ance is striking and prepossessing, while his straight- 
out, not to say bluff, manner and speech are wcL 
calculated favorably to impress the average masses. 
Arlent in feeling and si rongly committed to the pol- 
icies of his party, he intensifies Republicani.;n-. 
among Republicans, while at the same time hisjovia. 
and liberal manner prevents those of the opposite 
party from hating him. 

He is quite an effective stump orator. With vehe- 
ment, passionate and scornful tone and gestures. 
tremendous physical power, which in speaking he 
exercises to the utmost; with frequent descents to 
the grotesque; and with al)undant homely compari- 
sons or frontier figures, expressed in the broadest 
vernacular and enforced with stentorian emphacis, 
he delights a promiscuous audience beyond measure 





J o HN M. Pa l mer 

r^'^'§§l'^'^^:;-■^^l^.;:l^V'l^i^|^^;'l^?a'■gl>:^';:'l '.^i'..'! •.-'.•..'.•..'■;. '■'•.'tgg't^-^i^t^t^ta;;' 

':'^:OHN Mc AUl.EY PALMER, Gov- 
ernor 1869-72, was born on 
Engle Creek, Scott Co., Ky , 
Sept. 13, 1817. During his in- 
fancy, his father, who had been 
a soldier in the war of 18 12, re- 
moved to Christian Co., Ky., 
where lands were cheap. Here 
the future Governor of the great 
Prairie State spent his ciiildhood 
and received such meager school- 
ing as the new and sparsely set- 
tled country afforded. To this 
he added materially by diligent 
reading, for which he evinced an 
eaily aptitude. His father, an ardent Jackson man, 
was also noted for his anti-slavery sentiments, which 
he thoroughly impressed upon his children. In 1831 
he emigrated to Illinois, settling in Madison County. 
Here the labor of improving a farm was pursued for 
about two years, when the death of Mr. P.ilmer's 
Kiother broke up the family. About tliis tmie Alton 
College was opened, on the "manual labor " system, 
and in the spring of 1834 young Palmer, with his 
elder brother, Elilui, entered this school and remained 
18 months. Next, for over three years, he tried 
variously coopering, peddling and school-teaching. 

Dunng lire summer of 1838 he formed the ac- 
quaintance of Stephen A, Douglas, then making his 

first canvass for Congress. Young, eloquent and in 
l)olitical accord with Mr. Palmer, he won his confi- 
dence, fired his ambition and fixed his purpose. The 
following winter, while teaching near Canton, he be- 
gan to devote his spare time to a desultory reading 
of la.v, and in the spring entered a law office at Car- 
li;iville, making liis home with his elder brother, 
Elihu. (I'he latter was a learned clergyman, of con- 
siderable orginality of thought and doctrine.) On 
the next meeting of the Supreme Court he was ad- 
mitted to the Bar, Douglas being one of his examiners. 
He was not immediately successful in his profession, 
and would have located elsewhere than Carlinville 
had he the requisite means. Thus his early poverty 
was a blessing in disguise, for to it he now attributes 
the success of his life. 

From 1839 on, while he diligently pursued his 
profession, he participated more or less in local 
politics. In 1843 he became Probate Judge. Ir 
t847 he was elected to the State Constitutional Con 
vention, where he took a leading part. In 1852 ht. 
was elected to the State Senate, and at the special 
session of February, 1854, true to the anti-slavery 
sentiments bred in him, he took a firm stand in op- 
position to the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, 
and when the Nebraska question became a party 
issue he refused to receive a re-nomination for thi 
Senatorship at the hands of the Democracy, issuing 
a circular to that effect. A few weeks afterward 



however, hesitating to break with his party, he par- 
ticipated in a Congressional Convention which noini- 
T. L. Harris against Richard Yates, and which 
unqualifiedly approved the principles of the Kansas- 
Nebraska act. But later in the campaign he made 
the plunge, ran for the Senate as an Anti-Nebraska 
Democrat, and was elected. The following winter 
ne put in nomination for the United States Senate 
Mr. Trumbull, and was one of the five steadfast men 
who voted for him until all the Whigs came to their 
support and elected their man. 

In 1856 he was Chairman of the Republican State 
Convention at Bloomington. He ran for Congress in 
3859, but was defeated. In i860 he was Republican 
Presidential Elector for the State at large. In 1861 
fle was appointed one of the five Delegates (all Re- 
publicans) sent by Illinois to the peace congress at 

When the civil conflict broke out, he offered his 
services to his country, and was elected Colonel of the 
J4th 111. Vol. Inf , and participated in the engagements 
at Island No. 10; at Farmington, where he skillfully 
extricated his command from a dangerous position ; 
at Stone River, where his division for several hours, 
Dec. 31, 1862, held the advance and stood like a 
rock, and for his gallantry there he was made Major 
General; at Chickamanga, where his and Van Cleve's 
divisions for two hours maintained their position 
when they were cut off by overpowering numbers. 
Under Gen. Sherman, he was assigned to the i4lh 
Army Corps and participated in the Atlanta campaign. 
At Peach-Tree Creek his prudence did much to avert 
disaster. In February, 1865, Gen. Palmer was as- 
signed to the military administration of Kentucky, 
which was a delicate post. That State was about 
half rebel and half Union, and those of the latter 
element were daily fretted by the loss of their slaves. 
He, who had been bred to the rules of common law, 
trembled at the contemplation of his extraordinary 
power over the persons and property of his fellow 
men, with which he was vested in his capacity as 
military Governor ; and he exhibited great caution in 
the execution of the duties of his post. 

Gen. Palmer was nominated for Governor of Illi- 
nois by the Republican State Convention which met 
at Peoria May 6, 1868, and his nomination would 
probably have been made by acclamation had he not 
oersistenily declared that he could not accept a can- 

didature for the office. The result of the ensuir.j; 
election gave Mr. Palmer a majority of 44,707 over 
John R. Eden, the Democratic nominee. 

On the meeting of the Legislature in January, 
1869, the first thing to arrest public attention was 
that portion of the Governor's message which took 
broad State's rights ground. This and some minor 
points, which were mare in keeping with the Dema- 
cratic sentiment, constituted the entering wedge f jr 
the criticisms and reproofs he afterward received 
from the Republican party, and ultim.itely resulted 
in his entire aleniation from the latter element. The 
Legislature just referred to was noted for the intro- 
duction of numerous bills in the interest of private 
parties, which were embarrassing to the Governor. 
Among the public acts passed was that which limited 
railroad charges for passenger travel to a maximum 
of three cents per mile ; and it was passed over the 
Governor's veto. Also, they passed, over his veto, 
the "tax-grabbing law" to pay r'.ilror.d subscriptions, 
the Chicago Lake Front bill, etc. The new State 
Constitution of 1870, far superior to the old, was a 
peaceful " revolution" which took place during Gov. 
Palmer's term of office. The suffering caused by the 
great Chicago Fire of October, 187 1, was greatly 
alleviated by the prompt responses of his excellency. 

Since the expiration of Gov. Palmers's term, he has 
been somewhat prominent in Illinois politics, and 
has been talked of by many, especially in the Dem- 
ocratic party, as the best man in the State for a 
United States Senator. His business during life has 
been that of the law. Few excel him in an accurate 
appreciation of the depth and scope of its principles- 
The great number of his able veto messages abun- 
dantly testify not only this but also a rare capacity to 
point them out. He is a logical and cogent reasoner 
and an interesting, forcible and convincing speaker, 
though not fluent or ornate. Without brilliancy, his 
dealings are rather with facts and ideas than with 
appeals to passions and prejudices. He is a patriot 
and a statesman of very high order. Physically he is 
above the medium height, of robust frame, ruddy 
complexion and sanguine-nervous temperament. He 
has a largo cranial development, is vivacious, social 
in disposition, easy of approach, unostentatious in his 
iiabits of life, democratic in his habits and manners 
and is a true American in his fundamental principle* 
of statesmanship. 

^r^r^tn^Ji^^ if A£^ly^O^J-<4./6^ 




;y ^'?;^'g^'^t^'^t?^'^tjfi)tiga'<r?j)'>j&<ugit^:«t^,'^f'%3,<i:^t'%>^ 

■ » s e 



IDGE, Governor 187 3-6, was 
born in the town of Green- 
wich, Washington Co., N. Y., 
July 6, 1824. His parents 
were George and Ann Bever- 
^-r'^^ idge. His father's parents, An- 
drew and Isabel Bcveridge, be- 
fore their marriage emigrated 
1 from Scotland just before the 
\| Revolutionary War, settling in 
^ Washington County. His father 
was the eldest of eight brothers, the 
younpest of whom was 60 years of 
age when tlie first one of the num- 
liL-r died. His mother's parents, 
James and Agnes Hoy, emigrated 
from Scotland at the close of the 
Revolutionary War, settling also in 
Washington Co., N. Y., with their 
fi sl-born, whose " native land " w.;s 
the wild ocean. His parents ar.d 
grandparents lived beyond the time 
allotted to man, their average age 
being over 8o years. They belonged to the " Asso- 
ciate Church," a seceding Presbyterian body of 

America from the old Scotch school ; and so rig d 
was the training of young Beveridge that he never 
heard a sermon from any other minister except that 
of his own denomination until he was in his 19th 
year. Later in life he became a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, which relation he still 

Mr. Beveridge received a good common-school ed- 
ucation, but his parents, who could obtain a livelihood 
only by rigid economy and industry, could not send 
him away to college. He was raised upon a farm, 
and was in his i8th year when the family removed 
to De Kalb County, this State, when that section was 
very sparsely settled. Chicago had less than 7,000 
inhabitants. In this wild West he continued as a 
farm laborer, teaching school during the winter 
months to supply the means of an education. In the 
fill of 1842 he attended one term at the academy at 
Granville, Putnam Co., 111., and subsequently several 
terms at the Rock River Seminary at Mount Morris, 
Ogle Co., 111., completing the academic course. At 
this time, the fall of 1845, his parents and brothers 
were anxious to have him go to college, even though 
he had not money sufficient; but, njt willing to bur- 
den the family, he jiacked his trunk and with only 
^40 in money started South to seek liis fortune 



Poor, alone, without friends and influence, he thus 
entered upon the battle of life. 

First, he taught school in Wilson, Overton and 
Jackson Cos., Tenn., in which experience he under- 
went considerable mental drill, both in book studies 
and in the ways of the world. He read law and was 
admitted to the Bar, in the South, but did not learn 
to love the institution of slavery, although he ad- 
mired many features of Southern character. In De- 
cember, 1847, he returned North, and Jan. 20, 1848, 
he married Miss Helen M. Judson, in the old Clark- 
Street M. E. church in Chicago, her father at that 
time being Pastor of the society there. In the spring 
of 1848 he returned with his wife to Tennessee, 
where his two children, Alia May and Philo Judson, 
were born. 

in the fall of 1849, through the mismanagement 
of an associate, he lost what litde he had accumu- 
lated and was left in debt. He soon managed to 
earn means to pay his debts, returned to De Kalb 
Co., 111., and entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession at Sycamore, the county seat. On arrival 
from the South he had but one-quarter of a dollar in 
money, and scanty clothing and bedding for himself 
and family. He borrowed a little money, practiced 
^aw, worked in public offices, kept books for some of 
the business men of the town, and some railroad en- 
gineering, till the spring of 1854, when he removed 
to Evanston, 12 miles north of Chicago, a place then 
but recently laid out, under the supervision of the 
Northwestern University, a Methodist institution. 
Of the latter his father-in-law was then financial 
agent and business manager. Here Mr. Beveridge 
prospered, and the next year (1855) opened a law 
office in Chicago, where he found the battle some- 
what hard; but he persevered with encouragement 
and increasing success. 

Aug. 12, 1861, his law partner. Gen. John F. 
Farnsworth, secured authority to raise a regiment of 
cavalry, and authorized Mr. Beveridge to raise a 
company for it. He succeeded in a few days in rais- 
ing the company, of course enlisting himself along 
with it. The regiment rendezvoused at St. Charles, 
HI., was mustered in Sept. 18, and on its organiza- 
tion Mr. B. was elected Second Major. It was at- 
tached, Oct. II, to the Eighth Cavalry and to the 
Army of the Potomac. He served with the regiment 
until November, 1863, participating in some 40 bat- 

tles and skirmishes : was at Fair Oaks, the seven days 
fight around Richmond, Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville and Gettysburg. He commanded the regiment 
the greater part of the summer of 1 863, and it was while 
lying in camp this year that he originated the policy 
of encouraging recruits as well as the fighting capac- 
ity of the soldiery, by the wholesale furlough system 
It worked so well that many other officers adopted 
it. In the fall of this year he recruited another com- 
pany, against heavy odds, in January, 1864, was 
commissioned Colonel of the 17th 111. Cav., and 
skirmished around in Missouri, concluding with the 
reception of the surrender of Gen. Kirby Smith's 
army in Arkansas. In 1865 he commanded various 
sub-districts in the Southwest. He was mustered 
out Feb. 6, 1866, safe from the casualties of war and 
a stouter man than when he first enlisted. His men 
idolized him. 

He then returned to Chicago, to practice law, with 
no library and no clientage, and no political experi- 
ence except to help others into office. In the fall of 
1866 he was elected Sheriff of Cook County, serving 
one term; next, until November, [870, he practiced 
law and closed up the unfinished business of his 
office. He was then elected State Senator; in No- 
vember, 187 1, he was elected Congressman at large; 
in November, 1872, he was elected Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor on the ticket with Gov. Oglesby; the latter be- 
ing elected to the U. S. Senate, Mr. Beveridge became 
Governor, Jan. 21, 1873. Thus, inside of a few 
weeks, he was Congressman at large. Lieutenant 
Governor and Governor. The principal events oc- 
curring during Gov. Beveridge's administration were: 
The completion of the revision of the statutes, begun 
in 1869; the partial success of the "farmers' move- 
ment;" " Haines' Legislature " and Illinois' exhibit at 
the Centennial. 

Since the close of his gubernatorial term ex-Gov 
Beveridge has been a member of the firm of Bever- 
idge & Dewey, bankers and dealers in commercial 
paper at 7 1 Dearborn Street (McCormick Block), 
Chicago, and since November, 1881, he has also been 
Assistant United States Treasurer- office in the 
Government Building. His residence is still at Ev- 

He has a brother and two sisters yet residing in 
De Kalb County — James H. Beveridge, Mrs. Jennet 
Henry and Mrs. Isabel French. 




Shelby M, €vllom. 

nor 1877-83,15 tlie sixth child 
of the' late Richard N. CuUom, 
and was born Nov. 22, 1829, in 
Wayne Co., Ky., where his fa- 
ther then resided, and whence 
both the lUinois and Tennessee 
branches of the faiiily originated. In 
the following year the family emi- 
grated to the vicinity of Washington, 
Tazewell Co., 111., when that section 
was very sparsely settled. They lo- 
cated on Deer Creek, in a grove at 
the time occupied by a paity of In- 
dians, attracted there by the superior 
hunting and fishing afforded in that 
vicinity. The following winter was 
known as the " hard winter," the snow being very 
deep and lasting and the weather severely cold; and 
the family had to subsist mainly on boiled corn or 
hominy, and some wild game, for several weeks. In 
the course of time Mr. R. N. Cullom became a prom- 
inent citizen and was several times elected to the 
Legislature, both before and after the removal of the 
car>ital from Vandalia to Springfield. He died about 


Until about 19 years of age young Cullom grew up 

to agricultural pursuits, attending school as he had 

•DDortunity during tiie winter. Within this time, 

*v;ever, he spent several months teaching- ^rhool. 

and in the following summer he "broke prairie "with 
an ox team for tlie Lcij^hbors With the money o!)- 
tained by these various ventures, he undertook a 
course of study at the Rock River Seminary, a 
Methodist institution at Mt. Morris, Ogle County: 
but the sudden change to the in-door life of a stu- 
dent told severely upon his health, and he was taken 
home, being considered in a hopelesj condition. While 
at Mt. Morris lie heard Hon. E. B Washburne make 
his first speech. 

On recovering health, Mr. Cullom concluded to 
study law, under the instruction of Abraham Lincoln, 
at Springfield, who had by this time attained some 
notoriety as an able lawyer; but the latter, being ab- 
sent from his office most of the time, advised Mr. 
Cullom to enter the office of Stuart & Edwards. 
After about a year of study there, however, his health 
failed again, and he was obliged to return once more 
to out-door life. Accordingly he bought hogs for 
packing, for A. G. Tyng, in Peoria, and while he re- 
gained his health he gained in purse, netting $400 in 
a few weeks. Having been admitted to the Bar, he 
weat to Springfield, where he was soon elected City 
Attorney, on the .\nti-Nebraska ticket. ^ 

In 1856 he ran on the Fillmore ticket as a Presi- 
dential Elector, and, although failing to be elected as 
such, he was at the same time elected a Representa- 
tive in the Legislature from Sangamon County, by a 
local coalition of the American and Republican par- 
lies. On the organization of the House, he received 
the vote of tlie Fillmore men for Speaker. Practicir^ 



law until iS6o, he was again elected to the Legisla- 
ture, as a Republican, while the county went Demo- 
cratic on the Presidential ticket. In January follow- 
ing he was elected Speaker, probably the youngest 
man who had ever presided over an Illinois Legis- 
lature. After the session of iS6i, he was a candidate 
for the State Constitutional Convention called for 
that year, but was defeated, and thus escaped the 
disgrace of being connected with that abortive parly 
scheme to revolutionize the State Government. In 
1862 he was a candidate for the State Senate, but 
was defeated. The same year, however, he was ap- 
pointed by President Lincoln on a Government 
Commission, in company with Gov. Boutwell of 
Massachusetts and Cnarles A. Dana, since of the 
New York Sun, to investigate the affairs of the 
Quartermaster's and Commissary Departments at 
Cairo. He devoted several months to this duty. 

In 1864 he enteted upon a larger political field, 
being nominated qs the Republican candidate lor 
Congress from the Eighth (Springfield) District, in 
opposition to the incumbent, JohnT. Stuart, who had 
been elected in 1862 by about 1,500 majority over 
Leonard Swett, then of Bloomington, now of Chicago. 
The result was the election of Mr. Cullom in Novem- 
ber following by a majority of 1,785. In 1866 he 
was re-elected to Congress, over Dr. E. S. Fowler, by 
the magnificent majority of 4,103 ! In i868 he was 
again a candidate, defeating the Hon. B. S. Edwards, 
another of his old preceptors, by 2,884 votes. 

During his first term in Congress he served on the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs and Expenditures in 
the Treasury Department; in his second term, on 
the Committees on Foreign Affairs and on Territories ; 
and in his third term he succeeded Mr. Ashley, of 
Ohio, to the Chairmanship of the latter. He intro- 
duced a bill in the House, to aid in the execution of 
law in Utah, which caused more consternation among 
the Mormons than any measure had previously, but 
which, though it passed the House, failed to pass the 

The Republican Convention which met May 25, 
1876, nominated Mr. Cullom for Governor, while the 
other contestant was Gov. Beveridge. For Lieuten- 
ant-Governor they nominated Andrew Shuman, editor 
of the Chicago Journal. For the same offices the 
Democrats, combining with the Anti-Monopolists, 
Dlaced in nomination Lewis Steward, a wealthy 

farmer and manufacturer, and A. A. Glenn. The 
result of the election was rather close, Mr. Cullom 
obtaining only 6,800 majority. He was inaugurated 
Jan. 8, 1877. 

Great depression prevailed in financial circles at 
this time, as a consecjuence of the heavy failures of 
1 87 3 and afterward, the effect of which had seemed 
to gather force from that time to the end of Gov. 
Cullom's first administration. This unspeculative 
period was not calculated to call forth any new- 
issues, but the Governor's energies were at one time 
put to task to quell a spirit of insubordination that 
had been begun in Pittsburg, Pa., among the laboring 
classes, and transferred to Illinois at Chicago, East 
St. Louis and Braidwood, at which places laboring 
men for a short time refused to work or allow others 
to work. These disturbances were soon quelled and 
the wheels of industry again set in motion. 

In May, 1880, Gov. Cullom was re-nominated by 
the Republicans, against Lyman Trumbull, by the 
Democrats; and although the former party was some- 
what handicapped in the campaign by a zealous 
faction opposed to Grant for President and to Grant 
men for office generally, Mr. Cullom was re-elected 
by about 314,565, to 277,532 forthe Democratic State 
ticket. The Greenback vote at the same tmie was 
about 27,000. Both Houses of the Legislature again 
became Republican, and no representative of the 
Greenback or Socialist parties were elected. Gov. 
Cullom was inaugurated Jan. 10, 1S81. In his mes- 
sage he announced that the last dollar of the State 
debt had been provided for. 

March 4, 1883, the term of David Davis as United 
States Senator from Illinois expired, and Gov. Cul- 
lo n was chosen to succeed him. This promoted 
Lieutenant-Governor John M. Hamilton to the Gov- 
ernorship. Senator Cullom's term in the United 
States Senate will expire March 4, 18S9. 

As a practitioner oflaw Mr. C. has been a member 
of the firm of Cullom, Scholes & Mather, al Spring- 
fit:ld ; and he has also b^en President of the State 
National Bank. 

He has been married twice, — the first time Dec. 
ii:, 1855, to Miss Hannah Fisher, by whom he had 
t\io daughters; and the second tipie May 5, 1863, 
to Julia Fisher. Mrs. C is a member of the Method- 
isl Episcopal Church, with which religious body Mr. 
C. is also in sympathy. 










j.., TON, Governor 188^-5, was 
born May 28, 1847, in a log 
house upon a farm about two 
Vf^^ miles from Richwood, Union 
County, Ohio. His father was 
Samuel Hamilton, the eldest son 
of Rev. Wm. Hamilton, who, to- 
gether with his brother, the Rev. 
Samuel Hamilton, was among the 
early pioneer Methodist preachers in 
Ohio. The mother of the subject of 
this sketch was, before her marriage, 
Mrs. Nancy McMotris, who was 
born and raised in Fauquier or Lou- 
doun County, Va., and related to the 
two large families of Youngs and Marshalls, well 
known in that commonwealth; and from the latter 
family name was derived the middle name of Gov. 

In March, 1854, Mr. Hamilton's tather sold out 
his Utile pioneer forest home in Union County, O., 
and, loading his few household effects and family 
(of six children) into two emigrant covered wagons, 
moved to Roberts Township, Marshall Co., 111., being 
21 days on the route. Swamps, unbridged streams 
and innumerable hardships and privations met them 
on their way. Their new home had been previously 
selected by the father. Here, after many long years 
of toil, they succeeded in payii.g for the land and 
jiakii.g a conifortaM*' home. John was, of course, 

brought up to hard manual labor, with no schooling 
except three or four months in the year at a common 
country school. However, he evmced a capacity 
and taste for a high order of self-education, by 
studying or reading what books he could borrow, as 
the family had but very few in the house. • Much of 
his study he prosecuted by the light of a log fire in 
the old-fashioned chimney place. The financial 
panic of 1857 caused the family to come near losing 
their home, to pay debts ; but the father and two 
sons, William and John, "buckled to" and perse- 
vered in hard labor and economy until they redeemed 
their place from the mortgage. 

When the tremendous e.xcitement of the political 
campaign of i860 reached the neighborhood of Rob- 
erts Township, young Hamilton, who had been 
brought up in the doctrine of anti-slavery, took a zeal- 
ous part in favor of Lincoln's election. Making special 
efforts to procure a little money to buy a uniform, he 
joined a company of Lincoln Wide-Awakes at Mag- 
nolia, a village not far away. Directly after the 
ensuing election it became evident that trouble 
would ensue with the South, and this Wide-Awake 
company, like many others throughout the country, 
kept up its organization and transformed itself into a 
military company. During the ensuing summer they 
met often for drill and became proficient ; but when 
they offered themselves for the war, young Hamilton 
was rejected on account of his youth, he being then 
but 14 years of age. During the winter of 1863-4 'le 
attended an academy at Henry, Marshall County 


and in the following May he again enlisted, for the 
fourth time, when he was placed in the 141st III. 
Vol Inf., a regiment then being raised at Elgin, 111., 
for the loo-day service. He took with him 13 other 
lads from his neighborhood, for enlistment in the 
service. This regiment operated in Southwestern 
Kentucky, for about five months, under Gen. Paine. 

The following winter, 1864-5, ^''- Hamilton taught 
school, and during the two college years 1865-7, h'^ 
went through three years of the curriculum of the 
Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, Ohio. The 
third year he graduated, the fourth in a class of 46, 
in the classical department. In due time he received 
the degree of M. A. For a few months he was the 
Principal of Marshall " College " at Henry, an acad- 
emy under the auspices of the M. E. Church. By 
this time he had commenced the study of law, and 
after earning some money as a temporary Professor 
of Latin at the Illinois Wesleyan University at 
Bloomington, he entered the law office of Weldon, 
Tipton & Benjamin, of that city. Each member of 
this firm has since been distinguished as a Judge. 
Admitted to the Bar in May, 1870, Mr. Hamilton 
was given an interest in the same firm, Tipton hav- 
ing been elected Judge. In October following he 
formed a partnership with J. H. Rowell, at that time 
Prosecuting Attorney. Their business was then 
small, but they increased it to very large proportions, 
practicing in all grades of courts, including even the 
U. S. Supreme Court, and this partnership continued 
u:il)roken until Feb. 6, 1883, when Mr. Hamilton 
was sworn in as E.xecutive of Illinois. On the 4th 
of March following Mr. Rowell took his seat in Con- 

In July, 187 1, Mr. Hamilton married Miss Helen 
M. V/illiams, the daughter of Prof. Wni. G. Williams, 
Professor of Greek in the Ohio Wesleyan University. 
Mr. and Mrs. H. have two daughters and one son. 

In 1876 Mr. Hamilton was nominated by the Re- 
publicans for the State Senate, over other and older 
competitors. He took an active part '' on the stump " 
in tlie campaign, for the success of iiis party, and was 
elected by a majority of 1,640 over his Democratic- 
Greenback opponent. In the Senate he served on 
the Committees on Judiciary, Revenue, State Insti- 
tutions, Appropriations, Education, and on Miscel- 
lany ; and during the contest for the election of a 
U. S. Senator, the Republicans endeavoring to re- 

elect John A. Logan, he voted for the war chief on 
every ballot, even alone when all the other Republi- 
cans had gone over to the Hon. E. B. Lawrence and 
the Democrats and Independents elected Judge 
David Davis. .At this session, also, was passed the 
first Board of Health and Medical Practice act, of 
which Mr. Hamilton was a champion, agains* c; 
much opposition that the bill was several times 
" laid on the table." Also, this session authorized 
the location and establishment of a southern peri- 
tentiary, which was fixed at Chester. In the session 
of 1879 Mr. Hamilton was elected President //■(? /t'wz. 
of the Senate, and was a zealous supporter of John 
A. Logan for the U. S. Senate, who was this time 
elected without any trouble. 

In May, 1880, Mr. Hamilton was nominated on 
the Republican ticket for Lieutenant Governor, his 
principal competitors before the Convention being 
Hon. Wm. A. James, ex-Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, Judge Robert Bell, of '*^abash 
County, Hon. T. T. Fountain, of Perry County, and 
Hon. M. M. Saddler, of Marion County. He engaged 
actively in the campaign, and his ticket was elected 
by a majority of 41,200. As Lieutenant Governor, 
he presided almost continuously over the Senate in 
the 32d General Assembly and during the early days 
of the 33d, until he succeeded to the Governorship. 
When the Legislature of 1883 elected Gov. Cullom 
to the United States Senate, Lieut. Gov. Hamilton 
succeeded him, under the Constitution, taking the 
oath of office Feb. 6, 1883. He bravely met all the 
annoyances and embarrassments incidental upon 
taking up another's administration. The principal 
events with which Gov. Hamilton was connected as 
the Chief Executive of the State were, the mine dis- 
aster at Braidwood, the riots in St. Clair and Madison 
Counties in May, 1883, the appropriations for the 
State militia, the adoption of the Harper high-licensj 
liquor law, the veto of a dangerous railroad bill, etc. 

The Governor was a Delegate at large to the 
National Republican Convention at Chicago in June, 

1884, where his first choice for President John 
A. Logan, and second choice Chester A. .Arthur; but 
Ire afterward zealously worked for the election of Mr. 
Blaine, true to his party. 

Mr. Hamilton's term as Governor expired Ja.;. 30, 

1885, when the great favorite " Dick " Oglesby was 







V|: distinguished gentleman was 
|,;^^|»« elected Governor of Illinois 
"^f:)'®jjP% 'ill" November 6, 1888. He was 
p(>liularly known during the 
campaign as "Private Joe." He 
had served with great devotion 
to his country during the Re- 
bellion, in the Thirty-third 
Illinois Infantry. A native of 
Virginia, he was born in 1840. 
His parents, John and Mary 
(Daniels) Fifer, were American 
born, though of German de- 
scent. His father was a brick 
and stone mason, and an old 
Henry Clay Whig in polities. John and Mary 
Fifer had nine children, o/ whom Joseph was the 
sixth, and naturally, with so large a family, it was 
all the father could do to keep the wolf from the 
door, to say nothing of giving his children any- 
thing like good educational advantages. 

Joseph attended sciiool for a while in Yirgina, 
but it was not a good school, and when his fatlier 
removed to the West, in 18.57, Joseph had not ad- 
vanced much further than the "First Reader." 
Oursuliject was sixteen then and suffered a great 
misfortune in the loss of his mother. After the 

death of Mrs. Fifer, which occurred in Missouri, 
the family returned to Virgina, but remained only 
a short time, as during the same year Mr. Fifer 
came to Illinois. He settled in McLean County 
and started a brickyard. Here Joseph and his 
brothers were jiut to work. The elder Mr. Fifer soon 
bought a farm near Bloomington and began life 
as an agriculturist. Here Joe worked and attended 
the neighbciring school. lie alternated farm-work, 
and brick-Jaying, going to the district school for 
the succeeding few years. It was all work and no 
play for Joe, yet it by no means made a dull boy 
of him. All the time he was thinking of the great 
world outside, of which he had caught a glimpse 
when coming from Virginia, yet he did not know 
just how he was going to get out into it. He 
could not feel that the woods around the new farm 
and the log cabin, in which the family lived, were 
to hold him. 

Theopportunit}' to get out into tlie world was 
soon offered to jouug Joe. He traveled a dozen 
miles barefoot, in company with his brother George, 
and enlisted in Company C, Tliirty-lhird Illinois 
Infantry, he being then twenty years old. In a 
few daj's, the regiment was sent to Camp Butler, 
and then over into Missouri, and saw some vigor- 
ous service there. After a second time helping to 
chase Price out of Missouri, the Thirty-third Regi- 



ment went down to Milliken 's Bend, and for several 
weeks "Private Joe" worked on Grant's famous 
ditch. Tlie regiment then joined the forces oper- 
ating against Port Gibson and Vicksburg. Joe 
was on guard dutj' in the front ditches when the 
flag of surrender was run up on the 4th of July, 
and stuck tlie bayonet of his gun into the embank- 
ment and went into the city with the vanguard of 
Union soldiers. 

The next day, July 5, the Thirty-third joined 
the force after Johnston, who had been threatening 
Grant's rear; and finally an assault was made on him 
at Jackson, Miss. In this charge ''Private Joe" fell, 
terribly wounded. He was loading his gun, when 
a minie-ball struck him and passed entirely 
through his body. He was regarded as mortally 
wounded. His brother, George, who had been 
made a Lieutenant, proved to be the means of sav- 
ing his life. The Surgeon told him that unless he 
had ice his brother could not live. It was flf t^^ miles 
to the nearest point where ice could be obtained, 
and the roads were rough. A comrade, a McLean 
County man, who had been wounded, offei-ed to 
make the trip. An ambulance was secured and 
the brother soldier started on the journey. He re- 
turned with the ice, but the trip, owing to the 
roughness of the road, was very hard on him. Af- 
ter a few montlis' careful nursing, Mr. Fifer was able 
to come home. The Thirty-third came home on a 
furlough, and when the b03'S were ready to return 
to the tented field, young Fifer was ready to go 
with them, for he was determined to finish his 
term of three years. He was mustered out in Oct- 
ober, 1864, having been in the service three years 
and two months. 

"Private Joe" came out of the army a tall, tan- 
ned, and awkward young man of twenty-four. 
About all he possessed was ambition to be some- 
body- — and pluck. Though at an age when most 
men liave finished their college course, the young 
soldier saw that if he was to be anybody he must 
have an education. Yet he had no means to ena- 
ble him to enter school as most young men do. 
He was determined to have an education, however, 
and that to him meant success. For the following 
four years he struggled with his books. He en- 

tered Wesleyan University January 1, 1865. He 
was not a brilliant student, being neither at the 
head nor at the foot of his class. He was in great 
earnest, however, studied hard and came forth with 
a well-stored and disciplined mind. 

Immediately after being graduated, he entered 
an office at Bloomington as a law student. He 
had previously read law a little, and as he continued 
to work hard, with the spur of poverty and prompt- 
ings of ambition ever with him, he was ready to 
hang out his professional shingle in 1869. Being 
trustworthy, he soon gathered about him some in- 
fluential friends. In 1871 he was elected Corpora- 
tion Counsel of Bloomington. In 1872 he was 
elected State's Attorney of McLean County. This 
office he held eight years, when he took his seat in 
the State Senate. He served for four years. His 
ability to perform abundance of hard work made 
him a most valued member of the Legislature. 

Mr. Fifer was married in 1870 to Gertie, daugh- 
ter of William J. Lewis, of Bloomington. Mr. Fifer 
is six feet in height and is spare, weighing only one 
hundred and fifty pounds. He has a swarthy com- 
plexion, keen black eyes, quick movement, and pos- 
sesses a frank and sympathetic nature, and natur- 
lly m.akes friends wherever he goes. During the 
late gubernatorial campaign his visits throughout 
the State proved a great power in his behalf. His 
faculty of winning the confidence and good wishes 
of those with whom he comes in personal contact 
is a source of great popularity, especially during a 
political battle. As a speaker he is fluent, his lan- 
guage is good, voice clear and agreeal)le, and man- 
ner forcible. His manifest earnestness in what he 
says, as well as his tact as a pulilic speaker, and his 
eloquent and forceful language, make him a most 
valuable campaign orator and a powerful pleader 
at the bar. At the Republican State Convention, 
held in May, 1888, Mr. Fifer was chosen as its 
candidate for Governor. He proved a popular 
nominee, and the name of "Private Joe" became 
familiar to eveiyone throughout the State. He 
waged a vigorous campaign, was elected by a good 
majority, and in due time assumed the duties of 
the Chief Jlxecutive of Illinois. 




• — -<a) 






5HE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
safe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their prime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining who can relate the incidents of the first days 
of settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
Th-; pyramids of Egypt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers.** The exhu- 
mations made by the archeologists of Egypt from 
buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find tiit 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea — • 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
these works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action ; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of local biography. By this system every man, thougl 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
think it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose live? 
are unworthy of public record. 




ILLIAM H. PELLS, who was so well 
known to the early settlers of this comnui- 
nity for his enterprise, integrity and ster- 
ling wortli, may well be called not only one of the 
fathers of Paxton, but also of Ford County, lie 
was a native of PougUkeepsie, N. Y., born June 
12, 1813. His educational advantages were lim- 
ited to a few years' attendance at the schools of 
his native city, but by reading, and contact with 
the Inisiness world, he became a well-informed 
man and a shrewd financier. When onl\' thirteen 
j-ears of age, he was compelled by force of circum- 
stances to begin the struggle for food, clothing and 
shelter on his own account. His father, who was 
financially well-to-do, by endorsing for others be- 
came involved in financial ruin. 

The indei)endenee and self-reliance of young 
William asserted themselves in a marked degree. 
Going to New York City, he spent six months 
driving a milk wagon, after which he secured a 
position as clerk in a grocery-store, continuing 
until 1830. That year witnessed his emigration 
to Palmyra, N. Y., where he arrived penniless. 
Though not an experienced woodsman, lie replen- 
ished his exchequer by chopping wood and clear- 
ing land. Though a mere boy, he was possessed of 
indomitable energy, and if he could not get em- 
plo3^mcnt to wliieh he was accustomed, he accus- 
tomed himself to such employment as he could 

got. The .same business he followed at Ridgeway. 
There on the lOtli of November, 1831, he entered 
the store of H. Francis as clerk. His carefully hus- 
banded earnings were judiciously invested in good 
lands in that vicinity, which were then quite 
cheap, and thus was laid a safe foundation for 
financial growth. Domestic by nature, Mr. Pells 
early in life sought to surround himself with the 
hallowed influences of wife and home. The ladj' 
of his choice was Miss Maria B. Whitaker, a native 
of Norfolk, England, to whom he was married in 

After clerking ten 3'ears, Mr. Pells became a full 
partner in the store with his employer, and in 
1846 became sole proprietor, continuing until 
1851 with marked success. Admitting his brother 
to partnersiiip, the business was carried on by the 
two until 1856, when Mr. PelLs disposed of his en- 
tire interest. The same .year, he purchased from 
the Medina & Alab.ama Plank Road Company that 
part of the road extending from Medina to Ridge- 
way. In the hands of the company, it had been a 
losing investment, but Mr. Pells with characteris- 
tic thoroughness made it one of the best roads in 
the State, paying a liberal yearly dividend on the 
large amount of money expended in its construc- 
tion. He continued to operate the road until the 
charter expired in 1881. 

In 1856, Mr. Pells came to what is now Ford 



County, 111., though then it was a part of Ver- 
milion County. He, R. R. Murdoek and Lcander 
Britt purchased the site and laid out Prospect 
Citj-, as Paxton was then called. With commend- 
al)le pride, he watched the growth of the infant 
town, and to the last heartily assisted in ever^-- 
thmg that would advance its growth. In 1850, 
he took a prominent part in the organization of 
Ford County, and in making Paxton the seat of 
justice. Schools, churches and charities of all kinds 
found in him a liberal supporter. Every interest 
promising to l)e beneficial to the town or county, 
claimed his attention. He was one of the i)ro- 
moters and organizers of the Lafnyette, Blooming- 
ton & Mississippi Railroad Company, and for sev- 
eral years was its "\^ice-president. But for his earn- 
est efforts and those of a few others along the line 
of the road, it proliably never would have lieen 
built. It has since become a part of tlie Lake Erie 
ife Western system. 

In 1876, he visited Petoskey, Mich., and, being 
favorably im|)ressed with the climate and soil, pur- 
chased a large tract of land containing twelve 
thousand acres in Emmet County, which was then 
almost an unbroken forest, inhabited bj' one 
hundred whites and eleven hundred Indians. 
In 1882, the Grand Rapids & Indiana Railroad 
ran through Mv. Pells" tract of land, near the 
center of wiiieh sprang up a flourishing town, 
named I)}' the railroad company in honor of him, 

In political sentiment, Mr. Pells was an old-line 
Democrat, and, though not an aspirant tor iilaces 
of jniblic trust, he held a number of ollicial posi- 
tions. In religious belief, he was a Universalist. 

Mr. and Mrs. Pells had a family of three chil- 
dren, though only two are now living: Hannah 
W., wife of Col. Charles Bogardus, of Paxton; and 
Edgar Z., who makes his home with his sister, 
Mrs. Bogardus, at Paxton, 111. 

After a brief married life of only nine years, Mr. 
Pells was deprived, by death, of his companion. 
Notwithstanding he survived her over forty years, 
she was his only wedded companion. On the 2Gth 
of June, 1880, Mr. Pells joined his wife and child 
in the spirit world, while his body was laid to rest 
beside that of his wife at Kidgewaj', N. Y. He 


■was a man possessed of such traits of character as 
are worthy to be imitated, and should never be 
forgotten; shrewd and far-sighted in business af- 
fairs, scrupulously honest, free-hearted, charitable, 
loving everybody with a royal good-will. 

' • ' ^i 


OHN J. WALDSCHMIDT, one of the hon- 
ored early settlers of Ford County, now 
resides on section 20, Rogers Township, 
where he is engaged in general farming. He 
was born in Germany, April 19, 182G, and is a son 
of Frederick and Elizabeth (Colb) Waldschmidt, 
both of whom spent their entire lives in the P'ather- 
land. Our subject acquired his education in Ger- 
man_y, where he attended the jiuhlic schools for 
eight years. He then worked in a copper mine 
for a time, after which he emigrated to the New 
World in 1850. He crossed the Atlantic in a sail- 
ing-vessel from Antwerp and after a voyage of 
twenty-eight daj'S landed in New York in June. 
He then went to Pennsylvania, where he spent the 
first summer working on a railroad. During the 
three succeeding years of his life he was employed 
in a brickyard in New York, and in 1854, he emi- 
grated Westward. He first located on the Fox 
River in Kendall County, 111., and was employed 
in a stone quarry for several 3'ears. He then became 
a partner in a firm and engaged in the manufacture 
of brick, near Bristol, for two years. On the expi- 
ration of that period, he returned to the stone 
quarry, where he again worked four years, after 
which he engaged in farming near Dwight for three 
years. This was his first experience as an agricul- 

In 1864, Mr. AValdschmidtcame to Ford Country, 
and first purchased eighty acres of raw prairie 
land, constituting a i)art of his present fine farm. 
He broke it, fenced it and transformed the wild 
tract into rich and fertile fields. He now owns 
and operates one hundred and sixty acres, upon 
which may be found good buildings, and all the 
improvements and .accessories of a model farm. 

Mr. Waldschmidt was married in Ottawa, La 
Salle County, 111., in 1856, to Miss Caroline Decker, 



a native of Germany, and a claughter of Jacob 
Deuker, one of the early settlers of La Salle County. 
Unto them have been born ten children: J^liza, wife 
of John Kerstine, a resident of AVright County, 
Iowa; William, who is married and follows farm- 
ing in Cedar County, Neb.; Matilda at home; Car- 
oline, wife of Joseph Reising, who lives in Bloom- 
ington,Ill.; Minnie, wife of Clio Sniitii,a resident of 
Michigan; Fred, who aids in the operation of the 
home farm; Louisa at home; Eninia.who is attend- 
ing Normal School in Blooiningtou ; Anna at home; 
and John, who is yei in school. 

Mr. AValdschmidt cast Ids first Presidential vote 
for Abraliam Lincoln and has supported each Presi- 
dentinl nominee of the Republican party since that 
time. He takes an active interest in the success of 
his party but has never been oflice-seeker. His 
residence in Ford County covers a period of twen- 
ty-eight years, .and throughout the community he 
is regarded as a highly esteemed citizen. His 
emigration to America lie need never regret, for 
here he has met with prosperity, has secured a good 
home and met with many pleasant friends. 

bHE MEL^'IN SCHOOLS. This pretty little 
town, located on the Illinois Central Kail- 
road, in Peach Orchard Township, is noted 
'for its churches and its public schools. The pub- 
lic schools are justly the pride of every citizen of 
Melvin. Their history is as follows: 

The first election for district 1, township 24. 
range 8, was held at the residence of Charles Phil- 
lips, April 18, 1870. At that early date in the 
history of the primitive school, there were onl}' 
five votes cast in the district. August Bucholz, 
Charles Phillips and William Lackey were elected 
as the first Board of Directors. In the fall of 1870, 
a small schoolhouse was built on the southeast 
corner of section 2, and in April, 1871, the first 
term of school began, with Miss Hettie E. Mathis 
as teacher, and the enrollment was six males and 
eight females. 

Miss Clara B. Huston was the next teacher, be- 
ginning in April, 1872. She taught a term of three 

months, followed by W. H. Thompson as teacher 
for the fall and winter terms. Fannie J. Robbins 
taught the spring term of 1873, and W. H. Thomp- 
son the winter term. Mr. Thompson was followed 
by David Bookwalter, who wielded the ferrule dur- 
ing the spring term of 1874. He was followed by 
Miss Emma L. Hinchman for the fall and winter 

In the spring of 1875, at a special election, it 
was voted to purchase a new site in the village of 
Melvin and also to erect a new schoolhouse. The 
new building was completed and Miss Clara B. 
Huston taught the first term in the new school- 
house. She was followed by S. S. Max, who was 
the teacher for two consecutive years, followed by 
his wife for a term of two months. Then came 
Koscie Clinebell for three years. He was a very 
successful teacher and raised the standard of the 
school to the front ranks of the village schools of 
the county of Ford. James Karr followed Mr. 
Clinebell for one year, beginning September 1, 
1881. Frank McMurray was the next teacher for 
one year. It was then found that it was necessary 
to have more room and more teachers, consequently 
a new building, •SOx.'jO feet and two stories high, 
was built adjoining the old schoolhouse. 

Guyn Foreman was employed as principal and 
Miss Mattie Haight as primary teacher, beginning 
in September, 1883, and they have continued in 
the same positions year after year until the present 
time. In 1887, it became necessary to have another 
teacher, and IMiss Ida Haight was emplo3ed as in- 
termediate teacher, remaining two years. She was 
followed by Miss Mary Heath, one year. Since the 
schools increased so in numbers, it was apparent 
to the Board that the services of another teacher 
were necessary, and Miss Delia Hunt employed 
as intermediate teacher and Miss Sidney B. Fristoe 
as second primary teacher, both remaining until 
the present time. 

The corps of teachers is as follows: Principal, 
Guyn Foreman; intermediate, Miss Delia Hunt; 
second primary. Miss Sidney F'ristoe; primary, Mrs. 
Mattie (Haight) Foreman. Present enrollment, one 
hundred and sixty-one: males, seventy-four; fe- 
males, eighty-seven. 

The first Board of Directors was followed by the 



election of Lot Rohb in 1872, James D. Carroll in 
1873, T. D. Tliompson in 1874, Enocli S. Hunt in 
1875, August Bucliolz in 1876, F. M. Steepleton in 
1877, T. D. Tliompson in 1877, D.J. Freese in 1878 
(to fill vacancy b}^ the removal of F. M. Steepleton), 
C. W. Freelove, 1879, T. D. Thompson in 1880, 
D.J. Freese, 1881, J. D. Kilgore in 1882, T. D. 
Thom)ison in 1883, T. B. Fletcher in 1884, L. S. 
Heath in 1885 (to fill vacancy caused b.y the re- 
moval of T. B. Fletcher). Dr. E. B. Perry in 1885, 
T. D. Thompson in 1886, L. S. Heath in 1887, 
George T.Arends in 1890, E. B. Perry in 1891, and 
T. D. Thompson in 1892. 

It will l>e noticed to the credit of T. D. Thomp- 
son and the good judgment of the citizens of Mel- 
vin, that j\Ir. Thompson has been continually a 
member of the Board of Directors since 1H74, a 
term of eighteen 3-ears of directorshi]i in the 

The schools afford the very best of practical edu- 
cation, and tiie pupils, when they have finished 
under Mr. Foreman, can readily pass the teacliers' 
examination for a certificate, as well .as being fitted 
to enter well in schools of higher instruction. 



W A. CRANIJ.VLL, a well-known farmer of 

JT)!) Pella Township, residing on section 9, 
i^^ was born in Cook County, 111., in 184 9, 
i^0) and is a son of Herman Crandall, who 
was born in Vermont, September 5, 1812, and in 
1824 removed to Franklin Count\-, N. Y. AV^hen 
a young man, he emigrated to Illinois and made a 
claim in Cook County. He married Lydia Bush- 
nell, and engaged in agricultural pursuits for a 
niimber of years. The land which he purchased 
at $1.25 per acre he sold at ¥80 per acre. He was 
a prominent citizen of the community and a suc- 
cessful f.armer. In politics, he was first a Whig 
and afterwards a Republican. His death occurred 
in Ford County, ]\Iarch 12, 1890. His wife is 
still living and makes her home in California. 
Further mention is made of these worthy people 
in the sketch of C. C. Crandall on another page of 
this work. Their family nnmliered eleven chil- 

dren: Abigail, who is now in California; Ruey, 
who is living in Danville, 111.; Mary, a resident 
of Nebraska; Martha, who is living in Cook 
County; C. C, who served in the Thirty-ninth 
Illinois Infantry- during the late war and is now 
a resident of Pella Township; Imogene, a resident 
of Blue Island, Cook County; H. A., of this 
sketch; George, who is living in "Will County; 
Eva, who makes her home in Wisconsin; Alfred, 
of Nebraska; and Benjamin, in Ford Count}', III. 

We now take >ip the personal history of our sub- 
ject, who spent the days of his boyhood and youth 
in the county of his nativity, remaining upon the 
home farm until twentj' years of age. The edu- 
cational advantages which he received were those 
afforded b^- the common schools. In 1869, he 
came to Fcjrd County and purchased the land on 
which he now resides. He afterward returned to 
Cook County, where he spent the years of 1874 
and 1875, but since that time has made his home 
continuously in Pella Township, where he owns 
two hundred and forty-one acres of valuable land, 
which he improved from the raw prairie. It is 
well equipped with good buildings and all the 
accessories of a model farm, and the well-tilled 
fields j-ield to him a good income. 

In the autumn of 1870, Mr. Crandall was joined 
in wedlock with jNIary Riche, who was born in 
Cook County, her father being one of the earl}' 
settlers of that region and a contractor on the 
Wabash Canal. They have a family of three chil- 
dren: Aliigail, who was born in Cook County, in 
1875; William, in 1883; and Mary, in 1885. The 
family is well known throughout the community 
and the members of the Crandall household rank 
high ill the social circles in which they move. 

iNIr. Crand.all is a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity of Piper Cit}-, and his wife is a member of 
the Presbyterian Church. He has Iteen a member 
of the Drainage Commission and has taken .an 
active ])art in all that pertains to the welfare and 
upbuilding of town and county. For nine yeare 
he has served as Township and Drainage Com- 
missioner, a fact which indicates his faithfulness 
and fidelity to duty. He cast his first Presidential 
vote for Aliraham Lincoln and has since been a 
supporter of the Republican party .and has often 



sciverl as a dclcirate to its conventions. Mr. 
Cranrlall lias a wide acqu.aintance throiigliout tlie 
comnuinity, and for his sterling worth and integ- 
rity is held in hi"h regard. 


H ENRY SPELLMEYER, who is engaged in 
V general farming on section 13, Peach Orcli- 
ard Townsiiip, was born about fifteen miles 
from AVinden, Westphalia, Germany, on 
the 1st of .Januaiy, 1840. His parents, Godfrey 
and Caroline Spellnieyer, are represented on another 
page of this work in connection with Charles Spell- 
nieyer. They were the parents of eight children, 
of whom our subject is the fifth. 

In t-ilting up the personal history of Henry 
Spcllmeyer, we present to our readers tlie life rec- 
ord of one of the well-known citizens of Ford 
County. He received no special advantages in his 
youth. His education was .acquired in the com- 
mon schools and he was reared to manhood upon 
his father's farm. His home continued to be in 
Prussia until ISr^S, when he came to America, 
crossing the Atlantic in a sailing-vessel, which 
reached harbor after forty-two days spent upon 
the ocean. Our subject did not tarry long in the 
East, but came at once to Illinois, locating in Put- 
nam county, where lie began work upon a farm by 
the month, and thus employed for about five 
.years. On the 26th of March, 18G7, lie was united 
in marri.age with Miss Louise Kteinmann, who was 
born in l.S.'^T. within two miles of her huslmnd's 
native pl.ace. The same year of his marriage, he 
came to Ford County and purchased eighty acres 
of land on section 1.'5, Poach Orchard Township. 
To this he has since added a tract of four luindred 
and eighty acres, making in all an aggregate of 
five hundred and sixty acres. 

The union of Mr. and Mrs. Spell meyer has been 
blessed with a family of six children: Caroline 
died in her sixth year; Henry, who aids his father 
in the oper.ation of the home farm; Mary, wife of 
Gust. Seabert, a resident farmer of Wall Township; 
Charles, Jlinnie, and Lena, all of whom arc still 
with their parents. The family has a pleasant 

liome upon the farm before mentioned, and in 
social circles parents and children rank high. The 
father operates the home farm in connection with 
his sons, and has one of the valual:>le pl.aces in the 
community, its neat appearance indicating the 
thrift and enterprise of tlie owner, while its many 
improvements attest the fact that he is a practical 
and progressive agriculturist, thoroughly conver- 
sant with his business in all its details. He is fair 
and honest in all his dealings, and thereby has won 
the confidence and regard of those with whom he 
has been brought in contact. 

Mr. Spellnieyer exercises his right of fr.anchise 
in support of the Republican party, whose princi- 
ples he has advocated since he became a voter. 
He Iws never sought public office but served as 
Road Commissioner. Himself and family are mem- 
bers of the German Lutheran Church, and among 
the worthy citizens of the community who have 
aided in the upbuilding and developement of the 
count}-^, he is numbered. 

eAPT. FRANK O. WALRICH, a member of 
the firm of Walrich A Parsons, general 
merchants of Piper City, was born in the 
Province of Hanover, Germany, Deceml)er 21, 
1844, and is a son of Otto R. Walrich, a farmer by 
occupation, who served in the army of tlie Fatlici- 
land for three j'ears and married Margaret Hemp- 
ken, who was liorn and reared in the .same locality 
as her husband. AVith their five children, they 
sailed to America In April, 1857, and after nine 
weeks and two d.ays spent upon the bosom of the 
Atliintic, landed in New Orleans, whence they went 
up the river to Alton, III. In the spring of 18,'')8. 
they settled on a farm near Washburn, Woodford 
County, 111., and in 18.5'.> came to a farm near 
Chatsworth, which is still in possession of the fam- 
ily. The father died upon that farm and the mo- 
ther there still makes her home. In politics, he 
wiis a Republican and himself and wife were mem- 
bers of the Lutheran C'liurch. Their family num- 
bered twelve children, one of whom died in in- 



fancy. The Captain is the eldest; Fredericka is 
tlie wife of .John McKinncy, whose sketch appears 
elsewhere in this work; Mary, wife of John Iliden, 
of Peoria, died in 1874; Tiionias resides in Piper 
City; Christina is the wife of G. W. Madden, a 
ijrain dealer and .lustice of the Peace of Charlotte, 
Livingston County; Magoie, wife of .Tames Kief, 
of Piper City; Hannah .1., widow of .Tesse I). Par- 
sons, is tlie (lartner of Ca[)t. Walrieh; Theresa, wife 
of F. Beckniann, of Cliatswortli, 111.; Cordelia, wife 
of M. IMadden, of SiiUivant, Livingston County; 
Elizabeth, wife of IL Flessner, who is living on the 
old home farm; and Willie, who was bitten by a 
rattlesnake at the age of four years and died in 

Our subject Iiegan his scliool life in Germany, 
attended for three montlis at Dorsey Station, 
Madison County, III., and in tlie winter of 1861-62 
was a student in the scliools of Avoca, Livingston 
Count.y. Tliis completed his scliool life, for on the 
21st of February, 1862, when a little past sixteen 
years of .age, he laid aside his books and entered his 
country's service as a member of Comp.any B, 
Sixty-fifth Illinois Infantry, which organized 
at Camp Douglas, Chicago. He went on duty the 
first night after his arrival in camp, guarding 
prisoners captured at Ft. Donelson. In May, he 
was sent to Martinsbuig, Va., where he did guard 
duty until tlie 1st of September. The first engage- 
ments in which he participated were skirmishes 
in the vicinity of Falling Waters and Winchester, 
Va.; these were followed by the battle of Harper's 
Ferry, where he was captured but was soon after- 
ward paroUwl. Tiie succeeding winter was spent 
mostly at Camp Douglas, Ciiicago, and in the spring 
his regiment was transferred to Eastern Kentucky, 
where they saw much hard marching and service. 
In the fall, the troops prepared for the Knoxville 
campaign and the Sixt3--riftli Regiment suffered 
much during the siege of Knoxville. Mr. Walrieh 
re-enlisted, March 30, 1864, and went home on a 
veteran furlough. After his return, he took part 
in Sherman's campaign, and at the battle of Resaca 
the brigade lost live hundred men. He participated 
in the battles of Dallas Woods, Lost Mountain, Chat- 
tahoochee River, Atlanta, Rough and Ready Sta- 
tion, and Jonesboro; he then transferred to Pulaski, 

Tenn., to meet Gen. Hood. He was .also in the en- 
gagements at Columbia, Franklin and Naslu'ille, 
following Gen. Hood on his retreat as far .as Clif- 
ton, Tenn. Tiie Sixty-fifth .sent by transports 
to Cincinnati, thence by rail to Washington and 
on to Annapolis, where the brigade assembled. Em- 
barking on transports, they proceeded, by w.ay of 
Fortress Monroe, to Ft. Fisher, experiencing the 
usual unpleasantness of a sea voy.age around Cape 
Hatteras. Capt. Walrieh was at the cai^ture of Ft. 
Anderson and subsequently took part in the en- 
gagement at Old Town Creek, when his regiment 
.and the Tweltli Kentucky captured a liriijade, in- 
cluding a battery; helped capture Wilmington and 
took part in the sharp engagement at Kinston, 
N. C, the last contlict in which he took part. Hav- 
ing marched from Goldsboro to Raleigli .and oji 
to Greensboro, where Johnston's army surrendered, 
the Fifty-sixth assisted in caring for the captured 
property. Capt. Walrieh discharged July 1.3, 
1865, and was mustered out of service at Camj) 
Douglas. Returning home, he resumed farming- 
He was a faitliful soldier, ever found at the post of 
duty, and his army record is one of wliich he may 
well be proud. 

On the 4th of August, 1870, Capt. Walrieh mar- 
ried Miss Sebrina C. Hamlin, daughter of Alonzo 
and Esther Hamlin, who came from Vermont to 
Illinois. With his wife, he came to Piper City and 
entered the employ of Mr. McKinney, a lumber 
and hardware merchant, with whom he remained 
three years, when, in 1873, he secured a positi(m 
with Conrow it Co., the successors to Montelius <fe 
Son. That firm sold out to John Clark, but our 
subject retained his position as confidential clerk 
until May 2, 1880, when he became a partner in 
the firm of Pulver, AValrich & Co. In January, 
1883, J. D. Parsons bought out his partner's inter- 
est .and continued with Mr. Walrieh \intil his death, 
April 11, 1884, since which time Mrs. Parsons has 
owned the interest in the business. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Walrieh have been born the 
following children: Lorenzo 0., vvlio liorn in 
Piper City, educated in the pulilic schools and at 
Onarga Seminary, is now book-keeper for his f.a- 
ther; I'rederick Alansou and Margaretta E. arc still 
at home. The family is one of prominence in the 



coiniiiunity, holding a high position in social cir- 

C'apt. Walrich cast his first Presidential vote for 
U. S. Grant in 1868, and has since been a supporter 
of Republican principles. He has served as a 
member of the Village Board of Trustees, was also 
its President, and from 1876 until 1885 was a 
member of the National Guards, serving as Lieu- 
tenant and Captain for nearly eight j'ears. He is a 
member of the Odd Fellows' society; was the first 
Commander of tiie Grand Army Post of Piper 
City, serving for four terms in that olflee; and is a 
member of the Presbyterian Church, to which his 
family also I)elongs. His life has indeed been a 
successful and an honorable one. He possesses ex- 
cellent business ability and by his persistent in- 
dustry, perseverance and good management has 
acquired a handsome competence. His record as a 
soldier and citizen is as worthy of commendation 
as his business record. He is a pleasant, genial 
gentleman and his friends throughout the com- 
munity arc many. 






OHN BROADBENT, a well-known farmer 
of Rogers Township, residing on section 32, 
is of Englisli birth. He was born Novem- 
^_ ber 15, 1817, and is one of a family of 
seven children, whose parents, Joseph and Ann 
(Siddol) Broadbent, were both natives of England. 
John is the second in the family; Sarah, the eldest, 
is now deceased; Daniel is living in England; Rob- 
ert has also departed this life; Sarah Ann is the 
wife of John Matthews, a resident farmer of Ken- 
dall County, 111.; William is a farmer residing in 
Kendall County; and Mary is the wife of John 
Finley, who is engaged in agricultural pursuits in 
Kendall County. 

The subject of this sketch had very limited op- 
portunities in his youth, and is a self-educated 
and self-made man He remained with his parents 
until twenty-two years of age and worked in the 
cotton factories of his native land until he came 
to America. Tlie year 1848 witnessed his emigra- 
tion to the New World. The voyage consumed 

seven weeks .and four days and he spent his thirty- 
first birthday on the water. At length, he landed 
safely at New Orleans, whence he went up the Mis- 
sissippi and Ohio Rivers to Cincinnati. He worked 
in the cotton factories of that city until June, 
1850, and then came to Illinois. 

Mr. Broadlient was married, on Christmas Day, 
of 1839, to Miss Mary Ann Dawson, daugliter of 
John and Charity Dawson. They became the par- 
ents of nine children as follow;: Edward, who died 
in infancy; Esther, wife of Robert Hall; Sarah, wife 
of Charles Coop; William; Joseph, who died in in- 
fancy; James, also deceased; Robert; and Eliza- 
beth, wife of August Schultz. 

On coining to Illinois, Mr. Broadbent first lo- 
cated in Kendall County, residing near Lisbon. 
For thirteen months he worked as a farm hand, 
and then began farming for himself in that locality. 
He continued to reside in Kendall County for 
eighteen years, coming to Ford County in 1868. 
Since that time he has resided upon the farm which 
is still his home. He purchased one hundred and 
sixty acres on section 32, and has developed it 
into a rich and fertile tract which yields to him a 
good iftcorae in return for his care and cultiva- 
tion. He is recognized as one of the leading citi- 
zens of the community and has been honored with 
the office of Road Commissioner for twelve years, 
a fact which indicates his faithful and efficient 
performance of duty. In politics, he is a sup- 
porter of the Democratic part}-. His property rep- 
resents his own hard labors for he came to this 
country empty-handed, and through liis industry 
.and enterprise acquired all he now possesses. 
For his success in life he certainl}- deserves much 


(| IVILLARD E. PROCTOR, who is eng.aged 
\oJ/l in general merch.andising, in connection 
^y^ with his brother Frank, in the village of 
Proctor, was born in Wallingford, Conn., on the 
]3tli of October, 1854, and is a son of C'apt. Proc- 
tor, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this 
work. No event of special importance occurred 



during bis chilclliood. He acquired a good busi- 
ness education in the public schools and remained 
with his parents until twenty-two 3'ears of age, 
when he left home, starting out in life for himself. 
On the 30th of November, 1876, Mr. Proctor 
led to the marriage altar Miss Carrie M. Allen, 
who was born in Rutland, Vt., .Tune 26, 1857, and 
is a daughter of Dr. Allen, now of Rutland, 111. 
By their marriage was born a daughter, Flora 
Mae. Tiic mother departed this life July 30, 
1890, and her remains were interred in the Gibson 
Cemetery, where a beautiful monument marks her 
last resting place. The Rev. Robert Stevens con- 
ducted the funeral ceremonies. In speaking of 
her death, the Gibson City Enterprise says: "The 
deceased lady Lad been in delicate health for years, 
but not until la grippe attacked her last win- 
ter were any apprehensions felt for her life. lUit 
since then she gradually declined in spite of the 
tender care of loving fiiends and the best medical 
aid that could be procured. With a sublime faith 
in the glorious awakening, and as gently- as a tired 
child, she sank to rest. 

'•We thought her dying when she slept, 
And sleeping when she <lied." 

"Mrs. Proctor came to this State when quite 
small and about twelve years ago came with her 
husband to I'loctor. Hers was one of those joy- 
ous happy natures that gladden all hearts with 
which they come in contact. She had a fine edu- 
cation and tliis, coupled with her pure character, 
bright intellect and pleasant manners, made her 
home the center of influences that tended to ele- 
vate the community in which she lived. The 
strong hold she had upon the affections of all who 
knew her was shown by the way the old and 
young crowded around her bier to take a last look 
at the features that will be ever engraved upon 
their hearts. She leaves a sorrowing husband and 
one lovely little daughter to mourn her untimely 
death, but they will look forward with joyous an- 
ticipations to that meeting beyond the gates where 
sorrow Cometh not." 

For three years, Mr. Proctor was employed 
as a .salesman in a general store, but on account of 
failing health went to the country and superin- 

tended the operation of a farm for five years. On 
the expiration of that time, he began buying grain 
in the village of Proctor, which was named in his 
honor, and has now successfully carried on busi- 
ness in that line for several years. As a member 
of the firm of Proctor Bros., he is also engaged in 
general merchandising. They carry a full and 
complete stock of goods and are enjoying a large 
and lucrative patronage, of which they are well 
deserving. Our subject is also Postmaster of Proc- 
tor, having filled the office since its establishment. 
He is a wide-awake and enterprising young busi- 
ness man and iiis career will no doubt be a success- 
ful one. 


\M ESSE PULASKI MARSH, deceased, was a 
native of Harrison Couuty, Ind. He was 
born December 4, 1829, and died January 
19,, 1891. He reared to agricultural 
pursuits but in after years engaged in running a 
flat-boat on the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers, carry- 
ing merchandise to New Orleans. He gener- 
ally successful in his business ventures. He pos- 
sessed a liberal education and was known as a gen- 
tleman of integrity and honor. He was the fourth 
child in a family of four sons and six daughters, 
whose parents were William and Sarah (Armstrong) 
Marsh. All the children are yet living with the 
exception of two. 

On the 5th of Novemlier, 1851, Mr. Marsh mar- 
ried Miss Margaret Fowler, daughter of Edward 
and Elizabeth (Davis) Fowler. Seven children 
were liorn of this union, two sons and five daugh- 
ters: William II., of Melvin, who is married and 
engages in making hydraulic wells; Laura A., at 
home; Maiy F., wife of P. W. AVorth, a hardware 
merchant of Buckingham, 111.; Edward T., wlio is 
engaged in the jewelry business in Jlelvin; Mrs. 
Koscie Clinel)ell; Lizzie, wife of Clark E. Wood- 
word, a resident of Chicago; and Cordelia II., 
wife of Pev. Henry Heck, an evangelist residing 
in Jackson, Minn. 

In his political affiliations, Mr. Marsh was an 
old-line Whig and when the Republican party was 



organized, lie became an ardent admirer of its 
principle-s. He was a gentleman firm in Ills con- 
victions and very determined in manner. He held 
tlie oHice of Justice of tlie Peace, of Laconia, Ind., 
for eiglit years, and Judge Walter (J. Gresliam 
prosecuted cases in his court. 

Mr. Marsh and his family came to Ford County 
in the fall of 1^74, and were honored and respected 
citizens of the community from that time. Both 
were earnest members of the Jlethodist Church of 
Melvin, and he was a Master Mason and a leading 
member of Lodge No. 17'.),K. of P., of Melvin, 111. 

Mrs. Marsh was the fourth in a family of live 
sons and three daughters, four of whom are still 
living: Mary, wife of William Frakes, a farmer 
residing in Indiana; Margaret, wife of our subject; 
John W., who served in the late war as one of tlie 
boys in bhie and is now married and follows farm- 
ing in Coiydon, Ind.; and Rachel, wife of John 
Love, also a soldier of the late war, now residing 
in New Amsterdam, Ind. 

Mr. Marsh was called to his final rest on tlie 19th 
of January, 1891, after he and iiis loving wife had 
traveled life's journey together for thirty-six 
jears. lie was interred in Melvin Cemetery, 
under the auspices of the Masonic fraternity, and 
a beautiful monument has been erected to mark 
his last resting place. Mrs. Marsh still resides with 
her daughter Laura in their comfortable home in 
Melvin, where she is surrounded by her loving 
children and her many friends. 

SillOMAS CUFj is a well-known farmer of 
Hrenton Township, residing on section 15, 
where he has a well-improved farm that has 
been his home for seventeen years. It comprises 
one hundred and sixt3'-five acres of arable land, 
the greater part of which is under a high state of 
cultivation and yields to him a golden tribute in 
return for his care and labor. He has erected good 
barns and other oiitbuihliiigs and has made many 
improvements, all of which indicate the thrift 
and enterprise of the owner. He is a successful 
farmer and also deals in stock. lie raises cattle and 

hogs, which he sells directly to the Chicago mar- 
kets, and makes a sjjecialty of heavy draft liorses. 

The life record of Mr. Cue is as follows: He was 
born in Bishopstorne, Wiltshire, England, in Aug- 
ust, 1837, and is one of eight children, whose parents 
were Thomas and F^lizabeth Cue. His father fol- 
lowed farming and died in 186(5, at the age of 
seventy years. His wife de[)arted this life in 1867, 
at the age of sixty-eight years. Both were mem- 
bers of the Episcopal Church. Of their family, 
William and Mary both died in England; Jane 
died in Woodford County, 111., in 1892, at the 
age of sixty years; Joseph is a resident farmer 
of Crawford County, Iowa; Thomas is the next 
younger; Elizabeth died in F^ngland in 1882; Ed- 
win resides on the old homestead in England; and 
Richard died in Iowa about fourteen years ago. 

Thomas Cue, of this sketch, attended the com- 
mon schools of his native land until fourteen 
years of age and then devoted his time and at- 
tention to work upon his father's farm for four 
j^ears. At the age of eighteen, he bade good-bye 
to friends and native land and went to London, 
whence he sailed to the United States, reaching 
New York after a voyage of five weeks. This 
was in 1855. He came to Illinois, locating in 
Woodford County, where he began work as a farm 
hand and was tlius employed for some time. He 
came to Ford Count}' in 1870, and five years later 
purchased the farm upon which he has since re- 

In Woodford County, on the 30tli of IMarcli, 
1870, Mr. Cue led to the marriage altiir Miss Vic- 
toria Arrowsmith, who was born in New York, and 
is a daughter of Thomas and Anna Arrowsmith, 
natives of England, who came to the United 
States in 1830. They emigrated Westward to Illi- 
nois in 1847, and both spent their last days in 
Onarga, where they died about five years ago. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Cue have been born four chil- 
dren: Thomas 11., who was born in this county, 
April 2, 1872, now aids his father in the operation 
of the home farm; Elizabeth Ann died about 1879 
at the age of five years; Mary Jane, who is 
sixteen years of age; and Nora, Ellen, a maiden of 
fourteen summers, still reside with their parents. 
Mrs. Cue is a member of the Methodist Church. 



Mr. Cue cast his first Presidential vote for Gen. 
Harrison. He is an intelligent man, well informed 
concerning the questions of the day, and, in his 
business career, has met with good success, of which 
he is well deserving. 



\ AMES M. AVRIGHT, who is a retired farmer 
now residing in Keinpton, was born in 
Trenton, N. J., February 15, 1835, and is a 
son of George and Mary Wright, both of 
whom were natives of Lincolnshire, England. His 
father came to America about 1830. Crossing the 
Atlantic he settled in New .Jersey, where for some 
time he made his home. In 1854, he emigrated 
Westward to Illinois, locating in Winnebago 
County. His deatli occurred in Vermillion, S. 
Dak., on the 7th of September, 1889. His wife 
passed away on the 3d of November, 1886. Eight 
children have been born unto them: William, who 
died in infancy; James M. of this sketch; John, 
who died in 1857; Mary Ann, wife of Isaiah Wash- 
burn, a resident farmer of South Dakota; George, 
who is also engaged in farming in Soutii Dakota; 
Charles, who died in 1832; and Peter, whose deatli 
occurred the same 3'ear. 

Our subject acquired a common-school education 
in the State of his nativity. He accompanied his 
parents on their removal to the West and has resided 
in Illinois almost continuously since. He remained 
with his father, working on the farm, for two years, 
and then started out in life for himself, working 
as a farm hand by the month, until the breaking 
out of the late war. When the South rebelled in 
1861, he responded to the call for troops to aid in 
the preservation of the Union and enlisted as a 
private in Company C, Fift3'-fifth Illinois Infantry. 
The important engagements in which he partici- 
pated were the siege of Corinth, Arkansas Post, 
Champion Hills, the siege of Vicksburg, and the 
battles of Jackson, Mission Ridge and Atlanta. 
When his three years' term of service had expired, 
he was honorably discharged on the 30th of Octo- 
ber, 1864. 

Mr. Wright then returned to Illinois and again 

engaged in farming. Tn 1865, he removed to 
Grundy Count}-, locating near Lisbon, where he 
resided until 1871. That year witnessed his arrival 
in Ford County. He had previously married on 
the 3d of September, 1868, the lady of his choice 
being Miss Sarah E. Ashton, daughter of John and 
Elizal)eth (Sliaw) Ashton. Three children have 
been born of their union but all are now deceased. 
Clara died April 19, 1880; George H., April 20, 
1880; and Alice May, August 27, 1887. 

On coming to Ford County, Mr. Wright made 
a location in Mona Township, where he rented land 
for seven years. He then purchased a farm of 
two hundred acres on section 32, Rogers Townsiiip, 
where he made his home until 1884. In that year 
he came to Keinpton, where he has since made his 
home, living retired. His life has I)een well and 
worthily spent and by his industrious and perse- 
vering efforts, he accumulated a sufficient capital 
to enable him to rest from business cares and spend 
his remaining days in peace and retirement. He 
is a prominent citizen and well deserves represen- 
tation in this volume. 

OIIN J. CLESS, who is engaged in general 
fanning on section 30, Brenton Township, 
has had a varied life. He was born in Ger- 
many, has shared in the hardships of pio- 
oneer life in Illinois and the experiences of gold 
mining in California, and is now living quietly as 
a farmer. His birth occurred in Wurtemberg on 
the 10th of July, 1827. He is one of ten children 
born to Gotlieb and Catherina (Buckenberg) Cless. 
His father was a stonemason and spent liis entire 
life in his native land. When eighteen years of 
age, he served in the armj- against Napoleon and 
was wounded at the battle of Lille on the return 
of the French Emperor from Russia. The children 
of the Cless family are Gotlieb, now a resident of 
Newark, N. J.; Conrad, who came to this country 
and died of sunstroke; John, of this sketch; Will- 
iam, who is living in Newark, N. J.; Gustaf, who 
died in Germany, and Fredericka, who is living in 
Newark, N. J. The others of the family are all 



deceased and those who still survive are residents 
of America. 

At tlie age of fourteen, our subject began learn- 
ing the carpenter's trade, which he followed until 
twenty-two years of age, wlieu he determined to 
seek his fortune in the United States and in 1849 
sailed from Havre to New York. The succeeding 
three jears of his life were spent in New Jersey', 
where he worked for a time at cabinet-making at 
low wages, and followed any other pursuit whereby 
he might earn an honest living. Attracted by the 
discovery of gold, he sailed for California in the 
spring of 1852, going bj' the Isthmus route, and 
spent three and a half years in the mines on the 
Pacific Slope, meeting with a fair degree of suc- 
cess. He returned in 1855 by the wa}- of the Nica- 
ragua route and remained in Newark, N. J., until 
1856, when he removed to Wisconsin and pur- 
chased a farm in Waukesha County, upon which 
he made his home for ten years. He then sold out, 
and in 1866 came to La Salle County, 111., where he 
spent two years. 

In September, 1856, at the age of twenty-nine, 
Mr. Cless was married, in Newark, N. J., to Bar- 
bara Stadler. who was born in Baden, Germany, 
and when a maiden of nine summers came with 
her parents to the United States. They had seven 
sons and two dauglitcrs: William, a barber of Chi- 
cago; George, a policeman of the same city; Jacob, 
who operates the farm; Samuel, who is living in 
Chicago, where he is employed as a sign-hanger; 
Henry, Charles, Edward; Louisa, wife of Dan Mill- 
grain, a farmer of Brenton Township, and Emma, 
wife of .John Burger, who is engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits in Brenton Township. 

The year 1868 witnessed the arrival of Mr. Cless 
and family in Ford Count}-. He purchased one hun- 
dred and sixty acres of land, upon which he has 
f si nee made his home, with the exception of five years 
which he spent in Chicago just after the great 
fire, his farm being rented during that period. He 
has made many good improvements, has erected a 
comfortable house and barns and planted hedges 
and shade trees, which add both to the value and 
attractive appearance of the place. He is now liv- 
ing retired while his sons o|)erate the farm. When 
he came to America he had onl}' ^oO in his pocket, 

and he certainly deserves great credit for the suc- 
cess which has crowned his efforts and made him 
one of the substantial citizens of the communitj-. 
Mr. Cless cast his first Presidential vote for 
Franklin Pierce in 1852. He voted for Abraham 
Lincoln in 1860, and on questions of national im- 
portance affiliates with the Republican party, but 
at local elections votes independently. He has 
held the office of Overseer of Highways in his dis- 
trict but has never sought for public preferincnt. 
In religious belief, he is a member of the Lutheran 
Church, as is also his wife. In the community 
where he made his home for almost a cpiarter 
of a centuiy, he is widely and favorably- known and 
is recognized as a valued citizen. 

■^■'i*^ ■ >» > I > 

? I ' I f I I I 

ROF. EDWARD H. MILLER, Principal of 
the public schools of Piper City, is a native 
of the llawkeye State. He was born near 
Burlington, Des Moines County, Iowa, on 
the 18th of July, 1864, and is a son of B. II. and Car- 
rie A. (Styer) Miller. His parents were natives of 
Pennsylvania and after their marriage removed to 
Iowa, in 1845, locating in Burlington, where the 
father followed bis trade of milling. His death 
occurred at the age of thirty-three years, and his 
wife also died when young. They were the par- 
ents of four children, but the eldest, Mrs. Alice A. 
Ballard, died m Burlington; II. II., who was edu- 
cated in Burlington, is now Professor of Mathe- 
matics in a business college of California; our sub- 
ject is the next younger, and J. E., who completes 
the family, is attending school in Iowa. 

Prof. Miller was a lad of only fourteen years when 
his parents died, since which time he has made his 
own way in the world, being entirely dependent on 
his own efforts. He went to La Salle County, where 
he worked by the month on a stock farm near 
Mendota for six mouths, and through the re- 
mainder of the year he attended school. He was 
desirous of securing a good education, and in order 
to do this he had to earn the money necessary to 
pay his expenses. He pursued a four-years' clas- 
sical course in the Normal School of Dixon, 111., 



from which he was graduated in 1886, and then 
engaged in teaching for two years in Mendota, be- 
ing assistant Principal of the High School. In 
188'.), he went to Paxtou where lie secured a posi- 
tion as Professor of Mathematics in the Rice Col- 
legiate Institute, serving as such for three ji^ears, 
when he came to Piper City and has since been 
Principal of its schools. 

Prof. Miller was married on ilie 6th of October, 
1887, in Mendota, 111., IMiss Marcia M. Freeland 
becoming his wife. She is a native of that place 
and a daughter of John M. and Sarah Freeland, 
residents of Colfax, 111. Two children grace the 
union of our subject and his wife, a son and 
daughter: Stafford De Witt and Margaret. Prof, 
and Mrs. Miller are both members of the Presbyte- 
rian Church and are prominent people in this 
community and held in high esteem by their 
many friends. 

In his social relations, the Professor is an Odd 
Fellow and, in i)olitics, votes with the Republican 
party, but has never been an oflice-seeker. He 
is an intelligent, .iljle young man, a most suc- 
cessful instructor, and has won general favor in 
the communities where he has been employed as 
teacher. He may well be termed a self-made man, 
for since a very early age he has made his own way 
in life, never having a cent but what he earned 
himself. The industrj', enterprise and perseverance 
which have characterized his career argue well for 
a successful future. 

,,.., LFRED PHILLIPS, who owns and operates 
(^'Ol ninety acres of land on section 12, Peach 
Orchard Township, has the honor of be- 
ing a native of Illinois. He was born 
Januar}' 15, 1857, near Caledonia, Putnam Couut}', 
and is a worthy representative of one of the pio- 
neer families of that county. His parents were 
George and Jane (Lights) Phillips. His father 
was born in England and when thirteen 3'ears of 
age came to the United States. His mother was 
born in Chester County, Pa. They came to Illinois 
in 1837, locating near jMagnolia, Putnam Count}-, 
where Mr. Phillips built a tlouring-mill on the 

bank of Sandy Creek. He also built a sawmill on 
Clear Creek. Until 1863, he made his home in 
that county and then removed to La Salle County, 
where he purchased a farm, upon which he made 
his home one year. The year 1864 witnessed his 
arrival in Ford County. He purchased all of sec- 
tion 12, Peach Orchard Township, and in the fall 
of the same year bought one hundred and sixty 
acres more on section 16. LTpon his farm, he made 
his home until his death in 1869. In 1866, he 
served his township as Justice of the Peace. He 
was a member of the Methodist Church and of the 
Odd Fellows' fraternity. Mrs. Phillips died in 1865. 

The family numbered seven children: Catherine, 
wife of John Tliackary, a farmer residing in Peach 
Orchard Township; Jane, wife of George II. AVar- 
ner, of Normal, 111.; Mary, deceased, wife of Will- 
iam Baxter; George, who is living in Slelvin, 111.; 
Alfred, of this sketch; Susan, wife of Frank Thomp- 
son, a retired farmer residing in Melvin, and Abra- 
ham L., an attorney at law of Gibson City. 

We now take up the personal history of our 
subject, who in his youth attended the district 
schools and acquired a practical English education. 
He began life for himself in 1875, when eighteen 
years of age. He engaged in farming for himself 
for two 3'ears, after which he worked as a farm 
hand by the month. Throughout his entire life, 
he followed agi'icultural pursuits and has been very 
successful in his business dealings. After his mar- 
riage, he removed to the farm on which he has 
since resided, and in connection with its cultiva- 
tion carries on stock-raising. His landed posses- 
sions are quite extensive. He owns ninety-eight 
and one-half acres in his home farm, eighty acres 
on section 8, Peach Orchard Township, a like 
amount iu Dix Township and one hundred and 
twenty acres in Wall Township. 

Sei)tember 29, 1879. Mr. Phillips married Miss 
Sarah, daughter of John and Lizzie Brooks, and 
they began their domestic life upon the farm which 
is still their home. Their union has been blessed 
with one daughter, Edna, who was born January 
23, 1884. The parents are highly respected peo- 
ple of this communitj- and have many warm 
friends. In his political atliliations, Mr. Phillips 
is a Republican. 






ON. ALFRED SAMPLE, Circuit Judge of 
the Eleventh .hulieial District of Illinois, 
has won honorable distinction in the line 

!s£)) of his profession and well deserves repre- 
sentation in this volume. A native of Ohio, he 
was horn in Butler County. November 27, 1846. 
His parents were .James and Jane (Beard) Sample. 
The father was a native of Kentucky and the 
mother of \'irginia. The father was a farmer and 
stock-dealer. With his fanuly he removed from 
Ohio to Livingston County, 111., in 1857, and was 
a resident of that and McLean County until his 
death, which occurred April 20, 1883. Ilis wife, 
the mother of our subject, a woman possessed of 
many excellencies of character, survived her lius- 
liand until April 13, 1892. 

Alfred Sample came to Illinois with his parents 
when eleven years of age and, when not attending 
school, was employed in agricultural pursuits on the 
home farm. November 24, 1863, when but sixteen 
years of age, he enlisted for the late war as a mem- 
ber of Company G, One Hundred and Twenty- 
ninth Illinois Infantry, and immediately went 
into active service. His regiment was assigned to 
Sherman's Army and participated in the Atlanta 
campaign. At the battle of Resaca, Ga., May 15, 
1864, the young soldier of wliom we are writing 
was severely, and at that time su|)posed to be mor- 
tally, wt)unded, being shot in the breast and 
through both arms. Thus unBtted for duty, he 
received an honorable disciiarge I)eceml)cr 6, 1864, 
on account of Ins wounds received on the field of 
battle. He carries with him through life a crippled 
arm as a memento of the so-called ''late unpleas- 
antness between the States." 

(Jn returning from the war, Mr. Samiile became 
a student in Eureka College, where he pursued 
his studies for three years, after which he entered 
Monmouth College, taking a special course in 
each, and giving particular attention to the classics 
and mathematics. While at college, he taught 
select school several terras during vacations and 
was engaged in teaching schooJ for one year after 
leaving Monmouth College. He then entered 
upon the study of law under the preeoptorship of 
the Hon. Robert G. Ingersoll, tiie famous Ameri- 
can orator and attorney at law of Washington, 

D. C, then a jtrominent lawyer of Illinois and 
a resident of Peoria. In 1871, after the regular 
examination, Mr. Sain[jle was admitted to the Bar 
and that same year openeil an ollice at Paxton, 
where he entered upon a successful jji-actice of his 
profession. His talent and ability soon won for 
him an honorable position in the Bar of Eastern 

In politics. Judge Sample is a Republican, but 
he has never sought or desired piominence in the 
line of political distinction, but has [Jieferred to de- 
vote his energies to the practice of his profession, 
and to .accept such preferment as is the legitimate 
outgrowth of success in that direction. The only 
purel}' political position he has been known to fill 
was that of Presidential elector in the campaign 
of 1880, when James A. (iarfield was chosen Presi- 
dent. He has served as State Attorney for eight 
years. City Attorney of Paxton for four years, 
and in June, 1885, was nominated and elected with- 
out opposition to the honorable position of Judge of 
the Eleventh Judicial District of Illinois. After 
serving a term of six years, he was again nomin- 
ated and elected for the succeeding term without 
opposition. The fact of Judge Sample being the 
unanimous choice of the citizens of that district 
on both occasions speaks volumes in his praise and 
is a compliment of which he m.ay well be jiioikL 
The Eleventh Judicial District of Illinois includes 
within its limits the counties of Livingston, Kan- 
kakee, Iroquois, McLean and Ford, and Judge 
Sample's associates are Judges Charles R. Starr and 
Thomas F. Tipton. In June, 1891, Judge Sample 
was appointed to the Appellate Bench of the Fourth 
District of Illinois, which position he holds at the 
present time. 

On the fifth of September, 1876, the Judge was 
mariied to Miss E'lorence A. Cook, a daughter 
of Col. H. D. Cook, a well-known and piomincnt 
citizen of Illinois, a sketch of whom a|)pcars else- 
where in this work. The lady was born in Cappa, 
Woodford County, 111. .Judge and Mrs. Sample 
have two daughters: Florence I. and Lois A., both 
born in Paxton. Socially, Judge Sample is a Ma- 
son and a member of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public. He belongs to Paxton Lodge No. 416, A. 
F. & A. M.; Ford Chapter No. 113, R. A. M.; Mt. 



Olivet ConiTnanclcry No. 38, K. T., and was in the 
j'car 1878 the Grand Orator of the Masonic (4 rand 
Lodge of the State of Illinois. He is also a mem- 
ber of Paxton Post No. 387, G. A. K. 

Tlie personal popularity of the Jndge has grown 
with the yeais of his service in a judicial capacity. 
He is comparatively a young man .and has the 
physical strength to hold court until the work 
on the docket is disposed of, not having lost a 
day on account of illness in about seven years. 
He the executive ability to dispatch business 
with rapidity and without any undue haste, and his 
career as a lawyer has been successful from the 
start. He is studious by habit, possessing quick per- 
ceptive faculties and a mind well adapted to the in- 
tellectual profession of his choice. Asa judge, his 
rulings have ever been fair and impartial, so that 
lawyers and litigants interested feel at the conclu- 
sion that they have been fairly and impartially 
treated. In manner. Judge .Sample is unassuming, 
yet dignified, cordial and aflfable, gifted as a con- 
versationalist and always good company'. He has 
won his success in life by hard study and earnest 
application to business, and is essentially a self- 
made man. He is the owner of valuable tracts of 
land and has recenth' erected at Paxton a very 
comfortable and modern residence, which he de- 
signed for a permanent home. Several years 
prior to his elevation to the bencli, .Judge Sample 
distinguished himself by the able and successful 
manner in which he conducted suits against railroad 
companies to eomiiel tlie adoption of the legal 
rate of three cents a mile fare and to prevent the 
annoyance and loss to the traveling public of tlie 
illegal rate of four cents. This laih'oad litigation, 
which was of public interest at the time, attracted 
general attention and tlie marked sucttess attend- 
ing ihe efforts of Judge Sample won for him much 
favorable comment and well-merited praise. 

VILLIAM J. WILSON, president of the 
private banking house of Mattlnson, Wil- 
son & Co., of Gibson City, 111., is a na- 
tive of Clarke County, Ohio, and was born on the 
.29th of June, 1838. His parents, Washington 

and IMary A. (Forman) Wilson, were from Ohio. 
His father's birth occurred on the 18th of Octo- 
ber, 1811, near Fairfield, Greene County, and the 
mother was born in Clarke County. They were 
married May 22, 183(3, and lived together as lius- 
band and wife for nearly lialf ii century, when 
called to their rest. Wasliington Wilson 
died at his home in Si)ringfield, Ohio, on Sunday, 
April 2G, 188."), at tlie age of seventy-three years 
and seven months. His wife i)assed away on the 
5th of Maj' following, surviving her husband only 
nine days. They had joined the Christian Church 
together in 1839, and remained worthy and con- 
sistent members of that society to the close of 
their lives. It is said of them that they were re- 
markably adapted to e.acli other and were pos- 
sessed of noble traits of char.icter. 

Michael Wilson, the father of AVashington Wil- 
son, was a soldier of the War of 1812, and died 
soon after his return from the war from tlie effects 
of exposure while in the service. His widow re- 
moved to Harmony Township, and later made her 
home with her son Washington in Springfield, 
where she died in 1880, at the advanced age of 
ninetj--two years. 

Washington and Mary A. AVilson were the par- 
ents of eleven children: Michael, William J., 
George W., Harrison, John, Addison; Luther, de- 
ceased; Nancy T., Harriet; Mary A., deceased, 
was the wife of Dr. Strain; Flora is now Mrs. Dr. 
Claience Kay; Michael and Addison reside in 
Spiingfield, Ohio; George W., who State Sen- 
ator, makes his home in London, Ohio; Harriet is 
a resident of London, Ohio; Nancy T. is the wife 
of John J. (ioodfellow; Harrison is a farmer of 
Madison County, Ohio, and .hjhn resides in (iibson 

Washington Wilson made his home in Spring- 
field at an early day. He was industrious and 
frugal, and .accumulated a large landed estate, hav- 
ing nearly two thousand acres of land near Spring- 
field at the time of his death. He was one of the 
prime movers in the firgauization of the Christian 
Cliurch in Springfield, and was one of its oHicers and 
most earnest supporters. As a Christian, he was 
Biblically orthodox, and practically evangelical 
with charity for all. He was active as a speaker 



and worker in duircli, prnvcr meetings and Siin- 
day-sciiool, and his iios|iitaiitv to tlie ministers 
was lilieral and nuicli iiartaken ot. He was noted 
for steadfastness of purpose, a broad C'liristian 
spirit and for liis efforts to do good in his eonimu- 
nity and to encourage and develop a true Cliris- 
tian siiirit in those who came witliin tlio range 
of his inrtuence. The sterling (pialities of this 
worthy nian and his estimable wife, wliieli gave 
them sucli high standing in their eomnuinity, have 
had their intluenee in forming the eharacter of 
their children, who have become useful and worth}' 
members of society. 

William J. '\Vilst)n was reared to agricultural 
pursuits and was educated in the i)ublic schools of 
Si)ringfield, Ohio. On the 17tli of September, 
1863, he was married, in his native county, to 
Miss L3'dia Goodfellow, a daughter of John and 
Lucy (Bennett) (Joodfellow,and a native of Clarke 
Count}-, Ohio. 

On attaining man's estate, Mr. Wilson engaged 
in farming near his old home, and continued in 
that vocation until 1875, when he embarked in 
the grocery business at London, Ohio. In 1876, 
he sold out and removed to Gibson City, 111., and 
engaged in the grain trade, which he conducted 
successfully until the burning of his elevator. On 
coming to Gibson Cit}^ Mr. AVilson invested in 
farming lauds in Ford County, and has increased 
his acreage until he now owns fifteen hundred 
acres of agricultural lands, which are situated 
partly in the following counties: Ford, ^'ermilion 
and Lee. Two years after he settled in Gibson 
City, Mr. Wilson became a [lartner in the bank- 
ing house now carried on under the firm title of 
Mattinson, Wilson ife Co., the oldest bank in the 
city, and has maintained partnership relations with 
that institution continuously since. In addition to 
the business interests already mentioned, Mr. Wil- 
son has done an extensive business in growing, 
buying, feeding and shipping live stock. lie is 
also a member of the Gibson Canning Company, 
of which he is Vice-President. 

Ten children were born to Mr. and Mrs. AVil- 
son, three sons and six daughters now living: 
]\Iinnie B. is the wife of Evan IMattiiLson, of 
the banking house of Mattinson, Wilson & Co.; 

Luther B. is engaged in the real-estate lousiness in 
Dixon, 111.; Cora IMay resides with lier parents; 
Lucy V. is the wife of Albert Browning, a farmer 
of Drummer Township; William J., Jr.; Mary 
Maud, Grace, Mabel and Arthur Glenn. One 
died in infancy. 

In politics, IMr. Wilson is a Republican, but has 
never sought or desired public ollice. In their 
religious views, Mr. Wilson, his wife and older 
children are Presbyterians, and he is a member of 
the Board of Trustees of that church. The chil- 
dren older than Mary Maud were born in Clarke 
County, Ohio, while she and those younger are 
natives of Gibson City. 

Since his residence at Gibson City, Mr. Wilson 
has been actively and prominently identified with 
its commercial and linaneial interests, and it is no 
flattery to say of him that his record has been that 
of a man of strict integrity, enterprise and abil- 
ity. In his business career, he has been eminently 
successful, and has succeeded in accumulating a 
large and valuable property, while his uniformly 
upright course in life and just regard for the 
rights of others have entitled him to a place in the 
foremost ranks of the most respected and worthy 
citizens of Ford County. 


A. COAL, proprietor, editor and publisher 
of the daily and weekly Gilison City Enter- 
jmse, the leading Republican journal in the 
western part of Ford County, is a native 
of Washington, Pa., and was born November 28, 
1856. His father is Dr. W. P. T. Coal, a retired 
physician, now of Bloomington, 111., but formerly 
of Washington County, Pa. He still owns the old 
family homestead in Steuben County, N. Y., that 
has been in the possession of the family since the 
patent was obtained from the Government in 
Colonial days. He was born in Steuben County, 
N. Y., on the 16th of November, 1818, and is of 
German descent, several generations remote. He 
was graduated from Bath Medical College and 
practiced his profession for forty years. He is a 
thorough scholar, though largely self-educated, and 



is a contriljutor to several Eastern majjazines and 
periodicals. His wife, the mother of our subject, 
was born in Breckenridge Count}', Ky., in May, 
1819, and was descended from one of the oldest 
and most prominent of Kentucky families. She 
passed to her fmal rest many years ago, her death 
occurring in December, 1859. 

The subject of this sketch came to Illinois in 
1858, and was educated in the High School at 
Tremont and at the Normal University, at Normal, 
spending about two j-ears as a student in the last- 
named institution. On completing his term at the 
University, he engaged in teaching school and was 
emplo3-ed in that vocation for nine years. He 
taught the Sibley School, the P^lliott School and 
what is known as the Dixon School, to the south of 
Gibson City. During a part of this time, he 
taught two different schools in the same year, so 
that he really taught twelve months in the year. 

In December, 1879, he started the Sibley Index, 
and on the 5th of June, 1883, established the Gib- 
son City Enterprise, a straight Republican weekly 
paper, still continuing the publication of the Index 
a year and a half later. He started the daily Gib- 
son Qity Enterprise in December, 1889. a six-column 
folio, still carrying on the weekly Enterprise, a 
six-column quarto. He has continued the publica- 
tion of both to the present time, having made a 
success of the venture and built up a prosperous 
business. He has in connection with his newspaper 
publishing a well-appointed job ofJlce and does an 
extensive business in the line of first-class com- 
mercial job work. 

On the 29th of December, 1879, Mr. Coal was 
married, in Gibson City, to Miss Sadie E. Black, a 
daughter of William and Sarah J. Black. Her 
father is deceased and her mother is now the wife 
of J. H. Dungan, of Gibson City. Mrs. Coal was 
bom in Clinton County, Ind.,and came to Illinois 
in childhood. She has become the mother of one 
child, a son. Earl H. D., who was born on the 26th 
of June, 1888. The parents are both members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, in the work of 
which they take an active interest. 

Mr. Coal is a Knight Templar Mason, a member 
of Gibson Lodge No. 733, A. F. & A. M.; of Gib- 
son Chapter No. 183, R. A. M.; of Gibson Council 

No. 72; and Mt. Olivet Commandery No. 38, K. T., 
of Paxtou. He is an active and earnest supporter 
of Republican principles and is a potent factor in 
campaign work. His acquaintance is extensive 
throughout the county and his friends are many 
and among the best of his fellow-citizens. He 
possesses a genial and fraternal spirit, is always 
courteous and in manner with strangers as 
well as friends. He is a fluent, easj' writer and his 
papers are among the best published in this i)art of 
the State. He and his wife rank high in social cir- 
cles and are numbered among the prominent and 
worthy citizens of Ford County. 

ROF. JOHN D. SHOOP, who has been 
) Principal of the Gibson City schools since 
S ^ September, 1890, was born in Sabina, Clin- 
I \ ton County, Ohio, March 3, 1857, and is a 
son of Jonathan and Margaret (Sn3-der) Shoop. 
His father was born in Pennsylvania, and his 
mother in Fleming County, \s.y. Our subject was 
orphaned in childhood, his mother dying while he 
was yet an infant, and his father passing away 
when he was but seven years of age. His parents 
were in limited circumstances, and John D. was 
left, at the early age of seven, to fight the battle 
of life alone and unaided. He was reared to 
manhood among strangers, and was apprenticed to 
a farmer until twenty-one years of age. His edu- 
cation was obtained at private schools and by self- 
culture. He began teaching in 1878, in Fayette 
County, Ohio, and was Principal of the schools at 
Blooiningburg, Ohio, for three years. Subsequently, 
he taught in the Institute at Washington Court 
House, where he remained until 1889. 

On the 1st of September, 1887, Prof. Siioop was 
united in marriage with Miss Jennie B. Perrill. 
Mrs. Shoop was born at Washington Court House, 
and IS a daughter of James and Rebecca Perrill. 
Her father is a prominent farmer of her native 
county, and one of the highl}' esteemed citizens. 
In 1889. Prof. Shooji came to Illinois, settling in 
Saybrook. McLean County, where he was employed 




as Principal of the schools foi' one year. At the 
expiration of that time, he resigned to accept his 
present position, that of Principal of the Gibson 
C'it.y Schools. These schools have an enrollment 
of five hiuuli'ed pupils. Ten teachers are em- 
ploj'ed and the schools arc in a prosperous and 
tliriving condition. 

Mr. and Mrs. Shoop hold membership with the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and, in politics, he 
alliliates with the Republican part^-, of which he is 
a stanch supporter, but has never been an aspirant 
for public office. He is a Knight Templar M.ason, 
being a member of Garfield Coramandery No. 28, 
of Washington Court House, Ohio, and also be- 
longs to Hope Lodge No. 140, K. of P., of Say- 
brook, 111. Prof. Shoop is recognized as an emi- 
nently qualified and skillful educator and during 
his two years' charge of the Gibson City schools, 
has won the confidence and good opinion of those 
interested in the cause of education at that place. 
He is thorough and systematic in the management 
of the schools, and is well supported by an able 
corps of teachers, and the school is ra|)idly ad- 
vancing to a high standard of perfection. 





<» IVILLIAM A. lUCKET, general manager of 
\/\//l the Hiram Sibley estate in Ford and Liv- 
^fy^ ingston Counties, was born in Toronto, 
Canada, Septemljer 9, 1842, and is a son of James 
and .Jane (Leckie) Bicket, Iiotli of whom are now 
deceased. Our suljject's connection with the im- 
mense i)roperty of which he is now tlie nianager 
began in August, 1872, wlien Michael L. SuUivant 
was proprietor, and since 1878, when Hiram Sib- 
ley succeeded to its ownership, lie has been general 
manager. A brief description of the property in 
question will not be inappropriate in connection 
witli tlie biography of its resident legal represen- 
tative and general manager, so we give a sketch of 
the same on another page of this work. 

The fatlier of our subject was a native of Scot- 
land and emigrated to Canada in his youth. The 
mother was born in Canada, and was of Scotcli 
and English descent. Tlieir f.unilv consisted of 

five children, as follows: Isaac B., the eldest, 
was a soldier of the Union army during the 
late war. He was poisoned by drinking from 
the poisoned wells of Maryland, and received his 
discharge on account of physical disability, but 
afterward re-enlisted in ttie seventeenth Illinois 
Cavalry .and served until the close of the war. He 
married, and died in Sibley on the 27th of Feb- 
ruary, 1880, presumably from the effects of the 
poison which remained in his sj'stem from the 
time of his service. William A. is the next 
younger. Agnes, the only daughter, is the wife 
of the Rev. George Mitchell, B. A., pastor of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church at St. Catharines, 
Canada. James L., the youngest, is employed as 
book-keeper in the Sible}' estate office in Sibley, 
111. One cliild died in infancy. 

William A. Bicket was reared and educated in 
Canada, attended the public sciiools and served a 
flve-years' apprenticeship to tlie mercantile busi- 
ness in Perth, Ontario. In 1860, he went to Chi- 
cago, and was employed as a clerk in a commis- 
sion house for two years, when he removed to 
Wabaslia County, Minn., wliere he purchased a 
farm and was engaged in .agricultural pursuits 
until February, 1864. On the 2;jth of that month, 
he enlisted in Company A, Seventli Minnesota In- 
fantry, was detailed on special dut}' immediately 
after entering the service and was stationed at 
Ft. Snelling, where he was in cliarge of receiving 
and forwarding recruits to the front, and con- 
tinued in that line of duty until mustered out 
May 11, 1865. 

On his return from the war, Mv. Bicket engaged 
in the grain commission business in Cliicago until 
1866, when he went to Loda, 111., and took charge 
of a distillery, then one of the largest in tlie United 
States, continuing there until August, 1872, when 
he entered the service of Mr. Sullivant in Ford 
County as commissary for his mammoth farm. 
On the failure and assignment of his employer 
early in 1877, he was placed in charge of the 
property as manager under the assignee, in which 
capacity he served until October, 1878, when Mr. 
Sibley came into legal possession of the property. 
He was retained by the new proprietor in the same 
capacity and since the death of Mr. Sibley, on the 



11th of July, 1888, he has been general manager 
of the estate in Ford and Livingston Counties. 

In politics, Mr. Bicket is a Republican, and has 
been active and inlluential in tlie local cam|)aign 
work of his party. He is a member of the Ford 
County RepuVilican Committee, liaving often served 
as delegate to district.couuty and State conventions, 
and has held various official positions. For four- 
teen 3'ears he has been Supervisor of Sullivant 
Township, was Coroner of Ford County for four 
years and has held every office at times in the 
vill.igc of Sibley from President of tlie Board of 
Education to President of the village. He is a 
Knight Templar Mason, belonging to Sibley Lodge 
No. 761, A. F. & A. M.; Gibson Cliapter No. 183, 
U. A. M.; Gibson Council No. 72; and Mt. Olivet 
Conimandery No. 38, K. T. lie is also a member 
of Lott Post No. 70, G. A. R., of Gibson. 

On the 14th of February, 1867, Mr. Bicket was 
united in marriage at Faribault, Minn., to Miss 
Ellen Pratt, who was born in Berlin, Wis., and is a 
daughter of Henrj- and Jane E. Pratt. Iler father 
was among the pioneers of Minnesota, and was in 
the Government service at the Winnebago Indian 
Agency at an early day. Eight children were 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Bicket, of wliom six arc yet 
living: Mary Gertrude, wife of the Rev. Elbert 
H. Alford, of the Methodist Church, of Sibley, by 
whom she has two children, Don Bicket and Gene- 
vieve; Nellie Louise is employed in her father's 
office in Siblej'; Effie May is a teacher in the Sib- 
ley schools; James Pratt is a student in Chaddock 
College, of (Juincy, 111.; William Albert died at 
the age of titeen months; Harry Leckie died when 
twelve months old; Grace Darling and Hiram Sib- 
ley, the youngest of the family, now surviving. 
In their religious belief, the family are Method- 
ists, members of the church in Sibley, of which 
Mr. Bicket is a Trustee. 

It is now twenty years since our subject became 
identified with the property known as the Hiram 
Sibley estate and fifteen years since he had full 
control of the management of the entire estate in 
Ford and Livingston Counties. The history of 
the growth and development of the property is 
covered in a description of the estate published 
elsewhere in this work, which speaks volumes in 

praise of the sagacity, fidelity and executive abil- 
ity of the manager. His just, liberal and impar- 
tial treatment of tlie tenants has won their regard 
and confidence, while his honest and judicious 
discharge of duty has been eminently satisfactory 
to tliose interested in the estate. 

oldest medical practitioner in continuous 
years of practice of Ford County, as 
'jj well as one of the most successful phy- 
sicians and surgeons of Eastern Illinois, first saw 
the light of day in Morgan County, Ind., on 
the 6th of December, 1829, and is a son of James 
B. and Malvina (Hudeburg) Kelso. His paternal 
ancestors were from Jamestown, Va., and the 
branch of the family from which tlie Doctor is 
descended removed, some time in the latter part of 
the last century, to North Carolina, and thence to 
Eastern Tennessee early in the present century. 

Dr. Kelso's father was born in East Tennessee, 
in 1807, and was reared and educated in his native 
State, and was there married, about 1828, to Miss 
Hudeburg. The following year he removed with 
his wife to Morgan County, Ind. He entertained 
strong abolition principles and left Tennessee on 
account of his hostility to the institution of slav- 
eiy. His wife died in Indiana in 1840, at the 
age of thirty-five. Mr. Kelso remained in that 
State until 18.59, when he came to Illinois, locat- 
ing in Cumberland County. Subsequently, lie re- 
moved to Vernon, 111., but afterward returned to 
Cumberland County, where his death occurred in 
1882, at the age of seventy-five years. 

Dr. Kelso, after attending preparatory schools, 
entered the State University at Bloomington, Ind., 
where he was a student during 1848 and 1849. 
He then went South and engaged in teaching 
school in Louisiana. In 1850, he began the study 
of medicine in Morehouse Parish, La., and at- 
tended lectures at the Ohio State Medical Col- 
lege, of Cincinnati. In 1855, he established him- 
self in practice in Morgan County, Ind., where he 
continued with success until 1858, when he came 



to Illinois and located at Farmington, Coles 
Ciiiiiity. Tliere lie soon built iiji a large practice, 
whicli he aliaiuloned to iMiter the volunteer ser- 
vice for the late war. 

The Doctor became First Assistant Surgeon of 
the One Hundred and Twent^y-tliird Illinois In- 
fantry in August, 1M(;2. That regiment was under 
Gen. Buell at first, but was subsequently mounted 
and armed with Spencer rifles and assigned to 
Gen. Thomas' Division. They participated in the 
battles of Perryville, Ky., October 8, 1862; Chick- 
amauga, September 19 and 20, 1863; Looliout 
Mountain, November 24; and Missionarj' Ridge 
the following day, together with the capture of 
Hoover's Gap. At the battle of Chiekamauga, 
when the Union forces had fallen back. Dr. Kelso 
remained on the field, seeking the wounded who 
might need a surgeon's care, with the view of 
being admitted through the rebel lines with the 
privilege of serving our injured in the hands of 
the Confederates. After relieving tlie few wounded, 
finding in the woods a much less number than he 
expected, he saw appi'oaching a train of twenty 
.ambulances from Crawfish Springs Hospital, and 
saw a lot of straggling Union troops in squads 
about in the woods. An officer expressed the 
opinion that to escape cai)ture was impossible, and 
that they might as well stay where they were and 
surrender. The idea of surrendering had not oc- 
curred to the Doctor who replied, "You can get 
out of here if you want to." Tiie Captain then 
said, "If you can get us out, lead the w.ay." Hav- 
ing liy previous excursions become familiar with 
the country, and believing they might be led in 
safety to join their comrades, Dr. Kelso assumed 
command, directing orderlies to the various squads 
with instructions tor all to fall in line and follow 
the amlnihinces, one of which he mounted, lead- 
ing off .across the country regardless of roads, over 
hills, through valleys and woods until, having 
covered a distance of two miles, tliey came up 
with the One Hundred and Twenty-third Illinois 
Mounted Infantry, cut off from the main army 
and ready to fall back, ^'ery much to the sur- 
prise of the commanding officer, the Doctor proved 
to have a following nearly equal in number to 
the One Hundred and Twenty-third. He was 

then informed that he had been in demand to 
form one of a detail of Federal surgeons to go 
through the Confederate lines and aid in the care 
of the wounded, which opportunity he had missed, 
an event for which he not sorry when he 
learned subsequently liow the Union surgeons 
that did go were misused. This story is related 
as one of the peculiar experiences the Doctor met 
during Ids term of service, a curious feature of the 
affair being that the very means he took to get 
into the Confederate lines defeated his purpose, 
while, on the other hand, he was the means of 
saving a train of ambulances and a considerable 
body of troops from capture, and thus rendered 
the Government valuable service entirely outside 
his line of duty. 

Following the battle of Chiekamauga, Dr. Kelso 
was detailed under Surg.-Gen. Blair to estab- 
lish a general hos|iilal near the field of Chiek- 
amauga, which he did, devoting a month to that 
duty. He was then placed in charge of a long 
train of ambulances, conveying a body of partially 
convalescent troops from Chiekamauga over the 
mountains to Stephenson Station, whence they 
were to be sent home on furlough. Having per- 
formed that duty, he was detailed to join a squad 
of cavalry that sent out in search of guerrillas, 
but w.-is recalled to take charge of a smallpox hos- 
pital at Paint Rock, Ala., where he spent some 
months. Later, he went down the river to Ilunts- 
ville, rejoined his regiment and was detailed to 
establish a hospital near there for .Stanley's Cav- 
alry Division. He approiiriated the elegant pri- 
vate residence of United States Senator Clement 
C. Clay for the purpose. The mansion was richly 
furnished and the cellars were stocked with choice 
wines and delicacies that proved a very valuable 
auxiliary to the usual hospital stores. He re- 
mained in charge at that hospital until the spring 
of 1861, when he resigned and returned to his 
home in Illinois. Perryville was the first regular 
battle in which the regiment was engaged, and Dr. 
Kelso tells a rather humorous anecdote in the 
first experience of his line of duty on that 
occasion. He had only been a month in the ser- 
vice and, as opportunity offered, he read the 
printed ariny regulations and the instructions 



in regard to the proper disposition of the ambu- 
lances and liospital force relative to the regi- 
ment. The surgeon's assistants were to take po- 
sition ten paces to tlie rear of their respective 
companies and the aminilances were to be placed 
fifty paces in the rear of each company. When 
tiie regiment was drawn up in the line of battle at 
Perryville, he placed his force and the ambulances 
according to regulation directions, as he supposed, 
and about the time his arrangements were com- 
pleted, Gen. Terry came riding by. The surgeon, 
after saluting, asked the if tlie arrange- 
ment of the ambulance corps was all rigiit, and 
was a little surprised that the General laughed as 
he said ".Ml right." A few minutes later a can- 
non ball knocked the front end of one ambulance 
to slivers. Later, the surgeon discovered that the 
regulations he had followed were intended for 
dress parade, and that in action tiic ambulances 
were safer more distant from the front and would 
be more apt to be in condition for service when 
needed than if placed in dress parade style. It 
was then plain to him why Gen. Terry had been 
so amused on the occasion mentioned. The event 
may have been the last to bring a smile to the 
General's lips, as he was killed within three hours 
afterward. The One Hundred and Twenty-third 
Illinois Mounted Infantry was in the hottest of 
the fight at Perryville and sustained a loss of 
thirt^'-seven killed on the field. Seven died soon 
afterward of their wounds .and one hundred and 
seventeen were seriously injured. At the close of 
the engagement, l^r. Kelso was the only surgeon 
with his regiment able for duty, the others, with 
the exception of one at Louisville, being sick. 

In July following his return from the army, tlie 
Doctor established piaclice at Paxton, which he 
has since pursued with marked success, covering a 
period of twenty-eight years. During the early 
years of his practice in Ford County, the country 
was but sparsely settled, the roads were few and 
bridges not often met with, and the Doctor, like 
his brethren of the profession throughout the 
country at that time, forced to endure much 
hardship and sometimes danger of liodily injury. 
Blizzards, with the mercury at thirty degrees be- 
low zero, were encountered on open prairies where 

miles intervened between human habitations. The 
fording of swollen streams, which was not unusual, 
was not conducive to comfort or health, but, as 
time passed and the country became better settled, 
things improved and the Doctor's business became 
extended until he enjoyed a large and lucrative 
practice, which he has held to the jji-esent time. 

Dr. Kelso has been twice married, first in early 
manhood in his native county to Miss Sarah Knox, 
who died in little less than a year from her wedding 
da^^ In September, 1858, at Charleston, Coles 
County, 111., he married Miss Margaret Brashares, 
daughter of the Kev. Perry Brashares, who was a 
local minister and a near and intimate neighbor of 
the parents of Abraham Lincoln. The Doctor and 
his wife had three children: Perry, who died at 
the age of three years. Elmer Lincoln, who was 
born in Coles County in November, ItSGO, 
educated at Champaign and studied for the medi- 
cal profession in the Chicago Medical College, from 
wh.ich he was graduated March 27, 188.3, with the 
degree of M. D. He married Miss Leota Keffner 
and entered upon the practice of his profession at 
Paxt(jn, having secured a liberal patronage. Ilugli 
A., the second surviving son, was born in Coles 
County and graduated from the Paxton Collegiate 
Institute. Possessing marked musical talent, he 
studied under the best masters in the countiy, and 
is now the leading pianist at the Conservatory of 
Music, in the Chicago Auditorium, under Prof. 
Sherwood. He has also been the pianist of the 
National Chautauqua, of New York, under the 
same leader. 

Dr. Kelso is a Republican and a Knight Temp- 
lar Mason. He belongs to Paxton Lodge No. 
416, A. F. A A. M.; Ford Chapter No. 113, R.A.M; 
and Mt. Olivet Commandery No. 38, K. T., all of 
Paxton. He is a member of the Illinois State 
]\ledical Society, the Central Illinois Medical So- 
ciety and an honorary graduate of the Chicago 
Medical College of Chicago. Dr. Kelso has won 
an reputution throughout Eastern Illi- 
nois, both as a i)hysician and surgeon, and his 
well-known ability, skill and experience liave placed 
him in the front rank of his profession. He has 
been a tlK)rough student and careful reader of the 
best current literature of the profession, so that 


7. /. S 




he has kept himself well abreast of the medical 
and scientific discoveries of tiie day from year to 
year. His acquaintance is extensive throughout 
Eastern and Central Illinois, where he has made 
many friends who hold him in hijjii esteem. 

^4.4.4..;. ^^^^ •^•^•r *^k: 


r^RANCE L. COOK, State Attorney of Ford 
.rr(s)] County, who is now serving his twelfth 
/l^ year in that office, is one of the well-known 

and prominent citizens of Paxton. A native of 
tlie Empire State, he was born in Oneida County, 
August 3, 1842, and is a son of the Hon. Harry D. 
and Joanna (Hall) Cook, a sketch of whom ap- 
pears on another ))age of this work. 

Our subject came to Illinois with his parents, in 
1850, while yet a child of eight years, and, after 
attending the public schools, entered Eureka Col- 
lege, and subsequently continued his studies in 
Knox College, where his literar}' education was 
completed. For four years, from 1862 to 1866, 
he was in tlie employ of the Illinois Central Rail- 
road Company as agent at Kappa, this State, and, 
in the latter year, went to Washington, D. C, as 
assistant of his father, who was financial agent of 
Illinois in charge of collection of State claims 
against the general Government, growing out of 
the late war. During 1867-68, he was Clerk of the 
committee on foreign affairs, of which Gen. Banks, 
of the House of Representatives, was Chairman. 
Subsequent!}- he was made Clerk of the committee 
on Territories, of which Senator CuUom, of Illi- 
nois, vvas Chairman. At the same time he was 
reading law, and was a student of the Columbian 
Law College of Washington, from which he was 
graduated in the Class of '71, and was admitted 
to the Bar the same year. In the autumn of that 
year, he returned to his home in Normal, 111., and 
the following spring opened a law office in Pax- 
ton, where he has been in active and successful 
practice continuously since. He was alone in bus- 
iness until 1885, when the existing partnership 
was formed with W. S. Moffett, and tlie (inn style 
of Cook & Moffett was assumed. 

On November 8, 1870, Mr. Cook vvas joined in 

wedlock, in Normal, III., with Miss Kate Ander- 
son, of that place, who was barn in Ohio, and is a 
daughter of William Anderson, a pioneer of 
Bloomington, 111. She came to this State in child- 
hood, and was educated at the State Normal 
School at Normal, after s|)(>nding her earlier years 
in Bloomington. 

Since old enough to take an interest in politics, 
which was during the exciting da^-s of the Civil 
War, Mr. Cook has alway.s been an advocate of 
Repul)lican jirinciples. In 1880, he was elected 
State Attorney for Ford County, has been twice 
re-elected, and is now serving his twelfth j-ear in 
that position. He is a Knight Templar Mason, 
holding membership witli Paxton Lodge No. 416, 
A. F. A A. M.; Ford Chapter No. 113, R. A. M., 
and of Mt. Olivet Commandery No. 38, K. T., all 
of Paxton. He is also Vice-president of the First 
National Bank, and a member of the Board of Di- 
rectors. We find in Mr. Cook a lawyer of ac- 
knowledged ability, who occupies a foremost po- 
sition at the Ford Count}^ Bar. His life in Wash- 
ington, during one of the most interesting periods 
of our country's history, afforded him an oppor- 
tunity to observe, more or less intimately, tlie 
leading men in public life of that day, many of 
whom have become historic characters. A close 
observer of men and events, a good memory and 
a happy faculty for ex()iessing his thoughts and 
views, make Mr. Cook an entertaining conversa- 
tionalist and a most agreeable companion. 

\]^xETER PAPINEAU, of Paxton, is numbered 
Jl) among the early .settlers of Ford County. 
^ He was born in Montreal, Canada, on the 
/ \ 20th of June, 1837, and is a son of Joseph 
and Maria Papineau. Both of his parents were of 
French extraction. The subject of this sketch is 
a self-made man, and whatever success he has 
achieved in life is due entirely to his own efforts. 
He had very limited school privileges, only at- 
tending until about eleven years of age, and no 
special advantages of an}' kind. He remained un- 



der the parental roof until seventeen years of age, 
when he left his father's home and started out to 
earn his own livelihood. His choice of an occupa- 
tion fell upon the blacksmith's trade, and after 
learning that business, he followed it for some 
years in his native land. 

It was in 1857 that he came to the United States, 
and his first location was made in Illinois. He be- 
came a resident of Kankakee, where he worked at 
his trade for three years, and then went to Galena, 
111., where the succeeding year of his life wiis 
passed. He then spent one year in St; Ann, and 
in 18(53 we find him a resident of Ford County. 
He made a location in tlie city of Paxton, and soon 
afterward erected a blacksmith shop and began 
business. Since that time he has engaged in black- 
smithing and carri.age-making continuously, and, 
being an expert workman, has secured a liberal 
patronage, which he retains by his courteous treat- 
ment .ind earnest efforts to please his i)atrons. 

On the 6th of July, 1859, Mr. P.apineau led to 
the marriage altar Miss Caroline Beaugard, who is 
a native of Canada, and is also of French descent. 
Their union lias been blessed witli a family of thir- 
teen children, who, in order of birth, are as follows: 
Peter, Edward, Charles, Josephine; George, who 
died in infancy; Joseph, River, Reener, Arthur, 
John, Amy, Leo and Loraine. The parents and 
the children are memliers of the Catholic Church, 
and throughout Ford County the f.amily is well 
and favorably known. Mr. Papineau is an enter- 
prising business man, who by his own efforts has 
made liis life a successful one. lie is wide awake 
to tlie interests of the city, faithfully jierforms all 
his duties of citizenship, and is well worthy of 
representation in this volume. 


¥TLLIAM KENNEY, a prominent farmer 
residing on section 21, AVnll Township, 
claims Pennsylvania as tlie State of his 
nativity, lie was born in Washington Count3', 
on the 26th of April, 1828, and is a son of James 
Kenne}', wlio was l)orn on the s.ame farm as our 
subject and there still m.akes his home. His par- 

ents were Beniaminaud Elizabeth (Blair) Kenney. 
The former liorn June 9, 1764; the latter, a 
daughter of John and Mary Blair, was bom Sep- 
tember 17, 1771, and their marriage was celebrated 
September 17, 1789. Tiiey became the parents of 
eight children: Margaret, who was born August 8, 
1790; IMary, January 22, 1792; John Blair, 
who was born June 14, 1794. and died Septem- 
ber 14, 1808; Elizabeth, wiio was liorn July 6, 
1802, and died on the 22d of December, of that 
year; Benjamin, who was born December 23, 1804, 
and died September 8, 1805; James, January 
11, 1806; Wesley, May 8, 1808, and Rebecca, 
Decenil)er 31, 1810. The father of this family- 
died March 28, 1843, and his wife survived un- 
til .January 26, 1852, when she too was called to 
her final rest. 

The father of our subject. Rev. James Kenney, 
acquired his education in the log schools of that 
early day, and before he had reached the age of 
twentj' 3-ears he joined the Methodist Episcopal 
Church and began preacliing. For more than 
sixty years he has engaged in the ministerial work, 
in connection with which he h:is carried f>n the 
operation of that farm which has l)een his home 
throughout his entire life. 

About 1828, Rev. Mr. Kenney united in mar- 
riage to Miss Ann Sproat, who was three years 
his junior and was a daughter of William and 
Mary Sproat, farmer people of Washington County. 
They l)ecamethe parents of four children: AVilliara 
of tills sketch; Elizalieth, wife of Asbury Greenfield, 
of California; C3'rus, who is living on a ranch in 
Ventura County, Cal.; John F., who follows agri- 
cultural pursuits in Wall Townshi|). The mother 
died when our subject was about ten years old, and 
a year later his father married Patience Moore, a 
native of Greene Countj', Pa. The\- became the par- 
ents of eight children: Benjamin F., who is farming 
in California; Eliza, who became the wife of John 
Freeman and died in Florida; INIargaret, wife of 
Wilson Ward, of Washington Counts', Pa.; James, 
who m.akcs his home in the same county'; Josephine, 
who died in infancy; Kate, twin sister of .Josephine, 
living with her parents, and ISIary M., wife of 
Lewis Cleaver, a merchant of AVashington Count3', 
Pa. The father of this faniiiy was one of the 



most liiirlilv rcspeeterl citizens of tliat cominunity. 
In iiis social relations, he is a Mason and, in politics, 
is a Republican. He cast his first Presidential vote 
for John ()iiincy Adams, and afterwards supported 
the AViiig party until the rise of the Republican 

There was not much to vary the monotony of 
the early life of our sulijcct, which was spent in 
farm work and in the attendance at the common 
schools. As tiie family was in limited circumstances, 
he saw something of the harder side of life. His 
health not being very good, he learned the trade of 
a saddler, which he followed in the Keystone State 
until Ibi'iS, when, believing he could better his fi- 
nancial condition, he emigrated to Putnam County, 
111., in the spring of 1854, and for two years 
worked by the day as a farm hand. He then en- 
gaged in farming for himself until 1856, when he 
removed to La Salle County, whei-e he rented land 
until 1K71, when he came to Ford County, and 
bought an unimproved tract of eighty acres. To 
this he has since added, until he now owns one hun- 
dred and sixty acres, a good farm well improved 
and highly cultivated. 

In 1850, in the county of his nativity, Mr. Ken- 
ney was joined in wedlock to Miss INIary Mc^'ain, 
who was born in Greene County, Pa., and is a 
daughter of Moses and Mary (Keys) ]McVain. Her 
father was a native of Greene County. I'a., and 
died when about seventy years of age. He was a 
blacksmith by trade and was an industrious man. 
In jiolitics, he was a Democrat. Ilis wife died 
when Mrs. Kenncy was only a small child, scarce!}- 
nine years of age. In the common schools, Jlrs. 
Kenney acquired her education. She is a kind and 
loving wife and mother, and hand in hand our sub- 
ject and his wife have walked for forty-one years. 
Unto them have been born twelve children, six yet 
living: Elizabeth A., a resident of La Salle County, 
111.; Mary E. and Martha J., deceased; Mary M., 
wife of Charles Stoneljieaker, who resides in Rob- 
erts, 111.; James M., who is living in Vermilion 
County; Asbury G., deceased; Charles L., a farmer 
of Wall Township, Ford County; John "\V. and 
Maggie F., deceased; Leander S., a resident farmer 
of Wall Township; John F., at home, and Mabel 
who has also passed away. 

INIr. Kenney cast his first Presidential vote for 
Wintield Scott, and was an advocate of Whig princi- 
ples until 1856, when he voted for Fremont, since 
which time he has been a stalwart Rei)ublican. 
He has often been a delegate to the conventions 
of his party and served on its committees. For seven 
years he has been Supervisor of Wall Township, 
and was its Treasurer for about fourteen years. 
True to every trust reposed in him, his duties were 
faithfully discharged, and he won the confidence 
and regard of all with whom he had been brought 
in contact. He is a highl}- resiiected citizen of the 
community and one who has the best interests of 
the county at heart 

ENJAMIN STITES, a pioneer of Ford 
.^ County of 1855, settled on section 17, on 
j^M)jl! Government land, and made that his home 
for the remainder of his life. He was born 
in Butler County, Ohio, October 14, 1805, and 
a son of Benjamin Stites. His grandfatlier was a 
IMajor in the German Army, and emigrated to the 
United States prior to the Revolutionary War. He 
took part in the struggle for independence, and 
held the rank of Captain. He and one Judge 
Syinmes had a grant of three million acres of land, 
which they located on the north side of the Ohio 
River. Mr. Stites located the town of Columbia, 
Ohio, and made that place his home. Of the tract 
so located, a considerable portion is still in posses- 
sion of the descendants of the original proprietors. 
In an early day, the subject of this sketch re- 
moved to Cincinnati, where he owned and oper- 
ated an extensive stone-quarry, which was located 
at what is now the head of North Sycamore Street 
of that city. He was twice married. His Qrst wife 
died in 1828, leaving two children, both now de- 
ceased. In his native State he afterward married 
Miss Susan E. Stewart, a native of Hamilton, But- 
ler County, Ohio, and a daughter of Charles and 
Susan Stewart. Eight children were born of their 
union: Benjamin F. wedded Miss Martha A. Dunn, 
and died in the fall c>f 1889; Sarah A. was the wife 
of Henry A. Dewey, and died in 1861; Hannah S. 



is tlie wife of Eliliu Swisher, of Paxton; Plirebe A. 
is the wife of John White, of Paxton; Margaret 
E. married Jonathan Covalt, and is now a widow, 
residing m Oswego, Kan.; William H. married 
Clara A. MoKee. and resides in Paxton; Samuel S. 
is a resident of Elwood, Ind.; and Susan M. is the 
wife of Samuel Hill, whose home is in Cincinnati, 
Ohio. Pluebe A. and those 30unger were born in 
Illinois, while the elder members of the family 
wei'e born in Ohio. 

Mr. Stites continued to reside in Cincinnati until 
1837, when, with his family, he emigrated West- 
ward and settled near Dan ville, Vermilion County, 
111., where he was engaged in farming until March. 
ISofi, when he removed to what is now Ford 
County. In 1854, he came to this county and 
opened a farm on section 17, town of Patton, and 
on the site of the village of Prairie Cit^- (now 
Paxton), which he platted, and of which he may 
properly be called the founder, where he made his 
home until his death, wliich occurred December fi, 
1860. Ilis good wife survived him until IMay 13, 
1887, when she too passed away. Mr. Stites took an 
active interest in getting the territory, of which 
Ford County is composed, set off from certain 
counties. The county was very new and sparsely 
settled at the time, and he suffered from exposure 
in traveling to secure signatures to a petition to 
the Legislature of 18r)9 to have Ford Count\^ 
created. His death is said to have resulted from 
disease contracted while emplo^'cd in that duty. He 
was an earnest member of the Methodist Church, 
and sometimes served as local preacher while resid- 
ing in Illinois. His family were members of the 
same denomination. AVliile in Ohio, they be- 
longed to the Baptist Church, but on coming to 
this State, had found no organized society of that 
church, and attached themselves to the Methodist 
Chinch. For some years prior to the building of tiie 
house of worship in Paxton, religious meetings were 
held at the home of Mr. Stites, and he and his wife 
were ctmsistent members of the Paxton Church. 

In politics, f)ur subject was an original Aboli- 
tionist, and joined the Republican party in Illinois 
at its organization. He voted for Fremont and 
Dayton in 18.')(), and for Lincoln and Hamilton in 
1860, which was his last vote, as his death occurred 

the following December. In manner, he was plain 
and unpretending, and in every act of life earnest 
and sincere. Integrity and rectitude characterized 
his intercourse with his fellow-men, and none knew 
him but to esteem and respect lum. ','D'.'."Ij 

Samuel Stites, the j'oungestson, was born in A'er- 
milion County, 111., September 20, 1849, received a 
common-school education, and was reared to agri- 
cultural pursuits. Until 1883. he was engaged in 
farming, and then embarked in the real-estate busi- 
ness in Kansas, subsequently extending his opera- 
tions into Colorado, Texas, Missouri, New Mexico, 
and the Indian Territory. In December, 1890, lie 
became interested in the real-estate business in the 
young and booming town of F]hvood, Ind.. a place 
that has sjjrung from a small village to a city of 
five thousand people in a short time, through its 
wonderful supjjly of natural gas, which furnishes 
heat, light and power for mechanical purposes, and 
which is rapidly developing into an important 
manufacturing center. 

N 4^S«^ y 


i^^ AMITEL EMMONS, one of the pioneer set- 
^^^ tiers of F\)rd County, was born in Maniil- 
l^l/j| ton County, Ohio, September 13, 1836, and 
is a son of William and Rebecca (Pearson) 
F^mmons. The father was born in New Jersey, 
and when young removed to Ohio with his par- 
ents, who were among the early settlers of that 
State. In Hamilton County, he married Miss Pear- 
son, a native of that county. About 1838, thej' 
removed to Mercer County, Ohio, which was then 
a wilderness, their nearest neighbor being five 
miles distant. Having built a log house and cleared 
some ten acres of land, Mr. Emmons took sick and 
died, in 1840, when in the prime of life, being only 
thirty-six years of age. He left three cliildren, the 
eldest of whom was burned to death in childhood. 
Samuel was the next in order of birth, and Almira, 
the youngest, is now Mrs. Lind, of Cincinnati, 
Ohio. The mother afterward married again, but 
p,assed to her final reward in 1890, being .seventy- 
six years of age. 



Our subjc't't is the only one of tlie family living 
in this county, and, sini'u about the age of nine 
years, has made his own wa\' in the world. Hav- 
ing worlced for wages for several years, he began 
farming for iiimself. Mr. Emmons wedded Mary 
U. George, on the SUlh of October, IbfJO. She was 
a native of Darke County, Oliio, and a hidy of 
French descent. Soon after tlieir marriage, tiiey 
removed to Le Ro_v, .AIcLean County, ill., where 
he carried on a farm until August 8. 1862. 

On tiiat date, Mr. Emmons enlisted in Compan}' 
(i, Ninety-fourtli Illinois Volunteer Infantry. The 
regiment was sent to Southern Missouri and North- 
ern and the fust battle in whieli our 
suliject engaged was Prairie (irove, Ark., which 
was followed by the siege of Vicksburg, the cap- 
lure of Yazoo City and Morganza. In 186:5, the 
command crossed the Gulf and captured Browns- 
ville, after which it returned and captured Ft. 
Morgan, was engaged in the battles of Fish River, 
Pasca Gula, and Spanish Fort, which was the last 
engagement in which our subject participated. He 
was never wounded or taken prisoner, but soon 
after the battle of Vicksbuig, while on a march be- 
tween Yazoo City and Jackson, he received a sun- 
stroke from which lie has never recovered. He 
was a biave soldier, and was discharged at Spring- 
field, 111., in August, 1865, after the close of the 

Returning to McLean County, Mr. Emmons 
turned his attention to farming, and in 1867 re- 
moved to Ford County, but soon after went again 
to McLean County, where he spent a year and then 
returned to this county. Having farmed until 
1872, he came to Gibson Cit_y, and has since made 
this place his home. 

In 1880, Mrs. Emmons was called to her final 
rest, leaving six children, of whorn Ave are still 
living: Addie, wife of J. S. Jloore, of Gibson City; 
William M., an expressman of Gibson; Amy, Min- 
nie, and Gertrude, now the wife of P. Ryan, of 
Gibson Cit}-. The mother was a member of the 
United Brethren Church, and a true Chiistian lady. 

On the 5tli of Maj', 1881, Mr.Emmons was .again 
united in marriage, this time to Mrs. Laura L. 
Moore, adaughterof A. N. and Delilah (Hamilton) 
Nevin, who emigrated from Brown County, Ohio, 

to McLean County, 111., aI)out 18.5.5, and in that 
county Mrs. Emmons married James Moore, by 
whom she had four children, two of whom arc still 
living, Blanche and Bertha. Mr. Moore died in 
1874, and, in 1881, his widow married oursuliject, 
as is given above. Of this union two children were 
born, Mamie and Lucilc. Mrs. Emmons is a Meth- 
odist in religious belief, and in the church of that 
denomination is an earnest worker. 

Since coming to Gibson City, Mr. Emmons lias 
engaged in a variety of occupations, carrying on a 
meat market, a restaurant, and a draying and ice 
business. In political sentiment, he is a Repub- 
lican, and takes an active interest in the success of 
that party. Socially, he is member of Lott Post 
No. 7(), G. A. R., of which he is a charter meinlier, 
and has held all the ollices. In the war, he was a 
biave iind valiant soldier, and in peace is a true 
and worthy citizen. 

*»' OHN H. MOFFETT, Mayor of Paxton and 
the senior member of the law firm of 
Moffett ifc Day, is well known as one of the 
I prominent and highly-respected citizens of 
Ford Count3'. He was born in Cl.ayton, Adams 
County, 111., on the 2.5tli of I'el^ruary, 18.56, and 
is the son of Samuel R. and Mary (Strong) Moffctt, 
both of whom were natives of South Carolina. 
In 1834, the father left his native State, emigrating 
to Monroe County, Inc)., where he made his home 
until 1855, wliich year witnessed his arrival in 
Illinois. He located in Adams County, but after 
remaining there for a period of two 3-ears, the 
family returned to Indiana. It was in April, 
1865, that they again came to Illinois and settled 
in Paxton, where the father died in 1879. The 
mother yet survives him and is still a resident of 

The subject of this sketch went to Monroe 
County, Ind., with his parents in infancy and 
began his school life in that county. In 1865, he 
came with the family to Paxton and attended the 
public school of that city, where he iirepared him- 
self for college, after which he attended Mou- 



mouth College, of Moiimoutli, 111., for two years. 
He entered upon the study of law, under the pre- 
ce[)torship of .Tohn R. Kinnear, of Paxton, and 
was admitted to the IJar in Springfield, in January, 
1880, after which lie embarked in the prosecution 
of tlie legal profession in Rixton, in comijany 
with his former preceptor. That connection was 
continued until I\Ir. Kinnear removed to Seattle, 
Wash., in May, 1883. In tlie following Septem- 
lier, 'Sh: IMoffett liecame associated in practice with 
.ludge Tipton, of IMoomington, 111., he being the 
resident partner of the firm in Paxton. In .Tune, 
1890, C. L. Day was admitted to i)artnersiiip, the 
firm becoming Tii)ton, Moffett & Day, which con- 
nection was continued until .Tune, 18'J1, when 
.Judge Tipton withdrew, and since that time the 
lirm has existed as at present, doing business under 
the firm title of .Aloffett & Day. 

On May 16, 1878, Mr. IMoffett was married 
in Loda, the lady of his choice being Miss Martha 
S.Gray, a native of Crawford County, Ohio, and 
a daughter of Samuel and Mary .T. Gray. Four 
children have been born of their union; two died 
in childhood and two survive: Samuel Claude 
and .lolin Carl. The parents arc both members of 
the United Presbyterian Church. 

In his political views, Mr. Moffett is a Republi- 
can, and in 1888 served as Cit}' Alderman of Pax- 
ton; while in the spring of 18'J1 he was elected 
Mayoi', and is now filling that otiice with credit to 
himself and to the satisfaction of his constituents. 
lie has been an industrious student and is well 
grounded in the theory and practice of his pro- 
fession. He possesses superior natural aljility, un- 
tiring energy and strict integrity, and while com- 
|)arativoly a young man, he has won an envhable 
reputation as a lawyer. 


-'*^-* ••• r^ 


^ AMES L. SAXTON, a leading merchant of 
Gibson City, a dealer in dry-goods, carjiets, 
boots and shoes, estalilished business in that 
^_^ town on the 10th of April, 187;"). He was 
born in the town of German, Chenango County, 
N. Y., August 13, 1847, and is a son of Henry and 

Serenia (Brown) Saxton, both natives of ISIassa- 
chusetts. His father was born TNlarch 12, lM14,and 
his mother's birth occurred December 24, 1816. 
Both are still living and make their home in Cin- 
cinuatus, Cortland County, N. Y. 

When James L. was six years of age, he removed 
with his parents to Cincinnatus, where he received 
an academic education, after which he was engaged 
in teaching school until August, 1866, when he 
came to Illinois, and was employed .as a merchant's 
clerk in Henry, Marshall County, for three years. 
He was next engaged in the same capacity in 
Mackinaw, Tazewell County, for a year and a half, 
after which he became an equal partner of his 
brother William, of that place, and there continued 
merchandising until March, 187.^, when he came to 
Gibson Cit}', starting his present business. He was 
quite successful, and has now an annual trade 
amounting to 840,000 and upwards. lie is the 
oldest dry-goods merchant in the city in continu- 
ous j'ears of business, and, since the beginning, his 
trade has rapidly increased. 

On the 20th of June, 1871, Mr. Saxton married, 
in Henry, Marsh.all County, III, Miss Mary E. 
AVhitney. The lady is a native of Fulton County, 
111., and is a daughter of John and Jane Whitney; 
the former, a native of Massachusetts, is now de- 
ceased. Her mother, who is still living, was born 
in Indiana, and is a resident of (Tibson Cit^'. 

In politics, Mr. Saxton affiliates with the Repub- 
lican party, and lie and his wife ai'e consistent 
members of the First Presbyterian Church of (Tib- 
son, in which he holds the oHice of clerk. In 
Sunday-school wiork, Mr. Saxton takes an active 
interest and part, having been Superintendent 
eight j'ears; President of the Ford County Sunday- 
school Association one term; Treasurer of the same 
three j'cars; President of the Sixth District Sunday- 
school Association two terms. 

In 1886, he removed to Owatonna, Minn., where 
for two years he carried on merchandising, and 
then returned toGilisoii City and resumed tnisiness 
there. With the excei)tii)n of the two years spent 
in Owatonna, he has been engaged in business in 
Gibson City continuously since 187.1. Mr. Saxton 
carries a full and complete stock of goods in his 
line, is alwajs up with the times in styles, and is 


T^-^-'^^'tyCy , — ^^ 


'yry — r <s^ 

yy' Ctj (v^wt-i'Si/~ 

Ct^ - e^^«v>« /iieui-i-^.^^^ 



one of the most poiiular and successful mei-chants 
iu Ford County, where he is widely and favorably 
known. As a business man and citizen he stands 
deservedly high, and during his many years of 
business in Gibson lias won the good opinion of 
the best people in the city and adjacent country, 
will) whom ho has liad business or social vel.ations. 

RED W. BEARDSLEY, Secretary of ihe 
)) Gibson Canning Company, was the leading 
spirit in founding that institution and has 
been actively identifled with its successful man- 
agement ever since. He is a native of Ohio, born 
in Cantield, Mahoning County, on the Western 
Reserve, on the 27tli of November, 1831. His 
parents were Philo and Lois Smith (Gun) Beards- 
ley, botii members of old N(;w England families. 
The father was born in Warren, Litchfield County, 
Conn., August 14, 1794, and was of English de- 
scent. Tiie Beardsley family, of which our subject 
is a member, was founded in America by William 
Beardsley, an English emigrant, who first settled 
in what is now Stratford, Conn., in 1635. The 
mother of Fred W. born December 24, 1797, 
in New Preston, Litchfield County, Conn., and 
was descended from Scotch ancestry, her family 
dating its settlement in the New World prior to 
the Revolutionary War. The parents of our sub- 
ject were married at New Preston, Conn., March 
3, 1810, and the same year moved by ox-team to 
Oliio, settling on the Western Reserve, which, at 
that time, was a wild and almost uninhabited 
region. Philo Beardsley was a man of excellent 
business ability, and, in course of time, became a 
well-to-do farmer. In politics, he a Whig 
until the agitation of the slavery question, when 
he became a strong Abolitionist. On the rise of 
the Republican part}', he espoused its pi inciples 
and ever remained true to them. Botli he and 
wife were active workers in the Congregational 
Ciiurch. In the days when each State required its 
citizens to spend some time each year in military 
drill, Mr. Beardsley held the office of Captain, and 

was ever afterward known as CM|)t. Beardsley. 
On the 27tli of August, 1818, his wife p.-issed 
from among the living. She wiis the mother of 
twelve children, six sons and six daugliters, of 
whom eight are still living. Mr. Beardsley died 
February 21, 1870. 

F'red W. Beardsley is tlie eighth of the above- 
named famil}-. After a preparatory course in the 
public scliools, he entered Mt. Union College, tak- 
ing a scientific course, but left during the senior 
year. F'or some six winters he engaged success- 
fully in teaching school, and at the same time 
conducted writing-schools. It is doubtful whetlier 
there is a finer penman in tlie county than Mr. 
Beardsley. In 1860, he was elected Clerk of 
the Court of Common Pleas and ex-()tficio Clerk 
of the District Court for Mahoning County, and was 
re-elected b}- acclamation, serving in all six years. 
Wliile tlius engaged, he spent his leisure hours in 
reading law, and in 1866 was admitted to the Bar, 
in Cantteld, Ohio, where he practiced his profession 
until his removal to the West. 

In October, 1860, our subject was married, in 
his native county, to Miss Jaqueline Gee, a daugh- 
ter of Peter and Almira Gee. Mrs. Beardsley was 
born iu Berlin Centre, Mahoning Count}', Ohio. 
Her father was a native of Ellsworth, Mahoning 
Count}', and the mother of Deerfield, Portage 
County, of the same State. Three children have 
been born to Mr. and Mrs. Beardsley, of whom two 
are living: Almira Day, the eldest, is now the wife 
of Thomas Finnegan, of Kankakee, 111.; Lois G. 
died at the age of twenty-two years; and Bertha E. 
resides with her father. 

In 1872, Mr. Beardsley came to Illinois as busi- 
ness manager for an Ohio capitalist, who had large 
sums of money loaned and invested in this State, 
and in 1876 moved his family to Champaign 
County, where he resided three years, and in 1879 
removed to Gibson City, where he still makes his 
home. He was in charge of the same business from 
1872 until 1888, collecting and re-loaning, until 
the capital was withdrawn from the State. Much 
of that business covered investments in farmino' 
lands, which conducted with ability and fidel- 
ity and to the satisfaction of the proprietor. Be- 
sides this, he was extensively interested in raisino- 



live stock. In 1885, Mr. Beardsley interested 
himself in the organization of the Gibson Canning 
Factory. He was cliosen secretary, which position 
he has since filled. These works are tiie second 
largest in capacity in the United States, and in 
round numbers pack annually two million cans of 
corn, and in the summer of 18!)2 they expect to 
exceed that amount. In addition to his interest 
in the canning business, Mr. Beardsley is the owner 
of four farms, lying in Ford County, aggregating 
six hundred and seven acres. One of them, a farm 
of two hundred and forty acres, is situated at 
what is known as Switch 1), on the Lake Erie & 
Western Railroad; another, of one hundred and 
sixty acres, is a mile west of Gibson City; another, 
of fifty-two acres, joins the city on the soutli; and 
the last, of one hundred and fifty-five acres, joins 
Gibson City on the west. He keeps a herd of one 
hundred and fifty Sliort-horn and high-grade cat- 
tle, a flock of Oxford Downs sheep, besides Berk- 
shire and Poland-China hogs and Morgan horses. 

On the 21st of December, 1891, Mr. Beardsley 
was called upon to mourn the death of his wife, 
who had been his faithful and devoted com|)anion 
through the joys and sorrows, the hopes and fears, 
the trials and successes of his life for thirty-one 
years. She was an earnest Christian woman and 
for many years was a consistent member of the 
Jlethodist Episcopal Church. During all these 
years, she was faithful to every duty, devoted to 
her husband and children and always made her in- 
fluence for good felt, not only within the limits of 
her liome, but in the social circles and the com- 
munity where she dwelt. 

.lust a few weeks prior to her death, Mr. and 
Mrs. Beardsley had moved into their new home, 
which is one of the finest in Gibson City, and a 
model of convenience. Every department of the 
house is furnished with both hot and cold w-ater, 
supplied from a reservoir above which is filled by 
a hot-air pump; private gas apparatus lights the 
house, and the latest improved hot-water system 
furnishes it with heat. In short, it would be diffi- 
cult to conceive of a home more complete in its 
appointments. How different this edifice is from 
the pioneer cabin of twenty years ago! 

Mr. Beardsley and his daughter are members of 

the same church to which tlic wife and mother be- 
longed. In politics, he is a Republican and has 
always taken an active interest in the success of 
his party. In the days of slavery agitation, Mr. 
Beardslej', true to the traditions of the "Old West- 
ern Reserve," was an original Abolitionist, and 
during the war that grew out of the slavery 
troubles, he gave the Government a hearty and 
patriotic support, contributing more money to the 
cause than any other itjan in his native township. 
During his residence in ISIahoning County, Ohio, 
he was chosen and served as Secretary and Treas- 
urer of the County Fair Association, was Secre- 
tary of his local School Board, and was otherwise 
prominently connected with public affairs. Since 
his residence in Ford County, 111., he has always 
shown a laudable interest in local matters and has 
ever been found public-spirited. A thoroughly' 
practical business man, he enjoys in a marked 
degree the confidence and esteem of his fellow- 


,,.,, MMON COOMES. Among the entcrpris- 
(.QSjO ing and successful business men of Paxtou 
lit should be numbered the popular druggist 
whose name heads this sketch. Mr. Coomes 
established business in this cit3' in May, 1882, with 
a full line of drugs, medicines, paints, oil, wall 
paper and toilet articles, and has continued the 
business with marked success to the present time, 
covering a period of ten years. 

Our subject was born in Licking County, Ohio, 
September 15, 1849, and is a son of Upton and 
Mary J. (Gregg) Coomes. The father was born 
on the 28th of July, 1828, in the same county as 
the son, and the mother on the 4th of June of the 
same year, in Virginia. The}' emigrated to Illinois 
in 1855, and settled in McLean County, near Grid- 
ley, and, in 1875, removed to Streator, where they 
now reside. For a number of years Mr. Coomes 
was a minister in the Christian Church. 

Amnion Coomes came to Illinois with his parents 
when a lad of six summers, and attended school at 
Gridley, preparing himself for college, after which 




^H^-T^yMAj ^-<^(^kz:^^^^>^it^r>^ 






he entei-ed Eureka College, and was graduated 
from that institution in the Class of '73. He fol- 
lowed teaching school for several years as a voca- 
tion, serving as |)rlncii)al of village schools, but, 
not content to make this his life work, in JMay, 
1882, he formed a i)artnershi|) with William Me- 
Taggart, under the firm name of McTaggart & 
Coonies, druggists at Paxton. Mr. Coonies made 
a study of the business in a practical way, and, 
after passing a very llatteriug examination before 
the Illinois State Board of Pharmacy, was awarded 
a diploma. In 1884, he purchased his partner's 
interest and has since conducted the business alone 
with marked success, having an excellent trade 
and the liberal patronage is certainly well de- 

In I'iper City, Ford County, on the 2.5th of No- 
vember, 1883, Mr. Coonies wedded Miss Margaret 
Clark, a daughter of Alexander and Eliza Clark, 
and a native of Paterson, N. ,1. With her parents 
she came to Illinois in 18(i4. Mr. and Mrs. Coomes 
hold membership with the Congregational Church 
of Paxton. They are well known throughout this 
community and rank high in social circles. Mr. 
Coomes exercises his right of franchise in support 
of the Republican part}-, and keeps himself well 
informed on the issues of the day, but has never 
sought or desired public otiiee. 

A!n^i - 1 1 > I > 

]^i VAN MATTINSON, cashier and member of 
the banking firm of Mattinson, Wilson A 
Co., was born in Clarke Count}', Ohio, Sep- 
tember 30, 18.')7, and is a son of Matthew and Mar- 
garet (Evans) Mattinson. His father was iiorn in 
Westmoreland County, England, October 15, 1810, 
and came to America when about twenty-four 
years of age. He made his home in Clarke County, 
Ohio, where he was married, Decemlier 20, 1841, 
to Miss Margaret Evans, a daughter of Edward 
Evans. Mrs. Mattinson was born in North Wales 
in 1820, and came to the Fnited States in 1837. 
Both yet reside in Clarke County, Ohio. 

Evan Mattinson was reared on a farm and re- 
oeivcd his education in the schools of South Charles- 

ton, Clarke County, Ohio, closing in the High 
Schools of that city. He was engaged in farming 
in his native State until 1880, when he came to 
Illinois and located in Gil)son City. He then en- 
gaged as clerk in the banking house of Burwell, 
Leffel & Co., of wliicli the present bank is an out- 
growth. When the existing firm was formed, he 
was made casliicr and has continued to serve in 
that capacity until the present time. 

On the 5th of JIarch, 1885, Mr. ^Mattinson was 
united in marriage, at Gibson City, to Miss Minnie 
Belle Wilson, a daughter of AVilliam .1. and Lydia 
(Goodfellow) Wilson. She was born in Clarke 
County, Ohio, and came to Gibson City with her 
parents in 187G. One child, M. Clarence, has been 
born to them. 

In politics, Mr. Mattinson is a Republican, while 
he and his wife are meiiil)ers of the Presbyterian 
Church. He is a Knight Templar Jl.ason, a member 
of all the Masonic bodies of Gibson City, and of 
Mt. Olivet Commanderv No. 38, Knights Templar 
of Paxton. He is also a member of Gibson Camp, 
Modern Woodmen of America. He has been City 
Treasurer of Gibson City several times, also Treas- 
urer of the Gibson Building and Loan Association, 
and of the Gibson Canning Comijany. 

As a financier and business man, Mr. Mattinson 
stands deservedly high. His management of the 
affairs of the bank has been such as to insure pub- 
lic confidence and make friends of its patrons. He 
is enterprising, yet conservative, and his integrity 
is beyond question. The successful career of the 
bank since his connection with it bears no uncer- 
tain testimony as to his right to a fair share of the 
credit, without detracting at all from the healthful 
influence of his worthy associates. 

R. DEKALB DENMAN is one of the well- 
known contractors and builders of Paxton, 
and his handiwork may be seen in many of 
the principal buildings of this city. The life 
record of this gentleman is as follows: He was 
born in Jlontgomery County, Ind., February 4, 
1842, and was one of a family of six sons and four 



daughters who grew to mature j'ears, but one son 
and two daughters are now deceased. The father, 
A. J. Denman, was born iu Ohio, April 20, 1811, 
and in 1829 accompanied his father, William Den- 
man, to La Fayette, Ind., where the grandfather 
settled with his family. About three years later, 
he removed to Montgomery County, becoming 
one of its pioneer settlers, and iu its development 
aided largely. He had served his country in the 
War of 1812. 

A. J. Denman acquired a good education and iu 
his younger life suceessf ull}' engaged in teaching 
school for a time. In Montgomery County, Ind., 
he married Nancy Smith, who was a native of 
Ohio, but spent the daj's of lier maidenhood in 
Indiana, whither she came witli her lather, Samuel 
Smith, who was born iu Virginia. They began 
their domestic life upon a farm in Montgomery 
County, where they resided until 1852, .when they 
removed to Fountain County, where Mr. Den- 
man is still living, a hale and hearty old gentle- 
man of eighty-one years. His eldest son carries 
on the farm. The death of his wife occurred De- 
cember 31, 1888. 

The educational privileges which our subject re- 
ceived were only those afforded by the common 
schools. The days of his boyhood and youth were 
passed upon his father's farm, but, wishing to fol- 
low some other pursuit beside that of agriculture, 
he served a four-3ears' apprenticeship to the car- 
penter's trade iij Montgomery County. He was 
united in marriage in this county on tlie lltli of 
February, 1869, to Elvira Lytic, a native of Mont- 
gomery County, Ind., and a daughter of Setli 
Lytic, who was born iu Ohio, hut when a young 
man went to the Hoosier State. He was there 
married and for some time resided in Montgomery 
Count}', but afterward became one of the honored 
pioneers of Ford County of 1859. He located on 
a farm near the city but is now residing iu Paxton. 

After his marriage, Mr. Denman returned to 
Indiana, where he worked at his trade for two 
years and then became a resident of Paxton. 
Since 187G, he lias engaged in contracting and 
building, and has done an excellent business which 
is constantl}' increasing. He has liuilt a large 
number of the residences and business houses of 

the city and also has been employed largely 
throughout the surrounding country. He eu!plo3's 
on an average about eight hands. As he al- 
ways does his work in a satisfactory manner and is 
known to be a straightforward, honorable busi- 
ness man, he receives the liberal patronage of 
which he is so deserving. 

Mr. and Mrs. Denman have four children: Ai- 
mer, who graduated from the Paxton Collegiate 
Institute, is now station-agent on the Wisconsin 
Central Railroad at Franklin Park, a suburb of 
Chicago; Eva, Clarence and Amy. They also lost 
three children: Ernest, who died at the age of f 
eight years; Delbert, who died at the age of six- 
teen months; and Gussie, who died at the age of 
two years. 

Mr. and Mis Denman hold membership witli the 
First Congregational Church of Paxton. He 
formerly exercised his right of franchise in support 
of the Democratic party, and, on account of his 
views concerning the temperance question, is now 
a Prohibitionist. He has never been an office- 
seeker, .but has served as Alderman of the city 
in an efficient manner. Mr. Denman commenced 
life a poor man, with his own way to make in the 
world. There were many hardships in his path 
and many difficulties to overcome, but by perse- 
verance and determination he has worked his way 
upward to success and is now in comfortable cir- 
cumstances. He has the best interests of the city 
at heart and is held in high regard by tiiose with 
wliom he has been l)rouglit in contact. M 

■^[AMES R. PHILLIPS, an enterprising and 
successful farmer, residinsi; on section 28 
Button Township, claims Ohio as the State 
of his nativity. He was born in Mahoning 
Count}-, May 16, 1831, and is a son of John Phil- 
lips, a native of Scotland, who emigrated to the 
New World when a child of three summers with 
his father, .James Phillips, the family settling in 
Ohio, among the pioneers of Mahoning County. 
The fatlier of our subject was there reared, and 



married Miss Elizabetli White, who was born in 
Pennsylvania. With his wife, he afterward re- 
moved to Cuyalioga County, which was then an 
almost inibrolven wilderness and, in the midst of 
the forest, he cleared and dovelo|)ed a farm, upon 
which he reared his family and spent the I'cmain- 
der of his life, lie i)assed away on tiie 1 Itii of 
.July, 1840, and was laid to rest in the old family 
cemetery, llo left a widow and four small chil- 
dren. Mrs. Phillips long survived her husband, 
her death occurring in Feliruary, 1881, when she 
was laid l)y his side. A beautiful monument now 
marks their resting place. Our subject is the eld- 
est of their four sons; Nathaniel White, the second, 
resides with his family in Cleveland, Ohio; David 
Little operates the old homestead farm; and Nich- 
olas Allen is married and also resides on the old 

Our subject remained with his mother until after 
he had attained to man's estate, and in his youth 
acquired a good English education. On the ytli 
of December, 185G, ni Mahoning County, he was 
united in marriage with Denisa Henderson, a native 
of Portage County, Ohit), and a sister of .John 
Henderson, whose sketch appears elsewhere in this 
W(.)rk. In the spring of 185U, they came to Illi- 
nois, locating first in Putnam County, where Mr. 
Phillips worked with his father-in-law for one3'car. 
In 1860, they removed to Kansas, settling near 
Lawrence, but, after one summer spent in that 
State, returned to Illinois, and again located in 
Putnam County, where Mr. Phillips purcliased a 
sawmill and engaged in the manufacture of lumber. 
After six years he sold out, and, in Ihe fall of 1«()7, 
came to lord County. 

In the meantime, on the 11th of May, 1861, he 
joined Comi)any 15, of the One Hundred and Tliir- 
ty-ninlh Illinois Infantry, and served until the 
following October. On his arrival in this county, 
he purch.ased a tract of wild laud of eighty .acres, 
and began its development, building fences, plow- 
ing and cultivating his land and making a good 
home. Ills farm is now one of the desirable places 
in this locality, and he is recognized as one of the 
thrifty and enterprising agriculturists of IJutttm 

In 1882, Mr. Phillips called uiion to unburn 

the loss of his wife, who died on the 13th of Octo- 
ber, leaving four children: William Henderson, who 
is married, and follows the printing business in 
Grand Crossing, 111.; Albert II., who operates the 
home falm; Elizabeth, wife of Henry France, of 
Sawyer, Kan.; and Ella Fiances, who is attending 
the home school. Mr. Phillips was again married, 
November 24, 1886, his second union being with 
Martha A. Ivoss, a native of Pennsylvania, and a 
daughter of Samuel II. Ross. They are both mem- 
bers of the United Presb3'terian Church of Rankin. 
In politics, Mr. Phillips is a stalwart Republican, 
having supported eveiy Presidential nominee of 
that party since he cast his first vote for Hon. .John 
C. Fremont. He has held the ottice of Commis- 
sioner of Highways for several years, and has been 
a member of the School Ikiard. His i)ublic duties 
have ever been faithfully discharged, and he is 
alike true to every private trust. 


, ENRY DIER.S, proprietor of a nursery and 
^^ greenhouse, also editor of the Sibley Gazette, 
is one of the well-known and highly re- 
spected citizens of Siblej^ As he has many 
ac(juaintances throughout the community, we feel 
sure this record of bis life will prove of interest to 
man}' of our readers. Jlr. Diers is of German birth 
and a son of Frederick and !\Iary*Diers. The fa- 
ther died ill the Old Country in 1866, and the 
mother is still living in her native land. Henry is 
the eldest of three children: Margaret is the wife 
of Andrew Poppe, and Annie is the wife of George 
Oltemans, who is still living in the Fatherland. 

Mr. Diers, of this sketch, attended school until 
fourteen years of age and then worked upon a 
farm for two years, after which he spent a similar 
period in mills. He then attended a business col- 
lege for a year and <m his return home again be- 
gan working at his trade of milling, which he fol- 
lowed until 1882. That witnessed his arrival 
in the United States. He first located in Chicago, 
and after a short time went to Lake County, III., 
where he worked upon a farm for a year. He next 
became a resident (_>f .lauesville, Wis., where he 



learned telegraphy, at which he worked until he 
caiue to Sibley, in 1885. For some time after lo- 
cating here, he was emi)lo3ed in the Sibley estate 
oflice under Mr. Bicket as assistant book-keeper, 
and after three years took the contract of putting 
in all tiie tiling on the Sibley estate, and still is 
manager of that branch of the business connected 
with that vast property. In the year 1888, he had 
laid one hundred and flfty-flve miles of tiling. 

On the 8th of June, 1888, Mr. Diers married 
Miss Susan Robbins, daughter of James and Jane 
(Scott) Robbins. Unto them have been born three 
children: Frederick, born in 188i»; Raymond, who 
was liorn in 1890 and died on the 8th of May, 
1891, and Cecil, born March 3, 1892. 

In connection with his other business industries, 
Mr. Diers established a nursery at Sibley in 1890, 
and the following >'ear added to this a greenhouse. 
He is also editor of the Sibley Gazette, which was 
establislied in 1892 and has a circulation of liiree 
hundred. In politics, he is a supporter of Repub- 
lican princiiiles and was elected Township Clerk in 
1891. lie is a member of tlie Masonic order and a 
charter member of the Modern Woodmen. Ho be- 
longs to the German Lutheran Church, and is a 
public-spirited citizen and one favorably known 
throughout this community. 

■^flAMES E. CRAMMOND, tlie oldest grocer 
in Gibson City in years of business at that 
place, as well as one of its most enterprising 
and (prosperous citizens, establislied trade 
there in July, 1873. In the fall of that year, he 
built the first bric]< building in the cit}', and tlie 
following year occupied it, carrying on business 
there for nearly ten years, or until it was destroyed 
by Are on the night of January 30, 1883. It was 
23x64 feet, two stories in height, with a basement, 
and, in its day, was one of the best business blocks 
in the city. He rebuilt tlie following summer, but 
the second building is one stor}' in heiglit, with a 
basement, and is 25x100 feet. The store-room is 
sixteen feet high. Mr. Crammond does an annual 
business of from $8,000 to 810,000, and carries a 

full and complete line of staple and fancy grocer- 
ies, queensware, wooden-ware and provisions. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Hawes- 
ville, Hancock County, Ky., August 22, 1852, and 
is a son of John and Eliza (Augustus) Crammond. 
His father was born in Scotland, and came to 
America when a lad of fourteen summers, and set- 
tled in Kentucky', wliere he was afterward married. 
He was a steamboat owner, his boats plying on the 
Ohio River. His death occurred in March, 1867. 
Tlie mother was born in Louisville, Ky., in 1824, 
and died in August, 1878. 

James E. was educated in tlie i)rivate schools of 
his native State, and from an early age was em- 
ployed on his father's steamboats as a pilot on the 
Ohio, until the spring of 1873. On the 28th of 
May, of that year, he was married, in his native 
county, to Mary H. Davidson. Mrs. Crammond 
was born in Hawesville, Hancock County, Ky.,and 
was a daughter of N. C. Davidson, formerly of 
Kentucky, but now of Farmer City, 111. 

Imraediatel\' after their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. 
Crammond settled in Gibson City, Ford County, 
111. In July, 1873, he began business as a grocer 
in Gibson, as previously stated. He has now been 
in business in that city for nearly twent3- years, 
having one of the best stores in his line. 

On the 3d of December, 1889, Mrs. Crammond 
passed away, leaving six children, three sons and 
three daughters: Daisy E., Maggie H., John D., 
.James E., AVilliam C, and Lucile M., all of whom 
were born in Gibson City. Mrs. Crammond was a 
consistent member of the Presbyterian Church, a 
kind and affectionate wife and mother, and her 
loss was a sad lilow to her husband and children. 
She left many friends in this community, where 
she was beloved by all who knew her. She was a 
lineal descendant of the Hardin family, one of the 
most distinguished families of Kentucky. Mr. 
Crammond is an active inemlier of tlie same church 
to which his wife belonged, and has been a mem- 
ber of its Board of Trustees for six years, and 
President of the same for four years. The older 
children also hold membership with the Presby- 
terian Church. 

In politics, Mr. Crammond is a Democrat and an 
earnest supporter of the principles of that party. 




Although living in n Repuliliean town, he has 
through personal popularity- been chosen to fill 
various local otfices. He has been Village Trustee 
five years, and President of the Board for two 
years. He has served three years as Director of 
the Gibson School Board, and has recentlj' been 
re-elected for another term of the same number of 
years, and has also held the office of Clerk of the 
Board of Education. For three years he has been 
Chairman of the Ford County Democratic Com- 
mittee, being an active and influential man in the 
local councils of his party. He is a member of 
Gibson Lodge No. 542, 1. O. O. F.,and of Brothers' 
Encampment No. 158, of the same order. He has 
filled the official chairs of tlie subordinate lodge 
and encampment, has been representative to the 
Grand Bodies of the State, and is tlie present Dis- 
trict Deputy-. He holds membership with Canton 
Ford Patri.-irch Militant No. 55, and of Drummer 
Lodge No. l,Gll,Iv. of H., being presiding officer 
of the last-named body at one time, and is the 
present F'inancial and Corresponding Reporter or 
Secretarj'. He belongs to the Board of Directors 
of the Building and Loan Association of Gibson 
Cit}'. Enterprise, public spirit and integrity have 
characterized Mr. Crammond's course in life, while 
his intercourse with both acquaintance and stranger 
is always marked b\- courtesy and kindness. 



fflOMAS R. WT LEY, M. D., B. S., the pioneer 
physician and surgeon of Gibson City, or 
the oldest in years of practice now residing 
there, was born near Colfax, McLean County, 111., 
.June 19, 1844. His parents were Lyttle R. and 
Sarah R. Wiley. The father was a native of Ken- 
tucky, born near Lexington, on the 16th of 
November, 181K, and came to Illinois in 1840, en- 
gaging in farming in McLean County. His mar- 
riage was celebrated in Indiana, his wile being a 
native of that Slate, born in Switzerland County. 
He died in November, 1889, but her death occurred 
at her home in McLean County, this State, in Sep- 
tember, 1885. R. was reared on a farm until twenty 
years of age and after attending the preparatory 
schools, took a full collegiate course at the Illinois 
Wesleyan University, being graduated with the 
degree of B. S. in tiie class of 1871. He then be- 
gan the study of medicine with Dr. Hill, of Blooni- 
ingtoii, and later took a course of lectures at the 
Michigan State University at Ann Arbor. Later he 
attended Rush Medical College of Chicago, where 
he further fitted himself for the practice of his 
profession, and was graduated in the class of Feb- 
ruary, 1874. The following March he established 
practice in Gibson City, which he has continued 
with marked success to the present time. He is a 
member of the Illinois Central Medical Association 
and of the National Railway Surgeons' Association. 
He has been the local surgeon of the Illinois Cen- 
tral Railroad for four years and is examining phy- 
sician and surgeon for the following named insur- 
ance companies and societies: New York Life, New 
York Mutual, the Equitable of New York, New 
York Home; Aetna, of Hartford; Nortliwestern 
Mutual, of Milwaukee, Wis.; Franklin, of Hartford, 
Conn.; the INIutual, of Hartford, Travelers', and 

On the 17th of June, 1874, Dr. Wiley was mar- 
ried in Bloomington, 111., to Miss Mattie E. Reeves, 
a daughter of O. S. Reeves. Mrs. Wiley was born 
in McLean County, and was reared in Lero}', 111. 
She is a devoted member of the Christian Church 
and one of its earnest workers. Her father died 
when she was a child and her mother, who still 
survives her husband, makes her home in Bloom- 
ington. Dr. and Mrs. Wiley have one child, a 
daughter, Beulali Belle, who was liorn in Gibson 

The Doctor is a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church and, in political sentiment, is indepen- 
dent. He has been chosen by his fellow-citi- 
zens to various official positions of honor and 
trust. He was the second Piesident, of Gibson 
Village Board. For several years he has been a 
member of tiie Village School Board, for three 
years of that time serving as its President and has 
shown much interest in the advancement of edu- 
cation. He was one of the organizers of the 
People's International Investment and Loan Asso- 



ciatiou, of which lie has been its President, and a 
director. He is also interested in the land syndi- 
cate that h."i.s invested in tiie city real estate under 
the title of the Gibson Land Improvement Com- 
pany. In addition to valuable city property, Dr. 
Wiley is the owner of a fine farm of five hundred 
and thirty acres, situated in tlie town of Brown, 
Champaign County, which he leases. The Doctor 
is a physician and surgeon of recognized abilitj', 
thorough culture and large experience. He has 
been eminently successful in his practice, accumu- 
lating a valuable property, and has won a foremost 
place among the skilled of liis profession in East- 
ern and Cciitial Illinois. 

fui'niture dealer of Gibson City, is num- 
bered among the energetic young business 
men who are lapidly advancing that town to the 
first place in business importance of any in the 
coujit3'. His parents, John and Mary (Shumway) 
Lamb, were among the early settlers of Stephen- 
son County, 111., whither the father emigrated in 
1840, his wife moving there at a later date. After 
their marriage, they located on a farm, Mr. Lamb 
becoming a well-to-do farmer. He was a native of 
Kentucky and his wife of Ohio, but since coming 
to Illinois they have made their home in Stqjhenson 
County, Mr. Lamb still residing in Yellow Creek 
at the age of sevent3'-seveu j'ears. His wife, who 
was an active member of the Baptist Church, died 
in that faith in 1886. Politically, he a Whig, 
but when the question of al)olishing human slavery 
arose, he threw his influence in that direction, 
making public addresses as well as private argu- 
ments. Since the rise of the Republican party, he been a strong advocate of its principles though 
not an otlice-seeker. The family of Mr. and Mrs. 
Lamb consisted of seven chddren, five sous and 
two daughters, all of whom are-still living. 

Our subject, who was born in Freeport, 111., May 
5, 1862, is the youngest of the family, and until 
the age of sixteen j'ears he spent his time on the 
farm and in the district schools. He subsequently 

pursued a business course at Dixon, 111., graduate 
ing in 1881, and the following four jears was 
book-keeper for Seelej' it Read, of Freeport. Hav- 
ing served three years in the wholesale carpet de- 
partment of Marshall Field & Co., of Chicago, he 
established business on his own account in Wilcox, 
Neb. In 1888, he came to Gibson City and suc- 
ceeded S. L. Ilarnit & Co. in the furniture busi- 
ness, and the firm title adopted is W. S. Lamb ct 
Co. They carry the largest stock of furniture in 
the county, to which they have added an under- 
taking business. Their main store, one hundred 
feet deep, fronts on Galena Avenue, the principal 
business street of the town, while a fortj'-foot store- 
room fi-onts on the street on the south. Besides, 
they have a two-story warehouse, and all are filled 
with select goods. Mr. Lamb is a genial, wide- 
awake young man, justly deserving the success he 
has met in his financial undertakings. 

Mr. Lamb visited Shawneetown, 111., and wiiile 
there was married, on the 10th of March, 1887, to 
Miss Abbie A. Edwards, a native of that i)laee. 
By this marri.agc have been born two children: 
Wilber E. and Wallace S. In religious belief, both 
Mr. and Mrs. Lamb are members of the Presbyte- 
rian Church, and, in politics, he is a Republican. 
Socially, he is a member of the Masonic order and' 
of the Knights of Pythias. 

^Y/ AMES D. HALL is an honored pioneer of 
what is now Ford County and resides in 
Paxton. He came to the county in F^ebru- 
ary, 1852, and soon after his settlement 
here, the Tax Collector called at his house and told 
him that there were then but eighteen settlers' 
cabins in the region now embraced in Ford Countj', 
that was set off from Vermilion. 

Mr. ILall was born in the town of Adelphi, Ross 
County, Ohio, April 10, 1821, and is a son of 
James and Hester (Hilleiy) Hall. His parents were 
from Cumberland County, Md.,and settled in Ohio 
prior to the War of 1812, in which his father and 
uncles took part. In his j'onth, our subject learned 
the blacksmith's trade and in 1830 worked in 



Indiana, locating near Attica, where he engaged 
in farm work and teaming, receiving for one j'ear's 
services only ¥!100. Two years later, he removed 
to Warren Connty of the same State, where he 
rented a farm for two years. In the summer of 
1814, in company with nine others, he entered 
eleven hundred acres of Government land on the 
prairie by pre-emption, and the first _year a part of 
this was broken and planted in crops. The fol- 
lowing year, Mr. Hall had his share separated and 
afterward added to his farm by subsequent pur- 
chase. In a small wa}', he began dealing in cattle 
and continued buying, raising and selling until he 
did an extensive business in that line. In 1851, 
he took a drove of cows through to Northern Wis- 
consin, selling them in Oshkosh, that State. On his 
return, he prospected for a location in Illinois, and 
in February, 1852, settled in what was known as 
Henderson's Grove, then in Vermilion but now in 
Ford County. There he engaged in farming and 

Mr. Hall was married in Fountain County, Ind., 
in 1811. the lady of his choice being Miss Eliza A. 
Wisman, a native of Virginia, and a daughter of 
John Wisman. Five children were liorn of their 
union, but onl}' two are now living. Henry C, 
the eldest, wedded Miss Mary Pierpont and is en- 
gaged in the grain business inPaxton; Hester died 
in infancT; William F. was drowned in the Missis- 
sippi River when eighteen years of age; and 
Rebecca, widow of David II. Snyder, resides in 

Mr. Hall made his home in Henderson's Grove 
until the spring of 1851, when he bought a tract 
of land on section 33, Patton Township. He is 
said to have built the frame house north of 
the Vermilion River, in what is now Ford County. 
His farm contained two hundred and eighty-six 
acres and was one of the best in the county. In 
1860, he was elected Sheriff of Ford County and 
served a term of two 3ears in that office. On his 
election to the position, he removed to Paxton, re- 
turning to his farm at the close of his term of ser- 
vice and in 1865 again came to Paxton, where, in 
company with his son, Henry C, he engaged in 
the grain trade. In 1869, we again find him upon 
the farm but he also continued business as a grain 

dealer. Since 1885, he has resided in the city. He 
exercises his right of franchise in support of the 
Republican party, and in his views on the subject 
of religion is an avowed atheist. Mr. Hall is one 
of the oldest surviving pioneers of Ford County 
and well deserves mention among her early settlers. 

ICHAEL H. DOLAN is well deserving of 
representation in the history of Ford 
County, for he is an enterprising citizen 
of Roberts. He claims New York as the 
State of his nativity. He was born in Lockport, 
March 28, 1859, and is the eldest of ten children, 
six sons and four daughters, born unto John and 
Belle (Hooks) Dolan. His father, a native of Ire- 
land, was born in Ma}^, 1819, and was reared as a 
stock-raiser. On attaining his majority, he crossed 
the briny deep and became a resident of Canada, 
where he remained for two years, when he w^ent 
to Lockport, N. Y., and was foreman in a stone 
quarry for some time. He became one of the pio- 
neers of Farmer City, 111., removing thence when it 
contained only two stores. He is now one of the 
three oldest citizens of that place and himself and 
wife are classed among its prominent people. They 
are members of the Catholic Church and he has 
been a supporter of Democratic principles since 
coming to America. 

The seven children of the Dolan family yet liv- 
ing are Michael H., of this sketch; James, an em- 
ploye of the Illinois Central Railroad Company; 
Edward, who is agent on the Big Four Railroad 
at Farmer City, 111.; Robert, who is operator at 
the same place; Phoebe, who is clerking for Bu- 
ford Brothers, of Farmer City; Anna, who is one 
of the successful teachei's of Ford County, and 
Nellie, who is engaged in dress-making in Farmer 

Our subject was quite young when he came 
with his parents to the West and in Farmer City 
he acquired his education. He left the parental 
roof and began life for himself at the age of 
twenty-four years, and since August, 1880, has re- 



sided in Roberts, being employed as a section fore- 
man of the Illinois Central Kailroad. Mis long 
continued service with one company indicates his 
faithful performance of duty and tlie confi'lence 
reposed in him Itj' his employers. 

On the 20th of December, 188.3, Mr. Dolan was 
united in marriage with ]\Iiss Sadie Eisaman, who 
was l)orn in Woodford Connty, 111., May 12, 1862. 
They were married in Paxton and their union has 
been l)lessed with two little daughtei's: Edna Pearl, 
aged seven, and Ina. The mother is a member of 
the Metiiodist Churcli of Roberts. The Dolan 
household is the abode of hospitality and its doors 
arc ever open for the reception of the many friends 
of (nii- suiijrct and wife. 

Mr. Dolan on questions of national importance 
votes with the Democratic party, but at local elec- 
tions votes for the man whom he thinks best qual- 
ified for the office, regardless of part\' aftiliations. 
For two j'ears he has served as one of the Village 
Trustees of Roberts, and has proved an ellicient 
oHicer. He is an honored member of Lyman 
Lodge No. 293, K. P., of Roljerts, which he joined 
on its organization and is n()w serving as Prelate. 
An open-hearted, generous man, he has given liber- 
ally for the support of all enterprises calculated to 
prove of ((ublic benefit, and is a citizen of sterling 

^ILLIAM A. HUTCHISON, engineer, of 
Clarence, Ford County, 111., is a native of 
Ohio, born in Holmes County, December 
16,1850. His grandfather. Col. William Hutch- 
ison, was a native of Pennsylvania but of Scotch 
parentage. After attaining his m.ajority, he moved, 
in about 1800, to Holmes County, Ohio, where he 
became a prominent and influential citizen, being 
the first .Judge of Holmes County, and a C'olonel 
of the militia. His father, Samuel I. Hutchison, 
grew to manhood in Holmes Count}- and there 
married Mary Rodgers, a nativeof Wajne County, 
Ohio, and a daughter of John Rodgers, who was 
one of the pioneer settlers of tiiat county. After 
their marriage, he was engaged in agricultural pur- 

suits in his native county for a number of years. 
He enlisted in the one-hundred-day S(!rvice for 
the late war and served during the term of his en- 
listment. In 1868, he moved to Illinois and set- 
tled in Button Township, Ford County, where he 
opened up a farm on which he resided for a num- 
ber of years. He died in Clarence, March 4, 1892. 
His wife survives him and resides with her son. 
They had a family of three sons and one daughter, 
all of wliom are living and are heads of families. 
William A. is tiie ehlest; John, a farmer in Button 
Township, is the next in order of birth; Irvin is 
an engineer residing in Rochester, Ind.; and 
i;iizaljeth is the wife of R. M. Garsuch, a prosper- 
ous farmer of Button Township. 

William A. Hutchison came with his parents to 
Ford County when a young man of eighteen 
j-ears. His youth was spent on a farm and in at- 
tending the common schools of his native .State. 
He also attended school a short time after locating 
in Illinois. He continued in agricultural pursuits 
until 1876, when he gave up farming and en- 
gasjed in merchandisins' in the villasje of Clarence. 
He was appointed Postmaster of the place and 
served in that cap.acity for twelve years. When 
he sold out his mercantile business, he engaged 
in running a stationary engine in Clarence, in 
which business he is_yet engaged. He is the owner 
of a good farm adjoining the village and has also 
good residence propertj' both in Clarence and 

Mr. Hutchison was united in marriage, in Lo- 
gan County, Ohio, in November, 1876, to Miss 
Margaret Ghormaley, a native of Ohio. By this 
marriage there are four children: Owen, Mary, 
Elsie and an infant. There are eight years' dif- 
ference in the ages of the last two children, and 
both were born on the same d.ay of the same month, 
the first, February- 29, 1884, and the latter, Febru- 
ary 29, 1892. 

Mv. Hutchison is identified with the Republi- 
can party, of which he has been an earnest sup- 
porter since his majority. He has served in sev- 
eral local positions, having been Collector of But- 
ton Township, also Clerk and Assessor. He is a 
man of good business habits and is one of the most 
enterprising men of the village, in which he has 




resided for fifteen j-ears. He was tlie first to lo- 
cate at the place and weiglied the first load of 
grain marketed in the village. He and bis wife 
are mcmljers of the Presbyterian Church, and are 
held in the highest esteem by all who know them. 
A most worthy citizen, a good friend and neigh- 
bor, he well deserves reiiresentation in this volume. 



ANIEL 11. ANDREWS, a f.armcr rehidiug 
on section 7, Wall Township, is a native 
of Illinois, born in Fulton County, on the 
2.5th of October, 18,50, and is a son of 
Ilarman Andrews, who was born in New York, and 
was of English descent. When veiy young, his 
father died, and he was compelled to begin life for 
himself. He worked for a time as a farm hand, but 
at the age of fourteen began learning the ship car- 
penter's trade, at which he was employed untd the 
age of twenty-two. He followed this occupation 
chiefly with his brothers, in New Orleans. In 1842, 
Mr. Andrews came to Illinois, settling in Fulton 
County, and began the cultivation of a farm, lie 
enlisted in this State under Col. E. D. liaker in the 
Mexican War, and was made Cor|)oral, serving one 

Harman Andrews was united in marriage in Ful- 
ton County, November 22, 1843, to Eliza Peter- 
son, who was a native of Ohio, but of German de- 
scent. They became the parents of eight children, 
three sons and five daughters: Flora, who died 
April 14, 1870; Benjamin C, a farmer of Wall 
Township, this county, was born on the 27th of 
September, 1846, and his sketch appears on an- 
other page of this work; Julia C, born September 
24, 1848, died in 1878; our subject is the next in 
order of birth; .Tosiah S., born November 24, 1852, 
was called to his final rest October 15, 1854; Sarah 
E., wife of Charles Brandenburg, of Nebraska, was 
born on the 13th of March, 1855: James II., a 
farmer of Wall Township, was born September 25, 
1857; and Eliza Jane, born June 13, 1861, was the 
■wife of C. C. Broadus, and is now deceased. 

The father of this family served for two years' 
as Captain of Company (i. Forty-seventh Illinois 
Infantry, in the late war. Resigning that command. 

he returned home and raised another company, 
becoming its Captain. It wa.s mustered into the 
service as Company A, of the One Hundred and 
Fifty-first Illinois Infantry. With this company 
he served until the close of the war. He was 
wounded at the battle of Corinth, a piece of shell 
shattering his left arm, after which he was taken 
prisoner, but at the end of sixteen days was pa- 
rolled. Capt. Andrews participated in several im- 
portant engagements, including that at Island No. 
10, luka. New Madrid and Corinth, and was in the 
Vicksburg campaign until the fall of that city. He 
received his discharge in January, 1866. 

From Fulton County, Capt. Andrews removed 
to IMarshall County, this State, where he laid his 
land warrant in 1855, and there engaged in farm- 
ing until his death, which occurred on the 27th of 
February, 1875, at the age of fifty-five years, his 
birth being on the 29th of January, 1820. His 
wife followed him to the final home only thirteen 
days later, and both were buried in Marshall 
County. In religious belief, he was a Methodist, 
and sociall}' was a member of the Odd Fellows' fra- 
ternity. He took an active part in political affairs, 
and was first a Whig, but on the organization of 
the Republican party, became one of its stanch sup- 
porters, and was a strong Lincoln man. He served 
for two terms as County Treasurer of Marshall 

Daniel H. Andrews was reared to manhood on 
his father's farm, where he remained until past the 
age of twenty-one, receiving his literary education 
in the district schools. At the age of thirteen, 
when his father was fighting for the Union, he as- 
sisted his mother in the management of the home 
farm. When he had reached his majority, he be- 
gan life for himself as a farmer in Marshall County, 
where he remained one year, and then came to 
Ford County, where he has since made his home. 
He is now the owner of two hiindrtd and seventy 
acres of arable land, but on coming to this county, 
he only purchased ninety acres. He is now en- 
gaged in general farming and stock-raising, being 
a breeder of fast horses, and is one of the enter- 
prising farmers of the community. 

Our sul)ject was married in Marshall County. 
March 5, 1872, to Miss Minnie Durfey. She is a 



native of Oliio, born on the 29th of October, 
1850, and the fourth in a family of eight chil- 
dren born unto Reuben and I^lmily M. (Vining) 
Durfey. Her parents were both natives of Ohio. 
Throughout the greater part of his life, her father 
has followed the occupation of farming. Attracted 
by tlic discovery of gold, lie went to California in 
1850, making his way across the plains. He was 
quite successful in his mining operations, and after 
about a year, returned by the Isthmus of Panama. 
The old money belt whijsh he brought with him is 
now in the Durfey home. He is a member of the 
Presbyterian Cliurch. His wife, who died in 1874, 
was also a member of the Presbyterian Church. Of 
their family, five are yet living: Elmer, who is 
married and resides with his wife and three chil- 
dren upon a farm in Ohio; Sarah, wife of John 
Davis, a resident farmer of Delaware, Ohio; Mrs. 
Andrews, wife of our subject; Alice, wife of Clar- 
ence Manter, of Ohio; Elsie, who is married and 
resides in Delaware, Ohio; Girard, the eldest of 
the family, was one of the bojs in blue. He en- 
listed in Company C, Fourth Ohio Infantry, under 
Capt. Crawford, and his regiment was assigned to 
tlie Army of the Potomac. He was wounded at 
the battle of Bull Run, losing all the fingers of his 
right hand, after which he never enjoyed a day's 
health. In 1865, he was married, but liis wife died 
In 1876, leaving a son. In October, 1888, death 
relieved him of his sufferings while an inmate of 
Washington Hospital, where he had gone for 

Mrs. Andrews spent her ni.iidenhood days under 
the parental roof, and, after attending the common 
schools, was for two years a student in the select 
school and one and a half years in the female sem- 
inary of Delaware, Ohio, after which she tried 
teaching in her native county. She is a lady of 
culture and refinement, and pre.sides with grace 
over her liome. Unto our subject and 
his wife have been born nine children: Frankie, 
born July 14, 1873, died Januarj' 15, 1876; Fannie, 
born February 22, 1875; Orville, July 17, 1876; 
Otis, December 28, 1878; Willie, March 24, 1880; 
Alice, February 8, 1882; Maggie, February 14, 
1884; Minnie, M.arch 21, 1889; and Hazel, .lanii- 
,ar}' 25, 1891; all of whom are with their parents. 

Mr. Andrews and his wife are consistent mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Melvin, 
and take an active interest in its work. He is a 
strong Republican in his political sentiment, but never been an olHce-seeker, though he does 
much for the advancement of the party. Socially, 
he is a member of the Sons of Veterans, being the 
present Commander of Camp No. 369, of Melvin. 
He is one f)f the prominent citizens of Wall Town- 
ship, .and is liheral with his me.ans in the advance- 
ment of those enterprises for the benelit of the 

'X, jiA LLI AM E. THOMPSON, who is recognized 
\/\/// ^^ ^"'^ °^ ^'^^ rising young business men 
^^U of Melvin, is a memlier of the Thompson 
Company, dealers in farm implements, lumber and 
paints. Ijelinont County, Ohio, is the place of 
his nativity, and February 9, 1863, the date of his 
birth. With his parents, John M. and Jane (Day) 
Thompson, he came to Illinois in 1865, and since 
1872 he has been a resident of Melvin. After 
leaving the public schools of that jilace, he spent 
two years in the liter.ary department of Wesleyan 
University at Bloomington, 111. Subsequently he 
pursued a commercial course in the same institu- 
tion, graduating with the Class of '83. Soon 
thereafter he entered his father's implement and 
lumber establishment, continuing until 1886, when 
he and his uncle, W. H. Thompson, became part- 
ners iji the implement and lumber trade, assuming 
the firm title of Thompson Company. They have 
an extensive patronage, which has been won by 
fair and honorable dealing. It is no ex:iggeration 
to say that thej', both as individuals and as a busi- 
ness firm, have the unallo3'ed confidence of the 

On the 11th of November, 1885, Mr. Thompson 
wedded Miss Maggie Stather. The lady is a na 
tive of Canada, but in girUiood came with her 
parents to Ford County, where she has since made 
her home. 

Unto Mr. and INIrs. Thompson were born three 
children, but Elma J. is the onl3' one surviving. 



two having died in infanoy. Both he and wife 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and, in political principles, he is a stanch Republi- 
can, taking an active interest in the success of his 
partj-. Socially, Mr. Thompson is a member of 
Lodge No. 179, K. P., having p.assed through 
all the chairs, and of the Odd Fellows' society. 
No. l.')9. For eiglit years he has served as No- 
tary Public. In all the relations of life he 
shown himself a man. He is a gentleman of su- 
perior ability- and accomplishments. During liis 
school life, whether in public school or in college, 
he always stood among tlie best students in his 
cl.ass, and in business circles he takes a front 

?RANK B. FAGERBURO, proprietor of the 

^l Bon Ton Boot and Shoe Store, is one of 
the leading young business men of the city, 
wide-awake and enterprising. He has been en- 
g.aged in his present line for only a few months 
but has already won a liberal patronage and his 
store is rapidly gaining favor with the public. Mr. 
Fagerburg was born in Shelbjville, Shelby County, 
111., on the 21st of .September, 1863, and is a son 
of Alfred and Catherine (.Johnson) Fagerburg. 
His parents were born in Sweden and, leaving their 
native laud in 18.53, crossed the Atlantic to Am- 
erica, settling in Rockford, 111. They now reside 
in McLean Count}- of this .State, where the father 
is engaged in farming. 

We now take up the personal iiistory of tlie 
gentleman whose name heads this sketch. He re- 
ceived liberal educational advantages, attended 
Augustana College of Rock Island, where he 
learned the Swedish langu.agc, and graduated 
from the Wesleyan University in the Class of '80, 
following which he took a course at the Business 
College of Bloomington, 111., and was graduated 
from that institution in 1881. Having thus been 
well-fitted for a business career, he then .accepted 
the position of .assistant p.aymaster of the Chicago 
it Alton Railroad Company, which he held for six 
and a half years, being a trusted employe of the 

road. He then went to Boston and for two years 
was secretary for the superintendent of motive 
power for the New York and New England R:iil- 
road Company'. At the expiration of tliat time, 
he came to Paxton, and since December, 181)1, has 
been engaged in his present business. In Bloom- 
ington, 111., September 25, 1884, he wedded .lessie 
L. Wolcott, who died about a year later. One 
child of this marriage, Rudolph F., died in in- 

On the 2d of May, 1890, Mr. Fagerburg was uni- 
ted in marriage with Miss Charlotte F. Anderson, 
a native of this State, born in Champaign, and a 
daughter of Peter Anderson. lie and his wife 
both belong to the Evangelical Lutheran Church, 
and, in his political affiliations, he is a Reiniblican, 
having supported that party since he attained his 
majority., Mr. P\agerburg is a Knight 
Templar M.ason, holding membership with Paxton 
Lodge No. 416, A. F. & A. M.; Ford Chapter No. 
113, R. A. M.; and Mt. Olivet Commandery No. 38, 
K. T. He also belongs to Paxton Lodge I. O. O. F. 
He is one of the live young business men of Pax- 
ton, has a well-stocked and tasty store and is 
building up a prosperous and increasing trade, 
which he well merits. 

' ^AUL KOESTNER, deceased, was for some 

Jl) 3'ears a well-known and prominent farmer 

^ of Ford County, and it is but meet that this 

I \ sketch of his life be given in the history of 
his adopted county. He was a native of Bavaria, 
Germ.any, born on the 20th of August, 1851, and 
was one of eight children whose paren ts, .lohu and 
Catherine Koestner, where also of German birth. 
Our subject spent his early boyhood d.ays in his 
native land and in 1866, when a lad of fifteen 
years, came to America. Crossing the ocean, he 
Landed at New York City, continuing his Westward 
journey until he arrived in Henry, Marshall 
County, 111., where he began life for himself as a 
farm hand, working by the month. He there 
spent several years and in 1871 came to Ford 
County, where he continued to make his iiomc un- 



til his death. For two .years, he continued to 
work upon a farm by the month and then rented 
land both in Wall and Peacli Orchard Townships. 
He also gave considerable attention to stock-raising 
and it was while on his wa}' to Chicago with stock 
that he met liis death in a railroad accident on the 
nth of .lanuar}', 1888. He was then but in the 
prime of life and his loss was a deep blow to his 
family and friends. His remains were brought 
back to Ford County and interred in Melvin 
Cemetery. In politics, he was a Demf)crat and was 
a worthy and respected citizen of the community. 
The lady who bears the name of iNIrs. Koestner 
was in her maidenhood Jliss Fannie Holmes, 
daughter of W. B. and Eliza (Wrenn) Holmes, who 
were tiie first white settlers to make a permanent 
location in Peach Orcliard Township. A sketch of 
their lives is given on another page of this work. 
Mrs. Koestner was the first child born in that 
township, and she remained under the parental 
roof until her marriage on the 23d of March, 1881. 
By this union were born three cliildien, two of 
whom are j'ct living: Frankie and William, who 
make their home with their mother. Henry, the 
eldest, died August 22, 1884. Mrs. Koestner, since 
her husband's deatli, has removed to Melvin, 
where she opened a boot and shoe store which she 
still carries on. She is a lady of good liusiness 
ability, characterized by industry and enterprise, 
and in her commercial efforts is meeting with good 
success which she justly deserves. 

W| AMES HOCK, a pioneer of the territorj- now 
comprising Ford County, who dates his 
first coming here from 1852, and perma- 
nently settled at what is now the city of Pax- 
ton in the winter of 1853-4, was born in Fountain 
County, Ind., November 5, 1834, and is a son of 
Jacob and Amy (Leatherman) Hock. His father 
was twice married and James was the youngest of 
the second family of children. There were eight 
children in all who grew to mature years. Mr. 
Hock, Sr., was a native of Pennsylvania, and dur- 

ing his childhood removed with his parents to 
Preble County, Ohio. In the Buckeye State, he 
was married and then took up his residence in 
Fountain County, Ind., where he spent the re- 
mainder of his days, dying at the age of fifty-two 
years. His wife, the mother of our subject, was 
born in Ohio, and died in middle life. 

In 1852, James Hock came to Illinois to what is 
now Ford County, but made no permanent settle- 
ment. The following summer he returned to Ind- 
iana and, in the spring of 1853, we once more find 
him in Illinois. During the greater part of the 
succeeding summer, he was employed in hauling 
timber for bridge and culvert building on the Illi- 
nois Central Railroad through Iroquois County, 
and also engaged at farm work. In the winter of 
1853-4, he returned to Ford County and made his 
home a mile from Prairie City, now Paxton. For 
a while he rented land and was engaged in farm- 
ing. A few j'ears later, he removed to the neigh- 
borhood of Danville, where he followed agricul- 
tural pursuits. 

On the 27tli of March, 1859, in Prairie City, Mr. 
Hock was united in marriage with Miss Cordelia 
Day, a daughter of Samuel and Peggy (Puviance) 
Day. Siie was born in Preltle Count}-, Ohio, and 
came to Illinois in the fall of 1851 vvith her par- 
ents, the family settling in Paxton in the summer 
of 1854. A sketch of her father appears elsewhere 
in this work. Mr. and Mr. Hock have two chil- 
dren, a son and a daughter: Clara, now the wife 
of George Laybourn, a resident of Duluth, Minn., 
and Ross, who is engaged in the lumber business 
in Peoria. 

In 1866, Mr. Hock purchased a quarter-section of 
land on section 34, township of Wall, Ford 
County, adjoining the north line of Patton Town- 
ship, and situated about four miles northwest of 
the city of Paxton, which he still owns and which 
is one of the best improved and most valucil farms 
of Ford County. There he engaged in farming 
and stock-raising until 1871, when he removed to 
Paxton and engaged in the live-stock business, 
continuing operations in that line very successfully 
for twelve years. Later he was engaged in the 
grain and farm implement business and for a time 
was in the groceiy business in Paxton, also was 

c^tr-^ ^^^^^^^-^^^JL 



owner of a lumber yard for a year. At the pres- 
ent time, he is practically living a retired life, at- 
Icniling only to the care of his property. Himself 
and wife are miimbcrs of the Congregational Church 
and tlicir daughter of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and, in politics, Mr. Hock is a Republican, 
having supported that party siuce he cast his first 
Presidential vote for .John C. Fremont. AVilh the 
exception of an interval of two years, he has made 
his home in Ford County since coming here forty 
j-ears ago, and is highly esteemed for his integrity 
of character and the upright and manly spirit that 
has always marked his intercourse with his fellow- 




SHO.MAS M< NEISII. who was one of the 
most (irorainent citizens of Roberts, was 
born in Dumbartonshire, Scotland, March 2i 
184.S. His parents were Thomas and Jean (Dun- 
can) McNeish. His father was a boot and shoe- 
)naker by trade and was an excellent workman. 
He crossed the Atlantic in 1832, and, after three 
years spent in Penusj'lvania, came to Ford County, 
where he [lurchased eighty acres of raw laud and 
made a farm. He and his wife were members of the 
Presbyterian Church in Scotland, and joined the 
United Brethren in Ford County. They were up- 
right citizens, who had the respect of all. Mr. 
McNeish was laid to rest in Benton Harbor, IMich., 
and his wife was buried in Roberts. They had two 
sons and three daughters: Margaret, wife of Mr. 
Watt, a retired boot and shoe merchant, of Scot- 
land; Marian, wife of John Mason, of Pennsylva- 
nia; and Thomas, of this sketch. 

Our subject was twent^'-one jears of age wlien 
he came to Ford County. He followed farming 
for a number of years, and when Roberts was laid 
out, purchased a lot in the village and began the 
manufacture of boots and shoes. He afterward 
engaged in the harness business. He commenced 
life for himself empty-handed, and, by his persis- 
tent efforts, acquired a comfortable competence. 
His example is well worthy of emulation. 

Mr. McNeish was joined in wedlock with Miss 
Isabella Burnett, a native of Dumfriesshire, Scot- 

land. Their union was celebrated September 1, 
1873, .and unto them have been born nine children, 
three sons and six daughters, of whom three are 
now deceased: Jeanne carries on the harness and 
shoe store, with the aid of Frank L. Hanson. She 
was educated in the graded schools of Benton 
Harbor, Mich., and of Roberts. With her father, 
she took a trip to England and Scotland, in June, 
1890. They sailed from New York to (ilasgow, 
and went to Cumbernauld, the old homestead of 
Mr. McNeish. They remained in Europe until the 
following September, and visited Edinburg, ( 
gow, the Trossachs, Dumbarton Castle, Sterling, 
Perth, Rothesay, Inverness, Ben Nevis, Loch Lo- 
mond, Ellen's Isle, Ayr, Greenock, and Paisley. 
Over many miles of thLs delightful country they 
journeyed on foot, feasting on the beautiful Scotch 
scenery. They also visited the home of Robert 
Burns, and the great exposition in Edinburg, and 
spent eight days in the city of London, where they 
saw the Cr3'Stal Palace, Hampton Court Palace, the 
London Docks, Tower of London, Westminster 
Abbey, Houses of Parliament, Cleopatra's Needle, 
the Sphinxes, St. Paul's Cathedral, and Prince Al- 
bert's monument in Hyde Park, which cost £1,- 
000,000. They also visited the Zoological Gar- 
den, the British Museum, and Regent's Park. In 
September they returned from Glasgow as passen- 
gers on board the "State of Indiana." On the 
return trip they encountered a severe storm, but 
at length reached New York in safety. The other 
members of the family are Mary, Harris, Agnes, 
John Wilson, and Ellen Isabella, all of whom are 
at school, except the latter, who completes the 

Mr. McNeish was a Democrat and took quite an 
interest in political affairs. He was one of the 
honored members of the Town Council in Roberts, 
and socially, he was a Mason, and a member of the 
Knights of Labor. He was accidentally killed by 
a sk}' rocket, July 4, 1891, and his loss was de- 
plored by all who knew him, lor he not onl\ a 
valued citizen, Ijut was an entertaining companion 
and faithful friend, lie was one of the kindest 
and best of iiusbands and his place in the family 
circle can never be filled. We here ipiote the 
words which were often upon his lips: 



"Again, the band of commerce was designed 

To associate all the branches of mankind; 
And if a boundless plenty be the robe, 
Trade is the golden girdle of the globe. 
Wise to promote whatever end He means, 
God opens fruitful Nature's various scenes; 
Each climate needs what other climes produce, 
And offers something to the general use; 
Nj land but listens to the common call 
And in return receives supply from all. 
This general intcrcoui-se and mutual aid 
Cheer what were else a universal shade. 
Calls Nature from her ivy-mantled den. 
And softens human rock-work into men." 

Mrs. McNeish still carries on the business in 
company with her daughter. .She has a pleasant 
home in Roberts and is one of its most estimable 
ladies, being held in high regard by all who know 

M. THOMPSON, a prominent merchant 
of Piper City, deals in dry goods, grocer- 
l ' ies, boots and shoes, and has one of the 
neatest and best-appointed stores of the 
place. He was born in Juniata Countj-, Pa., and Is 
a son of R. N. and Rebecca (Thompson) Thomp- 
son, the former born in Juniata County, and the 
latter in Chillicotlie. Ohio. The Thompson family 
was founded in America by a native of Scotland, 
in the early part of the seventeenth century. The 
great-grandfather of our subject served in the Re- 
volutionary War. R. N. Thompson was a farmer, 
and, in. 1851, emigrated to Hlinois, locating in 
Warren County. He came to Piper City in 1866, 
and engaged in farming in this localitj' until his 
death. He enlisted in the Eighty-third Illinois In- 
fantry for the late war, but was discharged on ac- 
count of disal)ility. In connection with Mr. Lewis, 
he served as land-agent for the Illinois Central 
Railroad. In politics, he was a Whig, and was 
among the first to espouse the cause of the Repub- 
lican part}-. He held membership with the United 
Presbjterian Church. His wife is still living, and 
makes her home in Colorado with her son. 

Unto this worthy couple were born the following 
children: A. M., of this sketch; Mary E., who died 
iu Piper City; Rebecca J., wife of J. J. Greenlee, of 

Kansas; Mrs. Sarah I. Williamson, also living in 

Kansas; Thomas S., who served for a short time in 
the Sevent>' -seventh Illinois Regiment during the 
late war; Mrs. Florence A. Shotwell. who makes 
her home in Kansas; Julia A., who went with her 
mother to Colorado for her health; David S., who 
is engaged in business in Greeley, Col.; and Ida, 
a teacher of Kansas. 

AVe now take up the personal history of our 
subject, who spent his boyhood days in AV'arren 
County, 111., and acquired a good education in the 
public schools and at Monmouth College. In 1861, 
at the age of eighteen, he left school to enlist in 
his country's service as a member of Company I, 
Fiftieth Illinois Infantry. The regiment assembled 
at (juinc}', and was sent into Missouri. The lirst 
engagement in which Mr. Thompson participated 
was at Ft. Henry. This was followed by the 
battles of Ft. Donelson, Pittsburg Landing, 
Corinth, Chattanooga, Rome, Resaca, and Altoona 
Pass. He saw the signals which Gen. Sherman 
made to "Hold the Fort," and with him made the 
celebrated march to the sea. The last engage- 
ment in which he took part was the battle of Ben- 
tonville, N. C. He then marched through Peteis- 
burg and Richmond to Washington, where he 
participated in the Grand Review. His term of 
service having expired, he then re-enlisted and 
served for four years as Corporal and Sergeant. 
He was honoral)ly discharged in Springlield, in 

Immediately upon the close of tlie war. Mr. 
Thompson returned home, and, in 1866, came to 
Ford County, where he embarkeil in farming in 
Brcnton Township, one mile south of l'ii>er Cily. 
He secured an unimproved tract of laud and en- 
gaged in its cultivation until 1869, when he began 
business with his brother-in-law, Jasper J. Greenlee, 
in a restaurant. A few years later, he bought out 
his partner's interest, and continued alone. For 
the past ten years he has been proprietor of a dry- 
goods and grocery store. In the meantime, he has 
spent three years in Dakota, but the business was 
carried on by his brother. In Dakota, he took up 
aGovernn ent claim in the Red River Valley, which 
he still holds. He began business with the small 
capital which he had saved iu the army and has 




steadily worked his way upward until he is now a 
prosijerous merchant doing a thriving business. 

In 1876, Mr. Thompson married Miss Lizzie 
.Johnson, their union lieing celebrated in lilooni- 
ington, Tnd., her native city. She is a daughter of 
David and Jlary Johnson. Her father is now de- 
ceased, but her mother is .<tlll living. Our subject 
and his wife are ))otii members of, the United Pres- 
byterian Church, with which he has been connected 
since its organization, and has held the office of 
Trustee. He cast his first Prcsiden tial vote for U. S. 
Grant in 1868, and was a Republican until 1884, 
since whicli time he has exercised his right of 
fi-anehise in support of the Prohibition party. He 
is as ready to support all causes of reform as he 
was in the days of the Rebellion. He made a good 
record as a soldier, which is e(iualled liy his record 
as a citizen and business man. 

>jij=^' 1)(;AR NORMAN .STEVENS, the efficient 
fe and popular Postmaster of Paxton since 
JL jj^ January 18, 1890, is a son and partner of 
Hon. N. E. Stevens, publisher, editor and propri- 
etor of the Paxton Record, the leading Republican 
paper of Ford County. (See the sketch of Hon. 
N. E. Stevens, elsewhere in this work.) 

The subject of this sketch claims IMinnesota as 
the Stale of his nativity, having been born in 
Wabasha County, on the 25th of July, 1858. His 
mother's maiden name was Adah Hulda Clark. 
t]dgar N. received his rudimentary education in 
the public schools of Paxton, during the years 1866 
to 1874, inclusive. From that time, he was a student 
of the Paxton Higii School and graduated with hon- 
ors, after a three-years' course, in the of '77, 
being elected valedictorian of his class. This was 
the lirst class to graduate from the High School, the 
Principal at that time being Prof. T. L. Evans, and 
the Trustees, Col. Charles Bogardus, George W. 
Cruzen and W. 15. Travis. On leaving the High 
School, Mr. Stevens entered Knox Academy, 
where he remained to complete the classical fresh- 
man year of Knox College, in the spring of 1879, 

after which he took one term at the Illinois State 
University at Champaign, when he was forced by 
failing health to discontinue his studies. 

Mr. Stevens then entered his father's employ' 
in the office of the Paxton Record, having previ- 
ously served his apprenticeship while attending 
school, and, after a year and three months' service, 
was admitted to partnership in the business, on 
the 30th of March, 1881. He still maintains his 
connection with the paper. While in the Record 
olHce, Mr. Stevens edited the exchange column, 
was local editor several 3'ears and obtained a fair 
knowledge of journalistic work. At the same time, 
he waited on customers, read proofs, kept the ollice 
books, made contracts and, in the absence of the 
senior partner, had the management of the ollice. 
Soon after becoming a partner, he joined the Illi- 
nois State Press Association, of which body he is 
yet a member. During the session of the Thirty- 
fifth General Assembly, Mr. Stevens was chosen 
Clerk of the House Committees of Public Charities 
and Libraries, by recommendation of Representa- 
tive Charles Bogardus. He was elected Clerk of 
the Senate Committee on Judiciaiy, of which Sen- 
ator Hadley was Chairman, and of Agriculture, 
Horticulture and Farm Drainage, Senator Charles 
Bogardus, Chairman, during the Thirty-sixth Gen- 
eral Assembly. 

Since his appointment as Postmaster, Mr. Stev- 
ens has refitted and remodeled the post-office fix- 
tures and facilities and has furnished a good bur- 
glar-proof safe, the whole improvements costing 
about $850. The business of the office has steadily 
increased since the present incumbent took posses- 
sion. The business for the fiscal year of 1889, ex- 
clusive of the money order department, was 84,188; 
for 1890, it was $4,536 and for 1891, $5,404, the 
increase the first year being $347 and the second 
year, $868. During the fall of 1891, Mr. Stevens 
inspected the various post-offices in the county, 
by virtue of his position as Postmaster at the 
county seat. 

Our subject has been a member of the Congre- 
gational Church since fourteen years of age, was 
for a short time a member of the First Church of 
Christ in Galesburg, and has been actively identi- 
fied with church and Suiidaj-scliool work, lie is 



the present »Secretary of the Ford County Chris- 
tian Endeavor Union and was substitute Delegate 
to tlie International Christian Endeavor Conven- 
tion in Minneapolis in the summer of 1891. Mr. 
Stevens is a member of Paxton Lodge No. 416, 
A. F. &. A. M., of which he has served as Secretarj' 
for two terms. He is a charter member of Paxton 
Camp No. 259, M. W. A., and has held the ofllce 
of Clerk in that order two terms. 

Since the fall of 18U5, Mr. Stevens has been a 
resident of Paxton and enjoys an extended ac- 
quaintance in tliat city and the county at large. 
His course at school and college was distinguished 
by studious habits, success in examination and 
general good scholarsliip. He is a fine penman, and 
a methodical, exact and neat book-keeper. His 
books at tiie [)ost-olHce are fine specimens of cor- 
rect, plain and tasty book-keeping, and his admin- 
istration of the ottice has been most satisfactory to 
the postal authorities and the patrons of the office. 

j AMES WARREN, who is now living a re- 
tired life in Pii)er City, successfully engaged 
in farmi^ig for a number of years in this 
county. He is one of the worthy citizens 
that England has furnished to this community. He 
was born in the village of Munden, Norfolk, on the 
7tli of March, 1829, and one of a family of 
seven children. His parents were also natives of 
that community and were members of the English 
Church. His father, Richard AVarren, who followed 
farming for a livelihood, died April 1, 1889, at the 
age of eight^'-four ^uars. Of the family, Samuel 
and Annie are now deceased; .lames is the next 
younger; Harriet and George are also deceased; 
and Eliza is living in England. 

No event of special importance occurred during 
the boyhood of our subject, lie had no special 
privileges; indeed, his educational advantages were 
very limited. He worked upon the farm until 
about eighteen years of age, and then enlisted in 
the Royal Artillery service of his native land as a 
private. The troops were first stationed at Wool- 
wich, p;ngland, where they remained eighteen 

months, and the next three years were passed in 
Birmingham. Another year was then spent in 
Woolwich, after which they, were at Gibraltar for 
five years. Returning then to Woolwich, Mr. 
Warren joined the Royal Horse Artillery, and 
went to the Crimea in the spring of 1854. The 
first battle in which he particii)ated was at Alma, 
and he witnessed the famous charge of the Light 
Brigade at Balaklava, made immortal by Tenni- 
son's poem. He next participated in the battle of 
Inkermau and the siege of Seb.asto[)ol, where he 
served as a gunner. His batterj- lost fifty men, and 
our subject had his coat-sleeve shot away by a ritle 
ball. At the close of the Crimean War, he re- 
turned to England, and then went to Gibraltar, 
where he remained for three 3'ears. He was for 
thirteen years in the service, and received his dis- 
charge in July, 1858. By the Governor of Gib- 
raltar he was presented with a silver medal in com- 
memoration of his services, and this memento is 
by him highly cherished. 

The year 1858 also witnessed the emigration of 
Mr. Warren to the United States. He sailed from 
Gibraltar, and a month later reached New York. 
He then went to Philadelphia, where he remained 
two years, employed in marble works of that city. 
He went to Ohio in 1860, and, after two years spent 
in farming in the Buckeye State, came by team to 
Ford County, and purchased eighty acres of wild 
land in Brenton Township, upon which not a fur- 
row had been turned or an improvement made. 

On the 8th of .lanuary, 1849, in his native land, 
Mr. Warren was united in marriage with Miss 
Elizabeth Snook, who was born in Sheffield, Eng- 
land, and is a daughter of William and Elizabeth 
Snook. She was with him all through his army 
life after their marriage. They have no children 
of their own, but have reared an adopted son. His 
name was Albert Finley, but he now bears the 
name of John Albert Warren. He was a soldier's 
orphan, and, at the age of four, came to live with 
our subject and his wife. Upon the farm he was 
reared to manhood, and acquired his education in 
the public schools. He is now engaged in black- 
smithing in Chicago. He married Delia Munson, 
whose father is a farmer of Brenton Township, and 
they have two little daughters. 




^ W^ m 


^T^C^U^O^ ^JL C^, 




For a. number of years, Mr. Warren gave his en- 
tire time and attention to tlie development of his 
land and transformed it into a rich and fertile 
farm, whicli yielded him a golden tribute for the 
care and labor he bestowed upon it. lie came 
here with only S50 and his team and wagon, but 
now has a handsome competence, and owes no man 
a cent. Since 1881, he has resided in Piper City, 
where he has a comfortable home, the hospitable 
doors of which are ever open for the reception of 
the many friends of Mr. and Mrs. Warren. In 
politics, be has been a Republican since he cast his 
first Presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln, and 
has frequently served as delegate to the conven- 
tions of his party. Socially, he is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, and himself and wife are mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church. He has taken an 
active interest in all that pertains to the welfare 
aud upbuilding of the comnuuiity and in all i)OS- 
sible ways has aided in the advancement of the 
county's interests. 



ROF. KOSCIE CL1ISE15ELL m.-ikes his 
home in Melvin. J. G. Holland truthfully 
says tbat the teacher's professi(jn is one of 
the most ennobling. In presenting tiie 
life records of those who have been conspicuous in 
the educational circles of Little Ford, that of Kos- 
cie Clinebcll should not be omitted, for he is well 
and favorably known as one of Ford County's 
most successful teachers, having followed that pro- 
fession in Ford County from the year 1875 until 
1889, inclusive. 

Mr. Clinebell is a native of West Virginia. He 
was born in Monroe Count}', Ma}' 24, 1856, and is 
the eldest of a family of three children, born unto 
John and Minerva C. (Alford) Clinebell, natives of 
Virginia. His lirother, De Witt Clinton, is a resi- 
dent of Bloomington, 111., living with his mother. 
He IS now one of the head salesmen in the firm of 
Pixley ik Co., the largest clothing firm in the cilj' 
of Bloomington. He was educated in the com- 
mon schools of McLean County, and the graded 
schools of Noiinal, 111. He is a sterling young man 

of business tact and ability. He belongs to the 
Knights of Pytliias of Bloomington, and is a stanch 
Democrat in politics. The only daughter in the 
Clinebell family, Laura Josephine, was educated in 
the common schools for a teacher, and resides in 
Danvers Township, McLean County. 

The father of our subject was one of the men 
who died in the service of the South during the 
great Rebellion. The motlier is still living at the 
age of fifty-seven years. She was reared and edu- 
cated in Virginia, having been a student in Staun- 
ton Seminary, of Staunton, Va. 

The first eight years of Mr. Clinel)eirs life were 
spent in the State of his nativity. While a small 
boy, he was stricken with typhoid fever and white 
swelling, which cri])pled him for life, but the All- 
Wise Being gave him a fertile brain and an in- 
domitable will-power, which has made him the 
successful man he is to-daj'. His education was 
commenced in the typical log school-house so fa- 
miliar to many of the Southerners. It was a sub- 
scription school, for the free-school s^'stem was not 
then known in the South. During the war, the 
family lost all of their property as well as the fa- 
ther. The mother and grandmother, with the three 
little children, came to Illinois in 1866, aud resided 
for a year in Fairbury, where our subject had a 
chance of attending the first graded free school he 
ever saw. Thence the}' removed to Sac City, Iowa, 
and after two years returned to McLean County, 
111., where they were almost penniless. The chil- 
dren were scattered among entire strangers, and 
our subject found in William Paul, of Stanford, 
111., a true friend. He made his home at the house 
of that gentleman for about two years, aud at- 
tended the district schools. He then obtained a 
second-grade certificate and secured a summer 
school in Mackinaw Township, Tazewell County, 
at 125 per month, the first money he ever earned. 
He made a success of his first school, and was re- 
engaged for the fall and winter terms at $33.33^ 
per month. 

Mr. Clinebell saved his money, and the spring 
of 1872 found him in Normal, 111., where he rented 
a little liouse, and his mother, brother and himself 
went to house-keeping, and Koscie entered the 
State Normal I'nivcrsity. His resources afterward 



gave out, and he was compelled to quit school and 
go to teaching. He then attended school and en- 
gaged in teaching alternately until 1875, when he 
came to Ford County, where he engaged as a 
teacher near Melvin. After two years' successful 
teaching, he assumed the Principalship of the Mel- 
vin public schools, and retained that position until 
1881. During his career as teacher in Melvin, his 
school took fourteen premiums, and the sweep- 
stake premium in the County Educational Exhibit 
at the Ford County Fair. 

On August 16, 1881, Mr. Clinebell celct)ratcd his 
marriage with ]\Iiss Ida Mae Marsh, a native of La- 
conia, Harrison County, Ind., born August 16, 
1862, and a daughter of Jesse P. and Margaret 
(Fowler) Marsh, natives of Indiana. The lady was 
educated in the graded schools, and is well read. 
She has decided skill and talent in painting and 
artistic needle- work. She has been one of Ford 
County's brightest primary teachers, and was her 
husband's assistant for four years in the Sibley pub- 
lic schools. By their union were born two chil- 
dren, both daughters. The eldest is Edith Maud, 
a bright, winning little miss of nine summers, who 
is now a pupil in the Melvin schools. She has pro- 
nounced talent in music, and is bright in her schol- 
astic work. Ethel Inez died at the age of sixteen 
months and twentj'-two days. 

Mr. and Mrs. Clinebell assumed charge of the 
Sibley public schools September 5, 1881, and he 
was for eight years Principal of this excellent 
school, under the efficient Board of Directors, con- 
sisting of W. A. Picket, Eli Harvey and Swen An- 
derson. On the 4th of December, 1882, the beau- 
tiful and imposing Sibley school building, erected 
at a cost of 14,500, was dedicated by Dr. E. C. 
Hewitt, President of the State Normal University, 
of Normal, 111. In this school is where Mr. Cline- 
bell made his mark as a teacher and manager of 
schools. While Principal of these schools, he es- 
tablished a system of practical business education, 
which was a factor of great importance to the pu- 
pils as well as the parents. His school competed 
six years out of the eight in the State Educational 
Exhibit at the Illinois State Fair, and the school 
was awarded second sweep-stakes of the State Fair 
Educational Exhibit, besides 152 as premium 

money, fourteen ribbons and tvvo first diplomas of 
the State Exhibit. Between 1886 and 188;), with 
the aid of his teachers, pupils and Mrs. Hiram Sib- 
ley, Mr. Clinebell founded a school library, con- 
taining five hundred and seven volumes of the 
choicest literature. Hon. Hiram Sibley was a par- 
ticular friend of Prof. Clinebell, and when visiting 
in Great Britiau and Europe, he secured a valuable 
collection of engravings of historical scenes, which 
he presented framed to the school. Tiiisis said to 
be the finest collection of the kind in Central Illi- 
nois. Through Mr. Sibley's influence, Mr. Lamb, 
of Rochester, N. Y., presented the school with a J 
$125 outfit in microscopy. ■ 

After Mr. Clinebell had decided to quit teach- 
ing, his friends advised him to try for a position 
as .Superintendent of some of the Governmental 
schools. This he did, and his friends in Central Illi- 
nois, and the press of Bloomington and Ford 
County, strongly' endorsed him for the position. 
The following is a copy of a letter sent to United 
States Senator S. M. Cullom, and Congressman L. 
E. Payson,froin the prominent citizens of Faxton: 

To the Hon. S. M. Cullom and Hon. L. E. Pay- 

Gentlemen: — Prof. Koscie Clinebell, of Sibley, 
Ford Count\', 111., is an applicant for the position 
of Superintendent of a Governmental School. We 
have personally known Prof. Clinebell for many 
years, and know him to be a thorough and success- 
ful teacher, a gentleman of high character and in- 
tegrity, a thorough Republican, a most desirable ^ 
citizen, and one in whom we have entire confi- ? 
dence. IMr. Clinebell will, in the position to which 
he has aspired, do credit to himself, his friends and 
his party. (Signed by fifteen of the prominent 
citizens of Paxton, 111.) 

To the above, Judge AValter Q. Gresham, a friend 
of the family, added these words: 

Believing Prof. Clinebell to be cai)able, honest 
and deserving, I take pleasure in joining in the 
above recommendations. W. Q. Gkeshaji, 

Circuit Judge of the United States Circuit 
Court of Northern Illinois. 

Prof. Clinebell also received recommendations 
from W. O. Davis, editor and proprietor of the 
Bloomington Pantagraph, of Bloomington, 111.; 
also from Dr. Richard Edwards, State Superinten- 
dent of public schools, Dr. Seliin H. Peabody, Re- 
gent of the University of Illinois, and a strong 



endorsement from Gov. Joseph W. Fifer, beside a 
letter from the faculty of the State Xonnal Uni- 
versity, and Prof. Clinebell's IJoard of Education 
in Sibley. His appointment was duly recognized, 
and he was tendered by the Commissioner of In- 
dian Atfairs, lion. John Oberly, the .Superinten- 
dency of the San Carlos schools in Arizona, but he 
preferred to wait until the next appointment, 
which woidd include his wife, and in the mean- 
time he entered the biographical field with the 
Goodspeed Building Company, and was upon the 
staff of its writers in Nebraska, Kansas, Iowa, 
Louisiana. Mississippi and Ohio. In the spring of 
1891, he entered the field with the Lake City Pub- 
lishing Company, by which he is now employed. 

Mr. Clinebell is known by his friends to be an 
indefatigable worker, and is ever ready to aid those 
in distress and need as far as he is able. In politics, 
he is a Re^)ublican, but in local affairs aims to cast 
his vote for the man, rather than the party. lie 
is an honored member of Lodge No. 17i), K. of P., 
of Melvin, and also a member of Camp No. 1,512, 
M. W. A., of Buckingham, 111. Himself and wife 
are members of the Methodist E|nscopal Church, 
and for many years have been connected with the 
Sundaj'-school interests of Ford County. Prof. 
Clinebell was Superintendent of the Methodist 
Sunday-school in Sibley for several years, and was 
a member of the Illinois State Teachers' Associa- 
tion, the Central Illinois Teachers' Association and 
the Teachers' Association, of Ford County. Him- 
self and wife are honored citizens of Melvin, where 
they have a neat and pretty home, and this sketch 
of these worthy people will be read by many who 
know them well and favorably. Their |)ortraits 
appear elsewhere in this volume. 

^ NOCH S. HUNT, the original owner of the 
, ^ town site of Melvin, and one of the most 
ij^!^/ successful farmers of Ford County, claims 
Illinois as the State of his nativity, his birth hav- 
ing occurred in Marshall County, on the 15tli of 
October, 1H3.3. He is a son of Cornelius and Ann 
(Sidle) Hunt, who were pioneer settlers of his na- 

tive county, and a sketch of this worthy c(iu|ile is 
given on another (lage of this work. Our subject 
was reared to manhood upon a farm, and enjoyed 
but limited educational advantages, as schools were 
not only few Init poor in Marshall County in his 
3'outh, and his services were reipiired on the farm 
in assisting his father. When fourteen \ears of 
age he removed with his parents to La Salle 
County, where he made his home until coming to 
Ford County. 

On the 21st of December, 1854, in Lacon, 111., 
Mr. Hunt was joined in wedlock with Miss jNIary 
Gnffln, who was born and reared in ^Marshall 
County, and is a daughter of David and Ruth 
Grillin, who were pioneers of that count\- of 1830, 
having come there from Pennsylvania. LTnto 
Mr. and Mrs. Hunt have been born three children 
who are yet living and they lost one. Esther, the 
eldest, is the wife of C. B. Ellis, a resident of In- 
dependence, Iowa; Jessie is the widow of S. A. 
Bookwater and resides in Melvin; Mary is the wife 
of W. P. Sreve, a farmer of Peach Orchard, and 
William Wallace died in 18G2, at the age of four- 
teen mouths. 

Mr. Hunt was successfully engaged in farming 
in La Salle County until 1867, when he lemoved 
to Peach Orchard Township, Ford County, and 
purchased a large farm, one half section of which 
is the site of the present village of Melvin. He 
made the original plat of that village and subse- 
quently platted two additions to the town. His farm 
house was situated near the northwest corner of 
the village plat and one hundied rods from the 
post-office. There he made his home until 1800, 
when he purchased and removed to his present 
line residence to the southeast of the depot. He 
still has three hundred and fifty acres of his orig- 
inal farm which he leases, besides fourteen lots in 
the village of Melvin, and his wife owns a farm of 
two hundred and forty acres, so their aggregate 
possessions amount to six Inmdred acres, all in 
Peach Orchard Township. 

In politics, Mr. Hunt is an out-and-out Republi- 
can, a stalwart supporter of that party's principles, 
and has served as Assessor and Road Commissioner 
for Peach Orchard Township, and held the office of 
Collector for many years in La Salle County. His 



wife and daughters are members of the Congrega- 
tional Church. For a quarter of a century', Mr. 
Hunt has been a resident of Ford County, and of 
Peacli Orchard Township; in fact, he was on the 
ground when the township was set off and organ- 
ized and is properly the founder of tlie village of 
Melvin. His life has been a busj' and useful one, 
and by untiring industry, the exercise of good 
judgment and by strict integrity has succeeded 
in acquiring a valuable property. His success is 
certainly well deserved. He has recently retired 
from active farming and is living comfortably 
with his family in the enjoyment of a well-earned 
competence and the kind regard of his old neigh- 
bors and friends. 


^., BRAM L. PHILLIPS, a laomiueut member 
(@i01 of the Ford County Bar, and a resident of 
Gibson City since 1884, was born in Put- 
nam County, 111., Jul}' 2, 1862, and is a 
son of George and Martha A. (Light) Phillips. 
His father was born in England in 1820, and came 
to America when thirty years of age. At first, he 
made his home near Pittsburg, Pa., where he mar- 
ried Miss Martha A. Light, a native of that State. 
In 1857, he came with his family to Illinois, set- 
tling in Putnam County, where he built the first 
steam sawmill erected in that county. He engaged in 
milling until his removal to Ford County in 1867. 
He was one of the first Justices of the Peace of 
Peach Orchard Township, which olHce he held un- 
til the time of his death, which occurred in the fall 
of 1874, his wife, the mother of Abram L.. dying 
about two years previous. They were highl}' re- 
spected citizens and made many ft lends in the 
community where they made their home. 

The subject of this sketch attended the district 
schools of his native covmty in childhood, there 
receiving his primary education. This was supple- 
mented by a course in the Wesleyan University of 
Bloomington, 111. He began the study of law un- 
der Gen. Bloomfleld and was graduated from the 
Bloomington Law School in the Class of '84. On 
taking his degree, he at once entered upon the 

practice of his profession at Gibson City, and has 
succeeded in building up a prosperous business. 
He is now one of the able lawyers and prominent 
citizens of Ford County. 

On the 17th of November, 1885, Mr. Phillips 
was united in marriage in Vermilion County, 111., 
to Miss Zadie Stevely. The lady is a daughter of 
George and Hannah Stevely, and is a native of 
Illinois, born in Vermilion County. Unto our 
subject and his wife has been born one child, a son, 
Wendell, born in Gibson City on the 3d of October, 

In political sentiment, Mr. Phillips is a Repub- 
lican, being a stanch supporter of the principles of 
that party. He served one term as City Attorney 
of Gibson to the credit of himself and to the sat- 
isfaction of his constituents. Socially, he holds 
membership with Gibson Lodge No. 733, A. F. & 
A. M.; is a member of Hesperon Lodge No. 123, 
K. of P., and also belongs to the Modern Wood- 
men of America, being a member of Gibson Camp 
No. 235. Mr. Phillips and his wife stand high in 
social circles and receive the respect and esteem of 
their many friends and acquaintances. In April, m 
1892, Sir. Phillips was nominated by the Repub- 
lican party for the position of States Attorney, 
and the strength of his party, as well as his per- 
sonal popularity, assures his election in November. 

jENJAMIN H. McCLURE, familiarly known 
as '-Uncle Ben," is one of the well-known 
f(^') .)] pioneers of Illinois of 1824. He is a na- 
^^^^ tive of Indiana, born in Posey County, 
June 8, 1818, and his parents were Thomas and 
Susan (Hines) McClure. The father was a native 
of Rockingham County, Va., born on the loth of 
July, 1765, and the mother was born in Kentucky, 
December 23, 1774. Thomas McClure went to 
Kentucky in 1782, in the pioneer days of that 
region, when the Indians were far more numerous 
than the white settlers and still had most of the 
land in their possession. In that State he was 
married, and moved to Indiana in 1815, but in 
1824, still seeking the frontier of civilization, he 



came to Central Illinois and laid a claim eight 
miles east of Springlield. Three j'cars later, he 
removed to McLean County, where his death oc- 
curred January 3, 1847, at the age of eighty-two 

Our subject, Benjamin H. McClure, accom- 
panied his parents to McLean County in 1827, 
being then nine years of age. He was reared to 
manhood on his father's farm, receiving little or 
no educational advantages, on account of the new- 
ness of the settlements. One of the important 
events in his life was his marriage, October 13, 
1835, in McLean Count}-, at Stout's Grove, 
with Miss Frances Killiani, a daughter of Jolm 
and Sarah (Shackelford) Killiam. Mrs. McClure 
was born in Casey County, Ky., May 1, 1811, and 
in 1824 came with her parents to Illinois. 

Mr. McClure and his estimalile wife have be- 
come the parents of nine children: John T. mar- 
ried Jane Deal and makes his home in Drummer 
Township, Ford County; William F., a resident of 
Pearl County, Miss., wedded Augusta McClure; 
Sarah J. died in childhood, at the age of eight 
j'ears; Elizabetli is the wife of Milton Bai- 
ley, of Gibson City; Mar^- Ellen died when eight 
yeai's old; James Marion was united in marriage 
with Josephine Hall and resides in Plaquomine, 
La.; Harriet Newell is the wife of the Hon. John 
H. Collier, of Gibson City, of whom see a sketch 
elsewliere in this work; Frances P. died at the 
age of four years; and one child died in infancj'. 

Mr. McClure was engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits in McLean County until 1868, when he re- 
moved to Ford Count}', settling in Drummer 
Township, some four miles northwest of Gibson 
City, where he made his liome until 1876, when 
he went to Gibson without disposing of his land. 
The farm contains one hundred and fifty-six acres 
of good arable land and is still the propertj' of 
our subject. 

In early life, Mr. McClure was an old-line Whig 
and cast liis first vote for William Henry Harri- 
son for President in 1840. He joined the Repub- 
lican party on its organization, and still supports 
it with his ballot. He has held a number of town- 
ship otlices, among which are those of Sui)ervisor 
and Road Commissioner. He was reared under 

the auspices of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Cliurch, and united with that denomination in 
1845. His wife joined at the same time, and they 
have now for nearly fifty years been devoted 
members of tiiat church and active workers in 
their Master's vine^'ard. Mr. McClure has been a 
Deacon since 1847, and made an Elder in 
1869, when he helped to organize the church in 
Ford County. He is one of the worthy pioneers 
of Illinois and early settlers of this county, and 
this work would be incomplete without his his- 
tory. He has led a bus}' and useful life, and is 
highly esteemed for his sterling worth and in- 

Pt'RANK E. SHARP, proprietor of a livery, 
S)^ feed and sale stable in Gibson City, first 
^ " opened his eyes to the light of day in 
Geauga County, Ohio, on the 20tli of November, 
1857, and is a son of George and Sarah (Austin) 
Sharp. His parents were born in the State of 
New York. About 1858, the family removed to 
Rock County, Wis., and the following year came 
to Ford County, III., spent a year and returned to 
Rock County, where they made their home till 
1864, when they again came to Ford County. 
They settled in Wall Township, but returned to 
Wisconsin, locating in Walworth County in 1890. 
Our subject accompanied his parents from Ohio 
to AVisconsin, and from there to this county, ar- 
riving in 1864. He received his educational 
training in the common schools and was reared to 
manhood under the parental roof. In 1877, he 
engaged in farming on his own account in AVall 
Township, and continued there until 1882, when 
he removed to Elliott. There he learned the 
harness-maker's trade and was engaged in that 
vocation for three years. He then bought a farm, 
which he operated one year, and then came to 
(iibson City, buying into the livery business, 
which he continued for only a few months, when 
he engaged in harness-making, which he carried 
on until he established his present business in 
March, 1892. In nddition to his livery stable, he 



also owns and operates a dray line, which he is 
carr3'ing on very successfully, doing a good l)usi- 

Mr. Sh.ari) led to the marriage altar, on tlie 30th 
of June, 1887, in Elliott, Miss Lou Miller. Mr.s. 
Sharf) is a native of Illinois and is a dauglitcr of 
.lames Miller. She is a consistent ineniber of the 
Methodist Church and by lier union with our sub- 
ject has become the mother of one child, Shirley, 
aged four years. 

In political sentiment, Mr. Sliarp is a stalwart 
supporter of the Democratic party, and takes an 
active interest in its advancement. lie belongs 
to tlio Kniulits (if Pythias fraternity, holding nieni- 
bcrsliip with llespcron Lodge No. 123. He and 
his wife are leading members of the .social circle 
in which tliey move, and arc jn'ominent citizens 
of (tilison. He is public-spirited and progressive, 
and is one of the enterprising business men of tlie 

;^® '■ ^=^ ^. -g .^ii 

"ilJONATHAN DIXON WYl.IK, M. I)., was 

born in Chester District, >S. C, in 1825, and 
was a son of Samuel and Agnes Wylie. His 
parents were natives (>f Chester Count}-, 
S. C, and were descended from old families of tlie 
Palmetto State. The Doctor's ancestors were orig- from Scotland and the first to come to 
America were Associate Reform Presbyterians, who 
came from Scotland .and settled in South Carolina. 
Samuel Wylie was strongly opposed to slavery, al- 
though reared in its midst and served by slaves, 
the property of his father. When he had attained 
to man's estate, he made his home in the abolition 
State of Indiana, where he reared his childicn to a 
love of freedom for all the human family. Many 
of the family descended from the original South 
Carolina stock have achieved a prominence in the 
learned jirofessions and in statesmanship, and espcc- 
iall}^ in the medical profession. 

Dr. AVylie received his literary education in the 
.State University of Indiana, and w.ns graduated in 
1850 from the Oliio INIedical College of Cincinnati. 
He came at once to Illinois and established himself 

in practice in Oakland, Coles County, then almost 
a wilderness. He was married in Beaver Falls, Pa., 
in 1851, to Miss Agnes Crawford. The ladj' is a 
native of Beaver Falls and a daughter of Samuel 
Crawford of that place. Dr. Wylie and his wife 
reared three sons: Samuel M., the eldest, is a prac- 
ticing physician of Paxton and his sketch is given 
elsewhere in this work; Allen 1). is in railway em- 
ploy in the West, and t)scar H., tlie youngest, is 
the present Deputy Clerk of the Court of Ford 
County and is in discharge of the whole duties of 
that oHice. 

In 18G2, Dr. AV3iie entered the service of the 
United .States for the late war as Assistant Surgeon 
of the Thirty-fifth Regiment, Illinois Infantry, 
was promoted to be Surgeon of the regiment and 
served until the close of the war, doing good and 
faithful service. On his return from the army, lie 
resumed practice in Oakland, where he continued 
to reside until 1868, when he canie to Paxton 
and in active pr.actice in this cit}' until his 
fatal illness. His death occurred on the 5th of 
March, 1876. 

Dr. Wylie was a member of the .State Medical 
Societ}' of Illinois and of the American Society of 
the United States. He also held membership with 
the United Presbyterian Church of Paxton, as does 
his wife, and was an earnest Repulilican in politics. 
As a pliysician, he was talented and skillful anil 
throughout his days of activity maintained a large 
and lucrative practice. 



eOL. HARRY D. COOK. Among the promi- 
nent citizens of Illinois who were .actively 
identified with the war history of the State 
and soldier interest sul3sequent to the return of 
peace, few, if any, are deserving of more 
mention than the gentleman whose name heads 
this sketch. 

Col. Cook was Ijorn in Oneida County, N. Y., in 
1818, and was a son of .Joliii Cook. His father 
was a close friend of Gai'rett Smith, and was de- 
scended from an old New York family, the grand- 
father of the Colonel being a soldier in the Revo- 



lutionary War. H. D. Cook received a liberal edu- 
cation, and in liis youth learned the carpenter's 
trade. In 1K41, he was married in New York to 
Miss .loanna Hall, daughter of AVilliam and Sally 
Hall. The lad3' was born in New York and comes 
of an old family of that State. 

In 1850, Col. Cook emigrated from the East to 
Illinois and settled in Fulton Count}', but after a 
year removed to McLean Country, locating on a 
farm near Bloomington. He was emplo3'ed on tlie 
Illinois Central Railroad as a bridge-builder, and 
in 18.53 removed to Woodford County. In 1860, 
he was elected to the Illinois Legislature on the 
Republican ticket, and in Maj' of the following 
year entered the volunteer service for the late 
war as Captain of Company G, Fourth Illinois 
Cavalry. He participated in the active service of 
the war, was promoted to Lieutenant-Colonel and 
commanded his regiment. When mustered out 
after three years of service, he held the rank of 

On his return to the North, Col. Cook was re- 
elected to the Legislature and after the close of 
the war was commissioned by Gov. Oglesb}- as 
military financial agent for Illinois and ordered to 
Washington to secure the payment of State claims 
against the general Government, growing out of 
the late war. So well did he discharge his duty, 
that he secured the payment of nearly all the 
claims due the State, manifesting superior busi- 
ness ability and tact. When the railroad and ware- 
house commission was organized by act of Legis- 
lature, Col. Cook was a[)pointed by Gov. Bever- 
idge a member of that boar<], and at its organi- 
zation was chosen Chairman. This position he 
filled with honor to himself and satisfaction to 
the people until his death, which occurred in No- 
vember, 1873, at his home in Normal. 111. 

The Colonel was an original Abolitionist and a 
warm friend of Owen Lovejoy. He was a man of 
positive views and was a popular speaker, widely 
and favorably known. The war afforded a field 
for distinction for men of nerve and strength of 
character, and Col. Cook's career developed the 
latent talent in his character for leadership, he be- 
coming prominent and inlluential in State and 
National affairs. For several years prior to his 

death, he had made his home in Normal, 111., where 
his wife, who survives her husband, still resides, 
though well advanced in years. 

Seven children were born to Colonel and Mrs. 
Cook, of whom four are living, three having died in 
childhood: Fiance L., the eldest, who married Miss 
Kate Anderson, is the present State Attorney of 
Ford Count}-, and resides in Paxton. .John W. 
married Lydia Spofford and is President of the 
State Normal University at Normal; Florence A. 
is the wife of Judge Alfred S.aniplc, of Paxton, 
whose sketch appears elsewhere in this work; and 
Ida is the wife of F. W. Gove, a resident of Den- 
ver, Col. 

WjJ// P'"'^"iii"ciitly connected with the busi- 
W^ less interests of Melvin, being the senior 
member of the firm of W. II. &- W. E. Thompson, 
dealers in lumber and farm machinery. He has 
been a resident of Peach Orchard Township, Ford 
County, since 1872, and has made his home in 
Illinois since 1865. 

Mr. Thompson claims Ohio as the State of his 
nativit}', his birth occurring in Belmont County, 
on the 1th of December, 1851. With his parents, 
he came to Illinois, the family settling in Marshall 
County, near New Rutland, La Salle County, where 
he attended the public schools. On attaining to 
man's estate, in the fall of 1872, he came to Ford 
County, and, locating in Peach Orchard Township, 
engaged in farming. He still owns a farm of 
eighty acres on section 36, but in later \'ears he 
has given no attention to agricultural pursuits, 
but has devoted his energies to the lumber business. 
An important event in the life of Mr. Thompson 
occurred on the 23d of September, 1875, when in 
Paxton he was united in marriage with Miss Ruth 
Hunt, a daughter of John S. and Jane Hunt. The 
lady was born in La Salle County, 111., February 20, 
1856, and came to this county with her |)arents in 
1867. Three children grace the union of this 
worthy couple, a son and two daughters: Zella 
Aim, Delmer B. and Delia. 

Mr. Thonii)son continued to engage in a"-ricul- 



tural pursuits until 1876, when he left the farm 
and embarked in his present business as a dealer in 
lumber and farm machinery in Melvin, where he 
has since made his home. He is a straightforward, 
upright business man and is held in high regard 
by all who know him. He and bis wife are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and in 
his |)olitieal alliliations he is a stalwart Republican, 
warmly advocating the principles of that party and 
laboring for its success and upbuilding. During 
his residence in Peacli Orchard Township, he has 
held various official ijositions of honor and trust, 
having served for one year as Collector, as Presi- 
dent of the Village of Melvin for two years, and 
as United States Census Enumerator for his home 
di.'st ict in 1890. Mr. Thompson and his partner 
have built up an extensive trade in their line, as 
the result of good management and an earnest de- 
sire to please their patrons, and are esteemed among 
the worthy and relial)le luisiness men of Ford 
County, llis entire life since attaining to years of 
matuiity our subject has passed in this community 
and h.Ts thus formed a wide and extensive acquaint- 

— ^ ^g -^' 

' OHN WOOLSTONCROFT, one of the ex- 
tensive land-owners of Lyman Township, 
residing on section 18, claims England as 
the land of his nativity and also has some 
Scotch l>lood in his veins. He was born in Lan- 
cashire, in 1810, and was one of a family of 
eight children, two sons and six daughters, whose 
parents were John and Mary (Woods) Woolston- 
ci''oft. His father was a weaver of cotton cloth. 
He died at the age of sixt3'-four and his wife passed 
away at the age of fifty. The only members of 
the famil}' yet living are three sisters of our sub- 
ject: Mary and Janet, both of whom are widows 
and reside in Lancashire, England, and Sarah, who 
resides in Philadelphia. 

Our subject began to earn his own livelihood at 
the age of eight j'ears, working at the weaver's 
trade from that time until twelve years of age, 
when he learned the trade of brick-making and 
also laid brick. Wlien about twenty years of age. 

he determined to try his fortune in America and, 
in 1831, sailed from Liverpool to New York. He 
was almost penniless when he arrived in this coun- 
try, a stranger in a strange land. He first secured 
work as a weaver in Philadelphia, where he re- 
mained for six years, and in the spring of 1837, 
he went to Ohio, where he spent about five 
months. He next located in Putnam County, III., 
and, making his home in Magnolia, engaged in 
weaving in the winter season and in brick-hying 
in the summer. 

While residing in Putnam County, Mr. Wool- 
stoncroft was united in marriage to Elizabeth 
Phillips, a native of England. Tlicir union was 
celebrated in April, 1838, and unto them were 
born six sons and six daughters, eight of whom 
are now living: David, tiie eldest, wedded Mary 
Warner, a native of this .State, by whom he has 
three children. He is a plasterer and brick mason 
and one of the prominent citizens of Roberts, and , 
in politics, is a stanch Republican. .John married 
Miss Hannom and follows farming in Kansas; he, 
too, is a Republican. Abraham married Miss Pettit 
and is a resident farmer of Kansas; Wilber was 
joined in wedlock to Miss Hawthorne, and follows 
farming in; Alice is the wife of George 
Dykes, an agriculturist of Illinois; F^lizabeth is 
the wife of John Warner, whose sketch appears 
elsewhere in this work; Hannah is the wife of Ed- 
ward Owens, a farmer of AVall Township; Maria, 
who successfully engaged in teaching in Onarga 
and in F'ord County, is now the wife of Nelson 
Buzick, farmer, by whom she has six children, 
namely: Earl, who aids his father in tiie farm work; 
Flora, a student in Onarga Seminary; Maiy, Jessie, 
John AV. and James. Mrs. Woolstoncroft died 
May 7, 1864, and was interred in Magnolia Ceme- 
tery, where a beautiful monument marks her last 
resting place. 

In 1867, Mr. Woolstoncroft came to this county 
with John Hunt, and purchased four hundred 
acres of raw land. The towns of Melvin and Rob- 
erts were not then laid out, wild game ot all kinds 
was plentiful and at that day one could not have 
realized that such a rapid change was so st)on to 
take place. Our subject bought land at ^9 per acre 
and began the development of a fine farm. His 

■t^^ ^^ 






labors were successful and he has become one of 
the well-to-do citizens of the community. In early 
life, he was a Whig and cast his first Presidential 
vote for William Henr}' Harrison, but since the 
organization of the Republican party, he has been 
one of its stanch supporters. Througliout the com- 
munity, he is held in the highest regard and the 
word of John Woolstoncroft is as good as his 
bond, for his upright life and sterling worth have 
won him the the confidence of all. He is now 
eighty-two years of age but is still enjoying good 

^^ HARLES SPELLMEYER, who carries on 
(li tr S^'ieral farming on section 16, Wall Town- 
^^;^ ship, was born in the town of Mahnan, in 
the Province of Westphalia, in Meinden County, 
Germany, September 17, 1831. His father was 
also a native of that localit3' and in later life emi- 
grated to America. Further mention is made of 
him in the sketch of George H. Spellme}'er on 
another page of this work. 

In accordance with the laws of his native land, 
our subject attended school between the ages of 
seven and fourteen years. When about twenty- 
three years of age, he determined to try his for- 
tune in America and sailed for New York in 1853, 
landing after a voyage of six weeks. Four 3ears 
later, he was followed by the family. Charles 
came on at once to Illinois, making bis first loca- 
tion in Putnam Count}', where he worked by the 
day or month as a farm hand for some time. Five 
j'ear.s later, he went to La Salle County, where he 
rented land and engaged in farming for himself. 
He is truly a self-made man, for he started in life 
empty-h.anded. and the success wliicli has crowned 
his efforts is due entirely to Ins industry and per- 
severance. After renting land for about eight 
years, during which time he saved some capital, 
he purchased eighty acres in La Salle County in 
1876, and settled upon that land. A small shanty 
constituted the improvements, but onlj- a short 
time liad elapsed ere a great change was wrought 
in that place, and wliat was once a barren tract 

He now engages in gen- 

became a valuable farm, 
eral fanning and stock-raising and owns five hun- 
dred and twenty-eight acres of land, all in Wall 

A marriage ceremony performed in La Salle 
County on the 17th of Ma}-, 1858, united the des- 
tinies of Mr. Spellmej-er and Miss Louisa Kotl- 
kamp, who was born in the same town as her hus- 
band and came to America in the year 1857. 
She is a daughter of Henry and Anna Marie Kott- 
camp, who spent their entire lives in Germany. 
Both parents passed away when about sixty-one 
years of age. They were members of the German 
Lutheran Church and the father was a tanner by 
trade. They had a family of ten children, six sons 
and four daughters, but only two are now living: 
Lottie is the widow of F'red .Schwartze, of St. Louis, 
Mo., and iSIrs. Spellmeyer, who is the elder. She was 
educated in the German schools, and at about the 
age of twenty emigrated to America. The other 
members of the famil}- all died in infancy except 
Henrietta, whose death occurred in Germany when 
about eighteen years of age. 

By the union of our subject and his wife have 
been bom nine children, five sons and four daugh- 
ters, as follows: George W., a farmer of Wall 
Township, who wedded Mary Carson; Mary, wife 
of Charles Kenney, of the same township; Henry 
C, a hardware merchant of Melvin, whose sketch 
appears elsewhere in this work; Frank, who makes 
his home in Vermilion County, 111.; Amelia, 
Charles and Lillie Louisa, all yet at home. The 
children have been afforded good educational 
privileges and reared to habits of industiy, thus 
fitting them to become useful citizens. Two other 
children are now deceased: Mina, who died in La 
Salle County when only six weeks old, and a son 
who died in infancy. 

Mr. and Mrs. Spellmeyer are members of the 
Lutheran Church of Melvin and are worthy Ger- 
man people whose many excellencies of character 
have won them high regard. In politics, he is a 
stalwart Democrat, having supported that party 
since he cast his first Presidential vote for Stephen 
A. Douglas. He is also a good business man and 
a successful fanner, and his prosperity is but the 
just reward of his own efforts. He came to this 



country a penniless young man. A stranger in a 
strange land, he commenced life here 120 in debt, 
but lias steadily worked his way upward until he has 
acquired a handsome competence. This record 
will be cherished and held sacred by their children 
when father and motlier have passed away. 

ON. DAVID PATTON, in whose honor the 
township of Patton was named, is the old- 
est surviving member of the Ford County 
Bar and was in practice in tiie territory' 
which is now Ford County, which was then a part of 
Vermilion County. Judge Patton located at what 
is known as Ten Mile Grove, situated about three 
miles southwest of Paxton,in October, 1849. He was 
born in Clark County, Ky., in 1806. and accom- 
panied his family to Butler County, that State, in 

When eighteen j-ears of age, Mr. Patton began 
the study of law in the office of Oliver H. Smitii, 
at Connersville, Ind., and while so engaged taught 
the district school to earn money to defray his 
current expenses. He was admitted to the Bar in 
1828 and entered upon the practice of his profes- 
sion at La Fayette, Ind., where he secured a large 
and lucrative practice. Frank, upright and gen- 
erous in disposition, he was held in high esteem 
by the people and regarded as a leading lawyer by 
his brethren at the Bar. His unguarded liberality, 
however, proved a snare to him financially, and 
his earnings for ten years were soon swept away in 
the payment of debts for his friends, and he was 
compelled to start anew in life. With this object 
in view, he came to Illinois and located four hun- 
dred acres of land at Ten Jlile Grove, then in Ver- 
milion, now Ford County. The country was but 
sparsely settled, affording little, if any, field for 
business in the line of his profession, hence he 
turned his attention to farming and stock-raising, 
occasionally practicing in justice courts, not a few 
of the leading lawyers of Vermilion County ex- 
pressing surprise at being outgeneraled and beaten 
by the farm lawyer. To his efforts the passage of 

the act of the Legislature creating Ford County 
was largely due. At a special election held in 1859, 
he was elected Judge of the County Court by a 
large majority over his opponent, Gideon Camp, 
and he was re-elected at the succeeding elections 
of 1860-64-68. Before the close of his fourth of- 
ficial term, the weight of years and his extensive 
personal interests decided him to decline further 
public service. The monetary panic of 1873 and 
1875, in connection with his losses as surety for 
some of his friends, again stripped him of nearly 
all his worldly possessions, but notwithstanding his 
misfortune in this i>articular, he lias the liigher and 
better consolation of having merited the esteem 
and confidence of his fellow-citizens by an active 
and useful life in their midst for more than thirty 
years. He was a good lawyer, a quaint, entertain- 
ing speaker, and at all times a kind and indulgent 
parent; a friend to the poor and needy, and an en- 
terprising and public-spirited citizen, and above all, 
a steadfast lover of justice and hum.anity. .Judge 
Patton still makes his home in Paxton, where he 
settled in 1865, but is in feeble health, and his ad- 
vanced age of eighty-six years admonishes his 
friends that his end is not far distant. The writer 
is under oliligations to the publishers of the late 
Coiintij Alias for the facts above stated. ■ 



^ ACOB BLESCH, one of the extensive land- 
owners and leading citizens of Lyman 
Township, residing on section 11, was born 
in Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, April 9, 
1839, and is the eldest in a family of three chil- 
dren born unto George and Elizabeth (Obennauer) 
Blesch. His father was a German farmer, and, in 
the spring of 1853, bade adieu to his old home and 
with his family crossed the broad Atlantic to 
America, sailing from Havre to New York, where 
he arrived after a pleasant voyage of forty-two 
Aoiys,. The parents located in Du Page County, 
111., whence they removed to Cook County, where 
the death of Mr. Blesch occurred in 1870. He 
came to thiscountr3' in very limited circumstances, 
but by his industry and good management, at the 



time of his death was the owner of one hundred 
and eighty acres of valuable land in Cook County. 
His wife, who was horn April 1), 1811, is still liv- 
ing at the advanced age of eighty-one years. She 
is a member of the Lutheran Church, to which lier 
husband also belonged. 

Our subject was a lad of fourteen years when, 
with his parents, he came to this country. He re- 
mained under the parental roof until his marriage, 
which was celebrated on Christmas Day of 1867, 
Miss Rosalie Gurard, who was born September 
20, 1845, in IJyron, (Germany, becoming liis wife. 
She was only three months old when brought to 
America by her parents, who located in Cook 
Count}'. Her father was a manufacturer in (ier- 
man3'aud was quite wealthy when he come to the 
United States. Both he aud his wife are now de- 
ceased, and a beautiful monument marks their 
last resting place in a cemetery of Cook County. 

The maiden days of Mrs. Blesch were spent in 
Cook County, where she acquired her education. 
She became the mother of three sons and three 
daughters: Anna, who was educated in both Ger- 
man and English, is now the wife of A. jNIcDon- 
ald, who was one of the successful teachers of Ford 
County, and is now engaged in merchandising in 
Odell, III.; Reynold, who pursued a commeicial 
course of study in Valparaiso College, of Indiana, 
now aids his father in the laliors of the farm; 
George died at the age of three jears; Clara is 
taking a teacher's course in the Valparaiso Nor- 
mal School; Eddie died at the age of twelve years; 
and Lydia comi)letes the family. 

Mr. and Mrs. Blescli have resided in Ford County- 
since Fel)ruarj% 188.3, at which time our subject 
purchased three hundred and twenty acres of land 
conveniently' and pleasantly- located within three 
miles of Roberts. Since that time he has made 
many good improvements and the farm has be- 
come one of tlie beautiful and desirable places in 
L_yman Township. In addition to the fine resi- 
dence, there are outbuildings which are models of 
convenience, and many other improvements, both 
useful and ornamental. Mr. Blesch has served as 
School Director during almost his entire residence 
here, and the cause of education has found in him 
a warm friend. In politics, he has been a stanch 

Republican since he cast his first Presidential vote 
for Abraham Lincoln, and he nnd his wife are con- 
sistent members of the Lutheran Church. They 
are justly classed among the licstand most promi- 
nent citizens of Lyman Township and well de- 
serve the high regard in which tliev are held. 

'' ' ^3- 


ENRY ATWOOD has longer resided in 
I Pella Township than any other of its citi- 

zens. He has here made his home for 
thirty-five years, and is now living on sec- 
tion 22. With the history of Ford County, he 
has been prominently identified and has ever 
borne his part in the work of upbuilding and ad- 
vancement. As he is widely and favorably known 
throughout the community, wc feel assured tliat 
this sketch will prove of interest to many of our 

Mr. Atwood was born in Chelsea, Mass., February 
6, 1832. His grandfather, Stephen Atwood, was 
born at Cape Cod, spent his early life as a sailor and 
afterward became a farmer. Ills son, William II. At- 
wood, father of Henry, was Iiorn on Cape Cod, 
and when about eight years old went to Boston 
with his father, who bought a farm at Chelsea. 
William went into a store and was ever afterward 
connected with mercantile interests. He learned 
to read by poring over newspapers, and en- 
tirely self-educated, but through his own efforts 
became a well-informed man. With his brother, 
he did a large business as a wholesale and retail 
dealer in oysters. He was married in Chelsea, to 
Miss Lenora Atkins, a native of Cape Cod, who 
died when our subject was about twelve years old. 
He then married Ruth Newcome, and, after her 
death, was a third time married. He served .as Cap- 
tain of a military company and throughout his 
life was a Democrat. He died in the old home at 
Chelsea, in 1878, at the age of seventy-four years. 
The children of the Atwood family were Frank- 
lin, who died at the age of twenty-one; Henry, of 
this sketcii; Lenora, who died at the age of twentj-- 
one; Cordelia, who is living in Newton,; 
Daniel, who served in the Twentv-seventh Massa- 



chusetts Regiment throughout the late war; Thomas 
H., who was in the Fourth Iowa Cavalry; and 
Otis, of Massachusetts. By the second marriage 
were born five children and of the fourteen, ten 
are now living. 

Our subject spent the first twelve years of his 
life in Chelsea and then went to Boston, where he 
attended the public schools for two years. He 
afterward went to night school for two j^ears and 
was a student in the Brocton School, but ill health 
forced him to abandon his studies. He was after- 
ward engaged for nine years in the wholesale drug 
business. In 1857, he determined to try his for- 
tune in the West. He spent a short time in Minn- 
esota for his health, and was at Minneapolis when 
the first building was erected in that city. Later in 
the year, he came to Illinois and purchased eighty 
acres of wild land in Pella Township, where he has 
since made his home. It was not long before he had 
his entire farm under a iiigh state of cultivation. 
A home was built, trees were planted and many 
other improvements made, which add both to the 
value and attractive appearance of the place. Mr. 
Atwood was one of the earliest settlers of the 
county and has been prominentl3^ identified with 
its growth and progress during all these years. 
He served on the first jury of Ford County, in 
Paxton, and has been called upon to fill many 
position of honor and trust, the duties of which 
he has ever discharged with promptness and fidel- 

On the 16th of November, 1859, in Onarga, 
Iroquois County, Mr. Atwood wedded Miss Mary 
Wyllie, who was born in Warren, Me., and is a 
daughter of William and Harriet Wyllie. She 
taught the first school in Pella Township in her 
own home. Three children have been born of 
their union: Lillie A., who was born and reared 
on the old home farm and educated in the public 
schools and Onarga Seminary, is the wife of David 
E. Tufts, a farmer of Steele County, N. Dak.; 
Wyllie is a successful teacher of North Dakota, 
and Flora B. is a teacher of recognized ability in 
Pella Township. 

Mr. and Mrs. Atwood are charter members of 
the Presbyterian Church in Piper City, to which 
their children also belong, and he is now serving 

as one of its Elders. He cast iiis first Presidential 
vote for John C. Fremont and has since been a 
Republican, stanch and true. The cause of educa- 
tion has found in him a warm friend and he has 
done much for the advancement of the schools 
in this neighborhood. During the thirty-five 
years of his residence in Ford County, he has won 
the confidence and regard of all with whom he 
has been brought in contact and this work would 
be incomplete without the sketch of Henry At- 

EBEN AVAIT, is a representative farmer and 
leading citizen of this county, residing on 
"' section 17, Button Township. His life 

record is as follows: He was born in Schuyler 
County, N.Y., February 26, 1823, and is a son of 
Abijah Wait. The father was born in Jlassachu- 
sctts, February 2, 17'.t(l, and when a .young man 
went to New York, settling in Schuyler County, 
where he married Hannah Calvert, a native of the 
Empire State. Upon their farm, they spent the 
remainder of their lives and were buried in the 
family cemetery. They had a famil3- of two sons 
and four daughters, all of whom grew to mature 
j-ears, namely: Phcebe, who became the wife of 
Aaron I'arish, of Schuyler County; both are now 
deceased. Nancy, wife of Frederick Stamp, a res- 
ident of Paxton; Henry, lately a farmer of Schuy- 
ler County, N. Y.; Eben of this sketch; Margaret, 
who is residing on the old homestead, and Sarah 
Ann, who is also living on the old home farm in 
New York. 

The educational advantages which our subject 
received were only those afforded by the common 
schools, and his boyhood days were spent in the 
usual manner of farmer lads. With his parents 
he remained until after he had attained his major- 
it}-, when, on the 26th of Februar}-, 1845, in Tomp- 
kins Cojinty, N. Y., he married Louisa Stamp, who 
was born and reaied in Schuyler County, and is a 
daughter of Daniel Stamp, one of the pioneers of 
that locality Unto them have been born two sons: 
Elbert A., a substantial farmer of Button Town- 
ship, and Adrian D., a j'Oiing man of sterling 


(^/(T^^c^ L^^^T-iyViil 




wt)rtli and good business ability, who iiiiis his fa- 
ther in carrying on the liome farm. 

After liis marriage, Mr. Wait engaged in fann- 
ing in Lis native county for a number of years, 
and in 1855 emigrated Westward, taking up bis 
residence in what is now Ford County, 111. There 
was no town where the city of Paxton now stands, 
the land was all in its primitive condition, and the 
work of progress and development seemed scarcely 
begun. He bore all the hardships and privations 
of pioneer life but his efforts were afterward 
crowned with success. He developed and im- 
proved a farm of eighty acres of valuable land, 
which is his present home. It is an excellent farm, 
supplied with substantial improvements, and its 
neat appearance indicates the thrift and enleri)rise 
of the owner. 

Mr. Wait has helped to make Ford Count}' what 
it is to-day, one of the best counties in the State, 
and is numbered among its honored pioneers. He 
was originally a Jackson Democrat, but on the or- 
ganization of the Republican party joined its 
ranks and is one of its stanch supporters. He has 
held several offices of honor and trust, including 
that of Commissioner of Highways, and has also 
been a member of the School Board. He and his 
wife are members of the Methodist Church and 
are highly respected members of this community, 
well deserving representation in the history of their 
adopted county. 

worthy achievements is an instinct of hu- 
man nature, and when noble results have 
lieen accomplished by one's own efforts, thrice de- 
serving is he of praise. All delight to pay tribute 
to a self-made man, one who, despite great disad- 
vantages, has achieved distinction. Such a one is 
the well-known gentleman whose name heads this 

The progenitor of the different branches of the 
Bogardus family in America was Everardus Bo- 
gardus, a Dutch Reform clergyman, who emigrated 
from Holland to New Amsterdam (now New York 

City) in 1633 and was the second minister in that 
citj'. residing on what is now Broad Street. In 
1638, he married Annetje, widow of Roelof Jan- 
sen, who had obtained a grant of sixty-two acres of 
land in what is now the center of New York City. 
This farm, long known as "Dominie's Bowery," in 

time became vested in Trinity Church by unfair 

means and has caused continuous litigation sLaceii.'vL'.c 
He is the only one of the name that has come to'J^'" 
this country. 

Col. Bogardus is a lineal descendant of the above 
gentleman and is a son of James H. and Louisa 
Bogardus. He was born in Cayuga County, N.Y., 
March 28, 1841, and when only six years of age 
was left an orphan, both parents being taken away 
b}^ an epidemic. He was taken by an uncle, W. H. 
Bogardus, who gave him common-school advanta- 
ges until he was some twelve years of age, at which 
time young Charles entered a grocery store as clerk, 
at a salary of $1.50 per week, his kind uncle fur- 
nishing him both board and clothes. This position 
he held for four years, receiving increase in salary 
from time to time. His earnings were paid every 
Saturday night to the uncle, who, without the boy 's 
knowledge, invested the same for him, and subse- 
quently offered to turn all over to him, notwith- 
standing his uncle was a poor man. But the boy, 
although only eighteen years of age, declined the 
offer and the mone^' with thanks. 

Borrowing means, he went to Ridgeway, N. Y., 
to accept a clerkship in the store of another uncle 
at $S per month. In this position, he served until 
1862, getting a yearly increase of salary. On the 
13th of August, 1862, Col. Bogardus, having just 
attained his majority, enlisted for the war in Com- 
pany A, One Hundred and Fift^'-first New York 
Infantry. But before going to the field, as was 
not uncommon with the boys who feared some 
others might woo and win their sweethearts (hir- 
ing their absence, he married, August 17, 1862. 
Miss Hannah W., daughter of William H. Pells, 
whose sketch is found on another page of this 
work. It is difficult to comprehend just how much 
sacrifice and courage is necessary to leave a 3'ouug 
wife and face an armed foe. On the organization 
of the company. Col. Bogardus was elected First 
Lieutenant; was promoted U> be Caiitain of Com- 



panyl, Decem))er 12, 1862; to Lieutenant-Colonel 
December 10, 1864; and was breveted Colonel by 
order of the President of the United States "'for 
gallant and meritorious services in the charge in 
front uf Petersliurg, Va., April 2, 1865." The 
letter from the Governor of New York accompa- 
nying the commission states the reason for grant- 
ing the commission, and is here given: 

"Colonel, 1 liave tlu' i)leasure to transmit here- 
with a brevet commission conferred by the Presi- 
dent, in recognition of your faithful and distin- 
guished services in the war. I feel a just pride in 
this acknowledgment of the gallantry and devo- 
tion of an oUicer of this State, which serves to 
heighten the re|)utation won l)y the valor and con- 
stancy of the soldieis of New York. 

"Veiy truly yours, 
"R. E. Fenton." 

The principal battles in which Col. Bogardus 
took part were the following: Mouocacy, Md., an 
engagement comparatively insignificant in itself, 
was important in its results. Three thousand 
Union trooiis, by the skillful management of Gen. 
Lew AVallacc, held in check nearly six times their 
number for twenty-four hours, thus giving Gen. 
Grant barely time to bring up the First and Second 
Divisions of the Sixth Armj' Corps, as the Confed- 
erate Gen. Early appeared in front of the outer 
defenses of Washington. Had that heroic little 
band of boys in blue given way, the Capitol City 
must have fallen a i)rey to the enemy. In the bat- 
tle of the AVilderness, the corps to which Col. Bo- 
gardus belonged was on the extreme right, and all 
well remember what a desperate effort Lee made to 
crush that part of Grant's army. The battle of 
Spottsylvania; Tolopotomoy; Cold Harbor, in 
which the One Hundred and Fifty-first lost five 
captains; Petersburg, Sailor Creek, and Lee s sur- 
render will ever be remembered as experiences in 
our subject's army life. At the battle of Monoc- 
acy, July 9, 1864, Col. Bogardus was so severely 
wounded that he could iKjt endure to be transferred 
by ambulance, hence was carried three miles on a 
stretcher to the Confederate hosintal at Frederick 
City, Md. Had his injuries been less, he would 
have been sent to Richmond or to Libby Prison. 
Frederick City soon fell into the hands of the 

Union troops, and he was transferred, about three 
months after, when able to travel, to the olliccrs' 
hospital at Annapolis, Md., where he regained his 
strength sufliciontly to come home on crutches and 
cast his tirst Presidential vote for Lincoln. As 
soon as he could get about liy the use <if a cane, 
he returned to his command and served until he 
was mustered out, June 26, 1865. 

The wonderful transforming power of ideas on 
the lives and actions of men is strikingly illus- 
trated in the case of Col. Bogardus and his piiter- 
nal grandfather. The latter owned and worked 
slaves in New York State before they were manu- 
mitted — the former risked his own life iov llieir 
freedom, and to-day the negro accounts the Col- 
onel one of his wannest friends. 

Unlike some old soldiers, when the war was 
over Col. Bogardus laid aside his trusted blade to 
rust under the gently distilled dews of [teace. 
Returning to Ridgeway, N. Y.,he became a partner 
of his old employer in the mercantile business. 
continuing until failing health, the effect of iiis 
wound, comiielled him to retire from trade. In 
March, 1872, he became a resident of Paxlon, and 
with its l)est interests, as well as those of the sur- 
rounding country, has been prominently identified 
since. The varied and extensive business interests 
he successfully conducts prove him to be a man of 
broad comprehension and of fine executive ability. 
Besides doing a large real-estate and loan business, 
he is extensively interested in stock-raising and 
fanning, owning several thousand acres of line 
farming land in Illinois. Of tlie Ninth Congres- 
sional District Farmers' Institute, he has been 
President since its organization, it having grown 
to he one of the largest in the State. To home 
industries, he also gives his time and encourage- 
ment. He was one of the organizers of the Paxton 
Brick and Tile Com|)any, of which he is a director 
and part owner; is a partner in the Paxton Can- 
ning Com|)any, one of the most substantial con- 
cerns of the kind in the State; one of the incor- 
i porators cif the Paxton Building, Loan and Savings 
Association, of which he has been President since 
its inception, or for a period of ten years. 

In political affairs. Col. Bogardus has taken no 
inconsiderable part. He has served two terms. 



1884 to 1888, in the Ivower House of the State Legis- 
lature, and at the close of his second term as Repre- 
sentative, he was elected, in 1888, State Senator 
from the Eighteenth Senatorial District, making 
eight consecutive years that lie has been a member 
of the Legislature, and has been unanimously en- 
dorsed by the counties of his District for renomi- 
nation by the Republican part\' as their candidate 
for the State Senate. Among the important bills 
lie was instrumental in passing, two should be men- 
tioned: one compelling instruction, in the public 
schools, in pliysiology and hygiene, with reference 
to the effects of alcoholic beverages, stimulants 
and narcotics on the human system; and the otiier 
regulating the weight of Hour and corn meal, com- 
pelling full weights under severe penalties. In the 
Thirty-fourth General Assembly, he was one of 
the Republican members who in that memorable 
Senatorial contest, wliich lasted four months, suc- 
ceeded in electing Gen. John A. Logan to the Sen- 
ate of the United States. Subsequently, the one 
hundred and three Republicans who stood so firmly 
by the General organized themselves into a society 
called the "Logan 103," of which Col. Bogardus 
was Secretary and Treasurer from its organization 
until the last meeting, when he declined to serve 
longer. In the Thirty-fifth General Assembly, he 
was unanimously chosen Chairman of the Repub- 
lican House caucus for the session. At each ses- 
sion, he was appointed on some of the most im- 
portant committees, and held several important 

Eor years, Col. Bogardus has taken an active 
interest in the State militia with a desire to put 
the four thousand Illinois troops in the highest 
state of efficiency. For four years, be held the po- 
sition of Colonel and A. D. C, on the staff of Gov. 
Oglesby, and is now holding the same position 
under Gov. Fifer. 

To the affairs of Paxton he has given attention, 
having been six years a member of the Council, 
and eight years a member of the School Board, of 
which he was President a part of that time, and a 
Trustee of Paxton Collegiate Institute since its 

Socially, he is a Knight Templar Mason and Past 
Commander of Paxton Post No. .'587, G. A. R. 

Col. Bogardus has but one living child, MariaMj 
wife of Oscar R. Zip, an attorney of Salt Lake City. 

In the support of church and charities. Col. Bo- 
gardus is liberal, giving where it is most needed, 
rather than where it would bring popularity. 

Mrs. Bogardus, who also owns extensive real- 
estate interests, is a woman of broad charity and 
is a zealous church worker, as is also the daughter, 
who is gratefully remembered by the people of 
Paxton for her devout life and for her excei)ti(inal 
business ability. 

Col. Bogardus is thoroughly American and has 
always been in syin[)ath(!tic touch with the labor- 
ing man. It is dillicult to estimate the true worth 
of a man like Col. Bogardus to any community. 
Possessed of superior mental powers, trained to 
think and and act with coolness in the heat of bat- 
tle and in the perplexities of business affairs, able 
and willing to assist in every public lienefaction 
or private charity, just and honorable in his <leal- 
ings with his fellow-raen, he stands without a peer 
in this part of the State. 

/^^ HARLES A. FELLWOCK, who is engaged 
(|[ _ in farming and also deals in fine horses, is 
^^^ a resident of Lyman Township, located on 
section 35. He was born near the city of Dresden, 
Germany, and is a son of August and Wilhelmina 
(Schneider) Fellwock. The father served for eight 
years in the German army. He was a blacksmith 
by trade, and, with his family, emigrated to Amer- 
ica when our subject was a lad of about eight 
years. They landed at New Orleans, which Charles 
remembers as a little Creole Cit3', not larger than 
Roberts at the present time. The family went up 
the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers to Cincinnati, and 
thence to Ripley County, Ind., where tlie father 
purchased eighty acres of land and began farming. 
When the war broke out in 18G1, he came to Liv- 
ingston Count}', 111., and purchased a half-section 
of partially improved land, upon which he made 
his home until 1882. Since that time he has been 
a resident of Ford County, and is a highly re- 
spected citizen. He has always been a stalwart 



Republican, and is a member of the Evangelical 
Church of Lyman Townshi|). Although seventy- 
seven years of age, he is still hale and hearty. His 
wife died March 7, 1876, and her remains were in- 
terred in Livingston County. 

The eight children of the Fell wock family are all 
living at this writing: Augusta, the eldest, is the 
wife of Mr. Lomarsh, a farmer of Livingston 
County; Charles is the next younger; Mollie is 
the wife of Adam Gihrish, a butcher of Chenoa, 
111.; Herman is married, and is a butcher of Beat- 
rice, Neb.; Linda is the wife of Chris. Gehrish, of 
Chenoa, 111.; Louis is a stock-raiser of Beatrice, 
Neb.; Linnie is the wife of Mr. Alden, who suc- 
cessfully carries on a meat market in Beatrice, Neb.; 
and Emile follows farming in Kankakee, 111. 

In the usual manner of farmer lads, our subject 
was reared to manhood, .lud was educated both in 
English and German. He has inherited the in- 
dustrious disposition of his German ancestors, and 
has made of his life a success. He now owns and 
operates two hundred and forty acres of arable 
land, which is under a high state of cultivation 
and well improved with all the conveniences of a 
model farm. There are large barns and other out- 
buildings and the beautiful residence is one of the 
finest in the township. This is a most desirable 
and valuable place. In addition to general farm- 
ing, Mr. Fellwock also makes a specialty of the 
breeding of fine horses, and now has a fine im- 
|)orted English shire horse about ten years old. 

On the 18th of April, 1867, our sulgect wedded 
Miss Katie Barrick, a native of Wayne County, 
N. Y., born April 3, 1839. Her education was 
acquired in the common schools, and she is a lady 
of gentle manner and kind and benevolent dispo- 
sition. Her parents are both deceased. Her father 
died in Yates County, N. Y., at the age of forty- 
three years, and his wife died in Ford Count3', at 
the age of sixty. INIrs. Fellwock has one sister, 
Lydia, who is living in Lyman Township, and a 
half brother, Levi J. Pfaat, a resident of Fair- 
bury, 111. 

Three children were born unto our subject and 
his wife, but Laura and Lewis both died in infancy. 
Lydia M. is the wife of Joseph A. Miiicli, a resi- 
dent of Lyman Township. She is the only living 

child and the comfort of her parents. She belongs 
to the Evangelical Church, and was married No- 
vember 19, 1891. Mr. and Mrs. Fellwock are both 
members of the German Evangelical Church, are 
earnest workers in the Master's vineyard and for 
many years have been identified with the Sunday- 
school work. In politics, he is a warm advocate 
of Republican principles and east his first Presi- 
dential vote -for Abraham Lincoln. His upright 
life and sterling worth have won him high regard, 
and he well deserves representation in this volume. 

RANK OREN CULTER, M. D., the only 
homeopathic phj'sician of Ciibson City and 
a most successful practitioner, is a native 
of Brown Countj', Ohio, and was born in Russell- 
ville,of that count}', on the 8th of May, 1861. His 
parents, Allen M. and Mary (Geeslin) Culler, were 
also natives of Ohio. The mother was called to 
her final rest in the fall of 1891, but her husband 
still survives and resides in Russellville, Ohio. 

The subject of this sketch received his literary 
education in the schools of his native town, clos- 
ing in the High School. On leaving school, he 
entered upon the stud}' of medicine in the Pulte 
Medical College, of Cincinnati, Ohio, whence he 
was graduated in the Class of '87. Or. receiving 
his diploma, he began the practice of his professi(m 
m Dover, Kj'. 

Dr. Culter continued in that place until ho 
united in marriage, which important event oc- 
curred on the 28th of May, 1889. The lady was 
in her maidenhood Miss Lucy J. Aminer, a daugh- 
ter of John S. and Margaret Ammer, of Augusta, 
Ky. Mrs. Culter was born and reared in that place 
and there received her education. Immediately 
after their marriage, the Doctor and his wife came 
to Gibson City, 1 11., where they have since resided. 

Dr. Culter is one of the practicing physicians of 
his school in Ford County and has already achieved 
prominence in his profession in consequence of his 
skill, ability and uniform success in practice. He is 
one of the prominent young business men of the 
place and takes an active interest in the welfare of 




V-iJ]AJ\jU4j (LoAdiovu 



the community. In |Hilitical sentiment, the Doc- 
tor is a stalwart Hepubliean, and is a Piesbyterian 
in religious affiliations. Mis. Culter was reared 
under the auspiws of the Bai)tist Churcli and be- 
lonsi:s to that denomination. This couple rank 
high in social circles and he is a member of 
(libson Lodge No. 733, A. F. it A. M. He is now 
erecting a line dwelling house in (iibson City and 
designs niuking that town his permanent place of 

T/ NDREW JORDAN, one of the earliest 
settlers of Ford County and one of her 
(li most successful farmers, now owns and 
operates eight hundred and eighty acres 
of very fine land, his home being situated on sec- 
tion 13, Drummer Township. In accordance with 
his enteri)rising and progressive spirit, his farm is 
under a high state of cultivation and well supplied 
with excellent buildings and good improvements, 
both useful and ornamental, which add to its 
value and attractive ap|)earance. 

Mr. Jordan was born near Louisville, Ky., 
August 28, 1828, and is a son of William and 
Lovica (Brooks) Jordan, both of whom were na- 
tives of Virginia and located in Kentucky about 
1818. A few years later, they removed to Monroe 
County, near Gosport, Ind., where they spent the 
remainder of their lives. The father died about 
185.") and the nioLher about 1849. By occupation, 
he was a farmer and ever followed that business 
for a livelihood. Himself and wife were both ad- 
herents of the I}a[)tist Churcli and, in i)olitics, he 
was a supporter of Democratic [irinciples. 

Our subject was fifth in order of birth in a fam- 
ily of twelve children. He received but a limited 
education and remained with his paients until he 
had attained his majurity, when he started out in 
life for himself. With a horse and *15 in 
money, he located near Virginia, Cass County, 
III., and began work as a farm hand, receiving ^13 
per month. In the fall of I s oil. he returned to 
Indiana, and after a short time went to Bloom- 
ington. 111., where he worked for about six months. 

lie then became a resident of Cass County, III., 
where he was engaged as a farm hand. Once more, 
he returned to Indiana and subsequently located 
in Champaign County, having jiurchased one hun- 
dred acres of land. A year later, however, he ex- 
changed farms with his father-iii-lavv, receiving 
eighty acres, which INIr. Devore had entered from 
the Government. 

Mr. Jordan was married, on the 30th of Novem- 
ber, 1852, to INIiss Amanda Devore, who born 
near Gosport, Owen County, Ind., March 16, 1835, 
and is a daughter of Nicholas and Polly (Hartzog) 
Devore, who were of German lineage. They were 
also members of the Christian Church, and, in pol- 
itics, Mr. Devore was a stalwart Rei)ublican. Im- 
mediately after their marriage, our subject and his 
wife settled on their farm in Champaign County, 
but in March, 1854, came to their present home. 
From time to time, he added to his possessions 
until he became the owner of eleven hundred 
acres, but has since sold a portion of it and 
now owns eight hundred and eighty acres of val- 
uable land. He also owns and operates one of the 
largest brick and tile works in the county and, in 
counecliou with his farming, raises a fine grade of 
horses and cattle. He has been very successful in 
his business career and his success is well deserved. 
He bore all the hardships and trials of frontier life, 
however. The first home of himself and wife was 
a log cabin. They did their first corn planting 
under trying circumstances. Mr. Jordan would 
take the baby (their son William) in his arms and 
plow for a time, while his wife would drop the 
corn. At length, he fixed a box on top of the 
plow and, placing the little fellow in that, resumed 
his work. There were no near markets. Paxton, 
Loda, Elliott, Gibson, Melvin and Sibley, all now 
thriving towns, were not then laid out. They saw 
the introduction of all the railroads in this part of 
the county and have been eye-witnesses of much 
of the growth and development of this community. 
Five children have been born unto Mr. and Mrs. 
Jordan: AVilliam, who is engaged in farming in 
Sibley; James, a resident farmer of Kansas; John, 
who operates the old homestead; Lizzie, wife of 
Dr. CamiJiell, a physician of Ft. Recovery, Ohio; 
and Charlie, who is engaged in agricultural i)ur- 



suits iri Dix Township. The parents are people of 
benevolent disposition, hold raerahership witli the 
Cliristian Church in Gibson, and take an active 
interest in its work. Church and Sunday-scliool 
were held in their home and that of their neigh- 
bors in the early days. In the fall of 1890, Mr. 
Jordan donated two hundred and tvvent_y tliousand 
brick for the beautiful church edifice in wliich he 
now worships, and which stands as a monument 
to his benevolence. The first Township and tlie 
first Presidential elections in Drummer Township 
were held in his home, in 1861. 

Mr. Jordan was the lirst .Supervisor of Drummer 
Township, which otiice he filled for two years, 
and is recognized as one of the most honored and 
prominent citizens of the county. His life has 
been well and worthily sijent, and in the faithful 
discharge of his duties and every trust reposed 
in liim, iic has won the confidence and high regard 
of all. 

J' OHN McKINNEY, a member of the firm of 
J. McKinuey & Son, has been engaged in 
business in Piper City since 1869, and is 
one of the honored pioneers of the county. 
He is a native of the Emerald Isle. He was born 
in Cookstown, near Belfast, November 28, 1834, 
and is a son of Archibald McKinney, wlio was horn 
and reared in the same localit3',and was a merchant 
in the linen trade. He married Elizabeth McKin- 
ney, who bore the same name but was no relative, 
and ail of the cliildren who are yet living were 
born in Ireland. Tlie family left their native land 
in 1847, sailing from Liverpool, and after six 
weeks arrived at Pliiladelphia. In 1857, the father 
came West and settled upon a tract of wild prairie 
land in Brenton Township, where lie resided until 
eight years ago, since which time he has made his 
home in Piper City. He is now ninety years of 
age, but his wife died June 1, 1892, within three 
days of her ciglitieth birtliday. He and his familj^ 
are all members of the Presbj'terian Church, and, 
in politics, lie is a Republican. Three children are 
yet living: John, of this sketch; Mrs. Perry, who 

is now a widow and resides with her father, and 
Mrs. McLauglilin, of Piper City. 

Our subject spent the first fourteen years of his 
life in liis native land and tlien accompanied his 
parents to this country. He attended a niglit 
school in Philadelphia, and acquired a good Eng- 
lish education. After serving a five-3'cars' ap- 
prenticeship to the carpenter's trade, he worked in 
a brick yard, and, in 18.56, emigrated to Illinois, 
and employed on the Illinois Central Railroad, 
before the city of Paxton was established. In 1859, 
he came to Piper Citj', before it was laid out, where 
he has since made his home, and, in 1866, took 
charge of the lumber department of the business of 
J. A. Montelius. Three years later, he went into 
business for himself .as a lumber-dealer, and in 
1871 admitted liis brother William into partner- 
ship. They opened a furniture and hardware 
store and the connection was continued until 1880, 
when the brother died, and Mr. McKinuey was 
again alone in business until 1888, when he ad- 
mitted his son Will to partnership. They deal 
in lumber, carry a large stock of hardware and fur- 1 
niture, and do an undertaking business, their sales 
the i)ast year amounting to $37,000. From the 
beginning, their trade has constantly increased and 
they are well deserving the liberal patronage which 
they receive. 

April 23, 1865, in this county, Mr. McKinney 
was united in marriage with Fredericka Walrich, 
who was born in Hanover, Germany, and, when a 
child, was brought to this countr3'. They have 
five children living and have lost one: Lizzie R. married June 16, 1892, to Rev. Amery S. Has- 
kins; Will O., who attended Bryant & .Stratton's 
Business College of Chicago, has for four years 
been a partner of his father and is an enterprising 
young business man; Kate M. graduated from the 
Onarga Academy in .June, 1892; Jennie M. and 
Emily F. are at home; and Maggie died at the age 
of nine years. 

Mr. McKinnej' cast his first I'residential vote 
for Abraham Lincoln and has since been a stalwart 
supjiorter of Republican principles. He has served 
as a delegate to the county conventions and is in- 
fluential in its councils. He has held a number of 
local offices, including that of Township Collector, 



and was a inemlier of the Village TJoard. ITeandliis 
family belong to the Presbyterian Cliuich of IMper 
City, of whieli he was a charter member, and of 
wliieli lie is now Tiustee. He takes an active part 
in its growth and upbuilding, and has been lil)eral 
with his jneans in its support. l\Ir. IMcKinney 
came to b'ord County l)efore it was organized and 
lias been iirominently connected witli its history. 
lie deserves great credit for what he has dime for 
the coinmnnity .and his name shoidd be enrolled 
anK)ng the founders of Pijjcr t'ity. In his Inisiness 
career he has met with signal success, for wliieh he 
has no one to thank but himself, as his prosperity 
has come as the reward of his own efforts. 

T KTHUR SWANICK is now living a 
retired life in Roberts. He is a self-made 
man and one of the lu'ominent citizens of 
the county. He started out in life empty- 
handed, with no capital save a young man's bright 
hope of the future, but through industry, enter- 
prise and good management, he has steadily worked 
his way upward to a position of affluence, and the uiJ- 
right life that he has lived is well worthy of 

He was born in County Mayo, Ireland, Septem- 
ber 16, 1832, and is a son of .John and Frances 
(Kirkpatrick) Swanick, also natives of the same 
county. The father vvas a farmer and died on the 
Emerald Isle when in the prime of life. His wife 
afterward came to America and died in Roberts 
in 1873. Of their four sons and two daughters, 
five are yet living: Arthur, of tiiis sketch; Mary, 
wife of Peter Welsli, a contractor of Saratoga 
.Springs, N. Y.; Sarah, wife of Abraham Code, a 
boot and shoe merchant of La Salle County, 111.; 
.John, an agriculturist of Lj-raan Townsiiip; and 
Alexander, who makes his home in Mendota and is 
an employe on the Chicago, Lurlington A- tiuincy 

Our subject siient the dajs of his boyiiood and 
youth in the usual manner of farmer lads, and on 
attaining his majority decided to try his fortune 
in America. He sailed from Liverpool, and, after 

a voyage of six weeks and two days, landed at 
New York, from whence he went to Saratoga, that 
State, where he had friends living. After seven 
years spent in that locality, he came to Illinois, 
locating lirst in La Salle County, and afterward 
residing in Kane County, where he became ac- 
quainted with and married ISIiss Rose Layden, a 
nativeof County Leitrim, I rcland. Their union was 
celebrated .luly 13, 18t;2, and unto them were born 
three daughters and a son. Their daughter Alice, 
who became the wife of David Smith, of Lyman 
Township, died January 19, 1892. She was a noble- 
minded woman who had a host of friends through- 
out this community. She left a husband and two 
little daughters to mourn her loss. 

"We shall miss her, we shall miss her. 
Mother, sister, friend so dear. 

For the face tliat smiled so sweetly' 
Ne'er again shall greet us here. 

"But the Glod of truth and justice, 
On whose bosom now she leans. 

Tells us that unto the faithful 

Soon there'll be no parting scenes." 

Sarah, the second child of the family, resides in 
Roberts; Susan is a successful teacher in the public 
schools; and .John is an enterprising agriculturist 
of this county'. 

The mother came to America when a child of 
seven summers, and resided in New Y'ork until 
eighteen years of age, when she came to Illi- 
nois. Mr. .Swanick's first purchase of land con- 
sisted of eighty acres of raw prairie, for which he 
paid SlO per acre. It had no improvements 
upon it, but he built a small frame house, 16x24 
feet. As the result of his persistent efforts and 
industry, his possessions have constantly in- 
creased and he is now the owner of a fine farm of 
two hundred and sixty acres, twenty acres of 
which are within the village. He has followed the 
occupation of farming as his chief pursuit, but is 
now living a retired life in his pleasant home on 
Main Street, where he owns a comfortable home and 
commodious residence, which is the abode of hos- 
pitality. He cast his first Presidential vote for 
Abraham Lincoln, but since that time has voted 
with the Democratic party, except at local 
elections, when he supports the man, regardless of 



party atlili:iti(/ns. His wife is a member of tlie 
Catholic Cliurcli. He is a public-spirited gentle- 
man, of benevolent disposition, and the poor and 
needy never leave his door empty-handed. 

'F ^ ENRY BROCK, a retired farmer who makes 

'^ his home in Piper City, was born in Tomji- 
kins County, N. Y., May 8, 1824, and is of 
I, Scotch descent. The great-grandfather, ac- 
companied by two brothers, came from Scotland to 
America prior to the Revolutionary War, and the 
former served in the struggle for indepeiidence. 
He was with AVashington during the hard winter 
at Valley Forge, where the bleeding feet of the sol- 
diers made tracks upon the snow. 

The father of our subject, Brock, 
born and reared in Dutchess County, N. Y., upon 
a farm, and in an early day removed to Tompkins 
County. After his father's death, he and his broth- 
ers took care of, and supported, the family. He 
was married, in that county, to PhoBbe Woodruff, a 
native of Connecticut. In i)olitics, he was a Dem- 
ocrat for some j'ears, and afterward became a Whig. 
In religious belief, he was a Congregationalist. He 
died in 1872, at the age of sixty-seven years. His 
wife survived him several j'ears, and passed away 
at the advanced age of eighty-four. During the last 
years of her life she was lilind. The family numbered 
the following children: Maria, deceased; Henry, 
of this sketch; John, who is living near the old 
homestead; Lavina, wife of Abel Baker, who was a 
teacher in the Deaf and Dumb As3ium of Illinois 
for a time; Alfred, who lives on the old homestead 
in New York; Chester, who died in childhood; 
Alecta, now Mrs. Holister, of New York, and 
Phcebe; one died in infancy. 

Our subject acquired his education in the public 
and at a select school. His school life was ended 
at the age of eighteen years, after which he devoted 
his entire time and attention to farm work. On 
attaining his majority, he began working for him- 
self, and four years later came to Illinois, in 1849, 
locating near Ottawa, where he engaged in .agricul- 
tural pursuits for twenty years. During that time, 

he was united in marriage to Miss Sarah ,1. Wood- 
ruff, who died in La Salle Couut3'. Mr. Brock was 
again married in 1882, in tliis county, his second 
union being with Mrs. INIariette Thomas, widow (jf 
Francis She has one son by her first mar- 
riage, John, who resides at home and operates 
eighty acres of land. 

In 18(39, Mr. Brock came to Ford County, and 
purchased one hundred and twenty .acres of unim- 
proved i)rairie land in IVlla Township. This he 
drained, transforming the wild land into rich and 
fertile fields, and making it a valuable farm, upon 
which he resided until 18H."), although he continued 
to operate his land until two years ago. His health 
having failed, he has since lived a retired life in 
Piper City. He is a man of good business aliility, 
enterprising and progressive, and by his own efforts 
has accumulated his property. 

Mr. Brock is a member of the M.asonic lodge, of 
Piper City. In early life, he a sujiporter of 
the Whig party, and cast his first Presidential vote 
for Gen. T.aylor. In 1860, he supported Lincoln, 
and since that time has voted with the Republican 
party, except in 1872, when he cast his ballot for 
Horace Greeley. AVliile in La Salle Count}', he 
served as Commissioner of Highways, has been 
School Trustee for a number of 3'ears, and has 
served as Trustee of Piper City, but has never been 
an office-seeker. He is recognized as one of the 
substantial citizens of the community, and is both 
well and favorably known throughout his adoiited 

OBERr SHAMBROOK is numbered among 
if the representative and enterprising farm- 
ers of Lyman Township. His home is on 
^^ section .5, where he owns eighty acres of 
arable land under a high state of cultivation and 
well improved. The well-tilled fields and neat ap- 
pearance of the place indicate his thrift and enter- 
prise and his is one of tlie model farms of the com- 

Mr. Shambrook was liorn in Devonshire, near 
Barnstable, England, June 19, 1825, and was the 



second in order of hiitli in a family of five cliil- 
dren, four sons and one dangliler, but he lias only 
one brother now liviiiij, John, a successful fanner, 
who is married and resides in Lyman Township. 
The parents were Henry and Frances (Braley) 
.Shambrook, both natives of Devcnisliire. Tiie 
father was a fanier and died at the ago of sixty 
years. He and his wife were both members of the 
Episcopal Church. 

The subject of this sketch received but limited 
educational advantages, but by reading and observ- 
atit)n in after life, he has made himself a well-in- 
formed man. In 1853, he was united in marriage to 
Miss Prudence Ridge, also a native of Devonshire, 
and with his bride sailed for America. Coming to 
this country, he took up his residence in Ford 
County, 111., in 1874, where he has since carried 
on farming. Four children were born unto Mr. 
and l\Irs. Shamlirook, and the family circle j^et re- 
mains unbroken: Sarah, wife of Martin Beer, an 
agriculturist, by whom she had five children; Fan- 
nie Jane, wife of Henry Forney, a resident farmer 
of Lyman Township; John Henry, who married 
Miss Jane Huxtable and is living in Lyman Town- 
ship; and Elizabeth, who also makes lier home in Ly- 
man Township. The mother of this family died 
October 24, 1875, and lier remains were interred in 
Roberts Cemeterj'. Mr. Shambrook was again 
piarried, September 24, 1876, at the Methodist 
Chapel in Barnstable, KInglaiid, his second union 
being with Miss Grace Braund, a native of Barn- 
stable, born March 13, 1831, and a daughter of 
Henry and Elizabeth (Green) Braund. 

After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Shambrook 
set sail for America at Liverjiool and at lengtli ar- 
rived at Quebec, whence they came to Ford 
County. Since that time, they have been resi- 
dents of L3'man Township, and are among its 
highly respected citizens. They are members of 
the Baptist Church, and have taken much interest 
in the Sunday-school work. In politics, INIr. Sham- 
brook has been a stanch Republican since tlic or- 
ganization of the party. He cast his first Presi- 
dential vote for Gen. Winfield Scott. He has 
served as School Director but has never been an 
office-seeker, preferring to devote his entire time 
and attention to his business interests, which he 

has followed with good success. He commenced 
life in this country as a farm hand, workingat ^12 
per month, and, in addition to his home farm, he 
owns one hundred and sixty acres of land in 
White County, Ind. His success has all been due 
to his own efforts and for it he certainly deserves 
niueh credit. He and his wife are kind-hearted, 
generous peoi)le and arc lield in the highest regard 
by all who know them for their sterling worth. 

i > « >i »• I 1 1 I 

"il/ ( )HN H. HOIiMES is the resident and manag- 
ing partner of the firm of Keiser, Holmes 
cfe AVhite, Elevator Company, of Gibson 
City. This coinpan3' was organized in De- 
cember. 188(). and does a general grain and lumber 
business. They have an elevator at Gibson which 
has a storage capacity of forty-five tliou.sand liush- 
els; one at East Lynn, of twenty-five thousand 
bushels, and handle grain at Switch D. They 
handle during the shipping season a total of three 
hundred thousand bushels of grain. Their lumber 
business, which is extensive, is limited to the Gibson 
City yard. 

Mr. Holmes was born in Pike County, 111., on 
the 22(1 of May, 1851, and is a son of Cyrus and 
Calista (Bennett) Holmes. His father was l)orn in 
Walthani, Mass., in 1817, and his mother was a 
native of the State of New York. iMr. Holmes, 
Sr., came to Illinois when about seventeen years 
of age, and the mother of our subject removed to 
this State in girlhood. They were married in 
Princeton, III., and made their home in Pike 
County, where Mr. Holmes engaged in farming. 
He continued that occu|iation in Pike County 
until LSO'.l. then moved on a farm near Ludlow, 
Champaign County, where he remained until his 
death, in 1886. Mrs. Holmes survived her hus- 
band five years, being called to her final rest in 
February, 1891. They were highly respected 
people and received the confidence of the entire 
community where tiiey made their home. 

Our subject was reared on his father's farm 
until twenty-one years of age, and received his 
education in the country- schools of Pike Count3-. 



On tlic 31st of Decemlier, 1873. he was married in 
Ludlow, III., to Miss Maiy Clo^d, a daughter of 
Archie C'lo^^d, and a native of Mercer County, K3^ 
Unto Mr. and Mrs. Holmes Iiave been born four 
children, but throe are now deceased. Belva, their 
eldest, died at the .ige of six years; Bertha, de- 
ceased, was of the same age .as lier sister; F.ay died 
when eleven months old, and Stella, their only 
living child, is the youngest. 

In 1877, Mr. Holmes removed witli his family to 
what is now known as Fall River, Kan., and there 
made his home until 1880, when he returned to 
Illinois and eng.aged in .agricultural pursuits for 
two years. Tie came to Gibson City in August, 
lH,s-2, and engaged in buying and shipping hay 
until 188<I, since which time lie has been buying 
and shipping grain. He has been very successful 
in his present business, and is one of the industri- 
oiis and enterprising citizens of Gibson. 

In political sentiment, Mv. Holmes is a st.anch 
Republican, and while in Kansas was Township 
Treasurer, .and since coming to Gibson Cit}- has 
served one term as Vill.age Trustee. Our subject 
and his estimable wife are consistent members of 
the Christian Church, and have been identified 
with that body for the past twenty-four years. As 
a business man and citizen, Mr. Holmes takes rank 
among the enterprising and public-spirited citizens 
of Gibson, and has, b\' strict integrity and correct 
business and social habits, won the esteem and re- 
spect of those who know him best. 


^ OIIN E. BUNKER, who is engaged in gen- 
eral farming on section 3, Lyman Town- 
ship, is a native of the Pine Tree State. He 
was born in Somerset Countj-, May 25, 
1839, and is a son of Jc)hn (i. .and Sylvira (Rollins) 
Bunker. His father was a Maine farmer and his 
death occurred mauj- years ago. His wife, who is 
also a native of Maine, is yet living at the age of 
seventy-eight years and makes her home with her 
son .John. They had a family of five sons and 
one daughter, four of whom are yet living: Henry, 
W., who is married and is a barber of Canada; 

John, of this sketch; Stephen F., who is married 
and follows farming in Howard, Minn.; and Mar- 
tin L., who is engaged in farming in East Wil- 
ton, Me. 

Mr. Bunker, whose name heads this record, has 
been dependent upon his own exertions since the 
age of sixteen years, wlien he shipped from Port- 
land, Me., on a coaster and did not .again see liis 
native land for four and a half years. The vessel, 
"Desdemona," was under command of Cajit. .Smith, 
and during the long V03'.age encountered some se- 
vere storms. Mr. Bunker next went to Australia 
on a merchantman, visiting the ?3ast Indies, Cal- 
cutta and the most important cities of China; he 
went uji the Ganges and Hoogl^- Rivers. He then 
went to London, England, .and after a short time 
returned to New York, having been aw-ay for two 
years and eight months. This in 1861, and he 
afterward joined the United States nav^- under 
Capt. Smith, serving as Quartermaster of the vessel, 
which was stationed near Fortress Monroe to pro- 
tect the co.ast. He in the service for one 3'car, 
and was then in the lighthouse service for a time, 
after which he returned home and began rigging 
sailing-ships for use during the war. 

On the 21th of November, 1864, Mr. Bunker 
wedded IMiss Hannah M. Bigelow, a native of 
Somerset County, Me., born June 16, 1842, and a 
daughter of Sawyer and Elizabeth Bigelow. Her 
father was a farmer of Maine and died at the age 
of eighty years. Her mother is still living in the 
Pine Tree State and is about sixty-five years of 
age. Mr. and Mrs. Bunker have had five children, 
three sons and two daughters, four of whom are 
yet living: Luella, who was educated in Roberts, 
and was a successful teacher, is the wife of Harry 
E. Fairley, a farmer; Irvin G. wedded Mai\y Ar- 
nold and is a resident farmer of Iroquois County; 
Everett aids his father in the labors of the farm; 
and Irene is vet attending school. 

In 1867. Mr. Bunker and his wife liade good- 
b^-e to their home in the East and emigrated to 
Illinois. They spent a short time in Chicago and 
then removed to Grundy County, where he en- 
gaged in farming until 1870. when they came to 
Lj^man Township and have since been numbered 
among its higlil3-respected citizens. They are 




members of the Congreoatioiial Clnirch and their 
upright lives liave won them the liigli regard of 
all. Tlieir pleasant home, which is the nl)ode of 
hospitality, is located on an eiglity-aere farm, 
whose rich and fertile fields yield a golden tribute 
to the care and cultivation of the owner. Mr. 
Bunker east his first Presidential vote for Gen. 
Grant, and tlie Republican party has ever found 
in him a stanch advocate of its principles. He has 
been olficially connected with the school of Lyman 
Township for a number of years, and while in Rob- 
erts was a member of the Board of Education. 
Socially, he is a member of the Grand Army. 




gaged in general farming and stock-rais- 
ing on section 6, Wall Townsliip, is a 
native of Prussia. He was born in the town of 
Blossheira, on the 26th of August, 18.32, and is a 
son of Gerhardt and Mar}' (Becker) Steinmann, 
both of whom were born and reared in the same | 
locality, and the father served in the German 
army. Seven children were born of their union in 
Germany, the eldest of whom is Frederick; Louisa 
is the wife of Henry Spellmeyer; William and 
Ernest died in Germany; Henry, whose sketch ap- 
pears elsewhere in this work, is a farmer of Wall 
Township; Katherina is the widow of Joe Feldhus, 
and resides in St. Louis; and Cliarlotte is the wife 
of George Spellmeyer. 

Our subject spent his childhood days in his na- 
tive land, crossing the Atlantic to America when 
twenty-five years of age. This was in 1857, and 
in 1866 the other members of the family emi- 
grated to America. The father, who was born in 
September, 1802, died at the home of Henry Spell- 
meyer, in Ford County, in 1875. His wife died 
in her native land in 1858, at the age of fifty-flve 
years. Frederick acquired his education in the 
schools of Germany, which he attended for eight 
years, and later worked in the coal mines for four 
years. He also served for two years in the Ger- 
man armj' as a member of the Fifteenth Infantry, 

and in 1857 he sailed from Bremen, landing at 
New Orleans after a voyage of nine weeks. He 
then made his way up the river to St. Louis, 
Mo., where he lived seven and one-half years, and 
for two years and a half cmi)loyed in a foun- 
dry, and three years in a shot tower and brick- 
j-ard. Sul)sequently, he joined Company A, of the 
Second Missouri Regiment, and for two years did 
service with that command, being principally en- 
gaged in border warfare. 

On the expiration of that time, Mr. Steinmann 
was advised l)y his physician to leave the city on 
account of poor health, and he determined to 
come to Illinois, and after four years spent in La 
Salle County, where he followed farming, came to 
Ford County in 1870. He here iiurchased eighty 
acres of wild prairie land, upon which he }'et 
makes his home, but now owns six hundred and 
forty-seven acres. Besides the home farm of one 
hundred and sixty acres on section 6, Wall Town- 
ship, he has two eighty-acre tracts of land on sec- 
tion 16, L3'inan Township; two on section 2, .and 
one eighty-acre tract on section 2.3, L)'man Town- 
ship, and one eighty-seven acre tract of land on 
section 12, Peach Orchard Township. The home 
farm is under a high state of cultivation, and 
buildings and other improvements indicate the 
progressive spirit of the owner, who is now doing 
a successful business as a general farmer and stock- 
raiser. His life has been a busy one, yet he has 
found time to aid in the advancement of those 
enterprises calculated to promote the best interests 
of the community. In politics, Mr. Steinmann is 
a Republican. He has served as School Director 
for fifteen years and the cause of education has 
found in him a warm friend. He and his wife and 
children are members of the German Methodist 
Church, of Melvin. 

Mr. Steinmann was married in Germany, on the 
25th of May, 1857, just prior to emigrating to 
America, his union being with Miss Louisa Spell- 
meyer. Her father, Gotlieb Spellmeyer, who was 
born in Germany, April y, 1806, and died in April, 
1888, at the home of his daughter, when about 
eighty-one years of age, had seven children, of 
whom five are living. Mr. Spellmeyer came to 
America in the year 1857. He was a member of 



the Lutheran Church, and, in politics, was a Demo- 
crat. His wife, wlio bore the maiden name of 
Carolina Kustcr, was born in Germany, January 
1, 1807, and died in 1880. She also was a mem- 
ber of tiic Lutheran Cliurch. Mrs. Steinmann was 
educated in the German schools. She was a kind 
and loving wife and mother, and has been a valu- 
able helpmate to her husband, with whom she has 
traveled life's journey for thirty-five years. 

Unto this worthy couple have been born ten 
children, seven of whom arc yet living, as follows: 
Carrie wa.> married, May 28, 1884, to Adam Schafer, 
a merchant of Melvin; Henry, who was educated 
in Xapi'rvillo College, of Naperville, 111., and is 
Mr. Silialcr's [lartner in business, married Susanna 
Scliafcr October 6, 188(),and their home is in Mel- 
vin; Louisa .1., Frederick W.; Mary W., Emma jM. 
and Johnnie L. are still at home. The four eldest 
children were born in St. Louis, the others are 
natives of Illinois. The family is widely and fa- 
vorably known in this (■ommuiiity and ranks high 
in social circles. Mr. Stcmmann is one of the 
most prominent farmers of Wall Township, and 
is an influential and valued citizen. 

C. MAXSON, a practical and progressive 
farmer of Lyman Township, residing on 
section 14, claims Connecticut as the State 
of his nativity. He was born February 
8, 1821, and traces his ancestry back to the days 
when the Pilgrim Fathers landed on the shores of 
Massachusetts. His parents were Amos Champaign 
and Elizabeth (Tinker) Maxson. His father was 
born in Connecticut, and was a carpenter by trade. 
In politics, he was a Democrat, and in religious be- 
lief was a Baptist. He died at the age of ninety- 
three years. His family numbered four sons and 
two daughters, but, with the exception of our 
subject, only one is now living, Nancy, who re- 
sides in Connecticut, at the age of ninety-two. The 
early boyhood days of our subject were spent un- 
der the parental roof, where he remained until 
fourteen years of age, when he shipjied aboard a 
sailing-vessel on the high seas, leaving New York 

on a packet bound for London. He followed this -? 
life for seven years, and became mate of a vessel. 
He has sailed to the Sandwich Islands, Havre, 
Rotterdam, Ital}', Sicily, Antwerp, and .around Cape 
Horn. He made fifteen voyages on the "Welling- 
ton" to London, one on the "Hector" to Mobile, 
one each to Liverpool on the "Metoka," the "Si- 
dons" and the "Cornelia," one each to London on • ■ 
the "Toronto" and the "Montreal;" was second 
mate on the brig "Republic" during three voy- 
ages, and the brig "Mettamora" on two voj-ages 
to Aitpalachicola, was boatswain on two voyages to 
Liverpool, was first mate on the "Sampson" on 
three voyages, on the barque "Curtis" from New 
Orleans to Philadcliihia, on the brig "Emeline," on 
the brig "Ocilla, which went around Cape Horn to 
California, on the barrpie "Mayflower," for two 
years, on the "Sir Robert Peel," during two V03'- 
ages, and the "Lenore," and the "American Con- 
gress" during one voyage. He was Captain of tlic 
ships "Tonera," and "Edwina" each a voyage. 
He on the high seas for about a quarter of a 
century, during which time they encountei'cd many 
severe storms, and on one occasion the crew were 
at the pumps for seven days and seven nights. 

In 1852, Mr. Maxson was united in marriage 
with Miss Phojhe Elizaljeth Pierson, a native of 
Lime, Conn., and unto them were born three sons 
and three daughters, all yet living, namely: Ettie 
Louise, who was educated in Grand Prairie Semin- 
ary in Onarga, and is a successful teacher of this 
county; Laura, wife of Henry Clay Miner, of Gen- 
esee County, N. Y.; Bertha, wife of John Dopps, 
of Bloomington, III.; John Arthur, who is married 
and resides in Brentou Township; Pierson R., who 
is married, and is employed in the shops of the 
Chicago & Alton Railroad at Bloomington, 111.; 
and Wilber R., who completes the family. The 
mother dei)arted this life .July 19, 187',), and her 
remains were interred in Roberts Cemetery, where 
a beautiful monument marks her last resting place. 

In 18.59, INIr. Maxson came to Ford County, then 
a part of Vermilion Count}', and, although he has 
resided upon the same farm, lived in two coun- 
ties and three different township organizations, 
Stockton, Brentou and Lyman. He entered one 
hundred and sixty acres of raw land ui)on which 

-i^. ■ &■ 






not a furrow had been turned f>r an improvement 
made. Gibson, ]\lelvin, Ui>l)crts and Piper City 
were not then laid out, and wild game roamed 
over the prairies upon wliicli those towns are now 
loeated. Mr. INIaxson now owns eighty acres of 
improved land and his valuable farm yields to him 
a good ineome. In his political allillations, he is a 
Republican, but has never sought or desired public 
otlice, preferring to devote his entire time and at- 
tention to his bu.siness interests. His career has 
been a checkered one, \'et one of honor, and he is 
regarded as one of the valued and representative 
citizens of Ford County. He is also numbered 
among its honoretl pioneers, having been an eye- 
witness of its growth and npliuilding for a third 
of a century. 

' ARON BROWN, recently dccea.sed, was a 

native of Piper City. In presenting to 

/// 111 our readers a sketch of this gentleman, we 
^(1 give the record of a self-made man, one 

who by his own efforts worked his way upward 
from a humble position in life to one of affluence, 
and his example in many respects is well worthy 
of emulation. He was born in Lancaster County, 
Pa., IMarch 29, 1836, and was a son of Christian 
and Elizabeth (Hoover) Brown, both of whom 
were natives of Pennsylvania. They removed to 
the West about 185(1, locating in Peoria County, 
111., where Mr. Brown purchased a farm of one hun- 
dred and sixty acres, nine miles from Peoria, and 
there spent the remainder of his life, his death oc- 
curring December 2, 1879. His wife passed away 
March 6, 1881, at the age of seventy-three years, 
eleven months and twenty-nine days. Mr. Brown 
was a successful business man and made a good 
home. In politics, he was a Democrat and was a 
member of the Presbyterian Church. The family 
numbered ten children: John, deceased; Jacob and 
Samuel (twins), who died in childhood; Celinda, 
deceased; Reuben, who was killed by lightning; 
Henry, deceased; Elizabeth, now Mrs. Fisher, of 
Woodford County, 111.; Mrs. Mary L. Stoner, of 
Taylor Count}-, Iowa; Christian II., who is em- 

ployed in a corn-planter works in Peoria; .and 

The boyhood days of our subject wei-c spent in 
the Keystone State, where his education was 
acquired in the primitive log schools with its 
slab seats. At the age of fourteen, he came to Illi- 
nois and before attaining his majority started out 
in life for himself. From 1858 until near the close 
of his life, he followed the occupation of farm- 
ing, but in 1865, he laid aside all business cares 
and, on the 16tli of Februaiy, joined Company G, 
of the Fourteenth Illinois Infantry. The regi- 
ment marched through to Raleigh and joined Sher- 
man's Army. After the surrender of Johnson, 
they went to Richmond, Va. Tlu^y were under 
Gen. Sherman at the battles of Parkersburg, Va., 
and Louisville, Ky., and participated in the grand 
review in Washington. Mr. Brown was in the ser- 
vice for eight months, during which time he trav- 
eled many hundreds of miles. On his return 
home, he resumed farming in Peoria County, 
where he remained for two or three 3ears, then 
went to Livingston Count}-, where he spent four- 
teen years. In 1883, he moved to Ford Count}-, 
which was his home until his death, and in Pella 
Township the family still owns one hundred and 
sixty acres of good land, although they now make 
their home in Piper City. 

Mr. Brown was married in Peoria County, Jan- 
uary 26, 1858, the lady of his choice being Miss 
Sarah II. Pierce, a native of that county and a 
daughter of John and Mary (Wilbur) Pierce, who 
emigrated from Massachusetts to Illinois in 1838, 
becoming early settlers of Peoria, where the father 
followed the occupation of carpentering. They 
had a family of eight children: Frank, who is now 
living retired in Oregon; Mary, who died in child- 
hood; Mrs. Mary L. Conover, of Peoria; Henry C, 
who served as Fife Major during the late war in 
the Forty-seventh Illinois Infantry, is now de- 
ceased; Mrs. Brown is the next younger; Charles 
died in infancy; and Charles, the second of that 
name, who served as a soldier in the late war, is a 
resident of Chicago; Samuel resides in Brenton 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Brown were born the fol- 
lowing children, viz: Mrs. Anna F. Ives, now of 



Forest, Livingston County; Elizabeth, deceased; 
Carrie P., wife of Thomas Claris, of Ciillom, 111.; 
Celinda, deceased; Ida, wife of Edward Hevener, 
a farmer, of Pella Township; Sadie, wife of Al- 
bert McKinney, of Piper City; Charles, who died 
in cbildliood; Lula, Mabel, Willie and Iva, at 
home. Tlie children have all received good edu- 
cational advantages and the older ones are now 
occupying useful and responsible positions in life. 
Mrs. Brown and all the children, save the young- 
est two, are Presb3'terians, as was also Mr. Brown, 
who served as a Trustee. They are worthy citi- 
zens of the communit}', and have the warm regard 
of many friends. In politics, Mr. Brown was a 
Republican, having supported that party since be 
cast his first Presidential vote for Abraham Lin- 
coln. On the evening of the 10th of May, 1892, he 
with his family attended a church social, returning 
home at lialf past ten o'clock. Within a few min- 
utes, he complained of not feeling well; medical 
aid was called, but nothing could be done to re- 
lieve him. At two o'clock the -next morning, bis 
spirit took its flight. IIis loss was mourned by bis 
family and man 3- friends, for lie was a kind fatlier, 
husliand and valued citizen. His remains were 
laid to rest in tiie Cliatsworth Cemetery. 


^^ H. KIBLINGER is the popular proprietor 
and host of the City Hotel, of Piper City. 
He began business in this line on the 1st 
of September, 1891, and has already 
worked up a liberal patronage, of which he is well 
deserving. He has the house supplied with all 
modern conveniences. It is neatly and tastefully 
kept and has found favor with the traveling 

Mr. Kiblinger was born in Springfield, Ohio, on 
the 11th of January, 1856. His grandfather, a 
native of Pennsylvania and of German descent, 
located in the Buckeye State at an early day, and 
there followed farming until bis death. His son 
Lemuel was born on a farm near Springfield in 
1833, and in liis youth served an apprenticeship to 
the carpenter's trade, which lie followed for a 

number of years. In 1854, he was united in 
marriage to Miss Rebecca Heller, who was born 
in Springfield, Ohio, and was of German descent. 
After the birth of our subject, they emigrated to 
Illinois, in 1856, locating upon a farm near Bloom- 
ington, where the family circle was increased by 
the liirth of several other children. In the spring 
of 1874, they came to Ford County, locating upon 
a farm south of Piper City. The death of the fa- 
ther occurred February 11, 1890, in Piper City, 
where iiis widow is still living. He was a mem- 
ber and one of the founders of the Methodist 
Church in this place, and an earnest worker in 
both church and Sunday-school, as is Mrs. Kib- 
linger. In politics, he was a Whig until the or- 
ganization of tlie Republican party, and a 
highly respected citizen of the community. In 
the family are six children, of whom our subject 
is the eldest; Frank is engaged in the insurance 
business; Alljert is a carpenter; Hester Ann is the 
wife of James W. Jeffery; Yale is a carpenter of 
Piper City; and Elizabeth, the youngest, makes 
her home with her mother. 

The boj'hood days of our subject were spent 
upon his father's farm near Bloomington, and in 
the winter season he attended the district schools 
of tlie neighborhood until eighteen 3'ears of age. 
Two j'ears later, he started out in life for himself 
and began farming in Ford County, when he 
turned his attention to carpentering, which trade 
he had previously learned with bis father. He 
has done considerable contracting and building, 
and is an expert workman. He worked at his 
trade in sixteen different States, extending from 
Dakota to Florida north and south, and from 
Illinois to Colorado east and west. On the 1st of 
September, 1891, he took charge of the City 
Hotel, as before stated, and is now the owner of 
the house. 

On the 20th of August, 1891, in Bloomington, 
111., l\Ir. Kiblinger led to the marriage altar Miss 
Jennie Taylor, who was born in Peoria Countj', 111., 
and is a daughter of Thomas Taylor,of Pella Town- 
ship. This worthy couple are widely and favor- 
ably known throughout the community. In his 
social relations, our subject is a M.ason and an 
Odd Fellow, and, in his political afliliations, he 



is n Republican, Imvinn; supported that [larty since 
he attained his majority. He belongs to the fire 
company of Pii)er City and li<as been a member 
of the Town Board for two years. A straight- 
forward and uprijilit business man, he is winning 
ills way upward b^- iiis own industrious efforts, and 
well deserves success. He has gained the respect 
anil confidence of all with whom business or so- 
cial relations have brought liim in contact and it 
is with pleasure that we present this record f)f his 
life to our readers. 

ICHAEL IMM is numbered among the 
early settlers of the county, having since 
1862 made his home on section 35, Peach 
Orchard Township, where he owns a good 
and well-improved farm of eighty acres. His life 
record is as follows: He was born on the 25tli of 
February, 1834, in Prussia, Germany, and is a son 
of Michael and Mar3- (Blising) Imm. His parents 
were both natives of Prussia, and his father was a 
farmer by occupation, following that business 
throughout his entire life. In their family were 
seven children, four sons and three daughters, 
namely: Minnie, Michael, William, Samuel, God- 
frey, Catherine and Dolly. 

The educational advantages of our subject were 
limited, for he attended school only until thir- 
teen years of age, but since arriving at 3'cars of 
maturity reading and observation have largely 
counteracted this deficiency of his youth, and he 
is a well-informed man. He remained with his 
parents until 1866, when, at the age of thirty- 
two years, he liade good-bye to his old home and 
emigrated to America. The voyage lasted seven 
weeks, but at length the vessel reached the harbor 
of New York in safetj', and from that city Mr. 
Imm made his way to Chicago. lie finally located 
in Marshall County, 111., where he began working 
by the month on a farm, and was thus emi)lo_yed 
for four years. At the expiration of that period, 
he came to Ford County, in 1871, and, having 
saved some capital as the result of his industry 

and economy, purchased eighty acres of land on 
section 35, Peach Orchard Township, where he has 
since made his home. 

In 1873, Mr. Imm led to the marriage altar Miss 
Tina Gurkee, and unto them were born foiu' chil- 
dren, but two of the number died in infancy. Two 
daughters, Minnie and Tina, still reside with their 
father, who, in 1884, was called upon to mourn 
the loss of his wife. 

When Mr. Imm located upon his land it was in 
its primitive condition, hardly an improvement 
having been made, but he plowed and jilanted it 
and continued its cultivation, until now eighty 
acres of well-cultivated land yield a golden trib- 
ute to the care and labor he bestows upon it. The 
place presents a neat and attractive appearance, 
and the owner is accounted one of the practical 
and enterprising farmers of the community. What- 
ever success he has achieved in life is due to his 
own efforts, for became to America empty-handed, 
and has worked his way upward by indomitable 
will and energj'. He has met with some reverses, 
but, all in all, his prosperity has been achieved 
without aid. He exercises his right of franchise 
in support of the Republican party and is a mem- 
ber of the German Lutheran Church. 

h <" f ">l 

IS— w 

^J^/UGUST BUCHHOLZ, one of the extensive 
im/Ul land-owners and a prominent and intlu- 
ifc ential citizen of Ford County, residing on 
section 1, Peach Orchard Township, claims 
Prussia as the land of his nativity, and the date of 
his birth was August 14, 1824. His parents were 
Christopher and Elizabeth Buchholz, and their fam- 
ily numbered four sons and two daughters: Henry, 
Elizabeth, William, Rica, August and Charles, but 
our subject is now the only surviving one. His 
father was a shoemaker and followed that trade 
in pursuit of fortune. Both he and his wife have 
also passed away. 

August Buchholz attended the common schools 
until fourteen years of age and then learned the 
shoemaker's trade, at which he worked with his 
father until twenty years of age, when he enlisted 




in the army in his native land, serving a term of 
three years. He coutinucfl to reside in Prussia 
until 1852, when hebade good-bye to home and 
friends and embarked for America upon a sailing- 
vessel which reached New York about a month 
later. He then continued his journey across the 
country to Chicago, tlien just beginning to be a 
town of some importance, and there commenced to 
work at his trade for 14 per month. After a short 
time, however, he began work on the Illinois Cen- 
tral Railroad, which was then in process of build- 
ing, and was thus employed for about a year, after 
which he went to Magnolia, Putnam Countj% and 
established a shoe shop, cavrj'ing on business in 
that line until 1865. In that year, he removed to 
Marshall County, where he engaged in farming for 
two years, after which he came to Ford Count3'and 
purchased three hundred and twenty acres of land, 
located on section 1, Peach Orchard Township. 
Here he has made his home continuously since, car- 
rying on general farming and stock-raising, and in 
all his business undertakings he has met with that 
success which comes as the result of industry, en- 
terprise and perseverance, supplemented by good 
man.agement and close attention to all the details 
of l)usiness. As his financial resources have in- 
creased, he has added to his possessions, until his 
lands now aggregate al)out fifteen hundred acres. 
Besides his liome farm, he now owns eighty acres 
on section 35, and one hundred and sixty acres on 
section 10, Peach Orchard Township; one hundred 
and sixty-eight acres in Lyman Township; three 
hundred and twenty acres in Oceola County, Iowa; 
and six hundred acres of improved land m .Jack- 
son County, Minn. 

On the 14th of October, 1855, Mr. Buchholz was 
united in marriage with Miss Caroline Funte. 
Their union has been blessed with eight children, 
and the family circle is still unbroken at this writ- 
ing, the spring of 1892. The three eldest, Charles, 
Albert and William, are all business men of Mel- 
vin; Amanda and Emma are at home; Frank and 
Laura are attending the Normal College of Bloom- 
ington. 111., and May completes the number. The 
Buchholz household is the abode of hospitality and 
its members rank high in social circles. 

In his political alliliations, Mr. Buchholz is a Re- 

publican but has never sought or desired public 
offlce, preferring to devote his entire attention to 
his business, which he has followed with signal 
success. He maj- truly be called a self-made man 
and his life should serve to encourage others, who, 
like himself, have to start out to fight life's battle 
empty-handed. He is now one of the wealthy cit- 
izens of the count}' as well as one of the leading 
men, and it is with pleasure that we present this 
sketch to our readers. 




\t|O.SEPH FARLIN, deceased, was born in 
Tazewell County, 111., April 10, 1858, and 
died at his home in Drummer Township, on 
the 9th of September, 1887, respected by all 
who knew him. His parents were Jonas and Mar- 
tha (Lattimore) Farlin,the former a native of New 
York and the latter of New Jersey, although both 
were of English descent. In early life, they emi- 
grated to Ohio, where they were married, and unto 
them were born six children, as follows: Samuel, 
Pernielia, Charles, Harriet, Thomas, John and 
Joseph. The parents were both members of the 
Methodist Church, and the father a Republican 
in political sentiment. 

Joseph Farlin, whose name heads this record, 
acquired his education in the common schools of 
the neighborhood during the winter months, while 
in the summer season he aided his father in the 
farm work. At the age of twenty-seven, he en- 
gaged in farming for himself and secured as a com- 
panion and helpmate on life's journey Miss Ellen 
Roberts, their union being celebrated on the 23d 
of November, 1876. The lady is a native of Taze- 
well County, 111., born January, 18, 1858, and is a 
daughter of Joseph and Catherine (Bosserman) 
Roberts, who reared a family of ten children. Mr. 
and Mrs. Roberts came to Ford County in 1877, 
and he purchased five hundred and twenty acres of 
fine land, known as one of the best farms in this 
community. Upon it he made his home for a num- 
ber of years, but sold in 1886 and removed to Jas- 
per County, 111., where he again purchased land, 
now owning some thirteen hundred acres. In 



politics, he is a supporter of Rei)iil)Iican principles. 
Hie wife died February 28, 1891, in the faith of 
the Methodist Church. 

After his marriage, Mr. Farliu embarked in farm- 
ing in Tazewell County, 111., where he remained 
for three years, when, in 1881, he came to Ford 
County and purchased eighty acres of land in 
Drummer Townshij). He afterward added to it 
another eighty-acre tract and this farm of one hun- 
dred and sixty acres he placed under a high state 
of cultivation, making many improvements thereon 
which added greatly to its value and attractive ap- 
pearance. He was an industrious and enterprising 
man and met with well-deserved success in his un- 
dertakings. He continued farming up to the time 
of liis death, which occurred September 9, 1887. 

Since the death of her Inisband, Mrs. Farlin has 
left the farm and removed to the village of Proc- 
tor, where she is now living, but the management 
of her land is still under her personal supervision. 
She is a most estimable lady and has many friends 
throughout this community'. Her two children, 
Clementine and George Bruce, are still with her. 

OHN ROHRBACH, who is engaged in gen- 
oral farming on section 26, Brenton Town- 
ship, has the honor of being a native of 
l}}^/. Illinois. He was torn in Tazewell County, 
September 22, 18.51, and is a son of Conrad and 
Mary (Dingledine) Rohrbach, both of whom were 
natives of (iermany. The grandfather was a Ger- 
man soldier and served under Napoleon through 
tlie Italian campaign, until the battle of Waterloo. 
Tiie father of our subject came to America in 1832, 
when thirteen years of age, sailing from Havre to 
New Orleans and up the river to Havana, 111. 
After one vear spent at that place, he went to 
Peoria, 111., which was then called Ft. Clark. He 
learned the cooper's trade, which he followed some 
years and also engaged in teaming to Chicago 
when that city contained onl}' a hotel, a fort and 
a few cabins. He could have bought a quarter- 
section of laud in that locality for a yoke of oxen. 

Mr. Rohrbacli was married, in Tazewell County, 
to Miss Dingledine, who came from (iermany to 
this country when a maiden of sixteen summers. 
In that county he cleared and improved a farm 
and also followed his trade until the winter of 
1858, when he came to Ford County and purcliased 
one hundred and sixty acres of land, the farm 
upon which our subject now resides, to which he 
removed his family in 1861. The land was all 
wild and uncultivated and much of it was still in 
the possession of the Government. His nearest 
neighbor was two miles away, and wild game of 
all kinds was plentiful. Mr. Rohrbach resided 
upon his farm until 1875, when he removed to 
Piper City where his death occurred July 12, 1884, 
at the age of sixty-three years. His wife died Au- 
gust 14, 1889. She was a member of the Lutheran 
Church and .ifterward joined the Presbyterian 
Church. Mr. Rohrbach held memliershii) with the 
Reformed Cliureii. He took considerable interest 
in political affairs and supported the Democratic 
party until 1860, after which he voted with the 
Republican party until 1880, when he again su|)- 
ported the Democratic party. He held a number of 
local offices and was a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity. From the .age of thirteen years, he made 
his own way in the world, and for his success in 
life deserved much credit. 

Four children were born unto Mr. and Mrs. 
Rohrbach: Henry, now deceased; Kate, wife of 
B. E., Laraborn, a resident of Thawville, Iroquois 
County; .John, of this sketch; and Mary Matilda, 
dece.ised, who was the wife of W. W. Post, of Piper 
Cit3'. All of these children were born in Tazewell 

Our subject has been a resident of Ford County 
since nine years of age. His early education, ac- 
quired in the common schools, was su|)plemented 
by a course in Onarga Seminary, after which he 
engaged in teaching school for four years, and at 
the same time read law under the instruction of 
Gilbert Wyman, of Chatsworth, and then engaged 
in teaching school in Indiana for three terms. He admitted to the 15ar in that State in l«76,and 
engaged in practice for some time at North Man- 
chester, Wab,ash County, when he aliandcmod that 
profession and returned to the old home farm, of 



which he assumed the management. He has re- 
sided upon the farm since 1877, and tlie liighly 
cultivated fields, witli tlieir many excellent im- 
provements, tell that his life has been a busy and 
useful one. 

On the 17th of .June, 1884, in Piper City, Mr. 
Kolirbach led to the marriage altar Miss Alice Jef- 
fery, daugliter of Thomas .Jeffery, whose sketch ap- 
pears elsewhere in this work. .She was born in 
Brenton Townshi[). By their union, they have 
three children: Marietta, .John Henry and Eva 
Isabel. The family hold a high position in social 

Sir. Rohrbach is a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity and the Odd Fellows' society of Piper City, 
and cast his first Presidential vote for Gen. Grant 
in 1872, since which time he been a stalwart 
Republican. He aided in the organization of the 
Mutual Fire Insurance Company of Brenton 
Township, and was First Lieutenant of the com- 
pany of militia in Piper City for some years. He 
is an intelligent, well-informed man, industrious, 
energetic, public-spirited and progressive. He is 
numbered among the representative citizens of the 
community where he has so long made his home. 

>» i 1 1 1 p I ■ 1 » 1 

> I < . I -. 

ELIAS B. BEIGHLE resides on section 3, 
Lyman Townshii). It is said that the his- 
tory of a county is best told in the lives of 
its people, so we here record the sketch of one of 
the representative citizens of this community. Mr. 
Beighle was born in Butler Ccnuity, Pa., February 
14, 1836. His parents, Daniel and Catherine 
(Kifer) Beighle. had a family of si.x; sons and six 
daughters, of whom he was the third in order of 
birth. The father was born in Penns3'lvania, was 
a carpenter and joiner by trade, and also followed 
the occupation of farming. Bidding good-bye to 
his old home in 1856, he emigrated to Adams 
County, Ohio, and, in 1868, removed to St. Clair 
County, Mo., where he purchased land and en- 
gaged in farming until his death, which occurred 
at the age of seventy-seven years. In politics, he 
was first a Whig, and then a member of the Know- 

nothing party, and afterward became a Republican. 
Himself and wife were members of the Lutheran 
Church in early life, but afterward united with the 
Methodist Church. The lady l)orn in Pennsyl- 
vania, in 1810, and died in .January, 1892, at the 
advanced age, of eighty-two years. Si.x of their 
children are yet living: Elias, of this sketch; Caro- 
line, wife of Mr. Baumgardner, a farmer of Indiana; 
Sue C, wife of Mr. Brooks, a carpenter and joiner 
of St. Clair County, Mo.; Benjamin, a farmer of 
Cowlitz County, Wash.; Isaac Newton, who is mar- 
ried, and is a lumberman of Cowlitz County; and 
Melissa, wife of Mr. Gardner, a farmer. 

Mr. Beighle of this sketch remained in tlie State 
of his nativitj'' until nineteen years of age, and 
was reared to agricultural pursuits. At the .age of 
twenty-two, he began earning his own livelihood, 
working as a farm hand in Pendleton County, Ky., 
at $14 per month. After a short time, however, he 
went to Adams County, Ohio, where he spent eight 
years, and during that time led to the marriage 
altar Miss Catherine Wallace, a daughter of .Tosiah 
and Eliza (Smith) Wall.ace. They were married on 
the 1st of January, 1862, and unto them have been 
born five sons and four daughters, seven of whom 
are yet living: INIary, who was educated in the 
Normal School of Danville, Ind., has successfully 
engaged in teaching in this county for six terms, 
and is a member of the United Presbyterian Church; 
Roscoe W., who was educated in Danville and the 
Valparaiso State Normal of Indiana, is one of the 
professors in Clark's Universit^y; Anna Ketura, who 
was educated in Grand Prairie .Seminary, of Onarga, 
111., is a teacher of recognized ability in this county; 
Calvin Spence, who was educated in Onarga Sem- 
inary, follows farming; Marcus M., Leila Louisa 
and Ernest, are yet at home. In 1884, Mr. Beighle 
was called upon to mourn tlie loss of his wife, wIk) 
died on the 6th of March and was laid to lest in 
the cemetery of Roberts. She was a kind and lov- 
ing wife and mother, and was a devoted member 
of the United Presbyterian Church. 

During the late war, Mr. Beighle gave evidence 
of his loyalty to the Government by enlisting, in 
.Tune, 1863, .as a member of Company A, Second 
Ohio Heavy Artillery, under Capt. George F. Son- 
ner. The troops were first ordered to Rolling 



Fork. Ky.. where they did guard duty, and were 
then sent to Chattanooga, and to Clevehiud to 
guard the raihoad. We next find them at Knox- 
ville, Tenn., after whicli they went to Church Gap. 
At the close of the war, our subject was mustered 
out in Nashville, Tenn., in August, 1865, and was 
honorably discharged at Columbus, Ohio, on the 
28th of August. He was a faithful soldier and was 
never off duty, except when sick in the hospital 
for about six weeks. He now receives a good pen- 
sion in recognition of his faithful service. 

jSIr. Beighle cast his first Presidential vote for 
Abraham Lincoln, and is an inflexible adherent of 
Republican principles. He has been officially con- 
nected with the public schools of this community 
for many years and has done much for their ad- 
vancement by securing good teachers. With the 
United Presbyterian Church of Piper City he holds 
membership, and in the community where he re- 
sides lie is recognized as a gentleman of irreproach- 
able ciiaracter whose word is as good as his bond. 
He now owns one hundred and twenty acres of 
good l.aud, and is accounted one of the substantial 
farmers of the community. 


W^\ EY. EDWIN vS. McCLURE, Pastor of the 
[Urr Presbyterian Church of Piper City, was born 
i4i\\\ in Des IMoiues County, Iowa, February 6, 
'^^1 1861, and is of Scotch descent. The 
great-grandfather of our subject, the founder of 
the family in ,\moriea, was a native of .Scotland. 
The grandfather, William IMcClure, removed from 
Ohio to Iowa in 1850, and there engaged in farm- 
ing until his death, which occurred during the 

John McClure, the father of our subject, was 
born in Illinois but reared in Iowa as a farmer. 
He graduated from the Yellow S|>rings College, of 
Kossuth, Iowa. In 1859, near Sparta, 111., he mar- 
ried Miss Jane Campbell, a lady of Scotch descent. 
In 1861, at the first call for three-year men, he en- 
listed in October as a member of the Fourteenth 
Iowa Infantry, and participated in the battles of 
Ft. Henry, Ft. Donelson and Shiloh. He was in 

the thickest of the fight on that memorable Sunday 
afternoon and was taken prisoner and for tliree 
months confined at Macon, (ia., where the prisoners 
were almost starved. On his release, he rejoined 
his regiment at St. Louis and participated in the 
siege of Vicksburg, the Red River campaign and 
the campaigns under Gens. Grant and Sherman. 
He was in the service for three years and one 
month. On his return home, he continued to en- 
gage in farming in Iowa for a few years, and then 
accepted a professorship in the Deaf and Dumli 
Institute of Omaha, Neb., where he remained for 
fifteen years. He then resigned on account of 
failing eyesight, resulting from his army experience. 
He is now living on a fine farm near Sioux City, 
Iowa. In politics, he is a stanch Republican and 
is a member of the Grand Army Post. Hiin.sclf 
and >vife are both active members of the Presby- 
terian Church and are highly respected people. 

The McClure family numbered eight children, 
two of whom are deceased. Our subject is the 
eldest; Addie, who has been a teacher in deaf and 
dumb institutes both in Kansas and Minnesota, is 
now at home; William is engaged in merchandising 
in Omaha, Neb.; D. F. is a professor in a deaf and 
dumb asylum in Faribault, Minn.; Lillie died in 
1887, at the age of fourteen years; Bertha and 
Grace are at home. 

The Rev. Mr McClure was educated at Parsons' 
College, of Fairlield, Iowa, Lake Forest University 
and the Seminary of the Northwest, now called the 
McCormick Theological .School. He siient three 
years in that school, studying for the ministry, and 
after his graduation at the age of twenty-five, he- 
came Pastor of a Presbyterian Church in Lenox, 
Iowa, where he remained for two years. During 
that time he was united in marri.age, on the 27th 
of June, 1888, to Sarah M. Gordon, a native of 
the Hawkeye State. Their union has been blessed 
with one daughter, Edna Lucile, who was born 
July 27, 1889, and died March 20, 1892. 

On leaving Lenox, ]\Ir. McClure accepted a call 
from the church in Red Oak, Iowa, where he re- 
mained for two years, when he engaged in mission 
work in Oinalia, Neb., spending one year in that 
city. On the 1st of April, 1891, he came to Piper 
City, and has since been Pastor of the Presbyterian 



Church at this phice. His labors have been very 
successful. During the past year he had sixty-one 
additions. He is held iu the highest regard, not 
only by the members of his own congregation but 
by all who know him, his upright life and court- 
eous manner winning him high esteem. He is a 
man of great energy and perseverance and his 
church is now in a flourishing condition. In pol- 
itics, be is a stanch Republican, having supported 
that party since he attained his majority. 

AC015 DELLO MELMXfJKR. Prominent 
among the lai'ge farm owners and stock 
men of Drummer Township should be 
mentioned the gentleman whose name 
beads this sketch, and who has been a resident 
of Gibson since April, 1873. He was born in Lan- 
caster Count}', Pa., August 13, 1841, and is a .son 
of Jacob and Martha (Ilertzler) Mellinger. His 
parents were also natives of Lancaster County, 
and his father was descended from an old Penn- 
sjlvanian family of German origin, whose settle- 
ment in the Keystone State dates prior to the War 
of the Revolution, five generations remote. 

Jacob Mellinger, 8r., was born Jul}' 28, 1802, 
and on the 30th of August, 1831, married Martha 
Ilertzler. He removed to Clarke County, Ohio, in 
181!). He was a farmer by occupation, and fol- 
lowed that pursuit throughout his entire life. His 
death occurred April 23, 1888, at the age of 
eighty-five years, eight months and twenty-six 
days. His wife was born in 1812, and died in 
Oiiio in 1890. They have two daughters and two 
sons: Mar}', who resides in Clarke Count}-, Ohio; 
John II., who wedded Rachel Rosser, and is living 
in Yellow .Siirings, Greene County, Ohio; Martha, 
wife of Montgomery Patton, of Clarke County, 
Ohio: and Jacob D., of this sketch. 

Our subject was but eight years of age when his 
parents removed to Clarke County, Ohio. He was 
there reared to manhood, attended the common 
schools in his childhood and later took a regular 
course in Antioch College, of Yellow Springs, Ohio. 

On reaching man's estate, be began farming and 
stock-raising for himself and, as a helpmate on life's 
journey, chose Miss Martha Ellen Wheeler, their 
marriage being celebrated in S|)ringHeld, Oiiio, 
on tlie 7th of December, 1871. The lady .vas 
born in the city of Springfield and is a daugh- 
ter of the Hon. Stephen and Mary (Thompi )n) 
Wheeler, both of whom were natives of CI; ike 
County, Ohio, and were of Scotch-Irish descent. 
Her father, who was a man of fine scholarly at- 
tainments, was a member of the Ohio Legislature. 
He died when liis daughter was nine years old, 
but his widow still survives and is living with 
our subject. 

Two children were born unto Mr. and JIis. 
Mellinger, the elder of whom, Dello, was born 
May 18, 1877, and died at the age of sixteen 
mouths. Frank Ilertzler, the younger, was born 
December 5, 188G, and is a bright and |)roniising 
boy of nearly six years. In addition to their own 
family, Mr. and Mr.s. Mellinger took, at the age 
of seven years, Louie J. Mellinger, whom they 
educated in the Gibson City schools and iu Lake 
Forest University, where she pursued a musical 
course, becoming quite noted as a vocalist. While 
in the university, she became sick, was brought 
home and died five weeks later, February 27, 1887, 
aged twenty years. 

In 1871. our subject and his father bought a 
half interest in a fine tract of land, C(jnsisting of 
nine hundred and sixty acres, in Drummer Town- 
ship, now adjoining (iibson City, the land at that 
time belonging equally to J. H. Mellinger and 
Jacolt Ilertzler. In 1875, our subject purchased 
Mr. Ilertzler's remaining interest and removed 
here with his family. He at once erected fine 
buildings on the premises, tiled, fenced, and other- 
wise improved the land. In 1883, be purchased 
his father's interest, tlie tract now being owned 
by J. D. and J. H. Mellinger, ecpially. In the past 
nine years about two hundred and eighty acres 
have been .sold at from $75 to $100 per acre. The 
remaining land is considered worth not less than 
$125 per acre. JSIr. Mellinger has lately i>latted a 
number of lots and is putting them on the market. 

In addition to the half interest of the land of 
J. D. and J. H. Mellinger, our subject owns indi- 






viiUmlly n fine lioine .•irljoininij; Gibson City. Fie 
luases liis f'ainiiiii,^ huid, and has the luniainder 
in glass, lie deals extensively in cattle and hogs, 
buying, feeding and selling. He also bieeds stand- 
ard-l.u'ed horses ijuite extensively. 

In his political atliiiations, Mr. Mellinger is a 
stalwart I\e|)ul)lican, but has never been ambitious 
of ofiicial distinction. He attends the First Pres- 
byterian Church regularly with his wife, who is 
a consistent member of that congregation. For 
many 3ears he has been a Director of the (iibson 
Building ife Loan Association, and is now a mem- 
ber of the Gibson Land Improvement Company, 
recently organized. He was one of the fust to 
advocate the advisability of bnihting pike roads 
with gravel in the region of (iibson, and, while 
serving as Commissioner, inaugurated that im- 
portant public improvement, which has since 
proved a grand success and aided materially in fa- 
cilitating travel and transportation. There are 
now many miles of road leading to Gibson City, 
that through the piking .system have made good 
roads even in the wettest weather. 

In all the relations of life, Mr. Mellinger has 
proved himself an upright, honorable business 
man, a good neighbor and worthy citizen, and 
enjoys, as he merits, the respect and good-will of 
all who know him. 


RTIIUK S. CATRON, who owns one of the 
finest farms of the county, located on sec- 
tion 3."), Drummer Township, has the 
honor of being a native of Illinois. He 
was born in Fulton Count}', August 24, 18.'5i),and 
is a son of Israel M. and Savina (Smith) Catron. 
His father was born and reared in Virginia and 
throughout life followed agricultural pursuits. In 
an early tlay, he emigrated to Illinois, locating 
in Fulton County, where he rejnained fifteen years. 
He was there married, in 1838, to l\Iiss Smith, who 
was born in Fast Tennessee, and with her parents 
came to Illinois before the Black Hawk War. On 
leaving this State, the parents of our subject went 
to Polk County, Iowa,where the father resided until 

1881, when he went to Walla Walla Valley in the 
State of Washington and operated the farm which 
he yet occupies. His wife died in 1844 and was 
buried in Fulttm County. They had a family of 
three children: Arthur S., of this sketch; Nancy E., 
now deceased, and George E , an engineer in Ari- 

Our subject acquired a common-school education, 
and at the age of nineteen Ijegan teaching, which 
I)rofession he followed until the 1 1th of October, 
1861. Promi)ted by i)atriotic impulses, he re- 
sponded to the call for troops, and enlisted as a 
member of Company D, Second Iowa Cavalry, for 
three years. On the expiration of that period, he 
veteranized and was in the service until the 7th 
of October, 18()5, when he was mustered out at Sel- 
ma, Ala.,as First Sergeant of hiscomi)anv. He par- 
ticipated in eighty-three engagements, including 
the siege of Corinth and the battles of luka, Cor- 
inth, Tupelo, Nashville, Jackson and Moscow, and 
many others. 

On his return home, Mr. Catron embarked in 
merchandising in Ipava, Fulton County, 111., fol- 
lowing that business for a year, and then began 
fanning, to which occupation he has devoted his 
energies continuously since. He is one of the most 
extensive farmers in Drummer Township. He has 
twenty-nine head of horses and makes a specialty 
of raising an excellent grade of horses of the Nor- 
man stock. He has some of the finest mares in 
this section of the country. 

Ere leaving Fulton Count}', Mr. Catron was 
united in marriage, July 20, 1866, the lady of his 
choice being Mary S. Lacey, who was born in that 
county April 25, 1849, and is a daughter of John 
and C'loe (Hurd) Lacey, natives of the Empire 
State and of English and Irish extraction, resi)ect- 
ively. Eight children have been born of their 
union, but Manning C, their eldest, and Lyman C, 
their fourth child, are now deceased. The living 
are Roscoe M., Arthur B., Bayard D., Mary D.. 
Bruce and John. 

In politics, Mr. Catron exercises his right of 
franchise in support of the Republican party, of 
which he is a stanch advocate. He cast his first 
Presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln. While 
residing in McLean County, he served as Justice 



of the Peace two terms and was also a school 
officer. Socially, he is a member of Bloomington 
Post No. 146, G. A. R. Ill 1892, he located on the 
celebrated Roberts' farm on sections 8, 26, 34 and 
35, Drummer Township. It contains five hundred 
and three acres, for which he paid $75 per acre. 
It is highly improved, well cultivated and one of 
the most desirable places in the county. Mr. Cat- 
ron is recognized as a pul)lic-spirited and progres- 
sive citizen of Drummer Township. 



NDKEW P. UREMER is iiigaged in farm- 
ing on section 8, Patton Township. Svveden 
has furnished many worthy citizens to 
Ford County, and not the least of these is 
our subject, who was born in that country August 
28, 1845. He had no special advantages in his 
youth save fair school privileges. His childhood 
dajs were spent upon his father's farm, where he 
was early inured to labor; he later learned the 
carpenter's trade, which he followed for a time. 
With the adventurous spirit of young men and 
also with the hope of bettering his financial condi- 
tion by emigrating to the New World, of whose 
advantages he had heard so much, Mr. Bremer 
sailed for America on a steamer which left Gotten- 
burg on the 7th of Maj-, 1869, and dropped anchor 
in the harbor of New York on the 7th of June, an 
entire month being consumed in making the trip. 
He at once came to the West, stopping first at 
Chicago, and thence came to Paxton. He found 
himself a stranger in a strange land, with no 
friends near and no one to whom he might look 
for aid. He spent the first two summers after his 
arrival in a brick-yard near Paxton, then began 
working bj' the mouth as a farm hand, which oc- 
cupation he followed until 1877. 

In April of that year, Mr. Bremer led to the 
marriage altar Miss Nellie Anderson, who was born 
and reared in Sweden and is a daughter of A. W. 
Anderson, now deceased. Mr. Bremer had pre- 
viously purchased eighty acres of land and the 
young couple began their domestic life upon that 
farm. Their home has been blessed by the pres- 

ence of four children: Anna, Harry, Hilina and 
Agnes. Harry and Ililnia are attending the home 
school. Anna is attending school in Paxton. 

Mr. Bremer at once began to clear and improve 
his farm. It was covered with a good crop of cuc- 
kleburrs, and a small frame house wa-s the only im- 
provement. Not a tree or bush was to be found 
upon the place, but furrows were soon turned, un- 
til acre after acre had been placed under a high 
state of cultivation and the fields were tiled and 
fences built, so that now it is one of the fine farms 
in the community. There is also a substantial 
and comfortable residence and a good orchard has 
been planted, while, with the additional forty acres 
that has been purchased, a valuable tract of one 
hundred and twenty acres now pays a golden trib- 
ute to the care and cultivation of Mr. Bremer. 
Like many of his fellow-countrymen, our subject 
came to America empty-handed but he was pos- 
sessed of a thrifty and industrious nature and was 
not afraid of hard work. His life has been well 
and worthily spent, and he is justly regarded as a 
man of sterling character and integrity. In pol- 
itics, he does not affiliate with any party but votes 
for the candidate whom he thinks best qualified to 
fill the position. He has served as a member of 
the School Board and is a warm friend of the 
cause of education, believing in good schools and 
competent teachers, if the children are to be trained 
for useful and responsible positions in life. He and 
his wife are members of the Lutheran Cliurch of 


/^ ARY M. CONGER, a retired farmer, resid- 
(|( ^.^ ing on section 7, Drummer Township, was 
■^^ born in Licking County, Ohio, on the 24th 
of May, 1826, and is a son of Aaron and Mary 
(McVay) Conger, both of whom were natives of 
Pennsylvania, while the former was of Scotch and 
the latter of Irish descent. They were married in 
the Keystone State, and, about 1820, removed to 
Licking County, Ohio, which was then an almost 
unbroken forest. The father was crippled by rheu- 
matism in his arms, not being able to raise his 



liands to liis face. He was thus Incapacitated for 
labor, but was a good manager. His wife was one 
among a tiiousand women, of good business ability 
and an industrious and self-sacrificing lad3-. Both 
died at the age of seventy-four years. The mother 
was a member of the Christian Church. In their 
family were twelve children, live of wliom are yet 

Our sul)jecl was the fourth in order of birtli. He 
was reared in a wooded couutr\-, and as soon as 
old enough to pick brush, he began to aid in clear- 
ing the farm. Wlien about thirteen years of age, 
he was taught to weave and, from that time until 
he attained his majority, wove the cloth with which 
the family were clothed. This was done during 
rainy weather and after the fall work was finished. 
His lime being thus largely occupied, his educa- 
tional advantages were necessarily limited. Having 
remained with his father until twenty-one years of 
age, he hired out at ^9 per montli, clearing land 
and farming m among the stumps. In iiis early 
life he used an old-fasiiioned sickle in reaping the 
grain and afterwaid cut it with a cradle, lie be- 
came expert in this direction, being able to cut five 
acres of oats in a day. 

In Licking, Ohio, Mr. Conger was married Sep- 
tember 21, 1847, to Miss Rebecca Marriott, a native 
of Licking County. In 18.54, he came with his 
young wife to McLean County, 111., locating near 
Towanda, and in 1877, he removed to Ford County, 
and became Superintendent of a section of Sud- 
deth farm, four miles west of Gibson City. He 
there continued to reside until 1889, when he re- 
moved to Gibson City, where he has since lived 

Unto Mr, and Mrs. Conger have been born live 
children: William M., who operates the Suddeth 
farm; Aaron R., a farmer of Oregon; Mary; Elmer, 
who is engaged in agricultural pursuits in Drum- 
mer Township; and Rosa. In politics, Mr. Conger 
is independent, voting for the man he thinks best 
qualified to fill the olHcc, regardless of part}- atlilia- 
tious. In life he has had much to contend with, 
but nevertheless he has worked his waj' upward 
and is now able to live retired. 

W. M. Conger, son of the foregoing, was born 
in Licking County, Ohio, June 12, 1848, and ac- 

quired his education in liie common schools. On 
attaining his majority, he started out in life for 
himself, renting land in Ford and McLean Coun- 
ties, and has made farming his life work. He is 
now the overseer of the noted Suddeth farm. In 
Jlarch, 1879, he entered u\Km the duties of that 
position and now operates four hundred acres of 
good land, the neat appearance of which indicates 
his tiirift and enterprise. On the 9th of Sei)teinber, 
1874, Mr. Conger was joined in wedlock with 
Louise Donner, who was born in Iowa, September 
10, 1854, and is a daughter of Greenbur^' and 
Mary Ann Donner, both of whom are now deceased. 
Seven children have been born unto our subject 
and his wife, namely: Cary Roy, born July 11, 
1875; HattieE., March 1, 1878; Mandy M., Novem- 
ber 5, 1880; Grade P., on the 2d of January, 1884; 
Harvey M., November 6, 1886; Orville W., Janu- 
ary 21, 1890; and Goldie, March 7, 1892. 

The parents are both members of the United 
Brethren Church and the three eldest children also 
belong. Mr. Conger has served as Church Trustee 
for four years, was Sunday-school Treasurer two 
3'ears and Steward two years and is now serving 
the third term as District School Director; he was 
also Superintendent of the Sunday-school for three 
terms. The family is well and favorably known 
in tliis community and its members rank high in 
the social circles in which they move. 

IL^ENRY H. LEININGER, who for twenty- 
two years has made his home in Ford 
County, is now living retired in Piper 
City. He was born in Stark County, Ohio, 
August 15, 1839, and is a son of Jacob and Eliza- 
beth (Sclusser) Leininger, both of whom were na- 
tives of Pennsylvania. They were married in 
Ohio and came to Illinois in 1857, locating in 
Eden Township, La Salle County, where Mr. Lein- 
inger spent the remainder of his life. He died in 
18fi8, at the .age of seventy-three years. His 
widow is still living at the age f)f eighty-six and 
makes her home with our subject. He was a life- 



long member of the Methodist Churcli and a 
highly respected citizen. The family numbered 
nine sons and two daughters, three of whom are 
still living: George S., who makes his home in Vir- 
ginia; J. W., a resident of Tonica, 111.; and 
Henry H. 

Our subject was the sixth son. His boyhood 
days were spent upon a farm in Ohio until six- 
teen years of age, when he came to Illinois. He 
had begun his school life in his native State and 
completed his education in select schools of Peru 
and Tonica. On attaining his majority, he started 
out in life for himself, and, in 18G0, made an 
overland trip to Colorado, arriving at his destina- 
tion after four weeks of travel. He spent three 
years in the Empire mining district and helped 
locate the village of Georgetown. In the winter 
of 1863-64, he returned to Illinois and began farm- 
ing in Lee County on land given him by his 
father. He there made his home for three years, 
when, in the autumn of 1867, he sold out. The 
following jear, he purchased land in Ford County, 
where he has made his home since 1870. He 
owned all of section 8, in Pella Township, and en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits until 1874, when he 
removed to Piper City, where he is now living a 
retired life. In 1876, he was proprietor of a drug- 
store in Chatsworth. He still owns three hun- 
dred and twenty acres of land, which jields to him 
a good income. 

December 6,1864, in La Salle County, Mr. Lein- 
inger was united in marriage with Miss Alice G. 
McPherson, who was born in that county and is a 
daughter of Harvey McPherson, of Iiish descent. 
They have one child, .Jennie, wiio was born in 
Lee County, and is now the wife of Albert Doo- 
little, of Dixon, 111. She graduated from the Piper 
City schools, and completed her education in 
Onarga Seminary. 

Mr. Leininger cast his first Presidential vote 
for Lincoln in 1860, and has since been a stanch 
supporter of the Republican part3- and has often 
served as a delegate to its conventions. He has 
served as Trustee of Piper City, and also as Presi- 
dent of the Village Board. Socially, he is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternit}', and his wife holds 
membership with the Methodist Church, to the 

support of which he contributes liberally. He is 
one of the highly respected citizens of the commu- 
nity and has made his own way in life. He is now 
well-to-do, having acquired through his own cf- 
h)rts a handsome competence. 

f(^\ ETII LYTLE, who is 
^^^^ life in Paxton, is a 
xJLi^ was born near Somci 


ETII LYTLE, who is now living a retired 
native of Ohio. He 
r Somcrsville, Butler County, 
March 25, 1817, and is a son of William 
Lytle, who was a native of Pennsylvania and of 
Irish descent. His mother bore the maiden name 
of Annie Glines, and was of English lineage. They 
became the parents of eight children, the eldest of 
whom, Melinda, died at the age of six years; Seth 
is the second in order of birth; .John died in infancy; 
Daniel resides in Butler County, Ohio; James, a 
weaver by trade, resides in Butler County; Samuel 
carries on farming in Champaign County, 111.; 
Mary Ann is the wife of Isaac A. Rockhill, a resi- 
dent farmer of Richland County, Wis.; and .Jane 
P. died at the age of eight yeais. The father of 
this family was born August 12, 1792, and died 
November 6, 1869. The death of his wife occurred 
August 2.5, 1889, and had she lived till March 25, 
following, would have been ninety-six years old. 
Both were members of the Methodist Church. 

Seth Lytle was reared to manhood upon his 
father's farm, and the first school which he attended 
was in a small log-cabin, built in the woods, three 
miles from his father's home. During nine years, 
he was able to attend school but ninety-five days, 
which was the extent of his schooling. At the age 
of seventeen, he bought his time of his father, pay- 
ing him $65, and then began to work as a farm hand 
in the neighborhood by the month. He continued 
to reside m Ohio until 1841, when he emigrated 
Westward to Montgomery County, Ind., where he 
was again engaged in agricultural pursuits. 

In that county, in the autumn of 1843, Mr. 
Lytle was united in marriage with Miss Maria 
Fink, daughter of John and Mary (Climer) Fink. 
Having rented a farm for some time, he moved to 
Thorntown and engaged in huxtering. Going to 



La Fayette, Ind., he engaged in the grocery busi- 
ness a year, when he went to Montgomery Count}', 
Ind., and after farming five years bought a tannerj' 
and ran it six years. Tlie year 1859 witnessed his ar- 
rival in Ford County. He made his first settlement 
in Wall Township, where he purchased two hundred 
and sixty acres of land on section 19, the purchase 
price being 13.50 per acre. It continued to be his 
home for twenty years, or until 1879, when he 
came to Paxton, where he has since resided, with 
the exception of five years which he spent in 
Kansas. He was tliere extensively engaged in 
farming but is now living a retired life, having 
gained a suflieient competency to enable him to lay 
aside all business cares. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Lytle were born ten children: 
Annie, who died in infancy; Elvira, wife of D. 1^. 
Denman,a contractor and builder residing in Pax- 
ton; William, a farmer; Mar}', wife of Samuel Long 
who follows agricultural pursuits in Republic 
County, Kan.; Melissa was the wife of Albert Haw, 
but is now deceased; Emma, wife of .lames Apple- 
gate, a resident farmer of Indiana; Alfred died in 
Indiana; Albert, who is in Kansas; Etta, wife of 
Frank Carr, living in Paxton; .and Hulda who died 
at the age of twelve years. 

In political affiliations, Mr. Lytle is a Prohibi- 
tionist, but at local elections votes for the man 
whom bethinks will best fill Ihe olfice. He has 
never sought or desired political preferment for 
himself, having been content to devote his atten- 
tion to his business interests. He is a well-known 
resident of Paxton, and is a public-spirited and 
progressive citizen who does all in his power for 
the interests of the community in which he resides. 

\l/_ IRAM Y. SIDESINGER, who is engaged 
in general farming on section 22, Drum- 
mer Township, was l)orn in Adams County, 
Pa., January 29, 1829, and is a son of 
Leonard and Nancy (Elcook) Sidesinger. The 
father was also a native of Adams County .and 
was one of three children born unto Grandfatlier 
Sidesinger, of Germany, who emigrated to Amer- 

ica in an early day. The children were Leonard, 
Margaret and Nancy. The first-named, the father 
of our subject, remained in Pennsylvania until 
1830, when he came to Ohio, locating in Cham- 
paign County, where he engaged in farming until 
1850. He then became a resident of Logan County, 
Ohio, where he made his home until his death, 
December 21, 1869. His wife, born .June 6, 1786, 
died a number of years previous, passing away 
about 1841, and was interred in Champaign Ceme- 
tery. Both were members of the Lutheran Church 
and the father spoke the German language. In 
politics, Mr. Sidesinger was first a Whig and after- 
ward a Republican. The family nvimbered ten 
children, as follows: Samuel, deceased; AVesley; 
Sarah, deceased; Alvina; John, of Logan County, 
Ohio; Harriet, deceased; Hiram, of this sketch; 
Gordon, Alfred and Rebecca, all of whom, with 
the exception of our subject, have passed away. 

In taking up the history of our subject, we 
present to our readers the life record of one of 
the worthy citizens of Drummer Township. Mr. 
Sidesinger acquired his education in the common 
schools and in an academy, where he pursued a 
long course of study, preparing him for a busi- 
ness career. He then engaged in teaching for a 
quarter of a century and also followed civil en- 
gineering. He very successful in these lines, 
and with the money thus acquired, in 1876 he 
purch.ased a fine farm of one hundred and sixty 
acres under a high state of cultivation and well 
improved. He brought the same energy and in- 
dustry to .agriculture that char.acterized his other 
pursuits and is likewise meeting with success in 
this undertaking. 

On the 20th of May, 1861, Mr. Sidesinger was 
united in marriage to Miss Catiierine Wiles, who 
was born in Brown County, Ohio, February 14, 
1839, and is a daughter of Fred. M. and Cath- 
erine (Foley) Wiles, also of Brown County, and 
of French and Scotch extraction, respectively. 
The union of our subject and his wife has been 
blessed with three children: .loliii C, a resident 
of Tippecanoe County, Ind.; U. S. (Jrant, deceased; 
and Cora M.ay, now the wife of Charles Moreland, 
an expressman on the Big Four Railroad at 
Fiirmers' City, I)e Witt County, III. 



In politics, Mr. Sidesinger is a supporter of Re- 
inil)lic'aii principles iiiul has served as Deputy Sur- 
veyor for two terras. He cast his first Presidential 
vote for Gen. .Tolm C Fremont. lie and his wife 
are adheients c)f tlie Methodist Church. The^' lo- 
cated in Ford County in l.ssi.and have a pleasant 
home in Drummer Township, the hospitable doors 
of whicli are always open to their raau\' friends. 

ART.TON I. REMSBURG, one of the hon- 
11 died veterans of the late war. who served 

his country faithfully and well in her 
struggle to preserve the Union, is engaged in gen- 
eral farming on section 3, L3-nian Township. He 
was born in Frederick County, Md., April 6, 1845, 
and is a son of Solomon and Mary Remslnirg. His 
father was a native of Mar\land anfl is now a re- 
tired farmei' of Bureau County, III. In early life, 
he was a Whig and east his first Presidential vote 
for William Henry Harrison. He is nf)w a .stanch 
Republican and a valuable citizen in the commun- 
ity where he yet resides. lie has reached the age 
of sevent^'-five years. Ilis wife died when our 
subject was an infant and her remains were interred 
in a cemetery of Ohio. She left two sons: Isaiah, 
who served for about eighteen months in Company 
I, Twelfth Illinois Infantry, is now married and 
follows farming in liuroau Count}'; Carlton is the 
next younger. By a second marriage there were 
three children but one died in infancy. Anna R., 
who is Postmistress of Ohio, Bureau County, 111., is 
the widow of James Ruff, who served as a soldier in 
the late war and was cashier in a bank in Ohio. 
George is married and is a successful farmer and 
stock-de.aler of Bureau County. 

The educational advantages which our subject 
received were those of the common schools. He 
was a lad of only fourteen years when he accom- 
panied his father to Bureau County, 111., where he 
remained until nineteen years of age, when, 
prompted by patriotic impulses, he enlisted in Com- 
pany A, One Hundred and Forty-cigiith Illinois 
Infantry in Janu.ary, 18(15, at Princeton, 111. The 

regiment was ordered to Quincy and then to Camp 
Butler, whence they were sent to Nashville and 
assigned to the Army of the Cumberland under 
Gen. Thomas. They were then ordered to Tulla- 
homa, Tenn., on guard duty. They afterward did 
guard duty in McMinnville, Tenn., and subse- 
quently returned to Nashville, where they were 
mustered out of service September 5, 1865, and 
honorably discharged at Springfield ten days later. 
During his service, Mr. Remsburg was taken .sick 
and confined in the Cumberland Hospital at Nash- 
ville, Tenn., for aboiit six weeks. With the ex- 
ception of this period, he always found at his 
post of duty, faithful to the cause for which he 
had enlisted. 

On the 12th of December, 18G9, our subject was 
united in marriage with Sarah A. Ilauenstein, who 
was born in Indiana, July 23, 1849. Her father, 
Abraham Ilauenstein, a native of .Switzerland 
and a farmer by occupation. He was born June 
21, 1822, and died in Ford County in March, ls,S(i, 
at the age of fifty-eight years. His wife bore the 
maiden name of Susan Kindle, was a native of 
New Jersey and died at the age of forty yeai-s. 
Both were members of the Episcopal Church and 
the family numbered three children: Mary, wife of 
James Goodrich, a resident of Thawvillc, 1 11.; Sarah, 
wife of our subject, and Josei)h who married Miss 
Minnie T.aylor and is a landlord of Dwight, 111. 

Mrs. Remsburg educated in the common 
schools and is a lady of genial and social disposi- 
tion who has proved a valued helpmate to her hus- 
band. They have three children: Josie, Blanche 
and Harold, and the family circle yet remains un- 
broken. Their home is pleasantly situated within 
two and a half miles of Thawville, upon a farm of 
(me hundred and thirty-seven acres, under a high 
state of cultivation and well improved. 

In politics, Mr. Remsburg has been a stanch 
Republican since he cast his first Presidential 
vote for Gen. U. S. Cirant. He has been a 
faithful school otiicial for nine j-ears, and the 
cause of education has found in him a warm 
friend, but he has never sought or desired the 
honors or emoluments of public office. Socially, 
he is a member of the Grand Armj' Post of Piper 
City, and its present Commander. He attended 



the State Encampment at Springfield on the 6th, 
Till and 8th of April, 1892, as a delegate from his 
post. Ill' and his wife are held in tlie liighest re- 
gard tliroughout the community, and hy their 
upright lives and sterling wortli have won tlic 
confidence of all. 

( I I * 

I 'I ■ I ' ^ 

ILTON T. SNYDI:R, who resides on sec- 
tion 22, Wall Township, is not only a 
A\ representative farmer of this coinraunit3', 
hut is also one of the early settlers. He 
was born on a farm near Keedysville, Washington 
Count}', Md., October 14, 1848, and is a son of 
Christian and Jane (Wright) Snyder. His father 
was a native of Pennsylvania and of German de- 
scent. By trade he was a weaver, but followed farm- 
ing throughout much of his life. The Snyder fam- 
ily numbered ten children, the eldest of whom, 
Adeline C, became the wife of David Bombarger 
and died in 1866; Elizabeth is the wife of David 
Snider, a shoe-maker residing in Odell, Ind.; Su- 
san, dece.ised, was the wife of William McBride, M. 
D.; Jacob is a real-estate agent residing in Indiana; 
Samuel follows farming in Wall Townshiji; John 
W. is engaged in farming near Harrison, Boone 
County, Ark.; iNIary J. is the wife of Perry Coon, 
an agriculturist of Indiana; Alfred follows farming 
near Estherville, Emmet County, Iowa; David is 
now deceased; and our subject completes the fam- 


It was in 1862 that Christian Snyder, accompa- 
nied by his wife and children, came to Illinois, lo- 
cating in Ford County. He rented a farm near 
Paxton, which he operated for two years, and 
then inirchased one hundred and sixty acres of 
railroad land on section 22, Wall Township, where 
he made his iiome until his death, a respected and 
valued citizen of the community'. In politics, lie 
was a sujiporter of Re|)ublican principles and was 
a member of the United Brethren Church, lie 
passed away on the 17th of April, 1873, and his 
wife died on the 11th of March, 1883. 

Milton Snyder, whose name heads tiiis record, 
was a lad of fourteen years when, with his parents. 

he came to Illinois. In this county he was reared 
to manhood, and in the district schools, which he 
attended until eighteen years of age, he completed 
his education. Under tiie [laiental roof he re- 
mained until he attained his majority, and then 
took charge of his father's farm. That place has 
been his home since the first location of the family 
here, thirty years ago. He now owns eighty acres 
of the old homestead, and engages in general farm- 
ing. His lields are well tilled, the place presents 
a neat and attractive appearance and everything 
is in keeping with the idea of a model farm. 

An important event, in the life of Mr. Snyder 
occurred on the 22d of December, 1870, when he 
led to the marriage altar Miss Maggie Rolib, daugh- 
ter of John and iNIary (Latimer) Rolib. They have 
a pleasant home, which is the abode of hospitality, 
and their friends in this community are many. 
The lady is a member of the United Presbyterian 
Church of Paxton. B3' their union have been 
liorn five children, two sons and three daughters, 
but two are now deceased. Those living are Zelda 
May, and Oscar and Nannie, twins. In his politi- 
cal alliliatioiis, Mr. Snyder is a Reiiiililican. He 
is also a member of the United Brethren Church, 
and one of the iirominent and well-known citizens 
of Wall Township. 




l)EV. JEREMIAH ALLGAIER, pastor of the 
ir \il German Lutheran Church of Melvin, is of 
iii W German liirtli. He was born in Wurtem- 
berg, Gerinanj', on the 31st of December, 
18.55, and is a son of David and Rosiiia (Muehler) 
Allgaier. His parents were born and reared in the 
Old Country, and still reside there. 

The subject of this sketch was partially educated 
in his native land, where he remaiiKKl until the au- 
tumn of 1882, when he emigrated to America, and 
on reaching the shores of this country, came at 
once to Illinois. For two years, lie was a student 
in the Mendota Theological Seminary-, and was as- 
sistant pastor of the church of his denomination in 
Compromise, Chamiiaigii County. After complet- 
ing his studies, he was ordained, in 188.'j, a minister 



of the Gerniaii Lutheran Church, anrl served as 
pastor at Compromise until xVpril, 1887. when he 
came to Melvin to accept the pastorate of the Mel- 
vin chureli. Its pulpit he has since filled, cover- 
in_o' a period of five years, and from this it will be 
seen that his services are very acceptable to his 

On the 18th of .September, 188;'), Mr. Allgaier 
was joined in wedlock to Miss Annie l.artell. the 
wedding being celebrated in Compromise, now 
R03'al, Champaign County. The lady is a native 
of Adams County, 111., Iiorn on the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1861, and is a daughter of Fred and Agatha 
r.artcU. Four children have been born of the 
union of iMr. and Mrs. Allgaier, two sons and two 
daughters: Kose Agatha, born .Tuly 10, 188(1; Fred 
Godhelp, April 27, 1888; ISIartha :Mary, IMay 29, 
1890; and Emanuel David, December 26, 1891. 

The German Lutheran Church of INIelvin was 
organized in 1872, the first p.astor being the Rev. 
George Suessc, who served from tiiat year until 
A)H-il, 1875, when he was succeeded by the Rev. 
Henry Ilebler, whose term of service continued 
from April, 1875 until April, 1878, when he was 
succeeded by the Rev. Helwig Staehling, who left 
the pastorate on the 15th of December, 1886. At 
that time the Rev. Mr. Allgaier became pastor, and 
has since filled that position. This society embraces 
about thirty-five families, and the present church 
edifice was erected in 1888. The church is in a 
flourishing condition, and prospers under the 
management of the pastor now in charge. 



'JOSEPH .1. BROWN, an early settlor of 
Ford County, is now living a retired life in 
Piper City. For a number of years, he was 
a leading farmer of the community, and by 
his industry, perseverance and good management 
acquired a competency, which now enaliles him to 
rest and enjo}' the fruits of his former toil. Mr. 
Brown is of English birth. He horn in Nortii- 
hamptonshire, January 10, 18;?9, .and is one of 
four sons and five daughters, whose parents were 

George and Louisa (White) Brown, natives of the 
same locality-. 

Our subject spent his early life in the usual 
manner of farmer lads, no event of special impor- 
tance occurring dining his childhood. At the age 
of seventeen, he left home and liegan earning his 
own livelihood. He worked on the railroad, or at 
any labor which would earn him an honest dollar, 
until he had attained liis majority, when he entered 
the military service of his country. He served in 
Ireland, was in Gibraltar for one year and five 
months, was on the Island of Malta for two years, 
in (Juebec and ISIontreal, Canada, for three years 
and then returned to (Tl.asgow, Scotland, where he 
was dischai'ged after eight years of service. Dur- 
ing a part of the time, he held the office of Cor- 
poral. On leaving the army, Mr. Brown visited 
his old home, after which he spent sf)me time in 
London, and, in March, 1868, sailed from Liver- 
pool to New York. He spent three years in the 
Empire State, engaging in farm work, spent one 
winter in the pineries of Michigan, and in the 
spring of 1872 came to Ford Count\'. For a time, 
he was employed upon the Sibley farm, after which 
he worked on the section of the railroad at Piper 
City and operated a hay-press. He also carried 
on a livery-stable, and when he had acquired 
a sufticient capital, purchased eighty acres of 
land in Pella Township and engaged in farming 
from 1878 until 1892. He now owns two hundred 
and twenty acres of fine land, the greater part of 
which is under a high state of cultivation and well 
improved. During the present 3ear, lie removed 
to Piper Cit}-, where he has a Ijeautiful new resi- 
dence and the pltiasant home is supplied with 
all the comforts and many of the luxuries of life. 

On the 21st of June, 1877, Mr. Ihown was 
united in marriage, in Chatsworth, with l\Irs. Car- 
rie White, a daughter of David and Sarah Ruff. 
She was born in Westmoreland County, Pa., when 
fifteen years of age went to Indiana, and in Val- 
paraiso was married to David White, a native of 
Hadley, Hampshire County, Mass. On coming to 
Illinois, they located in Ford County, where Mr. 
White died about nineteen years ago, leaving two 
sons: Charles F. and David M., both of whom are 
engaged in farming in Pella Township. Mrs. 

•SbBfc ■" 




Brown has resided in Ford County for twenty- 
three years, and has seen it« development from a 
wild, uncultivated tract to one of rich fertility. 
She is an estimable lady who has nianj' friends 
throughout the community. Mr. Brown is a Re- 
puhlican in politics, having supported that party 
since he cast his first Presidential vote for R. B. 
Il.ayes., he is a meuihcr of the Odd Fel- 
lows' fraternity. He is a worthy citizen of the 
community, who takes a commendable interest in 
all that pertains to the welf.are and upbuilding of 
the county. 

c^^^ J. SOWERS, who resides on section 23, 
f/^^s Pella Township, is a native of the Keystone 
^^^'' St.ate. He was born in Perry County, De- 
cember .30, 1840, and is a son of Daniel .and Eliza- 
beth (Reiber) Sowers. Both were of German 
descent; the former born Mai-eh 14, 1813, and 
the latter in 1820. He gave his attention to farm- 
ing and, in politics, was a Whig and afterward a 
Republican. His wife died in 1857, and his death 
occurred when about seventy years of age. They 
had a family of eight children, three of whom arc 
now living: Thomas, of this sketch; Barbara E., 
widow of B. F. Bender, of Pennsylvania, and Sarah 
A., wife of Jacob Bender, of Perry County, Pa.; 
Caroline died at the age of eleven years; Margaret married and died at the age of twenty-two; 
Samuel, who died at the age of thirty-four years; 
P>lizabeth, who died at the age of eighteen; and 
William H., who died at the Jige of eight years. 

The subject of this sketch acquired a good com- 
mon-school education and remained upon the 
home farm until he had attained his majority, 
when he worked at carpentering for one year, or 
until August, 1863, when he enlisted in the Thirty- 
sixth Pennsylvania Regiment of Home Guards, 
raised at the time of the Gettysburg invasion, and 
served two months. In September, 1864, he en- 
listed in the Two Hundred and Eighth Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry, and was Orderly Sergeant of Com- 
pany F, until the close of the war. The regiment 
was organized at Harrisburg and commanded bv 

Col. A. B. McAlmont. They did guard duty on 
the banks of the Apjiomattox and in the last of 
November were in front of Petersburg. At the 
battle of Ft. Stedman, on the 2.5tli of March, l.S6,5, 
in the charge the regiment lost one hundred men. 
The troops of the Two Hundred and Eighth parti- 
cipated in the ong.agement on the 2d of April, when 
Petersburg was captured, and followed Lee's Army, 
participating in the engagement at Ai)pomattox 
Court House, where Lee surrendered. They parti- 
cipated in the Gr.and Review at Washington and, 
returning to Harrisburg, were mustered out on the 
6th of June, 1865. 

Mr. Sowers returned to Blain, Perry County, 
where he resumed work at the carpenter's trade. 
On the 22d of August, 1865, he was there united 
in marri.age with Miss Addie Snyder, a native of 
that county, and a daughter of John and Susan 
Snyder, who were natives of England. They began 
their domestic life in the Keystone State, where 
Mr. Sowers followed his trade until the spring of 
1869, when he came with his family to Ford 
Count}', 111., and embarked in farming in I'ella 
Township, where he has since resided. In 1872, 
he was called upon to mourn the loss of his wife, 
who died on the 7th of June, leaving one sen, 
John L., who was born July 2, 1866, was educated 
in the public schools, the Paxton Collegiate Insti- 
tute and the Normal School of ^"alparaiso, Ind. 
He successfully engaged in teaching for some time, 
and for the past two years has been in the railw.ay 
mail service. 

On the 3d of June, 1873, in Piper City, Mr. Sow- 
ers was again married, his second union being with 
M.aggie E. Taylor, a native of Pennsylvania and 
a daughter of George and Sarah Taylor, both of 
whom are still living. The father is now sixty- 
six years of age and the mother seventy-one. Our 
subject and his wife had a family of four children, 
but one is now deceased, Delmar Miles, the second 
child, who born September 29, 1879, and died 
March 8, 1880. Those who still survive are George 
T., born September 6, 1874; Charles Roscoe, No- 
vember 6, 1882; and Lester Floyd, September 12, 

For nine j-ears Mr. Sowers has resided upon his 
jjreseut farm, a one hundred and twenty acre tract 



of rich lanrl. well improvefl and under a high state 
of cultivation. lie has Iteen successful in his busi- 
ness career and is now nunihered among the sub- 
stantial citizens of the community. He has been 
called upon to serve in positions of public trust, 
having filled the otKcc of Township Clerk for four 
terms, was Collector and Supervisor for one term 
each, and is now serving his eleventh term as As- 
sessor. He has been Township Treasurer of schools 
since January, 1875, and for ten years has filled 
the office of Justice of the Peace. His long con- 
tinued service in these positions indicates his fidel- 
ity to duty and his faithfulness to the trust reposed 
in him. He cast his first Presidential vote while 
in the army for Aliraham r>incoln, has since been 
a stalwart Republican, and has often been delegate 
to the count}', congressional and State conven- 
tions. His wife is a member of the Methodist 
Church and a most estimable lady. Socially, Mr. 
Sowers belongs to the Grand Army Post of Pi)jer 
Clity, the Odd Fellows' lodge of Mt. Dempsay, Pa., 
and is Master of the Masonic lodge of Piper City. 
He has been Vice-president of the Fair Association 
since its organization and has been a Director of 
the Fire Insurance Company of IJrenton and Pella 
Township since it organized. He is a promi- 
nent and valued citizen of the community and 
well deserves representation in this volume. 

i^ «•* t Hrf" 

WJLLIAM A. CAMPBELL, a worthy repre- 
sentative of one of the honored i)ioneer 
^, ^ families of Ford County', now engaged in 
general farming on section 35, Wall Township, 
was born in Northumberland County, Pa., March 
29, 1843. His parents were Obadiah and Margaret 
L. (Po3'er) Campbell, both of whom were natives of 
the Keystone State. The father was a carpenter 
by trade and made his home in the East until 
1856, when, with his family, he emigrated to F'ord 
County, 111., settling in what is now Button Town- 
ship, where he purchased eighty' acres of unim- 
proved land and began the development of a 
farm. He here made his home throughout the re- 
mainder of his life, being called to his final rest 

February 17, 1885. His wife had passed away in 
February, 1865, and his remains were laid by the 
side of her who had gone before in Paxton Cem- 
etery. The}' were the parents of nine children: Rob- 
ert F., who is engaged in farming and carpenter- 
ing near Kirksville, Adair County, Mo.; Abraham 
L., an agriculturist; William A., who is the next 
younger; Francis M., a resident of Chicago; Jos- 
ephine, who died in 1881; Oscar L., a farmer of 
Button Township; Henrietta, wife of Daniel Moudy, 
also an agriculturist of Button Township; Ann L., 
wife of J. N. Swinford, a retired farmer residing in 
Paxton, and Lee Britt, who is engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits in Button Township. 

As our subject has so long made his home in 
the county, he has here a wide acquaintance, and 
we feel assured that this record of his life will be 
received with interest by many of our readers. 
His early life passed uneventfully in attendance 
at the district schools, where he acquired a fair 
English education, and in work upon the farm, to 
which he devoted his energies during the summer 
months. He remained at home with his father 
until his marriage, which was celebrated on the 
23d of April, 18(57, the lady of his choice being 
Miss Elizabeth Irvin, daughter of William and 
Mary (Hock) Irvin. Her father was a native of 
Virginia and was of Irish descent. By occupation, 
he was a farmer and died at the age of thirty-nine 
years. His wife was a native of Ohio, and died 
when about fifty years of age. Mrs. Campbell was 
educated in the common schools and has been a 
valuable helpmate to her husband. Their union 
has been blessed with two sons and two daughters: 
Marguerite, the eldest, a student in the Busi- 
ness College in Terre Haute, Ind., where she took 
a full course of instruction in stenography. She 
then went to Chicago, where she worked as a sten- 
ographer and was also a student in the Polytechnic 
School of that city. She afterwards entered the 
Bryant and Stratton Business College and is now 
at home with her parents. B. Pearl is also at 
home. Pain aids in the cultivation of the home 
farm, and Lowelll. completes the family. 

After their marriage Mr. Campbell rented land 
in Button Township, and there the young couple 
began their domestic life. With the exception of 



one year spent in Cli.iniiiaign County, he continued 
to engage in the operation of that farm until 1874, 
when, having acquired some capital through indus- 
try and perseverance, he purchased one hundred 
and sixty acres of land located on section ST), Wall 
Township, where he now carries on general farm- 
ing and has ever since resided. He now owns 
two hundred and fourteen acres of arable land 
and his beautiful country residence indicates his 
thrift and enterprise. He is an energetic and suc- 
cessful business man and all that he possesses has 
been achieved through his own efforts. He began 
life with scarcely any capital, but by industry, 
frugality and care, he has made a handsome com- 
petency. He takes no very prominent part in 
public affairs, save in the faithful discharge of his 
duties of citizenship. He cast his first Presiden- 
tial vote for Gen. George B. McClellan, and has 
since been a Democrat, but has never sought or 
desired political preferment. 

— J^ 



W UCAS T. BISHOP has for a third of a 
il (^ century been a resident of Brenton Town- 
,[*'— ^^ ship, and now makes his home on section 
17. He has seen the entire growth of the com- 
munity, for he came here when Ford County was 
almost an uninhabited tract of wild land. In its 
upbuilding and growth he has aided, and has ever 
borne his part in the work of development and 
progress. To the pioneers all credit is due for 
what they have done for the county, and promi- 
nently among them should be mentioned our 

Ml-. Bishop was born in Broome County, N. Y., 
November 26, 1829, and is a son of Isaac Bishop. 
The great-grandfather of our subject served in the 
Revolutionary War and participated in the battle 
of Bunker Hill. For many years the family resided 
in New London, Conn., where Isaac Bishop made 
his home until al)out thirty' years of age, when he 
became a resident farmer of Broome County, 
N. Y. In later years he went to Tioga County, 
Pa., and afterwards to Illinois. He died at the 
home of our subject, at the age of eighty-five 

years, in 1872. He served in the War of 1812, 
near New London, Conn., guarding the river and 
the city. In politics, he was first a Democrat and 
afterward a Republican. His wife died in Broome 
County, N. Y., in ISGG. 

Our subject was reared to manhood under the 
parental roof and at the age of twenty-one liegan 
learning the cooper's trade, which he followed 
for about eight 3'ears. He came to the West in 
1858, and purchased land in Ford County, III. — 
a tract of one hundred and sixty acres in Brenton 
Township. He now has a good home, and wiiat 
was once wild land has been transformed into 
rich and fertile fields which 3'ield him a golden 
tribute. He has planted trees and made other 
improvements which add both to the value and 
beauty of the place. In Mr. Bishop we see a self- 
made man who, though he had to begin life 
empty-luanded, has overcome all difticulties and 
obstacles in his path and has worked his way up- 
ward to success. 

Mr. Bishop is a friend to education and all in- 
terests calculated to benefit or improve the com- 
munity-. He has served as School Trustee since 
the township organized and not a cent of 
money been lost during all this time. He 
may well be proud of such a record. He cast his 
first Presidential vote with the Know-nothing 
party in 1856, then a Republican until Grant's 
second term, when he voted with the Greenback 
party. He is now a Prohibitionist. He served 
several terms as Supervisor and is now Assessor 
of Brenton Township. For a third of a centuiy 
he made his home in this county and is well 
and favorably known throughout its borders as 
a public-spirited and progressive citizen and one 
of the prominent fanners of the community. He 
and his wife have been members of the Presby- Church of Piper City since its organiza- 

Mr. Bishop was married in New York, in 1850, 
to Miss H.annah Watson, a native of the Fnipire 
State, and a daughter of Ira and Mary (McCul- 
lough) Watson, both of Scotch-Irish descent. Six 
children Imvc been born of their union, four sons 
and two daughters: Robert died at the .age of 
nine years; Minnie, who was born in New York, 



is now the wife of David Hanna, of Nebraska; 
Watson is a carpenter of Broken Bow, Neb.; Clara 
B., who graduated from tlie Normal University, 
of Normal, 111., is now engaged in teaching in 
Harvard; Clarence died when about a 3ear old, 
and Edward aids in the operation of the home 

^I^DWARD M. LYMAN, who is engaged in 
fe] general farming on section 17, Lj'nian 
j l' — ^ Township, is a worthy representative of 
the honored pioneer family for whicli this township 
was named. He was born in Soutliampton, Mass., 
May 23, 1850, and was the youngest of live sons, 
whose parents were Samuel and Lucetta (Burk) 
Lyman. The father was born in the Bay State, 
July 1(3, 181 ], followed the occupation of farming, 
and emigrated to the West in 18.56. Locating in 
this county, he purchased two hundred and thirty 
acres of wild land and his home was the only one 
between Del Re}' and Oliver Grove. The township 
first bore the name of Stockton, which was after- 
ward changed to Brenton, and later was named for 
JNlr. Lyman. Deer, geese, ducks and all kinds of 
wild game were plentiful and the experiences of 
pioneer life were all borne by the Lyman family. 
The parents were both members of the Congrega- 
tional Church and instilled into the minds of their 
children lessons of industry and morality. In 
politics, Mr. Lyman was a stanch Republican and 
was a widely-known citizen of this community, 
held in high regard for his sterling worth and in- 
tegrity. His wife died in Onarga, Septembei- 2.5, 
1875, and he passed away on Christmas Day of 
1877. They were laid to rest side by side in Rob- 
erts Cemetery, where a beautiful monument has 
I een erected sacred to their niemor}-. 

Three sons of this worth j' couple are still living. 
The eldest, Samuel B., was born in Massachusetts, 
was reared to agricultural p\irsuits and acquired a 
common-school education. During the late war, 
he donned the blue and served throughout the en- 
tire struggle. At Harper's Ferry, he was taken 

prisoner but was afterward exchanged. Later, he 
enlisted in an Illinois regiment and was given a 
place on the detective force in securing "bounty- 
jumpers." When the war was over, he received his 
discharge and returned home. He has lieen twice 
married. He first married Samantha Harris, who 
died in 1873, leaving four children, after which he 
was joined in wedlock to Mrs. Maggie Rams.ay. 
They now reside in Rolfe, Iowa, where Mr. Lyman 
is living retired. He was one of Ford County's 
honored citizens for a number of years and served 
as Sheriff from 1875 until 1882, proving one of 
the most efficient officers that the county has ever 
known. George P., who for some time was a lead- 
ing merchant of Roberts, 111., resides in Pasadena, 
Cal., where he is engaged in the milling business. 
He married Helen Searls. 

Our subject is the third son. He spent the 
first six years of his life in his native State, then 
came with his parents to Illinois. His education 
was acquired in the Grand Prairie Seminary in 
Onarga and he is a well-informed man. At the 
age of twenty-four, he started out in life for him- 
self with no capital, but is now a well-to-do farmer 
of Lyman Township. 

On the 26tii of November, 1874, Mr. Lyman was 
imited in marriage to Miss Harriet Samantha Hard- 
ing, a native of Illinois. She was educated in the 
common schools and for six terms was a successful 
teacher in Tazewell County. Her mother is still 
living and resides with Mrs. Lyman. She was born 
in May, 1824, and is now about sixtj'-eight 3-ears 
of age. Our subject and his wife have one son, 
Eugene H.. who is attending school in Roberts. 
The parents are both devout members of the Con- 
gregational Church of Roberts, to which Mrs. 
Harding also belongs, and they have been .active 
workers for its interest and upbuilding. Mr. 
Lyman is one of the Deacons of the church, also 
a member of the Board of Trustees and ,i worker 
in the Sunday-school. His wife is a member of 
the Christian Endeavor Society an<I is an officer in 
the Ladies' Aid Society. INIr. has always 
been an earnest advocate of temperance principles, 
and cast his first vote for Black and Russell, since 
which time he has been a stanch advocate of the 
Prohibition party. Himself and wife are members 



of tlic Indepondcnt, Ordor of Good Templars of 
Roliei'ts and are miiiihured among the best citizens 
of tliis community, being held in high regard by 
all for their manv cxcollencics of character. 





^ DWIN RICE was for nianj' years one of the 
most prominent residents of Paxton, .and 
the history of Ford County would be in- 
complete without this record of his life. He was 
a native of INIassachusetts, born in Worcester 
County, December 21, 1834. His parents, Silas 
and Elizabeth (Corey) Rice, were both natives of 
New England. 

Our subject spent his \outh with his parents in 
Ashburnham, where he acquired a good education, 
supiiiemented by study in Oxford, M.ass. He after- 
ward engaged in teaching for about two years, and 
in the spring of 185.5 came West, locating in Chi- 
cago, where he accepted a position as salesman in 
the mercantile house of D. B. Fisk it Co. A few 
months later, he left the city and went to Lisbon, 
Kendall County, 111., where he accepted a position 
in the dry-goods house of John Moore, and after 
two years became a partner in the business. 

In Lisbon, on the 10th of August, 1859, Sir. 
Rice wedded Miss M. Almarine Moore, daughter of 
Scliuyler and Lucretia (Kingsbury) Moore. Her 
father was a well-educated man and a native of 
Connecticut. In early uianhood, he went to New 
York, locating in Skaneateles, where he engaged in 
business, was married and reared his family. His 
death occurred in that place in 1863. His wife 
survived her husband a number of years and de- 
parted this life in August, 1891. Both were buried 
in the cemetery near their old home. Mrs. Rice 
was reared and educated in that city. Having 
relatives in Lisbon, 111., she came to that town and 
eiiiratred in teaching for some time. 

On account of failing health, Mr. Rice withdrew 
from the firm of Moore & Rice, and in 1865 made 
a trip to California, where he spent about six 
months, settling up the estate of his wife's uncle, 
Denman Kingsbury', who was a pioneer of that 
State, a bridge builder and prominent citizen dur- 

ing its early history. On his return to Illinois, 
Mr. Rice became a grain dealer of Morris, but the 
following December removed to Paxton, where he 
[michased an elevator. In 1882. he suffered a 
heavy loss, his elevator being destroyed by fire, 
but he rebuilt it soon afterward and resumed busi- 
ness, which he carried on until his death. He was 
connected with various enterprises, also one of 
the incorporators of the First National Bank under 
a charter in Ford Count3'. It was after- 
ward re-organized as the Ford County Bank, of 
which Mr. Rice was a stockholder until his death, 
and he was also a large stockholder in the Linseed 
Oil Works, of Toledo, Ohio. He was a most enter- 
prising and successful business man and was pub- 
lic-spirited and progressive. He gave liberally of 
his means to the support of the Congregational 
Church, of which he was an active worker, and also 
gave freely to charitable and benevolent purposes. 
The cause of temperance found in liim a warm 
advocate, and he was a member of the City Council 
which closed the saloons of Paxton. He was ever 
ready to advance the interests of the community 
where he lived, and certainly did much for the 
upbuilding of this city. 

Mr. Rice passed away on the 24th of April, 
1884, respected by all who knew him and mourned 
by the entire community. His remains were in- 
terred in Glen Cemetery, where a beautiful mon- 
ument marks his last resting place. The poor and 
needy great!}- mourned his loss for they found in 
him a true fiiend. He was a man of unblemished 
character and his life was iu many respects well 
worthy of emulation. 

Mr. and Mrs. Rice had no children of their own 
but reared in their home the lad3''s niece. Miss 
Almarine Gaylord, who came to them when about 
three and a half j'ears of .age. She has giown to 
womanhood and is an accomplished young lady, 
still residing with her aunt. 

Further mention should be made of the estima- 
ble wife of the worthy pioneer whose life record 
we have just given. After her husband's deatli, 
she took charge of the estate and business. To the 
grain business, she gave her personal attention for 
about two yeai-s, when a stock companv was or- 
ganized, of which she was the priucii)al stock- 



liolder. She also owns an interest in the Ford 
County Bank. She is a lady of superior business 
ability, and her efforts have been very successful. 
Of recent years, she has invested largely in Ford 
County real estate and is the owner of three good 
farms of one hundred and sixty acres each, highly 
cultivated and well improved. Of her means she 
has given liberally for the advancement of those 
enterprises calculated to |)romote the best interests 
of the city, and has been prominently connected 
with its upl)uilding. In 1889, some three years 
after the discontinuance of the Paxton Collegiate 
I nstitute, siie purchased the college building and 
l)roperty, which siie then deeded to the trustees. 
It was soon afterwaid re-opeued and the Rice 
Collegiate Institute, for so it is now called, is in a 
nourishing condition. 

After the death of Rlr. Kice, his widow built a 
neat and substantial residence in Paxton, one of 
the best homes in the city, where she is still living. 
She was again married, on the .'5d of February, 1891, 
becoming the wife of Dr. B. F. Miles, of Peoria. 
Their union was celebrated at the residence of Mrs. 
Moore, in Skaneateles, N. Y. The Doctor is a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania, and was educated at Dart- 
mouth College, N. Y., and was graduated from 
Marshall College, Pa. After completing bis literary 
course, he studied medicine and was graduated 
from the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia. 
He became one of the pioneers of Peoria, where he 
was engaged in the drug busniess for a number of 
years. Dr. and Mrs. Miles are both faithful mem- 
bers and active workers in the Paxton Congrega- 
tional Church, and are well-known citizens of Ford 
County, held in high esteem by all. 


OHN A. INIONTKLIFS, one of the most 
prominent and inlluential citizens of Ford 
County, is a dealer in real estate, grain and 
^ agricultural implements in Piper City. This 
work would be incomplete without his sketch, 
which we feel assured will i>rove of interest to 
many of our readers. He was liorn in MitHinburg, 
Pa., Ma3' 29, 1844, and is a descendant of Fred 

Marcus IMontelius, who started .across the Atlantic 
in the winter of 1773, landing in Philadelphia on 
the 2oth of August. For some time he engaged in 
merchandising ui the City of Brotherly Love, after 
which he removed to Reamstown, where his death 
occurred. His son John, the giandfather of our 
subject, settled in Mifflinburg, Pa., about 1800, and 
there spent the remainder of his life, following the 
trade of a tanner. He served as Associate Judge 
of the c()unt\- and represented his district in the 
State Legislature. 

Charles Montelius, father of our subject, 
born in 181 1, and was one of six sons and six 
daughters. He acquired his education in the pub- 
lic schools, and in 1837 married Rebecca Howard 
Piper. When a young man, he learned the tanner's 
trade but afterwards engaged in merchandising. 
His wife died in 1860, and the following year he 
came to Piper City and resided with his son. They 
were in business together from 1807 until 1873. 
The death of the father occurred in 1882, and liis 
remains were taken back to Pennsylvania and laid 
by the side of his wife. In politics, he was lirst a 
Whig and afterwards a Republican. In religious 
belief, he was a Presbyterian and served as Elder 
of the church for many years. His family num- 
bered four sons, all of whom were born in MitHin- 
burg, but two died in infancy. William Piper, 
brother of our subject, completed his literarv edu- 
cation in La Fayette College, after which he was 
for two years a student in the Western Theological 
Seminary of Pittsburg. He then became connected 
with the Christian Commission ami in the fall of 
1864 was stationed at Iluntsville, Ala. He died 
the following year. 

The subject of this sketch spent his boyhood days 
in his native cit}', where he was educated in the 
public schools and in an academy. In 18.59, he left 
home and for a year engaged in clerking in Milton, 
Pa., after which he spent one year in Lewisburg. 
On the 17th of June, 1863, he enlisted for the one 
hundred days' service and spent the time at Cum- 
berland, Md., as a member of Comi)an3' D, Thirty- 
first Pennsylvania Infantry. He was discharged at 
Harrisburg, August 8, 1863, and on the 12th of 
July, 1K04, re-enlisted in the First B.attalion of 
Pennsylvania Infantry, and served until November 



11, 1864. He participated iu no battles, but on 
one occasion niaiciied thirty-five miles in one day 
to guard tlie iron works at Johnstown. In the fall 
of 1865, he went to Philadelphia and attended the 
(Quaker City Business College, and iu the summer 
of the following year held a i)Osition in the Corn 
Exchange National Bank, of that city. 

Mr. Monteliuscame AVest in the autumn of IHGG, 
reaching Piper City on the 14th of November. On 
the 6th of December, he began general merchan- 
dising in connection with his uncle. Dr. Piper, for 
whom the town was named. The firm afterwards 
became Piper, Montelius & Co., subsequently C. 
Montelius ife Son, and business is now carried on 
under the name of J. A. Montelius, our subject be- 
ing sole proprietor. He was also engaged in bank- 
ing with his father until 1877, when he sold out to 
Cami)bell ife Thompson, with the intention of de- 
voting his time to his extensive land interests. In 
order to give emploj-meut to his brother, he began 
dealing in agricultural implements and aflervvards 
in grain. He owns two elevators in Piper Cit}', 
has a branch implement store at Kemptf)n and owns 
live thousand acres of farming land in Ford, Liv- 
ingston and Iioquois Counties. His cash transac- 
tions amount to about f 600,000 annually. 

On the 8lh of October, 1867, in Mifflinburg, Pa., 
Mr. Montelius married Kate Gast, who was born in 
that city and is a daughter of Henry and Mary 
Gast. Her mother is now deceased, but her father 
isstill living. They have a family of five children: 
Joseph K., who is now twenty-two years old, was 
born in Piper City, is a graduate of the public 
schools, for two years studied at Lake Forest, and 
is now employed in his father's office; Maggie was 
also educated at the public schools and at Lake 
Forest; George D. attended the Military Academy 
of Orchard Lake, Mich., for two j'ears; John A. was 
in the same school for one year; .and Mary Rebecca 
completes the family. 

The cause of education has ever found in Mr. 
Montelius a warm friend, and while serving as a 
member of the School Board, he did effective work 
in its interest. In 1867, be laid out the town of 
Piper City and in a room twelve feet square, a part 
of his present oHice, the first school convened with 
eight pupils. There were only four houses iu this 

locality when he located here, and witli every pro- 
gressive step of I'iper City, our subject has been 
identified. In his political affiliations, he has been 
a stalwart Republican since he cast his first Presi- 
dential vote for Lincoln, in 1864, when in the army, 
and he usually attends the county and congress- 
ional conventions of his party. Socially, he is a 
member of Piper Lodge No. 608, A. F. ct A. M.; 
Chapter No. 99, R. A. M.; St. Paul Commandery 
No. 34, K. T., and Gibson Council; also the(Jrand 
Army Post. He and his wife are leading members 
of the Presbyterian Church, take an .active interest 
in its work and for twenty years Mr. Montelius has 
served as Elder and for man}' years has been Super- 
intendent of the Sunday-school. He started out 
in life with nothing and came to Piper City with 
only $1,200, but by his industry, enterprise, perse- 
verance and good management, he has increased 
his possessions until he is now the wealthiest man 
in the county. Strict integrity and upright deal- 
ing have characterized his life and won him the 
confidence of all. Of his means he has given 
liberally to educational and moral interests and 
every enterprise calculated to prove of public ben- 

AVID NEWMAN, deceased, was born in 
Sussex County, N. J., on the 14th of July, 
1808, and was of English descent. His 
parents, John and Anna (Schofield) New- 
man, had a family of seven children. They were 
members of the Presbyterian Church, and, in poli- 
tics, John Newman was first a Whig and afterward 
a Republican. 

Our subject was reared to manhood in the State 
of his nativity and on the 28tli of July, 1833, was 
united in marriage to Miss Maria Conkle, a native 
of New Jersej'. Unto them was born a family of 
four children, three sons and a daughter: John, 
George, Sarah and Ezra, but all are now deceased. 
The mother was called to her final rest August 30, 
1839. Mr. Newman was again married on the 
24th of September, 184r), his second union being 
with Miss Mary .1. Koe, who was born in Strouds- 
buig, Pa., and was a daughter of Samuel and Mary 



(Haines) Roe. Mr. Roe was a native of Holland 
and of Englisli descent. This union was blessed 
with seven children, as follows: Wickliffe, Anna, 
Ezekiel, Samuel (deceased), Phcebe, Clara (de- 
ceased) and David E. 

Ju 1860, having come to Illinois, Mr. Newman 
located in Bloomington for five years, lii 1865, he 
purchased a tine farm of one hundred and sixty 
acres, upon whicli he made his home until his death, 
lie followed agricultural pursuits throughout his 
entire life and was (piite successful in his business 
career. He and iiis wife were members of the 
Presbyterian Church, and in his political aflilia- 
tions, ]\Ir. Newman was a Republican. His death 
occurred on the I'Jth of .January, 1892, and his 
wife died on the 21st of Januar3' of the same 
year. Speaking of tiiem, one of the county news- 
papers gave the following: "Mr. and Mrs. New- 
man were two of tiie band of twenty who gathered 
in the Union Schoolhouse, in 1871, to organize 
tiie First Presbyterian Church, under the leader 
ship of Rev. Criswell.of Normal. From that band 
of Iwentj', the churcli had grown in their lifetime 
to a membership of over two hundred, among 
whom Mr. and Mrs. Newman were ever prominent. 
The}' were, indeed, iiiglily res[)ected people of this 
communit}', who had the confidence and warm re- 
gard of all with whom they were brought in con- 
tact. ' ' 

David E. Newman, the youngest son, has the 
control of the old homestead, and is one of Ford 
County's most enterprising and industrious young 
men. He isanieml)er of the Presbyterian Church,' 
exercises his right of franchise in the support of the 
Republican party and is held in high esteem by his 
many friends and ac(iuaiiitances. 

J' OHN VAN NOSTIN, a representative farmer 
of Drummer Township, living on section 27, 
was born on Ins father's farm in Whitewater 
Township, Hamilton County, Ohio, Febru- 
ary 7, 1836. His father, Abram Van Nostin, wa.s a 
native of New .Jersey. He was reared as a farmer but 

afterward became a boot and siioe maker. He re- 
moved to Hamilton County, Oiiio, in an early day 
and became one of the pioneers of McLean County, 
111., of 1840. He there resided until his death, 
which occurred in 1852, his remains being interred 
in the cemetery near Downs. His wife long sur- 
vived him and passed away in 181)0. He was a 
member of tiie Universalist Church and she lield 
membership with the Christian Cluuch. Their 
family numbered ten children: Aaron, now de- 
ceased; Ann, widow of William C. King; Eliza, 
wife of D. Ilarboard; Alirain, deceased; Alexan- 
der, of Kansas; Charlotte, who is living in I(.>wa; 
Hannah; .John, of this sketch; Margaret, Amanda 
and Sarah. 

John Van Nostin, whose name heads this record, 
has S|ient almost his entire life in lUinoi' his par- 
ents locating in McLean County when he ,j a lad 
of only four summers. He aided in the lors of 
the farm during the summer montlis ar . in tiie 
winter season, when his services were not needed 
at home, attended the district schools of tl > neigii- 
borhood, where he acquired a limited education. 
He remained under the parental roof iiiilil his fa- 
ther's death and tiieii began working as a farm 
hand by the mouth and took care of his widowed 

On the ytli C)f .lanuary, 1861,in McLean County, 
Mr. Van Nostin, was united in the holy bonds of 
matrimony to Miss Martha S. Pliillips, a native of 
Kentucky, born in Nicholsville in 1844. Her par- 
ents, Beauford and Lucy (Settles) Phillips, were 
natives of Kentucky. For thirty-nine years, Mr. 
A'an Nostin engaged in farming in McLean County 
and then, accompanied by his wife, removed to 
this count}' in January, 1875. Soon afterward, he 
purchased the farm upon which he now resides, 
consisting of eighty acres of arable land, under a 
good stiite of cultivation and well improved. In 
connection with general farming, he engages in 
stock-raising, making a specialty of thoroughbred 
horses. In politics, he is a Democrat liut has never 
sought or desired puljlic oHice, preferring to de- 
vote his entire attention to Ins business. His wife 
is a member of the Protestant Methodist Cliurcli. 
They are worthy citizens of this community and 
are held in high regard by their many friends. 



c--^riS '^^^i^^^i^/HJ 




^1 BEL C. THOMPSON, now deceased, was 

WLm one of the prominent and influential bus- 
iness men of Paxton, and his name is in- 
separably connected witii the upbuilding 
and history of the city. lie was born in Luzerne 
County, Pa., August 6, 1818, and was a son of 
John and Mary (Gardner) Thompson. His father, 
also a native of the Keystone State, was descended 
from Scotch-Irish ancestors, and was a man of 
character and worth. The family of John and 
Mary Thom[)Son consisted of eight children: Fan- 
nie is the wife of Benjamin Sailor, a merchant of 
Franklin, Pa.; Sallie is the widow of George Swal- 
low, a capitalist of Abington, Pa.; Jesse, a mer- 
chant of Carboudale, Pa.; James, a retired farmer 
of the same place; Enoch, a farmer of Shenandoah, 
Iowa, and Rebecca, wife of Thomas Whait, of Wav- 
er ly, Pa. 

Abel C. Thompson, whose n.ame heads this 
article, was reared to manhood upon his father's 
farm, receiving such education as the district 
schools of those days afforded. At the age of 
eighteen, he began the battle of life for himself by 
working on the farm at 112 per mouth. Not sat- 
isfied with his educational attainments, he invested 
his careful!}' husbanded earnings in a course of 
higher studies in the schools of Hartford, Pa. 

Having accumulated !)>' industrj' and economy 
a small capital, he opened a general store in Exe- 
ter, Pa., which he successfully some two or 
three years. Removing to Ransom, in the same 
State, he again embarked in mercantile pursuits, 
continuing with marked success for many years. 
In 1852, he disposed of his interests in Ransom, 
and moved to Pittstown, Pa., where he also 
engaged in trade for some time, when he sold his 
store and turned his attention to journalism, be- 
coming editor and proprietor of the Fillstuwn. Ga- 
zelle. A man of varied ability, he proved himself 
capable in this field, as well as in business affairs. 
Other interests claimed his attention, for he had 
ownership in extensive coal fields. But nowhere 
did his excellencies of character more clearly man- 
ifest themselves than in the home circle. To him 
home was the haven of rest from annoyances that 
must come to every business man. 

On the 20th of October, 1845, Mr. Thompson 

married Miss Catherine, daughter of Solomon and 
Elizabeth (Searle) Brown. Mrs. Thompson is one 
of seven children, as follows: Daniel is a farmer of 
Exeter, Pa.; Catherine; Elizabeth and ]>awrence, 
deceased; Rasselas; Clara, wife of F. A. Thompson, 
of Paxton; Myron, a resident of Exeter. 

I\Ir. and !\Irs. Thomiison became the parents of 
two children. Lawrence died in infancy. Their 
only surviving child, Marian, was born October 
12, 1846, received her education in Miss Anabel's 
College, of Philadelphia, Pa., and on the 22d of 
September, 1868, became the wife of I. J. Sutton, 
manager of the Roller IMills of Paxton. They 
have one child, Stanley T., the eflicient book-keeper 
for the Ford County Bank. 

Failing health caused Mr. Thompson to seek a 
home in the AVest. It was his intention to go to Min- 
neapolis, Minn., but on the way he stopped to visit 
relatives at Paxtou. His healtli improved so rapidly 
that he determined to locate in Paxton. The fall 
of the same year, 1808, he returned to the East, 
disposed of his interests and moved his family to 
their western home. Having purchased an inter- 
est in the Ford County Bank, he was made its 
President, which position he held continuously to 
the date of his deatii. He was public-spirited 
and liberal toward all worthy enterprises, and 
whatever he took hold of he pushed with his char- 
acteristic energy and determination. Through his 
personal efforts the old gristmill of Paxton was 
converted into one of the best roller mills of East- 
ern Illinois. 

Ill tlie truest sense, Mr. Thompson was a self- 
made man; beginning as a wage-earner, he arose by 
persistent and well-directed effort to a position of 
infiuence and wealth, his intercourse with his fel- 
low men ever being m.arked by honesty and jus- 

In political affairs, ISIr. Thompson always took 
an active part, working for the triumph of the 
Republican principles. In Pennsylvania he served 
as Justice of the Peace and after coming to Paxton 
held the office of Mayor of the city two terms. He not a man that sought places of public trust, 
but when he once accepted such trust, he performed 
his part with conscientious fidelitj'. 

A record of the life of Mr. Thompson would 



lack in the most essential element were it not to 
speak of his religious faith and works. In early 
life he was converted, and became a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, in which he was 
ever a zealous and cheerful worker. If a superin- 
tendent of the Sunda3--school was needed, he was 
capable and willing; when a class-leader was wanted 
Mr. Thompson was available; was financial support 
necessary, he could always be relied upon to do his 
share. In a word, he was a pillar of the church. 
Is it any wonder that family, friends, and commun- 
ity should mourn the loss of one so helpful in all 
that tends to make life brighter and mankind bet- 
ter.? On the 24th of September, 1890, while at the 
mill, Mr. Thom})son met with an accident that re- 
sulted in his death six days later. In Glenn 
Cemetery, at Paxton, his remains wei'e laid to rest, 
but he will long be remembered as one of nature's 
noblemen and one of God's faithful servants. 

■jflOHN C. KEN WARD has been identified 
I with the history of Ford County since 1869. 
He now resides in Roberts, and is half 
_ owner and foreman in the tile factory. He 
was born in Sussex, England, October 2, 1832. 
His parents, John and Mercy (Standing) Ken- 
ward, never left their native land. The father died 
at the age of eighty-six years, and his wife passed 
away at the age of fifty-five. Both were mem- 
bers of the Baptist Church. They had a family of 
three sons and two daughters: Mercy E., wife of 
Mr. Johnson, grocer and draper of Stenning, Sus- 
sex Count}', England; John, of this sketch; Sam- 
uel S., who was one of the boys in blue of the late 
war, and died in the service in 1863; George, a 
commission merchant, who is married, and lives in 
Spokane Falls, Wash.; and Sarah J., wife of John 
Stacey, a merchant of East Grinstead, England. 

Our subject attended school until thirteen years 
of age, when he began serving an apprenticeship 
to the miller's trade, working in that capacity un- 
til seventeen years of age. By an uncle, he was 
advised to come to America, and, acting upon his 

advice, in May, 1850, sailed from Liverpool on 
the "John McKinzie," and, after seven weeks, 
landed in New York with only $25 in his pocket. 
He had formed the acquaintance of a young man 
on board, and together thej' went to Buffalo. 
There they fell in with a man who robbed Mr. 
Ken ward's friend of ^200, and the poor boys 
found themselves with only three sovereigns, 
which belonged to our sul)ject. At Sandusky, Mr. 
Kenward was offered §2.50 for a musket which he 
carried, and he gladly exchanged it for the 
money. The young men started to walk to Per- 
rysburg, Ohio, where the friend secured work as a 
mechanic, and our subject found employment in a 
mill. A short tune afterward, however, he left 
that place, and at length went to Marshall, Mich., 
where he worked until the si)ring of 1851 in a 
mill, and then returned to Detroit. In May, of 
that .year, he landed on Rock Island, in AYisconsin, 
and there engaged in fishing through the summer, 
but his employer failed to pay him for his ser- 
vices. The following winter he spent in Wau- 
kegan, where he did chores for his board, and in 
the spring went to Washington Island, Wis. 

While on that island, in November, 1852, Mr. 
Kenward married Miss Nanc}' Westbrook, daugh- 
ter of Joel and Lucinda (Kilbourn) AVestbrook. 
Unto them have been born ten children, seven 
sons and three daughters, eight of whom are j'et 
living: Joel, who was educated at Normal Union 
and successfully engaged in teaching for a num- 
ber of years, is now married, and is engaged in the 
jewelry business in Roberts; John, who was edu- 
cated in the AVesle^'an University, resides in Los 
Angeles, Cal.; Ira, who was graduated from the 
Weslej'an University in 1888, and for a time en- 
gaged in teaching, is now married and practices 
law in Protho, Utah; Samuel is married and re- 
sides on the old homestead; Aaron is an agricul- 
turist of AVall Township; Patience, .lanieand AVill- 
ard, at home. 

In 1869, Mr. Kenward came with his family to 
AVall Township. For eighteen years he had en- 
gaged in fishing on Washington Island, and now 
turned his attention to farming. He purchased 
onediundred and sixty acres of raw land, at $10 
per acre, and transformed the uncultivated tract 



into rich and fertile fields. The boundaries of his 
farm he also extended, until he now owns three 
hundred and tn-enty acres of highly improved 
land. In 188,5, he came to Roberts, and ha.3 since 
Iwen foreman of the tile factor.)', in which he owns 
a lialf interest. It has a eapacitj' of about six 
hundred thousand tile annually and the sales of 
brick and tile amount to from *8,0()0 to * 10,000. 

A poor friendless boy, he started out for himself 
in America and for iiis success in life deserves 
great credit as he has worked his way uitward to a 
position of affluence and also to a higli position in 
the esteem of his fellow-townsmen. Himself and 
wife are members of the Metliodist Cliurch and the 
lady is a member of the Foreign Missionary So- 
ciety. Tliey have given freelj' of their means for 
the erection of churches and to all benevolent and 
charitable considerations. Mr. Kenward cast his 
first Presidential vote for Gen. Fremont, and since 
the organization of the Republican p.arty has been 
one of its stanch advocates. He has served as 
Assessor of Wall Township for about six years, 
was Collector, School Director and is School 
Trustee of Lyman Township at the present time. 
He was also liglit-house keeper on Pilot Island, 
Wis., for three years. While only twenty- two 
years of age, he served as .Justice of the Peace, and 
laugliingly tells of how he was called upon to 
marry a couple when his embarrassment was as 
great as that of the contracting parties. In the 
summer of 1882, Mr. Kenward paid a visit to 
his old home in England, wliere he spent four 


W;ILLIAM HURST is numbered among the 
early settlers of Ford County, where he 
has made his home for the past thirty- 
four j'ears. He is a native of Lancashire, Eng- 
land, born on the lOtli of January, 1838, and is the 
ninth in order of birth in a family often children, 
three sons and seven daugliters. The parents were 
Joseph and Maiy (Bowers) Hurst. The father was 
a native of Lancashire, was a well-educated 
gentleman and was emploj'ed as book-keeper in a 

cotton manufactory. About 1847, accompanied 
by his wife and family, he determined to emigrate 
to America, and crossed the Atlantic from Liver- 
pool to Philadelphia. He made a location at 
Gloucester, N. J., and there remained until his 
death, which occurred June 23, 1849. His remains 
were interred in AVoodbury, N. J. His wife came 
to the West and died July 26, 187.5. She was laid 
away in Peach Orchard Cemetery, where a beauti- 
ful stone marks her last resting iJace. Both were 
members of the Society of Friends. 

The children of the family areBettie, a resident 
of Lj'man Township; Alice, wife of James Roberts, 
whose sketch appears elsewhere in this work; 
Ellen, who is living on section 30, in Lyman 
Township; Ann, wife of Joseph Tucker, a railroad 
employe, residing in Camden County, N. J.; Mary, 
wife of Jlatthew Biichenough, a farmer of Iro- 
quois County; Joseph, a prominent agriculturist of 
Lyman Township, whose sketch is given in this vol- 
ume; William, our subject; and Hannah, who is 
living on section 30, L^-man Township. 

William Hurst was a lad of nine years when 
with his parents he came to America. He worked 
for his mother upon the farm between the ages of 
nineteen and twenty-four years and then began 
life for himself, his property consisting solely of a 
team. As a companion and helpmate on life's 
journey, he chose Miss Mary Jane Roberts, daugh- 
ter of James Roberts. Their union was celebrated 
February 13, 1867, and has been blessed with a 
family of five children, but the only son, Walter, 
died at the age of fifteen years. Lizzie is now the 
wife of David Kenned}^ an agriculturist of Rob- 
erts, and unto them have been born a son and 
daughter. Mary is attending school and has also 
received instructions in instrumental music. 
Cynthia is also in school, and Elsie is the baby of 
the household. Mrs. Hurst, who is a native of 
Sussex, England, is a well-educated lady and en- 
gaged in teaching prior to her marriage. 

Mr. Hurst exercises his right of franchise in 
support of the Republican party, with which he 
has been identified since casting his first Presi- 
dential vote for Abraham Lincoln. For nine years, 
he has served as School Director and the cause of 
education has found in liim a waim friend, He 



and his wife are members of the Congregational 
Cliiircli, are benevolent and worthy people, and 
the poor and needy are never turned from the 
door empty-handed. Mr. Hurst is now living re- 
tired. For man^^ years he followed farming and 
was very successful, so that now he can lay aside 
all business cares. He first became owner of one 
hundred acres of raw land, but transformed it into 
rich and fertile fields, and extended tlie bounda- 
ries of his farm until he now has a richly culti- 
vated tract of one hundred and eighty acres. His 
sterling worth well entitles him to representation 
in this volume. 





\t7 EVI MILLER, an enterprising farmer and 
I (j^ one of the prominent early settlers of this 
jlL^^ county, now resides on section 24, Wall 
Township. He is a native of the Keystone State, 
born in Berks County, April 9, 1831, and is a son 
of Frederick Miller, also a native of Pennsylvania 
and of German descent, his ancestors having 
come from that country in an earl_v day and set- 
tled in Mar3dand. Frederick Miller removed to 
Ohio in 1833, settling in ISIontgomery County, 
where he engaged in agricultural pursuits until 
his death, which occurred in 1842. His first wife 
was in her maideniiood Miss Rieagle, and by her 
marriage became the mother of the following chil- 
dren: Isaac and Jonathan, both now deceased; 
Alvina, a resident of Darke Count}*, Ohio; and 
Harriet, who died near Salem, Oliio. Mr. Miller 
was again married in Pennsylvania to Catherine 
Whitman. She passed away in that State, leaving 
two children to mourn her loss, our subject and 
Jeremiah, who resides near Sidney, Ohio, where he 
carries on farming and is one of the County Com- 
missioners of Shelby County. The father of this 
family was a United Brethren in religious belief, 
and in politics was a Jackson Democrat and a 
stanch supporter of his party. 

Levi Miller was taken by his parents to Ohio 
when but eighteen months old and was there 
reared. His father died when he was eleven years 
of age, and he was then bound out for six years. 

His educational privileges were limited, he only at- 
tending school three or four months in a year. 
At the age of seventeen, lie began learning the 
carpenter's trade, at which he worked for three 
years. After liis marriage, he removed to Darke 
County, (Jhio, making his home near Greenville, 
where he followed his trade. He then came to 
Illinois and settled in La Salle County, where he 
engaged in the same occupation for ten years, 
when, in 1864, he came to Ford County, purchas- 
ing his present farm. At that time the country 
was so thinly settled that he could get on his 
horse and ride straight to the court-house in Pax- 
ton witliout turning either to the right or the left. 
His farm consisted of eighty acres of wild prairie 
land, and on the whole amount there was not a 
single tree. All this is now greatly changed. On 
his fine farm is a comfortable and commodious resi- 
dence, surrounded l\y a grove of beautiful trees. 
This has all been accomplished by industrious and 
enterprising efforts of our subject, who is one of 
the successful farmers of Ford County. He has 
now one tree on his place which is two feet in 
diameter and over sixty feet high, which he set 
out, it being a slip that he cut off with his plow 
while at work. 

On the 29th of July, 18.52, in Preble County, 
Ohio, Mr. Miller was united in marriage to Miss 
Maria Werts, a native of that county. The union 
of our subject and his estimable wife has been 
blessed by the birth of nine children, namely: 
Mary, wife of James Harris, of Loda, 111.; Jere- 
miah makes his home in Cliicago; Viola is a resi- 
dent of Big Bend, Kan.; Hamer and Theresa, now 
deceased; Lee lives in Loda; Charles is in Chicago; 
and Lucretia and Arthur make their home with 
their parents. All of the children have had com- 
mon educational advantages and have had the 
benefit of a good district school. Mrs. Miller is 
a consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church and her children attend Victor Church. 

Mr. Miller takes an active part in public affairs, 
.and helped to organize Wall Township and was 
its first Commissioner. He was Clerk of the Board 
of Commissioners some time and made out the 
first road tax. He has held four different offices 
at the same time, thus showing the high regard in 




which he is held. He was Supervisor in the year 
1872, and for twenty' 3-ears held the office of Jus- 
tice of the Peace. He takes an active interest in 
educational matters and has held all the school 
offices. He was Assessor of his township and in 
all the official positions he has held, he has dis- 
charged the duties with promptness and fidelity. 
He cast his first Presidential vote for President 
Pierce, and is a stalwart Democrat in political sen- 
timent, often acting as a delegate to the conven- 
tions of his party. Mr. Miller is essentially a self- 
made man, having secured all that he now pos- 
sesses by his able management and good business 
abilitj'. He has done much for the upbuilding of 
the county and is one of its honored pioneers. 



yT. MORRISON has a pleasant home on 
section 7, Button Township, where he is 
engaged in geneial farming. He is a well- 
known citizen of this community and one highly 
esteemed. He was born in Adams County, Oliio, 
August 11, 1840, and is of Irish descent. His 
father, Mitchell Morrison, was a native of the 
same county, but the gmnd father, .ludge Robert 
Morrison, was born on the Emerald Isle. When a 
boy he came to this country- and located in South 
Carolina, where he grew to manhood. In 180.3, 
he emigrated to Ohio, becoming one of the pioneer 
settlers of Adams County, and was quite promi- 
nent in the early history of that eoninmnity. For 
about thirty j'ears he served as Probate .hulge and 
also held the rank of Major in the State militia. 

Mitchell Morrison was joined in wedlock with 
Jane Wright, a native of Adams County, Ohio, 
and there followed farming until 1856, when he 
came with his family to Illinois and east his lot 
among the early settlers of McLean County. Lo- 
cating west of Bloomington,he there resided until 
1868, which year witnessed his arrival in Ford 
County, and in Button Township he made his 
home until his death, in 1879. His first wife 
died in 18.50, but his second wife still survives 
him. Our subject is the third in order of birth in 

a family of five sons and three daughters, two 
daughters being children of the second marriage. 
A brother and two sisters are still living. 

W. T. Morrison was sixteen years of age when 
with his father he came to Illinois. During the 
late war, he joined Company lil, of the Ninety- 
fourth Illinois Infantry, on the 7th of August, 1862, 
and served until after the cessation of hostilities, 
when he was mustered out at Galveston, Tex., 
in August, 1865, receiving his discharge in Spring- 
field, 111. He participated in all the engagements 
of his regiment, including the battle of Prairie 
(irove. Ark., the siege of Vicksburg, the battle of 
Mobile and man}^ others. I n the first-named he 
received a flesh wound just behind the ear but 
otherwise escaped uninjured and was never in the 
hospital. He was always found on dut}', faithful 
to his post, and made for himself an honorable war 

After his return to the North, Mr. Morrison en- 
gaged in farming for two years in McLean County, 
and in 1868 came to this county, locating on a 
farm in I?utton Township. He purchased one 
hundred and twenty acres of land, a part of his 
present farm, and began its development. Its 
boundaries have since been extended, until now 
two hundred and fifty acres pay tribute to the 
care and labor which he bestows upon it and the 
highly cultivated fields indicate his thrift and en- 
terprise. Many improvements are there to be seen, 
including good barns and other outbuildings and 
a large two-story residence. 

In this county on the 17th of January, 1871, 
Mr. Morrison wedded Miss Mary Moore, who was 
born and reared in Holmes County, Ohio, and is a 
daughter of Alexander Moore. Their union has 
been blessed with six children: Edward C, Laura J., 
Lena, Myrtle, Llo^d and Herman Leota. The par- 
ents hold membership with the Presbyterian Church 
of Clarence. Mr. Morrison cast his first Presiden- 
tial vote for Gen. U. S. Grant and has supported 
e.ach Presidential nominee since that time. He takes 
quite an active interest in political affairs and has 
filled several pul)lic offices. After serving as As- 
sessor, he was Justice of the Peace of Button Town- 
ship for eleven years and is serving his seventh 
year as a. member of the County Board of Super- 



visors and for tlie second time is its Chairman. 
Mr. Morrison possesses good business ability and 
well deserves the success which has crowned his 
efforts. lie has lived an upriirht life, is a man of 
sterling wortli, and is held in the highest esteem 
and confidence by all. 

•te^tor ■ I I t i f > 

f i • \ I I ( I 

^jp5^ AMUEL DAY. Among tlie early settlers 
^!^^ of the territory now comprising Ford 
Ifl/J)}) County, was he whose name heads this 
sketch, and whose family has been promi- 
nently identified with the business interests and 
development of the county since its organization. 
Mr. Da}^ was born in Kenton County, Ky., on the 
16th of April, 179i), while that region was still a 
wilderness. I lis father was the Kev. John Day, a 
native of Maryland and a jiioneer of Kentuck}-, 
when the red men held almost undisputed sway in 
that region. In 1803, he removed with his family 
to Preble County, Ohio, where, by the help of his 
sons, he cleared and improved a farm in that heav- 
ily timbered region, which was his home for the 
remainder of his daj-s. His wife died in middle 
life and was buried in Preble County. The hus- 
band survived till old age, remaining single. He 
was a minister of what is now known as the Chris- 
tian Church, and was ever faithful in the discharge 
of his duties. His death occurred in Shelby Connt3', 
Ind., while on a visit to his children, and he was 
there buried. 

Samuel Day was reared on his father's farm and 
in his youth learned the carpenter's trade, although 
he made agricultural pursuits the iirincipal occu- 
pation of his life. On the 8th of March, 1821, he 
was joined in wedlock to Miss Peggy Purviance, 
a daughter of the Hon. David Purviance, and a 
native of Kentucky. Her father was a prominent 
man of that State and distinguished himself by his 
open hostility to slavery, lieing an original Aboli- 
tionist. In earl}' life he had settled in Kentucky, 
where he was elected to the State Senate, and from 
his peculiar and then unpopular views on the all- 
exciting subject of slavery, he became renowned 
for the bold defense of his opinions and for tlie 

hostility he encountered and successfully com- 
batted. In 1807, he removed to Preble County, 
Ohio, where he passed the latter years of his life. 

Mr. and Mrs. Day had a family of nine children, 
all born in Preble County, of whom only four are 
now living: Eliza, the eldest, died in her native 
State at the age of seventeen; John P. married 
Miss Melinda Swisher, and is a well-known pioneer 
business man of Paxton, 111.; Mary A., the next 
j'ounger, died at the age of twelve years; Sophia 
became the wife of Alonzo Loutzenhiser and died 
in Champaign County, III., November 11, 1854. 
Samuel L. wedded Susanna Swisher, who died in 
April, 1858, and in 1860, he married his present 
wife, wlio was Miss Jennie Lj'cm; he is also a 
pioneer business man of Paxton and is represented 
elsewhere in this work. Nicholas B., the third son, 
married Barbara Stoner and is one of the oldest 
merchants of Paxton; the next in order is a 
daughter who died in infancy; Cordelia is now 
the wife of James Hock, of Paxton; and the 
youngest of the family, a son, died while a babe. 

Mr. Day continued his residence in Ohio until 
August, 1851, when with his family he removed 
to Miami Countj', Ind., and settled on a farm near 
Peru. In November, 1853, accompanied b}- his 
wife and children, he emigrated to Illinois, trav- 
eling with teams and driving the stock. They lo- 
cated near Danville, where, after sjiending a year, 
Mr. Day and his sons, Samuel and Nicholas B., 
came to what is now Ford County, then a part of 
Vermilion. Mr. D.ay, Sr., ])urchased a partly im- 
proved faim of one hundred and twenty acres 
near Prairie City, now Paxton, where he contin- 
ued to reside until his death, which occurred in 
February, 1858. He was in feeble health when he 
came to Illinois and died soon after coming here, 
so that he was not actively identified with the 
affairs of the county. Politically, he was a Whig 
from early manhood until tiie disruption of that 
part}', after which he was a Kepublican and alwaj'S 
anti-slavery. He filled the position of Assessor 
and other minor ollices in Ford County. He and 
ills wife were consistent members of tlie Christian 
Church in former years. 

Mrs. Day survived her husband many years and 
later in life, not having an organized society of 



her own church at Paxton, she joined the church 
of the United Brethren of that place. Her death 
occurred on the 9th of August, 1890, in her nine- 
t^'-third jear. She was possessed of a remarkably 
strong constitution and superior mental force and 
preserved her faculties almost unimpaired up to 
the day of her death. She was devoted to her 
family and reared her children to habits of in- 
dustry and frugality, and inculcated the lessons of 
sound moralitj' and Christian faith that resulted 
in their becoming worthy and respected members 
of society. She was a noble woman and her mem- 
ory is held in great veneration by her children 
and surviving friends of the pioneer days of Ford 

WAN PETERSON, the leading florist of 
Ford County and the only one of Gibson 
City, established business at that place in 
1882. Mr. Peterson is a native of Sweden 
and was born in Kristianstad, December 29. 1860. 
His parents' Christi.-in names were Jens and Mary, 
respectively, and they were also natives of the 
same country. 

The subject of this sketch was educated in his 
native land and served a regular apprenticeship 
to the trade of a florist. In 1880, when not quite 
twenty years of age, he emigrated from Sweden to 
America, coming direct to (iibson City. For two 
3'^ears he worked at whatever he could lind to do, 
by which he could eain an honest dollar, and in 
the meantime learned the English Language. In 
the spring of 1882, having accumulated a very small 
capital whicli he had saved from his earnings, he 
began raising flowers in a small way, under glass. 
His business prospered and he invested the profits 
in improvements, until he now an extensive 
establishment with Ave lots, ."iOxlGO feet e.ach, 
situated in the eastern part of the city. He has 
5,500 square feet of glass, and all the facilities for 
a first-class greenhouse. His princii)al liusiness is 
in cut flowers and his specialties are carnations 
and violets, while he has a fine collection cf roses 
and otlier plants. His principal markets are in 

Chicago and St. Louis. He has a commission mer- 
chant in both cities who handle his goods. In 
addition to the business he does in Chicago and 
St. Louis, he has quite an important trade at home 
and in neighboring Illinois cities. His annual 
trade is large. Supplying floral decorations for 
weddings and funerals constitutes an important 
part of his business, and his good taste in such 
matters is conceded by all. 

Mr. Peterson was united in marriage, on the 
16th of May, 1886, to Miss Sarah Moline, a daugh- 
ter of Swan and Permelia Moline. Mrs. Peterson 
was born in Southern Sweden, and emigrated to 
America with her parents when six years of age. 
Three children were born to our subject and his 
wife, one of whom is now deceased, Freddie, the 
only son, who died at the age of two and a half 
years. The living are Freda Maria and Anna 

In politics, Mr. Petersf)n is a Republican, casting 
his vote in support of that party. He and his 
wife are consistent members of the Swedish Evan- 
gelical Lutheran Church, and are highly respected 
in this community. He is an upright and honest 
citizen and is greatly esteemed for his sterling 

ILLIAM BAKER is a prominent joung 

^ I^ILLJAM 15AKEU is a promine 
\/sJ/' f'^''i"'''' <^'f Wall Township, who has spent 
y^^ alnu)st his entire life in Ford County. He 
now resides on section 2, where he manages a large 
estate. His father, Henry Baker, was born in Han- 
over, German3-, on the 19th of September, 1834, 
and his people for some generations were fanning 
folks. He grew to manhood upon a farm and ac- 
quired his education in the i)ublic .schools. When 
a boy, he was put to work herding sheep, but as 
he much disliked that work, he determined to 
seek a home in America, and at the age of sixteen 
left his native land. After (piite a while spent 
upon the Atlantic, he landed in New York, in 
1850, and from thence made his way Westward to 
La Salle County, III., where he worked as a farm 
hand by the month for some time. He afterwards 



purcliased land and engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits for himself. He had owned several farms in 
La Salle County prior to 1871, when he carac to 
Ford County, settling upon the farm which is now 
the home of our subject. He there resided until 
1889, when he removed to Streator, 111., where he 
is now engaged in mercliandising. 

In La Salle County, in 1858, Henry Baker mar- 
ried Miss Louisa Eberhart, a native of New York. 
Her father was a Frenchman by birth and her 
mother was born near Straslnirg, (iermany. Unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Baker were born six children who 
are yet living, and they have also lost one. Henry 
is now a merchant of Streator, 111.; William is the 
second in order of birth ; Edward is now a student in 
the V.alparaiso Normal School of Indiana, and 
makes his home witli his parents; John is now en- 
gaged in clerking in Chicago; Benjamin and Caro- 
line are at home. Mr. 15aker came to this country 
witli no capital, but accumulated a fine property. 
He now owns one and three-quarter sections of 
land, besides business and residence property in 
Streator. In politics, he is a Republican and is a 
member of the Evangelical Association, to which 
his family also belongs. 

Our subject was born in La Salle County, on the 
8th of September, 1864, and in the usual manner 
of farmer lads spent the d.ays of his boyhood and 
youth. He attended the public schools, and the 
education which he there acquired was supple- 
mented by a six months' course in the High School 
in Streator and also six niontiis' study in Naper- 
ville. When six years old, he came to Ford 
County, where he has resided almost continuously 
since. When his father left the farm in 1889, Mr. 
Baker took charge of it and is now engaged in gen- 
eral farming and stock-raisuig. He is a successful 
young business man, wide-awake and enterprising, 
and is well and favor.alily known in this commun- 

On the 14th of June, 1888, Mr. Baker wedded 
Miss Mary Rienenschneider, a native of Will 
County, 111., and a daughter of August and Bar- 
bara (Klingert) Rienenschneider, who reside in 
Lyman Township, that county. Their union has 
been blessed with one son, Samuel Walter, who 
was born on the 6th of July, 1889. The parents 

are both members of the Evangelical Church, of 
which Mr. Baker is a Trustee. He also serves as 
Superintendent of the Sundaj'-school. He cast his 
first vote for Gen. Harrison, in 1888. 
He has served as School Director for three j'ears, 
but has never been an office-seeker. His fellow- 
townsmen recognize in him an honorable and up- 
right young man, and he is regarded as one of the 
prominent and representative farmers of the com- 

•'^^S^' ■': =r-~|^- , ■«^=^ S)^?^ 

ellARLES C. PEARCE, as a breeder of 
standard-lired horses and a stock-raiser, is 
well known to tlie people of Ford County. 
He comes from Kentucky, a State noted for its fine 
horses. He was born in Flemingsburg, Fleming 
County, April 5, 1866. His father, Edwin E. 
Pearce, was born on the 3d of August, 1822, in the 
same county where he has p.assed his entire life. 
His career has been a remaikable one. Beginning 
his business life as a clerk in a store at $50 per 
year, he has become a man of infiuenceand wealth, 
much of his time being devoted to the raising of 
standard-bred horses. In an early day, Mr. Pearce, 
Sr., purchased lands in different counties in Illinois 
at a nominal sum, which have since become very 
valuable through the rise in the price of land and 
the improvements he has made thereon. Besides 
owning several farms in Kentucky, he is president 
of the banking house of Pearce, Fant & Co. of 
Flemingsburg. Notwithstanding he owned a large 
number of slaves, he was an advoc.ite of emanci- 
pation, and when the war broke out gave his sup- 
port to the Union cause. On the 10th of Novem- 
ber, 1857, Mr. Pearce was united in marriage to 
Miss Anna J. Clarke, a native of Mason County, 
Ky., born April 4, 1838, and called to her final 
rest on the 4th of October, 1878. Unto this worthy 
couple were born five children, four of whom are 
now living. 

Charles C. Pearce, the subject of this sketch,who 
is the third child of the family, spent his early life 
on the farm. In the private schools of his native 
county, he began his education, which was com- 

'J^?^./? 2j^- 



pleted at Lexington University. Having remained 
on the farm until 1881, he entered the liank of 
Pearce, Fant & Co., as book-keeper, remaining in 
that position for tliree years, and since 188G he 
has been a member of the Board of Directors of that 
institution. In August, 1887, Mr. Pearce came to 
Gibson City and began farming and stock-raising 
on a section of land which his father had purchased 
many years before. 

The following year our sulijcet returned to Ken- 
tucky and there, October 3, 1888, near Tallesboro, 
married Miss Hattie M., daughter of Madison M. 
and Mary E. (Means) Walker. Mr. Walker still 
lives, his wife having died some years ago. ]>oth 
were born in Kentucky and their only surviving 
child is INIrs. Pearce. Unto Mr. and Mrs. Pearce 
was born a son, Edwin M., who lived to be nearly 
two years old, when he was called home. The 
mother is a consistent member of the Presbyterian 
Church, in the interests of which she is an active 

In political sentiment,Mr. Pearce is a Republican, 
and is a stanch supporter of that party, as is also 
his fatiier. He is now devoting himself chielly to 
the raising of standard-bred horses, of which he has 
eleven at the present time on his farm, being .some 
of the flnesthorses of the county. In early boy- 
hood, he learned to handle horses and has acquired 
more than a local reputation as a good horseman. 
He is enterprising and progressive and is numbered 
among the worthy citizens of Ford County. 

.^ M ^— 

'ff|OIIN PURYIANCE DAY, a pioneer business 
man of Paxton, Ford County, who located 
^^ here in March, 1857, and for the past thirty- 
(^^ three years has been prominently identified 
with its real-estate and other business interests, 
was born in Preble Count}', Ohio, on the 8th of 
September, 1824. He is a son of Samuel and 
Peggy (Purviance) Day, a sketch of whom appears 
elsewhere in this work, and was reared on his 
father's farm in the woods of Preble County, 
Ohio. He enjoyed the limited educational advan- 
tages of the public schools of those da3's in that 

i-egion, and was early inured to hard labor, clearing 
the heavy timber and fitting the land for cultiva- 

Having attained to man's estate, Mr. Day was 
united in marriage, in IMiami County, Ind., on the 
25th of September, 1845, to Miss Malinda Swisher, 
daughter of George and Elizabeth (Bassett) Swi- 
sher. The lady was born in Ripley, Ind., and was 
reared in Preble Count_v, where she was a neigh- 
bor and associate of her husband in childhood. 
Soon after their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Day made 
their home on a farm in a heavily timbered section 
of Miami County, Ind. For seven years, Mr. Day 
swung the ax and tilled the soil, enjojing life 
keenly in the possession of the substantials of life, 
where all were on a common footing, never long- 
ing for or missing the luxuries of more modern 

In the fall of 1853, he and his family, with teams 
and a portion of their household effects, joined his 
father and brothers in their emigration to Eastern 
Illinois, and in November reached a point near 
Danville, where they located %ind bought land. 
John P. Day and family remained on their farm 
at that place until March, 1857, when they removed 
to Paxton, in what is now Ford County. He be- 
came interested in merchandising at that point 
and later sold his farm near Danville and concen- 
trated his business at Paxton. In .Tune, 1859, 
Ford Count}' was organized and at the first election 
of the county officers, which occurred the follow- 
ing fall, Mr. Day was elected County Treasurer. 
He was re-elected at the two succeeding elections 
and subsequently filled an unexpired term on the 
death of the Treasurer, serving from March 22, 
1866, to November, 1867, making his entire service 
in that office amount to nearly eight years. In 
politics, he was a AVhig in early life and joined the 
Republican party at its organization in Illinois in 
1854. AVhile serving as County Treasurer, he be- 
came very familiar with the land of Ford Count}', 
and .acted as agent for many non-residents in the 
settlement of taxes and in buying and selling real 
estate on commission. On retiring from office, he 
naturally turned his attention to the real-estate 
business, which he has carried on successfully ever 
since. His official and land business did not, how- 



ever, occupy his time exclusively, as he has been 
interested three different times with his brotliers 
in merchandising, and at this writing is a partner 
of his brother, N. B. Da3', in one of the largest dr^^- 
goods and general stores in Paxton. He and his 
brother, Samuel L., were associated in merchandis- 
ing, farming, real estate and general trading. Mr. 
Day handled live stoclv extensively, buying, feed- 
ing and shipping. Thej' began merchandising in 
Paxton, in March, 18.58, having the second general 
store in tliis place. In 18G0, ,Tohn P. Day cm- 
barked in the land business, since which time lie 
has bought and sold, either as principal or agent, 
many thousand of acres of land in Illinois and 
other Western States. At this writing, he is the 
senior member of the real-estate and loan agency 
firm of Day Brotliers, of Paxton. This firm does 
an extensive business, not only in Illinois, but 
in Kansas, Iowa and Missouri lands, and in city 

Three children were born to Mr. and IMis. Daj': 
Cordelia E., tlie eldest, now tlie wife of George 
Wright, of Chicago, and the muther of three chil- 
dren, two sons and a daughter. Margaret died at 
the age of six years, and Alice M. married Tlieodore 
M. King, a leading druggist of Paxton; they 
have one son, Claude. The parents and tlieir 
daughters are members of the Congregational 

Mr. Day was the first President of the town of 
Paxton, to whicli office he waselected April 15,1861, 
on the incorporation of the town or village. He 
was also a member of the first Grand .lury of F^ord 
County, in November, 1859, as well as the first 
County Treasurer to serve a full term. His life 
has been an active and useful one, and his business 
relations have been sucli .as to give liim an extended 
acquaintance throughout Ford and adjacent coun- 
ties, where his opinion and good judgment, espec- 
ially on the suliject of land values, are generally 
accepted as authority. It is gener.all3' conceded 
that no man has liad a wider experience or pos- 
sesses more reliable information in that direc- 
tion than Mr. Day. In all his intercourse with his 
fellow-citizens and the world in general, he has 
alwa3's been found upright and reliable. While 
conservative and prudent in all his business trans- 

actions, yet he is enterprising and ready to ven- 
ture where his good judgment sanctions invest- 
ment and he seldom makes mistakes. Perhaps 
that is one reason why he has been so successful in 
business and is so generally respected. It is now 
forty-six years since Mr. Day began business on 
his own account and in all that time he has never 
sued or been sued in a court of justice, a record 
an3' man might be proud of. 


/^^S\ IIARLES O. HAYES, a prominent and rep- 
(I ^-^^ resentative citizen of Roberts and the pop- 
^^^J ular host of the Glencoe House, is a native 
of Clinton Count3-, N. Y. He was born June II, 
1834, and was the eighth in a family of seven sons 
and three daughters, born unto Asa and Laura 
(Larkin) Ilaycs. The father was born in the 
Green JMoiiiitaiii State, where he remained until 
eleven years of age, and then removed to New 
York, where he spent the greater part of his life 
and engaged in Ijusiness as a lumberman. In his 
childhood da\s, when the Revolutionaiy War was 
in i)rogross, he fre(iueiitly carried dis[)atches from 
Plattsburg to Ogdensburg, N. Y., through the un- 
broken forests. In politics, he was a .lefferson 
Democrat. lie emigrated to McLean County, 111., 
in 1863, and, purchasing f)roperty, there made his 
home until his death. His wife died at the age of 
fifty and her remains were interred by the side of 
her two daughters in the cemeteiy of Beekman- 
town, N. Y., while Mr. Ha3'es was laid to rest in 
Livingston County, 111. They were highly re- 
si)ected people and their lives were worthy of the 
warm regard in which they were held. 

Five children of their family are 3'et living: 
Hiram, who served as Ca|i1ain in the late war, is 
now married and lives a retired life in Whitewater, 
Wis.; Mary is the wife of the Rev. S. P. Alford, a 
Methodist niinister; Charles is the next younger; 
.John, who wore the blue during the late war, is mar- 
ried and lives a retired life near Plattsburg, N. Y.; 
and .loel P.. who was (^uarterni.aster of his company 
during the late war, is engaged in farming near 
Neosha P'alls, Kan. The following are now de- 



ceased: Lo^-al. who was horn in New York, fol- 
lowed farming and died in Vermont, wliere his 
wife and famil3' reside; Christiana became the 
wife of L. 8. Robinson, a farmer of New York, and 
died at about the age of thirty-live jears; Harriet, 
who became the wife of Levi Stafford, a mechanic, 
died in New York, and since her deatii her family 
hus emigrated to JMichigan; P^noch and Lorin 
died at about twelve and fifteen years of age, 

Our subject acquired his education in the com- 
mon schools and is a self-made man who had to 
begin life for himself empty-handed. In f.act, he 
borrowed $5 with which to come to the West. 
On attaining his majoritv, he emigrated to Illinois, 
and in 18.56. began working as a farm hand in 
Kendall County. He spent the year 18.58 in AVal- 
worth County, Wis., hut with tlie exception of 
that time has since made his home in Illinois. On 
the .5th of ()ctol)er, 18.5',), he married Lucenia R., 
daughter of Wesley .and Cornelia (Randall) Alford. 
Her father was a native of New York and emi- 
grated to this State in 185.5, locating in Kendall 
County, where our subject and his wife were mar- 
ried. She born October 30, 1842, and one 
of live sons and four daughters. Her birth was 
followed by that of Hannah, who became the wife 
of William Skinner, a farmer, now deceased, who 
resides in Fiirest, 111.; Setli, of Cropse^y, 111.; Emma, 
wife of Sherman .lohnson, a farmer of Livingston 
County, III.; Lorenzo, a merchant of Cropsey; 
fleorge, who makes his home in the same place; 
and Allen, who is employed as a .salesman b_y his 
brother Lorenzo. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Hayes have been born four 
daughters: Ada, who was educated in Saybrook, 
.and passed the teachers' examination, possesses 
considerable musical talent and was instructed in 
that art by Prof. Hugh Kilso, now of t,he Conser- 
vatory of Music in the Auditorium of Chicago. 
She became the wife of Orville CUieney, who was 
educated at Wesle3"an College, and is a well-known 
farmer of Count}\ He cast his first vote 
for Gen. Grant and is a stalwart Republican. 
Julia is the wife of Andrew .1. O'llarra, a con- 
tractor and builder, of Englewood; Nellie, who 
was educated in Saybrook, is the wife of N. F. 

Davis, a contractor and builder, of Gano, III., and 
a iirominent member of the Patriotic Order of 
Sons of America. Ilattie is the wife of Roy 
M.ah.aflfey, who is now engaged in merch.andizing 
in Englewood, III. 

Mr. Hayes proudly cast his first Presidential vote 
for .John C. Fremont and has since been a stalwart 
Republican. He was Constable of McLean County 
for four consecutive years but has never been an 
olhce-seeker. Himself and wife are faithful mem- 
bers of the Methodist Church and contributed 
liberally to the erection of the beautiful church 
edifice. He is one of the Trustees and was also 
.Steward. His wife was President of the Ladies' 
Aid Societ}', and is a member of the F'oreign Mis- 
sionary Society, and botli have been identified with 
the .Sunday-school work. 

Glencoe House is one of the leading hotels in 
this part of the county and has found favor with 
the traveling public. Everything is kept in first- 
class order which insures it a liberal jiatronage. 
Besides this, Mr. Hayes owns other valuable prop- 
erty' in Roberts luit expects soon to go South on 
account of his health. In his removal the county 
will a valuable citizen. 

|r^)OBERT POLLOCK is a prominent and rep- 
ILiir resentative farmer of Patton Township, 
residing on section 24, and it is with 
ure that we record his sketch in this vol- 
ume, for he is well worthy of representation in 
this history of his adopted count3'. Indiana is 
the State of his nativity and his birth occurred in 
La Fayette, November 28, 1840. The Pollock 
family is of Scotch origin and was founded in this 
country' in earl3' Colonial days by ancestors who 
settled in JIaryland. The name, however, was 
originally Polk, and was thus written l)y the 
grandfather of our subject, Robert Polk, a Revo- 
lutionarj' soldier, who emigrated from Mary- 
land to Ohio in an earl}- d.ay. He accom- 
panied by his s(m William, father of our subject, 
who was then a lad. It William and his 
brothers who changed the spelling of the family 



name. He remained in the Buckeye State until 
eighteen years of age, and then removed to Indi- 
ana, locating in La Fayette. 

Mr. Pollock was there united in marriage to 
P0II3' Ann I'atton, a native of Indiana and a 
daugliter of Judge David Patton, an earlj- pio- 
neer and prominent citizen of Ford County, wliose 
sketch appears elsewliere in this work. After tlieir 
marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Pollock resided for tliree 
years in La Fayette, and then removed to Kanka- 
kee County, 111., where he engaged in farming 
for a few years. Later, he engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits in Monee Station, Will Count}', 
and in l>i.')l removed with his family to what is 
now Ford County, settling at Ten Mile Grove, 
where he was engaged in farming for more than 
twenty years. He now resides near the city of 
Maryville, Nodaway Count}', Mo., where he has 
made his home since 1880. The Pollock fam- 
ily numbered eight sons and four daughters and, 
with one exception, all reached adult age. 

Robert Pollock, whose name heads this record, 
came with his parents to this part of Illinois in 
1851, a lad of eleven years, and hence almost his 
entire life has been passed in Ford County. The 
days of his boyhood and youth were spent in the 
usual manner of farmer lads, he aiding in the 
farm labors during the summer months, while in 
the winter season he attended the public schools. 
His primary education was supplemented by a 
course in Abingdon College, and he further pur- 
sued his studies in Lombard University. He be- 
gan teaching when only seventeen years of age, 
and followed that profession for several terms, 
but at length left the schoolroom for the farm, 
and for several ye-ii'S engaged in agricultuial pm- 

In Kankakee County, 111., in the spring of 18G3, 
Mr. Pollock wedded Miss Margaret Olson, a na- 
tive of Sweden. He has always taken quite an 
interest in political affairs, and has been honored 
with several positions of i)ublic trust. He served 
as Marshal of Paxton, was also Constable and 
Deputy Sheriff, and filled other official positions a 
number of years. On questions of national im- 
portance, he casts his ballot in support of Demo- 
cratic principles, but at local elections votes for 

the man whom he thinks best qualified to fill the 
office, regardless of party alHliations. In 1880, he 
located upon his farm, three miles from Paxtou, 
where he now resides, and has since given his time 
to agricultural pursuits. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Pollock has been 
blessed by the presence of three children: Freder- 
ick J., who lives at home and follows farming; 
William, who aids his bruther in the operation of 
the farm; and Irena C, wife of Charles Graham, 
of Paxton. The parents attend the Congrega- 
tional Church and contribute to its support, al- 
though they are not members. Since a lad of 
eleven summers, Mr. Pollock has resided in Ford 
Count}', wiiere he has a wide acquaintance and is 
held in high regard, for he is esteemed Iiy his fel- 
low-citizens as a man of sterling worth and ex- 
emplary character. Ilis life been a busy and 
useful one and, as a result of his own enter|)rising 
efforts, he has accumulated a comfortable compe- 




AVID RKEP, who is engaged in general 
farming and stock-raising, owns and operates 
one hundred and eighty-nine acres of valu- 
able land situated on section 28, Patton Townshii). 
The farm is pleasantly situated aliout three and a 
half miles from Paxton. It is under a high state of 
cultivation, well im])roved with good buildings and 
stocked with a fine grade of horses and cattle. In- 
deed, the owner is regarded as one of the enter- 
prising and successful agriculturists of the com- 

Mr. Reep was Itorn in Butler County, P.a., Dec- 
ember 3, 1845, and is a son of Isaac Reep, who 
was born in 1812. The grandfather also bore 
the name of Isaac Reep, and was likewise a native 
of the Keystone State, where the German ancestors 
of the family settled at an early day. The grand- 
father served as a soldier in the War of 1812. The 
father of our subject spent his boyhood days and 
youth in Butler County, and afterward m.arried 
Lydia Barnhart, who was born in that county and 
was a daughter of Andrew Barnhart, also a native 
of Pennsylvania and a soldier in the War of 1812. 

; I 

ri /d-^A^/CfJ^^^ 



Mr. and Jlrs. Reep located upon a farm in the 
county of their nativity, and there reared their 
family. The father still resides on the old home- 
stead, and, at the age of sevent^'-nine 3'ears, is liv- 
ing a retired life. He has been an ardent supporter 
of the Republican party since its organization and 
has held numerous local olliccs. In religious be- 
lief, he is a Lutheran and takes an active interest 
in church work. 

David Reep, whose name heads this sketch, was 
reared to manhood upon his father's farm, acquired 
a good common-school education and remained 
under the parental roof until after he had attained 
his majority, wlien he left home, and on the 22d 
of October, 1867, was joined in wedlock to Miss 
Nannie Jane Kinkaid, who was born and reared in 
Butler County, and is a daughter of James and 
Elizabeth Kinkaid, who were also natives of the 
Keystone State. They began their domestic life 
upon a farm near the old Reep homestead, and 
our subject there engaged in agricultural pursuits 
for a number of j'ears, after which he sold out. It 
was in 1879, that he cauie to Illinois, locating first 
in Kankakee County, where he rented a farm for 
a year. He then came to Ford County, and pur- 
chased a tract of land — his present farm. He first 
bought only one hundred and nine acres but has 
since added to it an eighty-acre tract, and to farm- 
ing and stock-raising has devoted his entire atten- 
tion continuously since. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Reep have beeu Ijorn eight 
children, the eldest of whom, John F., is now em- 
ployed in the railroad shops at Evansvillc, Ind.; 
Minnie, who has engaged in teaching, is now at- 
tending the university at Bloomington, 111.; Lib- 
bie is attending the Collegiate Institute of Paxton; 
Alexander is attending the public schools of Pax- 
ton; James C, Albert and Iva May are attend- 
ing the home school, and Charles Everett com- 
pletes the family. They have lost two cliildren. 
The Reep household is a hospitable one and the 
members of the family rank high in social circles. 

Both Mr. and i\Iis. Reep are members of the 
Methodist Church at Paxton. In politics, he was 
formerly a supporter of the Republican party, but, 
being a stanch advocate of the cause of tera])erance, 
his views on that question led him to identify 

himself with the Prohibitionist party. He is a 
friend to all social, moral and educational interests, 
and whatever tends to benefit the community' or 
promote the general welfare is sure to receive his 
hearty support and co-operation. He is indeed a 
valued citizen and one deserving of representation 
in the history of his adopted county. 

r^^ OBERT BLACKSTOCK, of the Ford County 
'^t' Bank, of Paxton, of which Thompson, 
Blackstock & Co. are proprietors, is an 
'■^- earl 3- settler of Ford Count\' and has been 
identified with its financial history for nearly 
twenty-two years and a resident for thirty-eight 
years. He is a native of Ontario, Canada, his birth 
having occurred in Peterboro, of that province, on 
the 3d of August, 1825. His parents, the Rev. 
Moses and Jane (Morrow) Blackstock, emigrated 
from Ireland to Canada in 1818. The Rev. Moses 
Blackstock was a clergyman of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church and was distinguished for his earnest 
Christian piety and consistent and faithful work 
in his holy calling. His wife was in full sj'mpathy 
with her husband and possessed in a marked degree 
the true Christian virtues that adorn and perfect 
the character of a woman whose husband is a min- 
ister of the Gospel. Tlie families of both were of 
Scottish origin. The paternal grandfather of our 
subject was a Presbyterian clerg3-nian of Scotland, 
w)io became chaplain for a Scottish colony under 
Lord Farnham, which located near Dublin in 
County Cavan, Ireland. The Rev. Moses Black- 
stock, after attending the meetings in Dublin of an 
English Methodist missionary, named Gideon Ous- 
ley, united with the Methodist Church. After his 
conversion, he went to Canada as a Methodist mis- 
sionary, taking with him his wife, whom he had 
married two years previous. He was continuously 
and successfully engaged in ministerial work in 
that country' until 1855, when he emigrated to the 
United States and located near La Fayette, Ind., 
where he united with the Northwestern Indiana 
Conference and labored faithfully and industri- 



ously in that field until his death, which occurred 
in September, 1876. His wife had died some eight- 
een years previous, in La Fayette. 

Robert Blackstock was reared and educated in 
Canada under the best moral influences and the 
strictest Christian discipline. At the age of nine- 
teen, lie began learning the trade of harness-maker 
and was employed in that vocation for the suc- 
ceeding eight 3ears. In 1852, he went to Shaw- 
nee Mound, and engaged in farming. In Feb- 
ruary, 1853, he was united in marriage to Miss 
Emily Meharrj', daughter of Hugh and Susan 
(Ambrose) Meharry, of Shawnee Mound, Ind., 
whose sketch appears elsewhere in this work. Five 
children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Blackstock, of 
whom three died in childhood, while a son and a 
daughter are yet living. Ira B., the elder, is now 
engaged with his father in the management of the 
Ford County Bank, of which he is one of the pro- 
prietors, and R. May presides over her father's 

In the year 1856, Mr. Blackstock removed from 
Indiana to Ford County, 111., and commenced 
farming about three miles west of the site of 
the present city of Paxton, which occupation 
he pursued with marked success for a period of 
twelve years and accumulated considerable prop- 
erty. In 1870, he removed to Paxton and became 
interested in banking, and on the 1st of Novem- 
ber of the follovving year, in company with A. C. 
Thompson, Edwin Rice and C. E. Ilendenson, he 
participated in the incorporation of the First Na- 
tional Bank of Paxton, in which he was a stock- 
holder. In the spring of 1874, he was chosen 
cashier of the bank to succeed S. J. Toy, and con- 
tinued to serve in that position until February 10, 
1876, when the bank went into voluntary liquida- 
tion. Then the existing firm of Thompson, Black- 
stock & Co. organized the Ford County Bank, 
which has since conducted a safe and increasing 
business and which is now under the management 
of Mr. Blackstock and his son, Ira B., resident part- 

In January, 1890, Mr. Blackstock was called to 
mourn the loss of his wife, who passed to her 
eternal rest on the 9th day of the month. 

In politics, our subject is an earnest Republican 

but has never sought or desired prommence in 
public affairs. His life has been distinguished by the 
strictest observance of Christian duty and an earnest 
and active interest in the cause of the church of his 
choice, the Methodist P^piscopal, of which he has 
been a consistent member from his youth up. He 
was one of the constituent members of the first 
church established in Paxton, and has been an ac- 
tive and efficient worker in the Sunday-school and 
in all that pertains to the advance of the best in- 
terests of societ3' aud the Christian religion. He 
and his brother-in-law, Francis Meharry , were the 
priucipal contributors in the construction of the 
Meharry Chapel, the Methodist house of worship, 
situated at a point four miles west of Paxton. It 
was built at a cost of ^1,400 and was the first reg- 
ular meeting-house erected in Ford County. He 
was also a liberal contributor toward the building 
of the Methodist Church in Paxton. Mr. Blackstock 
is one of the organizers of the Building, Loan and 
Savings Association of this place and was chosen 
Treasurer of the association. In all the affairs of 
life, he has proved true to the high moral princi- 
ples inculcated in his youth by his venerated par- 
ents and is esteemed a most worthy and respected 
citizen by a wide circle of acquaintances. 

V^^^^ICHOLAS BALFOUR DAY, a well-known 
I jjj early settler of Ford County, and a pioneer 
lAS^ merchant of Paxton, now the manager and 
junior partner in the mercantile firm of J. P. Day 
& Co., was born in Preble County, Ohio, on the 
12th of November, 1835, and is a son of Samuel 
and Peggy (Purviance) Day, whose sketch appears 
elsewhere in this work. 

The childhood and youth of our subject were 
passed on his father's farm. He attended the dis- 
trict school and learned to swing an ax about as 
early as he learned to read. His home was in a 
heavil_v timbered region, where every acre of land 
represented an immense amount of hard labor, 
compared with the land whereon he subsequently 
made his home in Illinois. When he was sixteen 
years of age, he removed with his parents to Miami 



Comity, Iiid., and after there rosidiiiij upon a farm 
for two years, the family, eonsistiiiif of the parents, 
two married sons and their families, and one mar- 
ried daughter and iier family, also Nicholas 11. and 
his younger sister, emigrated to Illinois. They left 
Indiana in the fall of 1853, with teams and wagons 
loaded with houseliold goods, in addition to whieh 
they drove eonsideraI)le live stock, making (piite a 
caravan. They made their way to N'ermilion County, 
111., and settled on land near Danville. The fol- 
lowing siiring they put in crops, hut decided to go 
farther to the Northwest where the country was 
more newly settled, and land cheaper. In August, 
18.'54, Mr. Day and his sons, Samuel and N. n.,came 
to what is now Ford County, and settled near the 
site of the jjresent city of Paxton, then a wild prai- 
rie. An incident illustrating the primitive condi- 
tion of the situatKjn is given by our suliject, who 
relates the story of his one day running a prairie 
wolf down while out on horsehack, and his killing 
the animal at a point tliat is now the center of the 
city of Paxton. The killing was accomplished by 
the common method in pioneer da3's. The rider 
having tii'ed the wolf out, took off one of the stir- 
rups with the strap attached and struck the wolf 
over the head without dismounting. He also 
helped to build the first house in Prairie City, now 
Paxton, so that he may be said to have been in 
prett}' near the beginning of civilization at the 
county seat of Ford County. 

Mr. Daj' spent the fall and winter of 1854 in 
assisting his father in getting a home established, 
and was back and forth between the new home and 
the farm near Danville, aiding in securing tiie 
crops. The next winter he helped break prairie, 
and on the loth of December, a month after his 
twentieth birthda\', was married at the lady's home, 
to Miss Barbara, the eldest daughter of Daniel C. 
and Susan Stoner, who was one year his jnnior. 
She was born in Tippecanoe Count)-, Ind., and 
came to lord County with her parents in 1852. 
The \'oung couple who at so early an age had 
launched their ship in life upon the sea of matri- 
mony', were rich only in youth, hope and energy, 
and a determination to succeed in making their 
way in the world. Mr. Day's worldly possessions 
consisted solel}- in the ownership of a horse and 

saddle, whieh may have been very useful for pur- 
poses of locomotion over the prairie, and no doul)t 
might carry double on a [linch, but could not very 
well be utilized for shelter, food or raiment. The 
bride's father was well-to-do for a settler in the 
new country, and was evidently shrewd and sensi- 
ble, and instead of reaching for his [locket-lxiok 
and making the opening chapter of the married life 
of iiis daughter and son-in-law cheerful aTid easy, 
took Mr. Day at his word when lie said he only 
asked him for his daughter, and let the young folks 
learn by experience tliat married life without means 
was no summer holiday. And the^- learned it. 
But their independence and pluck, backed by in- 
defatigable energy, soon made the road smoother. 
Sir. Day rented a partially improved farm, where 
he and his wife worked with all their strength and 
endurance to make a start. Those were hard times, 
too, in the history of the West; produce brought 
but small return for labor, and money scarce, 
especially in the years 1857, 1858 and 1859. After 
a few years, hoping to better themselves, they 
rented land near Danville and removed there. IMr. 
Stoner had evidently watched with satisfaction the 
manly independent course of his son-in-law, and 
had made up his mind that the time had come 
when he might safely lend a helping hand, espe- 
cially as he had learned that a valuable farm near 
by was on the market at a very low figure. So he 
wrote Mr. Day that lie wanted to see him .at once. 
On our subject's arrival, he was surprised to learn 
that it was the desire of his wife's father that he 
should buy this farm of two hundred and twenty 
.acres at a cost of about ¥3,000, and that the first 
pa3'ment of §1,000 made by Mr. Stoner, he 
taking Mr. Da\"s note for the same. The old 
gentleman then took from all the holes in the walls 
of the rude cabin that amount in gold, for which 
he took a note on a long time. When Mr. Sto- 
ner was fully satisfied that his son-in-law was a 
financial success, he made his wife a present of that 
% 1 ,000 note as a birthday present. The purchase was 
made, and Mr. Day found himself the owner of a 
fine farm partially improved, but he was also deeply 
in debt. He had given his notes for the deferred 
])ayments in amounts of $500, running one, two 
and three years. Then came the tug of war. He 



raised a big crop of corn the first year, but on liaul- 
ing a load into Paxton, was offered onlj' ten cents 
a bushel for it. lie finally sold it for twelve and 
a half cents per bushel, but decided not to sell any 
more at those figures. The date of payment of the 
first note came round, and, for the first and last time 
in his life, he had to admit that he could not meet 
his obligation. He had a lot of corn in store and 
some cattle, but to sell at going prices would only 
make his ruin more complete. So he got an ex- 
tension of time. This was during the first year of 
the war; gold had disa|)peared from sight, and 
prices were tending upward. To make a long story 
short, he sold his ten-cent corn for seventy-five 
cents per bushel, and his cattle, that had been held 
at two cents per pound, for six or seven, and he 
soon had his land paid for and money to spare. 

After the farm was clear, Mr. Day found that 
both he and his wife, by their long continued strug- 
gle, were broken down in healtii. and they decided 
to let the farm, move to Paxton and take a3car's 
much needed rest. The change was made in the 
fall of 1863, but the result was not what they an- 
ticipated. The sudden change from active and 
continuous labor to idleness was terrible to Mr. 
Day, who became so uneasy that he had no com- 
fort or pleasure in life. It happened that an ac- 
quaintance offered him a position as clerk in a gen- 
eral store at a modest salary, which he gladly 
accepted in order to have something to occupy his 
time. He learned to like his new work, and con- 
tinued in it about two years, or until he had thor- 
oughly learned the mercantile business, when he 
started in the dry-goods trade for himself in 1865, 
and has followed it almost continually since, mak- 
ing him the oldest merchant in Paxton in years of 
business experience. During all this time, he has 
still held the title to his farm, which is one of the 
most productive and valualile in the couiit3'. His 
wife inherited one hundred and sixty acres ad- 
joining it, which IS also valuable land. 

Three children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Da}-, a 
son and two daughters: Florence A., the eldest, is 
now the wife of William P. Martin, of Paxton; 
Viola E. married Wilnier Wright, and is now re- 
siding in Chicago; Curtis, the only son, is single 
and in business with his father in Paxton. 

Recently a partnership was formed between Mr. 
Day and his brother, .John P., in the mercantile 
business, under the firm name of J. P. Day & Co. 
While this partnership has existed only a year, 
they have been associated in business, in one way 
and another, for the greater part of their mature 
j'ears. It has been a marked characteristic of the 
Day brothers, that they have always worked to- 
gether in harmony and mutual confidence; the 
younger ones looking up to John P. as the head of 
their family, and their counselor and adviser. 

N. B. Day has alw.ays been a Republican in poli- 
tics, and while he has served as Supervisor of his 
township for six years, he has never been an aspir- 
ant for public office. His religious training in 
early life was under the auspices of the Christian 
Church, to which his parents belonged, lint later 
in life he became associated with the Methodist 
Church as an oHScial member, and with his family 
attends that church. Mr. Day has lieen known to 
the citizens of Ford and adjacent counties from 
early manhood, with whom he has maintained in- 
timate social and Ijusiness relations, and it is no 
flattery to say of him that his integrity is above 
question, and his character without reproach. He 
is genial, cordial and unassuming in manner, and 
is always to be relied upon for a fair and honorable 
discharge of the duties devolving upon him in all 
the relations of life. 

ENRY C. RAWLINGS, a member of the 
Rice Grain Elevator Company and of the 
Wabash Valley Coal Company, is a promi- 
yj nent citizen of Paxton, and well deserves 
mention in this volume. He claims Indiana as the 
State of his nativity', his birth having occurred in 
.Jennings County on the 23d of July, 1848. His 
parents are Henry and Caroline (Amnions) Rawl- 
ings, the former a native of Kentucky, and the lat- 
ter of Jefferson County, Ind. Both are still living 
and reside in Jackson County, Ind., near Seymour. 
Henry C. Rawlings,whose name heads this record, 
was educated in the country schools of his native 
State, where the days of his boyhood and 3-outh 




were passed. Thinking Paxton fui-nished a good 
opening, lie came to this city in the latter part of 
187.'5, and engaged in the harness-making business. 
Some time afterwards he embarked in the dry-goods 
trade and continued merchandising until 1890, 
when lie became connected with the Rice Grain 
Elevator Company of Paxton. 

When a young man, in December, 1 864, Mr. Rawl- 
ings responded to the country's call for troops to 
help crush out the rebellion and became a member 
of Company F, One Hundred and Forty-fifth In- 
diana Infantry. He went into the service as a 
drummer boy, being then less than seventeen 3'ears 
of age, and served until the close of the war, when 
he was honorably discharged. He is now a mem- 
ber of Paxton Post, No. 387, G. A. R., and of Mt. 
Olivet Commandery, No. 38, K. T. He exercises 
his right of franchise in support of the Prohibition 
party, and as every true American citizen should 
do, takes an interest in political affairs although he 
has never sought public ofHce. 

The lady who is now Mrs. Rawlings bore the 
maiden name of Margaret Cooper. She is a native 
of Springl'icld, Ohio, and a daughter of James and 
Elizabeth Cooper. Their marriage was celebrated 
on the 22d of February, 1876. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Rawlings are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. He is widely and favorably known as a 
popular merchant and successful business man and 
both he and his wife are highly respected members 
of Paxton societ}'. 

fp^REDERICK J. .lOHNSON, who owns and 
pHcTji operates two hundred and forty acres of 
jk^ laud on section 15, Patton Township, is 
numbered among the earl}^ settlers of the county, 
bis residence here covering a period of twenty- 
seven years. He was born on the 6th of July, 
1842, in Sweden, and is a son of John and Johanna 
(Anderson) Johnson. The family crossed the At- 
lantic to America in 1853, taking passage at Guten- 
berg on the 24th of July, in a sailing-vessel, which 
reached Boston on the 22d of October, after thir- 
teen weeks spent upon the broad Atlantic. Mr. 

Johnson at once came West, locating in La Fayette, 
Ind., where he made his home for a few years. It 
was in 1865 that he came to Illinois and settled in 
Ford County, where he bought a tract of land of 
two hundred acres near Paxton and began its de- 
velopment. His wife died the following year. Mr. 
Johnson still resides with his s<m, our subject. 

The first eleven years of his life our subject spent 
in the land of his nativity and then accompanied 
his parents on their emigration to America. He 
grew to manhood in Indiana, and at the age of 
twenty years, in August, 1862, joined the boys in 
blue of Company II, Seventy-second Indiana In- 
fantry in defense of the Union. He was promoted 
to the rank of Corporal and participated in all the 
engagements with his command. The regiment 
was mounted at Murfreesboro and formed the 
Wilder Brigade. The troops were in the battle of 
Chickamauga, Lookout Mountain, and all the en- 
gagements of the siege of Atlanta, and went with 
Sherman on the memorable march to the sea. When 
the war was over, our suliject received his dis- 
charge at Indianapolis, July 6, 1865, after almost 
three years of service. He had proved a faithful 
soldier, was ever found at his post of duty and 
made an honorable army record. 

After being mustered out, Mr. Johnson joined 
his father's family, who in the meantime had re- 
moved to Illinois, and aided his father in farming. 
They afterwards sold the original place and pur- 
chased that on which Mr. Johnson is now living. 
The farm, which is pleasantly situated three miles 
from Paxton, comprises within its boundaries two 
hundred and forty acres of valuable and highly 
improved land, and the owner is accounted one of 
the enterprising and substantial agriculturists of 
Ford County. He is industrious, possesses good 
business abilit}-, and prosperit}' has attended his 

On the 22d of December, 1869, in this county, 
Mr. Johnson was married to Sophia A. Westrand, 
a native of Sweden. She spent her maidenhood 
days in that country, and, with her brother Charles, 
came to America in 1867. Mr. and Mrs. Johnson 
now have a family of five children, and the circle 
yet remains unbroken: Carl J. and Emma AY., the 
two eldest, are attending the Collegiate Institute 



of Paxton; William E. is also a student in that 
school; Anna .J. and Julia A. complete tlie family. 
Mr. .Johnson and his wife are members of the 
Swedish Lutheran Church and he is one of its 
trustees. The Republican party finds in him a 
stalwart supporter, and for all of its Presidential 
candidates he has voted since the time when he 
cast his first ballot for Abraham Lincoln. He is a 
member of the Grand Army Post of Paxton and 
has served on the School Boai-d in his district for 
a numlier of 3'ears. "We find in Mr. .Johnson a 
pubiic-s|)irited and progressive citizen, who takes 
an active interest in all that pertains to the welfare 
of the community and the promotion of those en- 
terprises calculated to prove of public benefit. He 
is a straightforward and upright business man who 
has the confidence of all with whom he luas been 
brought in contact. 


1^^ AMLTEL .lOlIN TAPP, one of the promi- 
^^^ nent and influential citizens of Roberts, is 
(ll/^j inseparably connected with tlie business 
history of this place. He is a native of 
Somersetshire, England, and was born on the 28tli 
of May, 1845, the third in a family of four sons and 
four daughters, whose parents were John and Jane 
E. (Hull) Tapp. His father was born in Devon- 
shire, England, January 21, 1816, was a mechanic 
by trade and spent his entire life in his native land, 
his doatli occurring May 7, 188."). His wife was 
born in Devonshire, January 20, 1812, and is now 
living in Somersetshire, at the advanced age of 
eighty j-ears. Their children yet living are: Mary, 
who is a teacher in the industrial department of 
the National School, of Somersetshire, England; 
Samuel J., of this sketch; Thomas, a mechanic 
of Somersetshire, who is married and has four 
daughters; Elizabeth Jane, wife of Webb Stanford, 
who resides with his wife and six children in Car- 
diff, Wales; William, who is living with his wife 
and three children in London, and is a successful 
contractor and builder; Anna Eliza, who is en- 
gaged in dress-making in Bath, England. Jane 
Ann, deceased, was the wife of John Lock. 

At the age of fifteen years, our subject began 
learning the trade of a blacksmith and long followed 
that occu|)ation. About 18(i2 he went to London 
to finish learning that trade and while there deter- 
mined to seek a home in America, so he crossed 
the Atlantic from Liverpool, and, landing at New 
York Cit}', went to Chicago. He spent three j'ears 
in Onarga, 111., and in July, 1872. came to Roberts, 
then a small hamlet of three stores and about five 
residences. He here opened a smithy and began 
business. He had then only ^500, which formed 
the nucleus of his present competence. 

While in Onarga, Mr. Tapp met and married 
Miss Louisa Tliompson, a native of Washington, 
N. J., and a daughter of Rev. .John L. Thompson, 
who was born in the Empire State, and, after pui- 
suing a collegiate course of study, became a Bap- 
tist clergyman. After forty years spent as a min- 
ister of the Gospel, he died at the age of sixty-two. 
His wife bore the maiden name of Harriet Marsh, 
and was a native of New York City. Their 
family numbered four sons and three daughters. 
Those yet living are: Mrs. Tapp, of this sketch; 
John M., a barber of Prescott, Ark., who is mar- 
ried and has two sons; Anna Eliza, wife of Robert 
Chambers, a leading merchant of Roberts; and Cor- 
nelius H., who is living in Iv.ankakee. iNIrs. Tapp 
is a highly cultured and refined lady. With her 
parents, she came to Illinois about 18(il), and has 
since made her home in this State. On the 22d of 
July, 1873, she gave her hand in marriage to Mr. 
Tapp, tlie wedding ceremony being performed on 
the old homestead of her parents, by Polder Palmer. 

Our subject is a philanthropic and progressive 
citizen and has done all in his power for the up- 
building of the community in which he resides. 
He cast his first Presidential vote for Peter Cooper. 
He was one of the first members of the Board of 
Trustees of Roberts, and is now one of its members. 
He belongs to the Odd Fellows' society of Onarga, 
and both himself and wife were charter members 
of the Good Templars' society of Roberts. They 
are also faithful and consistent members of the 
Congregational Church, and have ever given their 
support to educational and moral interests calcu- 
lated to benefit and improve the community. 
The}' are benevolent, worthy people and are held 



in warm regard. In 1877, Mr. Tapp abandoned Ins 
trade and became a partner in tlie mercantile busi- 
ness of Mr. Chambers, but after two years, in coni- 
l)any witli John Kalp, he again engaged in blacl<- 
smithing until 1,S88, when he sold out to his part- 
ner. Since that year he has been one of the mana- 
gers of the Roberts Creamery, a leading and suc- 
cessful enterprise of this place. He owns a nice 
farm of eighty acres in Lyman Township, be- 
sides eight}' acres in Iroquois County. His home 
is located on the corner of .South and Walnut 
Streets, and is a beautiful and comfortable prop- 
erty. In June, IS.S;), JMr. Tapp went to England 
and visited his sisters, also went to London and 
other principal cities of the Old World, after which 
he returned and gave his attention to his business 
interests in Roberts. 

' OHN H. THOMPSON owns and operates a 
well-ini|)roved farm on section 26, Patton 
Township, where he has made his home for 
_ a number of years. He is a native of Nor- 
way, his birth having occurred on the 7tli of 
March, 1844. His father, Ilause Thompson, was 
also a native of that land, where he resided until 
1871, when he emigrated to America and became 
a resident of Kendall County, 111. There he made 
his home until his death, which occurred in March, 
1886. His wife died in 1871, just nine weeks 
after they located in this State. In the family 
were ten children who grew to mature years, four 
sons and six daughters, and with the exception of 
one son and one daughter all are yet living at this 

Our subject is the youngest of the family. He 
spent his youth upon a farm in Norway and in at- 
tendance at the public schools until sixteen years 
of age. He received a good education in his mo- 
ther tongue but his knowledge of the English 
language has been mostly acquired since he came 
to America. It was in 1860 that he bade good-bye 
to the laud of his birth, his friends and his home, 
and sailed from Bergen to Montreal, Canada, where 
he arrived about the 1st of June, after a voyage 

of three weeks and four days. During that trip, 
they experienced some quite severe w^eatherand in 
a gale one mast and some of the rigging was car- 
ried away, I)ut at length the vessel reached harbor 
in .safety. ]Mr. Thompson at once came to Illinois, 
locating in Morris, (irundy County, where he 
joined a brother who had settled there three years 
before. He at once began working by the montli, 
in the employ of the same man by whom his 
brother was hired, and they worked together for a 
year, when the brother joined the army. 

Our subject also enlisted in the .service of his 
adopted eouulry in 1862 as a member of Company 
D, Thirty-sixth Illinois Infantry, and joined the 
regiment in Kentucky. He participated in the 
battle of Stone River, Tenn., after which he 
was taken sick and sent to the hospital in Louis- 
ville, Ky. On his recovery, he again joined his 
command and was in active duty until he received 
his discharge in August, 1865, after the close of 
the war. AVhen the countrj' no longer needed his 
services, he returned to Morris, 111., and began 
working on a farm in that locality. He afterward 
joined his parents in Kendall County and there 
resided until 1876, when he came to Ford County, 
and rented land for a few years. He then pur- 
chased the farm on which he now resides, a tract 
of one hundred and sixty acres under a high state 
of cultivation and well improved. 

In September, 1871, in Kendall County, Mr. 
Thompson led to the marriage altar Miss Anna 
Holverson, a native of Norwa}', who spent her 
maidenhood days in that country and when a 
young lady came to the United States. Tiieir un- 
ion has been blessed with a family of five children, 
all of whom are yet living: Hanse O., who aids his 
father in operating the home farm; Oliver, Anthony 
A., Henry B. and Ole, all of whom are attending 
the home school. 

Since liecoming a voter, Mr. Thompson has been 
identified with the Republican part}'. He cast his 
first ballot for IT. S. Grant and has supported each 
Presidential nominee of his party since that time. 
He has served as a member of the School Board 
but has never been an office-seeker, preferring to 
devote his entire time and attention to his business 
interests, which he has followed with good success, 



Himself and wife are inemhers of the Lutheran 
Church. Mr. Thompson is an industrious and 
enterprising man and has by his own labor, per- 
severance and good management accumulated the 
property which numbers him among tlie well-to-do 
citizens of the communit}'. 

i^y^ ATTHIAS W. NEWHART, a wortliy pio- 
neer of Ford County, of 1864, now a re- 
tired farmer and resident of (iibson City, 
was born in Northampton, now Monroe 
County, Pa., on the 11th of November, 1822, and 
is a sou of George and Louisa (Wilbert) Newhart. 
His parents were also natives of Pennsylvania, and 
were of German descent, their grandparents having 
emigrated from Germany in an early day. 

Our subject was reared on his father's farm and 
attended the public schools until eighteen years of 
age, when he left home and learned the miller's 
trade in New Jersey. On the 1st of April, 1850, 
he was married to Miss Sarah A. Rowe, the wedding 
being performed near Newton m Sussex County, 
N. .1. The lady was a daughter of Samuel Rowe 
and a native of Pennsylvania. In 1853, Mr. New- 
hart returned to his native State, settling near his 
old home, where he followed milling for a few 
years and then purchased a farm in Jackson Town- 
ship, Monroe County, whicii he operated success- 
fullj'. Subsequently he removed to Pike Countj^, 
Pa., where he resided until 1864, when he came to 
Ford County, 111., settling in what is now Drum- 
mer Township, but was then a part of Dix, and 
participated in the organization of the new town- 
ship of Drummer. He bought a tract of good land, 
one hundred and sixt^' acres in extent, which he 
improved and occupied until January 4, 1882,when 
he leased it and moved to Gibson City. There he 
purchased a residence, which he recentlj' sold, and 
bought the property where he now resides. He 
continued to rent his farm until the fall of 1891, 
when he sold it, realizing a handsome profit. 

Six children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Newhart, 
of whom five are living: Jennie, the eldest was the 

wife of David Watson, and died October 12, 1889; 
Frank P. married Blattie Zenii and resides in Jack- 
son, Tcnn.; Mary Louisa is the wife of Ira Davis, 
Ida County, Iowa; Pha'be C. married James Lyons 
and lives in Gibson City, 111.; and Sarah Elizabeth 
and D. Anna reside witii tiieir father. Mrs. New- 
hart, who was a devoted wife and mother, and a 
ciMisistent member of the Presbyterian Church, 
passed away on the 2d of January, 1892. She 
was a lady of many excellencies of character and 
left many friends to mourn her loss. Mr. Newhart 
is also a member of the Preslnteriau Church, as are 
his daughters, Sarah and Anna. Frank P. and his 
wife, .also Louisa, hold memlK'rsliip with the Chris- 
tian Church, and the daugliter Phcebe is a Meth- 
odist in religious belief. 

In politics, Mr. Newhart atHliates with the Dem- 
ocratic party and has held a number of minor of- 
fices to the satisfaction of all. He has been School 
Director and Road Overseer of his township. So- 
cially, he is a member of Gibson Lodge, No. 542, 
I. O. (). F., and also belongs to the camp and Re- 
becca degrees. He was initiated into the Odd Fel- 
lows' fraternit}^ in Stillwater, N. J., in 1850, and is 
the oldest member of the order in his lodge. He 
has p,isscd all the chairs and is now Past Grand. 
Mr. Newhart has led a busy and useful life and is 
one of the upright and honorable citizens of Ford 
County. He is now i)assing his decliniug 3'ears in 
the enjoyment of a well-earned rest and is possessed 
of a substantial quantity of this world's goods. He 
has the highest respect of his fellow-citizens and is 
well and favorably known in the community where 
he has so long made his home. 

^^EORGE W. IIAUPT. a harness-maker of 
III Gibson City, was born in Pottsville, Schuyl- 

^^^ kill County, Pa., May 29, 1847, and is a 
son of Lsaac and Mary (Persing) Haupt. The 
Ilaupt family is of German extraction, though 
many years have elapsed since they crossed the 
ocean to this country. The father of our subject born in Northumberland County, Pa., but was 
married in Pottsville. The mother was also born 



in Pennsylvania, her father being of Hiignenot 
descent, and her mother, who was a Campbell, be- 
ing of Scotch lineage. By trade Isaac Haupt was 
a carpenter. In 1850, he moved to Indiana, locat- 
ing in Fountain County, where he worked at his 
trade. The country was new and his services 
were in demand and some of the houses he con- 
structed are still standing as monuments to his 
thrift and industry. His wife died during the 
sickly season of 1855, but he is still living in Cov- 
ington, ]nd. lie served as Treasurer for four years 
in his county, and in politics was a Democrat 
until the rise of the Republican party, since which 
time he has been one of its stalwart supporters. 
Both he and his wife were Presbyterians in relig- 
ious belief. Tlie}' became the parents of Ave chil- 
dren, four sons and one daughter, of whom our 
subject is the eldest. 

George W. Haupt was educated m the district 
schools, and in March, 1864, though not yet seven- 
teen years of age, enlisted in Company B, P>lev- 
enth Indiana Infantry. The regiment first went 
to New Orleans and from there to Fortress 
Monroe, and then on to Washington. Going to 
Shenandoah Vallev, they took part in the battles 
of Ilalltown, Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar 
Creek, where Sheridan made his famous ride. At 
the battle of Winchester, he received a wound in 
the left arm, besides having his canteen shot 
off and a ball passing through his haversack. 
After leaving the Siienandoah Valley, he was on 
' detached duty at Baltimore, Md., where he was 
mustered out. being discharged at Indianapolis in 
August, 1865. 

After the close of the war, Mr. llaupt went to 
Covington, Ind., and began to learn the harness- 
making business. He was to have served an appren- 
ticeship of three years, but after a year and a half 
he left his emplo3'er and came to Fairbur}', 111., in 
1867, wliere lie worked under instructions for six 
months and then worked as a journeyman. In 
October, 1864, he came to Gibson City, and opened 
a harness shop. As his trade increased, he extended 
his business and has now a fine trade and is widely 
known as a workman. 

In Covington, Ind., on the 10th of July, 1872, 
Mr. Haupt led to the marriage altar Miss Adella 

C, daughter of Abraham and Susan (Wertz) Royer, 
both of whom are of German descent. About the 
year 1845, they removed to Fountain County, Ind., 
in which State Mr. Royer still lives at the age of 
eighty years. To Mr. and ]\Irs. Royer were born 
eight children, all girls, of wliom Mrs. Haupt is the 
sixth in order of birth. Mr. and Mrs. Haupt have 
become tlie parents of six children: Frank C, who 
assists his father; Bertha G., Lela L.,Guy I., Pearl 
A. and Edna F. 

Mr. Haupt, his wife and their three oldest chil- 
dren are members of the Presbyterian Church, and, 
in politics, he is a Republican but not an office- 
seeker. Socially, he is a member of the Odd Fel- 
lows' society and the Knights of Pythias fraternity, 
having been Deputy of the latter order for some 
eiglit years and having held about all the ottices 
of both lodges. He also belongs to Lott Post No. 
70, G. A. R., of Gibson. As a business man he has 
been quite successful, having accumulated a good 
property and si cured a good trade. For eighteen 
years he has been in the mercantile business in 
Gibson City, and is the only one in his line that 
lias made no chanoe in the firm title. 

AMUEL LEVI DAY, of the firm of Day 
real-estate and loan agents of Pax- 
is one of the very earliest settlers of 
the city of Paxton, and was the first Clerk 
of the Circuit Court of Ford Countv. He is well 
deserving of representation in this volume and it 
is with pleasure that we present his sketch to our 
readers. Mr. Day was born in Preble Count}', 
Ohio, on the 25tli of February, 183.3, his parents 
being Samuel and Peggy (Purviance) Day. 

In the month of August, 1851, the family of 
our subject removed to Miami County, Ind., Sam- 
uel accompanying them. The succeeding two 
years of his life were passed on a farm in the vi- 
cinity of Peru, and in the autumn of 1853 they 
all emigrated to Eastern Illinois. Their first 
home in this State was fixed near Danville, where 
land was occupied, and the following year a crop 
planted. In the summer of 1854, Mr. Day, Sr., 



accompanied by his sons, Samuel L. and N. B., 
came to what is now Ford County. The father 
made his liome near Prairie City, now Paxton, 
where he spent the remainder of his days. 

Samuel L. Day was married in Illinois, about 

1856, to Miss Susanna Swisher, who died in 1858, 
leaving no living children. In 18&0, lie was again 
married, his second union being with Miss .Jennie 
Lyons, a daughter of Alexander Lyons, of Or- 
leans County, X. Y. She is a member of the Con- 
gregational Church. Her birth occurred in Onon- 
daga County, N. Y., and she came to Illinois in 

1857. Three children, sons, have been born of 
their union, as follows: Mark L. married Libbie 
Daley, of Brooklyn, N. Y., and resides in Chicago; 
Fred L. married Ella Blackstone and also resides 
in Cliicago, where to them was born, in 18!)1, 
a daughter named Doroth3'. Mark L. and Fred 
L. are now classed among the most prosperous cloak 
salesmen of Chicago. Cljde A., who was born 
in Paxton, June 25, 1869, was educated in the 
public schools and the Collegiate Institute of his 
native citj', studied law under the direction of 
Cook & Moffett, of Paxton, and passed a satisfac- 
tory examination before the committee of .Judges 
of the Supreme Court of Illinois, when he was 
but eighteen years old, but his license was with- 
held until he became of age. He was probably the 
youngest law student to pass a successful exam- 
ination in the State. For a time after securing 
his license he was in practice alone, but in June, 
181(0, became a member of the law firm of Tipton, 
Moffett & Day, now Moffett & Day. He is a Knight 
Templar, belonging to Paxton Lodge No. 416, 
A.F. & A.M.; Ford Chapter No. 113, R. A. M.. 
and Mt. Olivet Commandery No. 38. 

On the formation of Ford County, in 1859, Mr. 
Day, of this sketch, was elected the first Clerk of 
the Circuit Court and Recorder of the new county, 
which position he held for two terms, or four 
years. He opened the books of the office and 
served under Judge David Davis. On leaving 
the service of the county, he engaged in the hard- 
ware business in company with Gen. L. A. Dodd, 
which connection continued several years, when 
he became a member of the dry-goods house of 
Day Bros. & King. Later, he joined J. P. Middle- 

coff in the same line and continued that connec- 
tion until 1876, when he became connected with 
the real-estate firm of Hanley, Sutton, Cloud & 
Day. Subsequently, he became a member of tlie 
real-estate firm of Da}-, Bogardus dr Jlorris, and, 
in 1877, he went to Champaign, where he repre- 
sented the Illinois Loan & Trust Company until 
1879, and has since been engaged in the real-estate 
business with his brothers, under the firm name 
of Day Bros. 

In politics, Mr. D.ay was a Republican until 
1872, since which time he hits affiliated with the 
Democrats. In 1872, he was a delegate to the 
Democratic Convention which nominated Horace 
Greeley for the Presidency. While but a middle- 
aged man, Mr. Day is one of the oldest in busi- 
ness 3'ears in the city of Paxton, and is one of 
the most highly respected citizens of that place. 


ELMER ENOCH, one of the most extensive 
stock dealers of Ford County' and a promi- 
' nent resident of Roberts, is so well known in 

this community that he needs no special introduc- 
tion lo our readers wlio will, we feel assured, re- 
ceive this record of his life with interest. He was 
born in McLean County, 111., April 10, 1860, and 
is a S(m of Joseph and Sarah (Mitchell) Enoch. 
His father was born in McLean County, in 1832, 
acquired a common-school education and is now a ^ 
dealer in real estate and live stock. In politics, he 
is a Republican and is a member of the Methodist 
Church, to which his wife also belonged. Her 
death occurred in 1869. Our subject has two 
sisters: Lottie, who is married and resides in Chi- 
cago; and Louisa, who is married and makes her 
home in Mcl^ean County. 

Elmer Enoch acquired a good practical education 
in the common schools, and at the age of seventeen 
commenced life for himself with no capital sdve a 
disposition to succeed and a pair of willing hands. 
He gave his attention to the pursuit with which he 
had been familiar since his boyhood, that of stock 
raising, and until 1884, resided in McLean County. 
In that year, he came to Roberts, where he has since 



made his liome. Duriiiij 1891, lie sliippcfl over the 
Illinois Central Raih-oad one hundred and fifty-five 
car loads of stock, the largest shii)inent made on 
this division of the road in that year by one man. 
He purchases all kinds of live stock and makes a 
specialty of hogs and cattle. He deals directly 
with the Chicago markets and liis sales in the past 
year amounted to about ¥l<Hl.OO(l. He is an ex- 
cellent judge of stock and has met witli a well-de- 
served success in his liusiness career. 

Mr. Enocii led to the marriage altar Miss Jemima 
Olive, daughter of Rev. David Olive, of Zanesville, 
Ohio. Slie was educated in the seminary of Zanes- 
ville, and is a lady of culture and refinement, who 
has shown decided talent as an artist. Two chil- 
dren graced this union but Lula r)live, the elder, 
died at the age of three and a half years and her 
loss was a deep grief to her parents; Winnefred, the 
younger daughter, is the light of the Enoch house- 

In his political altiliations, Mr. Enoch is a Re- 
publican, having supported that party since cast- 
ing his first Presidential vote for (ien. .James A. 
Garfield. His wife is a member of the Methodist 
Church and tiiey have contributed to its support 
and to benevolent and eiiaritalile interests worthy 
of their consideration. Mr. Enoch is recognized 
as a public-S|)irited and progressive citizen who 
does all in his power for the upbuilding of the 
community in wliich he resides and tlie promotion 
of the general welfare. He is a courteous, genial 
gentleman, wiio well deserves representation in this 




^AMES ALFRED COOPER is one of the 
well-known and enterprising young business 
men of Roberts. He is the junior member 
_^ of the firm of Cooper tfe Wright, dealers in 
lumber, coal and carriages. He has the honor of 
being a native of this Stale, his birth occurring in 
Amboy, -July 18, 18o8. He was the tliird in a 
family of twelve children, eleven sons and a daugh- 
ter, five of whom are yet living: Thomas A., who 
is married and resides upon a farm in -Kearney 

County, Neb.; Sarah J., wife of Hugh Gibson, an 
agriculturist of Minneapolis, Kan.; .Tames C. of this 
sketch; Albert A., who is employed as a salesman 
in a boot and shoe store in Minneapolis, Kan.; and 
Warren S., who also resides in the same i)lace. The 
parents were William and .Vnn (Watson) Cooper. 
The father was liorn near i^ondon, England, and 
shortly after his marriage emigrated with his liride 
to the United States. He made his first location in 
Northern Illinois, where he engaged in the coal busi- 
ness.after whicli he fcillowed fanning until his death 
at ihe age of forty-six years. His wife is still living 
at the age of sixt3' and makes her home in Kansas. 

In his youtii,our suliject was inured to iiard 
labor. At the age of twelve, he was thrown upon 
his own resources with not a dollar which he could 
call his own, but he possessed industiy, enterprise 
and good management, ciiaraeteristics which always 
win success. From the age of thirteen he made his 
home with William Hurst, one of tiie sterling citi- 
zens of Roberts, a sketch of whom appears else- 
where in this work. He has been an eye-witness 
of the growth of Ford County for a quarter of a 
centuiy and had seen almost its entire develop- 
ment. As before stated, he is now a member of the 
firm of Cooper A Wrigiit, which has a capital of 
110,000 invested. They have an oflice and a large 
repository at the corner of Main and Green Streets, 
which is well filled with all kinds of agricultural 
implements, surrej's, carriages, wagons, etc. They 
also deal in lumber and coal, and the liberal 
patronage which they receive is well deserved by 
the industrious and enterprising gentlemen who 
constitute the firm. 

A marriage ceremony jierformcd December 28, 
1880, united the destinies of Mr. Cooper and Miss 
Cynthia I. Kennedy, a native of Illinois, and a 
daughter of William and IJarbara (Barnet) Ken- 
nedy. Her father is now deceased. Tiie family 
numbered three sons and six daughters, of whom 
six are yet living. Three children graced the union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Cooper: Charles L., who is attend- 
ing school in Roberts; Elmer Merton, a lad of five 
summers; and Bessie M., who died at the age of 
seventeen months and five days. The parents have 
a beautiful home on Majjle Street, tastefully furn- 
ished and supplied with all the comforts and many 



of the luxuries of life. They are members of the 
Methodist Church, and Mr. Cooper is President of 
the Epworth League, wliieh was established in 1891, 
and has a membership of sixty-five. Socially, he 
is a member of Lyman Lodge No. 293, K. P., and, 
in politics, is an adherent of the Republican party, 
which he has supported since he cast his first 
Presidential vote for James A. Garfield. He has 
served as School Director and as a member of the 
Village Board. For his success in life he certainly 
deserves great credit and iiis example is well worthy 
of emulation. 

lEORGE H. SPELLMEYER, who is engaged 
in general farming on section 17, Wall 
Township, is a native of Germany. He 
was born in the town of Manan, County Lubecka, 
February 17, 1846, and is a son of Gotlieb S. and 
Caroline (Becker) Spelhneyer, also natives of that 
locality. Ere leaving their native land, the fol- 
lowing children were liorn unto them: William, 
now deceased; Charles, a resident farmer of Wall 
Township; Louisa, wife of Fred Steinman, of the 
same township; Elizabeth, wife of August Schuene- 
niann, a farmer of Missouri; llenr^-, who resides 
in Peach Orchard Townshii); and George H., of 
this sketch. 

The family sailed from Bremen in 1858, and 
after a voyage of six weeks landed at New York, 
whence Gotlieb Spellmeyer went to Putnam 
County, 111., locating near Magnolia. The next 
spring he removed to I^a Salle County, and a year 
later went to Livingston Countj-, but after two 
years returned to La Salle. After renting land for 
five years, he purchased a farm in that county, and 
there made his home until after the death of his 
wife, when he came to Ford County to live with 
his children. He died at the home of a daughter, 
in 1889, at the age of eighty-one years. He was 
a member of the Lutheran Church and an honest 
and upright man, respected l)y all who knew him. 

The subject of this sketch entered the schools 
of his native land when a lad of seven sum- 
mers. With his parents, he crossed the broad 

Atlantic when a youth of twelve 3-ears, and 
after locating in Illinois, attended school at 
various intervals, in all about nine months. His 
boyhood days were spent in the usual manner 
of farmer lads, and he aided his father until 
twenty-seven years of age, when he left home and 
l)egan farming for himself in La Salle County, 
where he worked for two years. He then came to 
Ford County and purchased his present farm of 
one hundred and sixtv acres on section 17, Wall 
Township. It was entirelj' destitute of improve- 
ments except a hedge fence, but he at once began 
its development and now has one of the best 
farms in the locality, supplied with good build- 
ings and many other improvements. Its boun- 
daries have also been extended until two hun- 
dred and forty acres of valuable land now pay 
tribute to the care and cultivation of the owner. 

In La Salle County, in 1868, Mr. Spellmeyer was 
united in marriage to Miss Charlotte Steinman, 
who was born in the same neighborhood .as her 
husband, August 26, 1816, and has proved to him 
a valualile helpmate. Her parents, Gerhardt and 
Anna Maria (Becker) Steinman, were both natives 
of Germany. Accompanied by his children, the 
father came to America, sailing from Bremen to 
New Orleans, whence he came up the Mississippi 
to St. Louis. He made his first location in La 
Salle County, 111. His death occurred in Ford 
County, at tiie age of seventy-two years, and a 
monument has been erected to his memory. Mrs. 
Spellmeyer has two brothers and two sisters vet 
living: Fred, who is represented elsewhere in this 
volume; Louisa, wife of Henry Spellmeyer, a 
farmer, whose sketch is also given in this work; 
Henry, who is married and follows farming in 
Wall Township; and Catlierine, wife of John 
Feldhus, deceased, a resident of St. Louis. 

Jlr. and Mrs. Spellmeyer have a family of nine 
children; Caroline, ISIary, Gotlieb, Henry, Will- 
iam, Annie, Emma, Lizzie and Edna, and they 
have also lost three children. The}- intend to edu- 
cate them in the German and English languages. 
Both parents and children are members of the 
Lutheran Cliurcli, of Melvin, and the family is 
widely and favoralily known in this community. 

In his. political atliliations, Mr. Spellmeyer sup- 



'OcJ-^f--^ ^yKJU^^t^^^^ULA 







ports the Republican partj' on questions of na- 
tional importance, but at local elections votes for 
the man whom he thinks best qualified to fill the 
position, regardless of party affiliations. He is 
one of the siil)stautial citizens and leading farmers 
of Wall Township, who has ever lioriie his part 
in the upbuilding and advancement of the county's 
interests, and is held in high regard by all. 


l^'jEUBEN NEWKIRK, a representative farmer 
and stock-raiser of Patton Townsliip, resid- 
J^AV ing on section 1.3, claims Ohio as the State 
of his nativity. Fairfield Count}' is the 
place of his birth, and the date, February 2, 1846. 
The fainil}- is of German origin, and was estab- 
lished in America at an early day, the ancestors 
being residents of Virginia, of wiiich State Reuben 
Newkirk, grandfather of our subject, was a native. 
The father, Shipinan Newkirk, was born in Vir- 
ginia, in 1807, and, with his parents, removed to 
Ohio in an early day, the family becoming pio- 
neer settlers of Fairfield County. After attaining 
to mature years, he married Elizabeth Rice, a native 
of P^airfield County .Ohio, and a daughter of Michael 
Rice, who was of German descent, and came to the 
Buckeye State in an early day, from Pennsylvania. 
Mr. Newkirk was a millwright by trade, and also 
owned and operated a flouring mill in Fairfield 
County. Ilis death occurred in 1852, at the age 
of forty-five years. His wife still survives him, 
and, altliough eight3'-five j'ears of age, is an act- 
ive old lady, her physical and mental faculties be- 
ing but slightly impaireci. She resides with a 
widowed daughter in Paxton. In the family' 
were seven children, two sons and five daughters, 
who grew to mature years: Rachel, wife of H. 
Propeck, a resident farmer of Logan County, 111.; 
Mary, wife of .James Work, who is living in Hunt- 
ington County, Ind.; Hannah became the wife of 
S. Moreliead, but both are now deceased; Margaret 
is the widow of Edward llathawaj', and resides in 
Paxtfm; and George, who is also living in Paxton, 
completes the family. Reuben is the youngest. 

We now take up the personal liistory of our 
subject, who spent the days of his youth upon a 
farm and received but limited school privileges, 
his education being mostl}' acquired througli his 
own efforts. At the age of sixteen, he removed 
from Fairfield to Pickaway County, Ohio, where 
he resided for six years, and, during that time, 
was united in marriage on the 1st of July, 1867, 
with Miss Sophia Graham, daughter of A. D. 
Graham, one of the pioneers of Pickawaj' County, 
and a native of New York. TliS lady was born 
in Pickaway County, and there remained until 
about a year after her marriage, wlien Mr. New- 
kirk brought his wife to Illinois. The}- located in 
Logan County, in September of that year, and 
there rented a fai-m for six years, after which they 
removed to Champaign County, where an im- 
proved farm of eighty acres was purchased. For 
seven years Mr. Newkirk engaged in operating 
that land, and then sold out, buying in tlie same 
county a farm near town, and one better im- 
proved. Two years later, however, he sold it, 
and, in 1883, came to Ford County, where he pur- 
chased a tract of one hundred acres, about a mile 
and a half from the city of Paxton. 

The home of Mr. and Mrs. Newkirk has been 
blessed with two sons: Albert, who is nOw attend- 
ing school in Chicago, and Gu}' E., a student in 
the home schools. The family has a nice home, 
which is the abode of hospitality, and in social 
circles they rank higii, their friends throughout 
the community being many. 

Since casting his first Presidential vote for Gen. 
U. S. Grant, Mr. Newkirk has been a stalwart Re- 
publican, but has never sought or desired political 
preferment for liimself. lie is a citizen who takes 
an active interest in all that pertains to the wel- 
fare of the community, and to its advancement and 
progress. We see in Mr. Newkirk a self-made 
man. He started out in life empty-handed, liis 
only capital being a young man's bright hope of the 
future and a determination to succeed, but he has 
overcome all tlie difiiculties in his patli, and has 
accumulated a comfortable competence. He is de- 
serving of all the more credit, from the fact that 
he has lieen in poor health nearly all of his life. 
In 1889, he made a trip to Europe, visiting 



France, Belgium, England, and returned much 
improved. Mr. Newkirk well deserves representa- 
tion in this volume, and it is with pleasure that 
we record his sketch. He and his wife are mem- 
bers of the American Secular Union. 

ll^ETER WAGNER, a leading merchant and 

Jl) one of the early settlers of Gibson City, 

^ ^ was born in St. Johnsville, N. Y., May 3, 

j \ 1837, and is a son of .John P. and Polly 
(Fox) Wagner. His greatgrandfather on the 
paternal side was from Germany and settled in 
New York, and his grandfather, Peter Wagner, 
was a prominent business man, having grist, saw 
and fulling mills, and also a distillery, drawing 
custom from a large section of countiy. During 
the Revolutionnry War he served as a Colonel. 

John P. Wagner, the father of our subject, was 
born in Montgomery County, N. Y., and in early 
life engaged in mercantile i)ursiiits, but later, 
carried on a farm. In the State militia he served 
as a Captain and was always known by that title. 
In New York, he wedded Miss Fox, who was also 
a native of Montgomery County and of German 
descent. They became the parents of nine chil- 
dren, but our subject is the only one living in the 
West. Mr. Wagner served in a number of official 
positions, being Sheriff of Montgomery County 
for some years. Both he and his wife lived to be 
over eighty years of age. 

The subject of this sketch is the youngest in his 
father's family and was reared on a farm, receiving 
his education at the common schools. When 
eighteen years of age, he commenced learning the 
bricklayer's and plasterer's trade, with his brother- 
in-law, P. C. Knowles, an extensive contractor, 
and after working for two years he became a part- 
ner in the business. They did an extensive busi- 
ness, employing some fifteen to twenty men. 

The war coming on, prices became good and thus 
our subject made his start in the world. In the 
fall of 1871, he came to Gilman, 111., and being 
an expert workman, was employed to do the fine 
cornice work on the Redfield House. On the 8th 

of April, 1872, he came to Gibson Cit}', which then 
consisted of a few cheap houses and stores, with 
plenty of corn cribs. The town was beginning to 
grow and he found his services in great demand, and 
here engaged in contracting until 1880. About 
1875, he bought out Dr. Stevens' drug store, which 
he has run to the present time. In 1886, he also 
opened a general store, though he has now divided 
the stock and has one room for clothing and one 
for dry-goods, boots and shoes, besides being in- 
terested in farming. 

In 1866, in Montgomery County, N. Y., Mr. 
Wagner married Miss Mary Reals, a native of that 
countj', but of German descent. In religious be- 
lief, she is a Presbyterian. Mr. Wagner is a Re- 
publican in politics, but not a politician in the 
common acceptation of that word. Socially, he is 
a Knight Templar Mason of Gibson Lodge No. 733; 
Gibson Chapter No. 183; Gibson Council No. 72, 
Mt. Olivet Conimandery No. 38, of Paxton; and 
as a business man has been very successful, having 
secured a comfortable competence by his own 
efforts and good business ability. He is a director 
in the International Building and Loan Associa- 
tion, and is recognized as one of the most stirring 
and reliable business men of Gibson City, where 
he has now resided for twenty years. 

I^ANIEL C. STONER, a worthy pioneer of 
I jY Ford County, was born near Fredericktown 
J^ Md., November 27, 1808. After the death 
of his father, his mother removed, the following 
spring, to Dayton, Montgomery County, Ohio. 
At the age of fourteen years, Daniel C. was appren- 
ticed to the tanner's trade, serving until nineteen, 
during which time he received but three months' 
schooling each year. At the age of eighteen, he 
began teaching school and "boarding around" in 
Montgomery County, receiving 115 per month sal- 
ary, which was the fii-st money he ever earned. In 
1828, he left Ohio and removed to near La Fayette, 
Tippecanoe County, Ind., where he began improv- 
ing a two-hundred-acre farm. In the summer of 
1850, he visited the region now known as Ford 



Count.y on a prospecting' tour, and, being well 
pleased with the eouiiti y, purchased land situated 
on sections 3, 4, 9 and 10, township 23, range 9, 
east, amounting to seven hundred and forty-seven 
acres, where he established a liorae, erecting a log 
house, to which he moved liis family in the fall of 

On the 6th of .Tuly, 1833, Mr. Stoner was mar- 
ried to Susan Ahell, a native of Cincinnati, Ohio, 
who with her parents came to Indiana in 1831, 
and settled in La Fayette, where her father worked 
at the trade of a merchant tailor. Seven children 
were born to Mr. and Mrs. Stoner, of wlioni four 
are now living: John P'., who resides in I'axton; 
Barbara Ann, wife of N. B. Day, a merchant of 
Paxton; Minerva C, wife of William Perdue, a 
prominent farmer of Paxton I'ownship, residing 
in the city; and Reliecca ,7., wife of Calvin C. 
Robinson, a resident of Kansas. 

While a resident of Indiana, Mr. Stoner was a 
member of the State Militia, and during the Ind- 
ian scare at La Fayette, was on duty at that place. 
In the early days of his settlement in Hiinois, he 
played a conspicuous part in the public affairs of 
his section of the State. He took an active part 
in the organization of Ford County, was appointed 
its first Assessor and was chosen the first County 
Treasurer, serving from .June, 185;), until the fol- 
lowing November, when, at the first regular elec- 
tion of county oHicers, he was succeeded by J. P. 
Day, Esq. Later in life, he did not particiitate 
prominently in pulilic affairs. He an industri- 
ous, prudent man, of good business ability, and 
accumulated a valuable property. 

In the early days, when the country had no 
banks of deposit, Mr. Stoner resorted to an original 
method of secreting his money to keep it safe 
from rolibers. He bored two-incli auger holes in 
the logs of his calim, in his living room, in which 
he drove wooilen [jinsto support shelves. Boring 
the hole considerably deeper than the length of 
the inserted part of the pin, he would shove into 
it double eagles and drive the i)in in its place, 
thinking no robber would look for mone}' thus 
hidden. It was noticed that in selling stock or 
farm produce, he always got his money into gold, 
of the required denomination if possible, but the 

secret of its hiding place known only to him- 
self and wife. It was from these holes in the wall 
that he extracted the 81,000 which he loaned his 
son-in-law, N. 15. Day, to help purchase a farm, as 
told in Mr. Day's sketch. 

Mr. Stoner died, September 21, 1882, and his 
wife passed away the 6th of March, previous. He 
was a man of strict integrity; enterprising yet 
conservative, and enjoyed in a marked degree the 
confidence .and resiiect of all who knew him. 


Cil jilLLlAM TRICKEL, who is eng.aged in 
\/\/// farming on section 27, Patlon Township, 
V^^ has long been a resident of the county, 
having for a half-century made his home within 
its borders. He claims Oiiio as tiie State of his 
nativity, his birth having occurred in Pickaway 
County, on the 17th of October, 182/). He is one 
of fourteen children, six sons and eight daughters, 
who grew to mature years and became heads of 
families. Three sons and five daughters are yet 
living at this writing. The father, Joshua Trickel, 
was Ijorn and reared in Virginia and there wed- 
ded Mary Ileaton, a native of Ohio. For a few 
years, he engaged in farming in Pickaway County 
and then came to Illinois, locating in Danville. 
This was in 1827. After a residence there of four 
years, he removed to Champaign Countj' and lo- 
cated near Urbana, where he opened up and im- 
proved a farm, residing thereon for about seven 
3ears. In 1840, he came to what is now Ford 
County and settled at Trickel's Crove, where he 
again engaged in agricultural inirsuits and made 
his home until his death. His wife survived him 
only a few 3ears. 

Our subject was a lad of six summers when 
with his parents he came to Illinois, and in this 
State he was reared to manhood. No event of 
special importance occurred during his childhood. 
He had very limited educational privileges, as he 
had to go three miles to school, and had to walk 
on crutches, for he was crippled. He remained 
with his mother until her death, and then contin- 
ued to carry on the farm for a year, when he pur- 



chased a tract of land where he now resides. It 
has since been liis liome, and tlie improvements 
found thereon stand as monuments to his thrift 
and industry. He first Ijougiit eighty acres, which 
he cleared, plowed and planted, also built fences 
and otlierwise improved it. He afterward pur- 
chased an adjoining forty acres, and subsequently 
another eighty-acre tract, making in all a valuable 
farm of two hundred acres, which is located five 
miles southwest of tlie city of Paxton. 

In Champaign County, on the 7tli of January, 
1857, Mr. Trickel was joined in wedlock to Miss 
Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander Henry, one of 
the honored pioneers of Iroquois County. The 
lady was born in Lawrence County, Ind., and in 
her infancy was brought to Illinois, where the 
days of her maidenhood were passed. Twelve 
children have been born unto Mr. and Mrs. 
Trickel, seven of whom are yet living: Sarah E., 
now the wife of John Fitzgerald, of Ford County; 
William C, a resident farmer of this county; Ed- 
ward, who is engaged in farming in Minnesota; 
Mary, wife of Matt (Jdell, of Paxton; Ida, wife of 
Charles Anderson, of Ford County; Thomas Dud- 
ley, who aids his father in operating the home 
farm; and Harry Clark, tiie >-oungest of the fam- 
ily. Of tliose deceased, three died in infancy-; 
Francis Marion died October 7, 1883, at the age of 
eighteen years; and Carny died at the age of 
se\^n months. 

Ml'. Trickel is an old Jackson Democrat and a 
stanch advocate of the principles of that partly. 
He cast his first Presidential vote for Martin Van 
Buren before he had attained liis majority. He 
commenced life a poor man, witliout capital, save 
an enter[irising disi)Osition, 3'et is now one of the 
thrifty and well-to-do farmeis of Patton Town- 
ship. His success is not due to any good luck, but 
is the result of his own industiy, good manage- 
ment and the exercise of correct business princi- 
ples. He is straightforwai'd and honest in all that 
he does and has the confidence of the entire com- 
munity. He has long made his home in P'ord 
County, and has tluis been an eye-witness of al- 
most its entire growth, has seen the advance of 
progress and civilization and has aided largely in 
its development. Much is due the early settlers 

who bore all the hardships and trials of pioneer 
life to make homes in the Far West, and were thus 
founders of the county. Amcmg these was Mr. 
Trickel and we take pleasure in presenting this 
brief record of his life to our readers. 

OIIN II. MOXTZ has for seventeen years 
been identified with the interests of Ford 
County and is a practical and progressive 
agriculturist, residing on section 33, Lj-- 
man Township. A native of Germany, he was 
born in Hesse Cassel, April 13. 1847, and is the 
eldest in a family of two sons and two daughters. 
His brother Luther is a stone and brick mason, 
residing in Roberts. He married Miss Yanda 
Sliambrook, and they are members of the Mctliod- 
ist Cliurch. The father of our subject crossed 
the briny (lee|) in 185(1, landing at Baltimore, 
whence he went lo Chambersburg, Pa., where he 
resided for tliuty-seven years. He and his wife 
now make their home with their son John. They 
are hale and hearty old people, and are members 
of the German Reformed Church. 

Our subject was onl}' three years old when 
brought by his parents to America. He was reared 
to agricultural pursuits, and acquired his educa- 
tion in the common schools, but b}' reading and 
observation lias made himself a well-informed 
man, who can converse readil.y and fluently on 
the current topics of the day. He resided in the 
Keystone State until he was tliirt3"-two years of 
age, when, in 1870, he came with his family to 
Ford County, which was then a swampy region, 
containing more water than land. 

On the 29th of October, 1871, Mr. Montz was 
united in marriage to Miss Catherine Hoover, a 
native of Pennsylvania, and a daugliter of Mich- 
ael and Susanna (Etter) Hoover. Unto them have 
been born eight children, five sons and three 
daughters, six of whom are yet living: Mintie V., 
Maggie S., Anna Florence, Irwin Y., John II., 
Cliarlie, Roy and Clarence M. The parents are de- 
vout members of the Methodist Church of Roberts, 
and Mr. INIontz lias been a leader of the choir for 





seven years. He has also been closely identified 
with the .Sunday-Sfhool work and has acted as 
delegate to the county conventionsof the Sunday- 
school many times. lie has been Steward and 
Trustee of tiie church for many years, and is As- 
sistant Suijerintendent of the Sunday-school. His 
consistent Christian life has won him thehigh reg.ard 
and confidence of all. In politics, he is a stalwart 
Rci)ul)lican and cast his first Presidential vote for 
Gen. George B. McClelland. The cause of edu- 
cation finds in him a warm friend, and while serv- 
ing for nine years as one of the Board of Directors, 
he has done effective service for the schools of 
this community. Socially, he belongs to the 
Meadow JNIound Grange, of which he is now Sec- 
retary. Of a benevolent disi)Osition, he gives 
liberally to charities and his aid is never withheld 
from any interest calculated to prove of public 
benefil and promote the general welfare. 

dent and general manager of the Paxton 
ISrick and Tile Company and of the Paxton 
^S^J Canning Company, is one of the prominent 
business men of Ford County, having resided in 
Paxton since the pioneer days of the city. He was 
born in Richmond, Ind., on the 20th of February, 
1838. His parents, Daniel and Theresa (New- 
comer) Middlecoff, were natives of Maryland, the 
father born in 1800, and the mother in 1809. On 
removing from that State in 1827, they located in 
Indiana, where they resided until 1849, which year 
saw them residents of Cincinnati, Ohio, where Mr. 
Middlecoff, Sr., carried on the wholesale grocery 
business for many years, and in 1861, came to Ford 
County, III., locating in Patton Townsiiip, where 
his death occurred in 18C6. His wife still survives 
him and now resides in Paxton. 

Our subject was a lad of eleven years when he 
i-emoved with his parents from Indiana to Cincin- 
nati, where he attended the city schools and later 
pursued his educaticni in St. .John's College and 
Farmers' College of Ohio. In 1857, he came to 

Illinois and embarked in the mercantile business 
in Ludlow, Champaign County, where he remained 
until 18fi2, when he removed to his farm in Ford 
County. He then engaged in agricultural pursuits 
until 1867, when he came to Paxton and opened a 
hardware store, which he carried on for sevei'al 
years. In 1881, he became associated with C. Bogar- 
dus, P. Whitmer and F. L. Cook in the manufac- 
ture of drain tile and brick, under the style of the 
Paxton Brick and Tile Companj', of which he was 
chosen president and general manager and has 
since continued to hold that position up to the 
present time, covering a period of eleven years. 
During this time, the company has prospered and 
has built uji a large and successful business, which 
has not only benefited the proprietors but has 
proved a lasting advantage to the farmers in the 
vicinity. In 1888, he helped to organize the Pax- 
ton Canning Company, of which he is president 
and general manager, and which has now been in 
successful operation for four years, and in addition 
to his manufacturing interests above alluded to, he 
has an extensive real-estate property, including 
several valuable farms and city property. 

In .January, 1864, Mr. Middlecoff was married 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, to Miss Mary F. Fox, a daugh- 
ter of Richard Fox, the original starch manufac- 
turer. The lady is a native of Cincinnati and in 
that city her education was acquired. Three chil- 
dren were born of their union, hut ail are now de- 
ceased. Alice, the eldest, died at the age of six- 
teen months; Samuel died at the age of twentj^-two 
months; while Addle, who lived to be an accom- 
plished and attractive young woman, died March 
y, 1891. 

In polities, Mr. Middlecoff is a Republican. He 
was several times elected Supervisor of Patton 
Township, serving as such during the years 1866, 
1867, 1872, 1877, and 1878. The two Last years, 
he was chairman of the County Board. In 1872, 
he was elected a member of the Twent3--eighth 
General Assembly, .where he served on the Com- 
mittees on Public Buildings and Grounds, and 
Corporations, aI»o on the Committee on County 
and Township Organizations, and proved a useful 
and inlluential member of the House of Representa- 
tives. He has twice served as Mayor of Paxton 



and has ever been active in the promotion of the 
citj's best interests. It was during his second 
term as !aa\or that the city established its present 
effleient s^'Stem of water-worlvs. Mv. Middlecoflf is 
president of the board of trustees of the Rice Col- 
legiate Institute of Paxton. A Knight Templar 
Mason, he holds meml)ership with Paxton Lodge 
No. 416, A. F. <fe A. M.; Ford Chapter No. 113, 
R. A. M.; and Mt. Olivet Commandery No. 38, K. 
T. Himself and wife are members of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, of Paxton, of which Mr. 
IMiddlecoff is a trustee. 

It is hardly necessary to tell the reader who has 
perused tliis sketch to this point that its subject is 
a busy and useful meml)er of society; the extent 
and variety of his business relations will indicate 
that. Tliat he is possessed of good executive a.nA 
business aliility is conceded by all who know him, 
and that integrity and fair and honorable dealing 
have won the resjiect of his fellow-citizens and 
also have proved a powerful factor in ])romoting 
the substantial success in life that has crowned his 


LBERT .J. POOL, one of the extensive 
land owners and a representative farmer 
of Button Township, residing on section 
6, has the honor of being a native of this 
State, his birth having occurred in La Salle County, 
March 18, 1849. His father, William Pool, was 
born in England,. June 16, 1824, and with his father, 
Joseph Pool, emigrated to this country in 1833, 
when a lad of nine summers. The family located 
in Clinton County, N. Y., and after a number of 
years came West, in 1847, locating in La Salle 
County. There the father of our subject attained 
his majority, and after spending the summer here, 
returned to the Empire State, where lie was united 
in marriage to Miss Sarah Smith, who was born in 
New York. 

In 1847, AVilliam Pool and his wife, accompanied 
by his parents, came to the West and were among 
the first settlers of La Salle County. He there pur- 
chased one hundred and sixty acres of prairie land, 

upon which not a furrow had been turned or an 
improvement made, but he developed a good farm 
and made a pleasant home, although in the earlier 
years he bore all the hardships and trials of frontier 
life. All the supplies for the family had to b^ 
hauled from Chicago with ox-teams and the farm 
products taken there for sale. Mr. Pool is still 
living on the old homestead, an honored pioneer 
and highly respected citizen of that communit}'. 
He is now living retired, his two sons operating his 

In the usual niaiiner of farmer lads our subject 
spent the d.a3's of his boyhood and youth, remain- 
ing with his parents until he had attained his ma- 
jority. He received good educational advantages, 
having been a student at the Ottawa High School, 
after which he took a complete commercial course 
and then engaged in teaching for one year in the 
Commercial College. He continued his farming 
operations in La Salle County until 1873, wiien he 
came to Ford County and settled upon the land 
which is now his home. He had purchased it in 
1867, a wild and unbroken tract, but his arduous 
labors soon transformed the place into a product- 
ive farm, the value of which has been greatly in- 
creased 1)3' the many improvements placed thereon. 
Mr. Pool now owns four hundred and twenty-eight 
acres of good land, well tilled and fenced, upon 
which is a neat and substantial dwelling, good 
barns and other outbuildings, and all the accesso- 
ries of a model farm. 

In 1872, in La Salle County, Mr. Pool married 
Miss Lucy A. Crook, a most estimable lady, and a 
daughter of Sylvan us Crook, one of the well-known 
pioneers and substantial farmers of La Salle 
County, where he located in 1837. By this union 
were born four children: William C, who is now 
attending Paxton College; Harry A., Rali>li and 
Ethel. Mrs Pool is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church of Clarence and although not a member, 
Mr. Pool contributes liberally to its support and 
also gives freely of his means to charitable and 
benevolent enterprises. The cause of education 
finds in him a warm friend and his support is 
never withheld from any interest calculated to 
promote the general welfare. He is indeed a val- 
ued citizen of the community and one most highly 





esteemeil in this locality. In politics, he was a 
Democrat, but of late years has been independent, 
voting for the man, regardless of party affiliations. 
His residence in Ford County covers a period of 
almost twenty years, during which time he has 
won many friends and the confidence and regard 
of all witli whom he has been brought in contact. 

^SGOOD THOMPSON is now living a retired 
life in Melvin, resting after many years spent 
in toil and labor which brought him the 
competence whicii now enables him to lay aside all 
business cares. We have in our subject a native 
of the Pine Tree State, who was born iu Somerset 
County, on the 30tii of December, 1821. His 
father, James Thompson, was alsoanative of Maine, 
and was of English descent. He married Sarah 
Bacon and they became the parents of four children, 
as follows: Timothy, a cooper and carpenter bj' 
trade, who died in 1884; Osgood, of this sketch; 
Lemuel, who died iu 1850; and James, a resident 
farmer of IMaine. The mother was called to her 
final home in 1832, and a few years 'ater the father 
was again married, his second union being with 
Matilda Stiles, by whom he had five children: 
Sarah, wife of Benjamin Moody; Hannah J., wife 
of Robert Sehaddock; John, a farmer of Maine; 
Mary E. is married and lives in Maine; and Lydia, 
wife of Albert Small; Arietta is married and lives 
in Maine. 

The educational advantages which our subject 
received were those afforded by the district schools 
of his native State, which he attended until fifteen 
years of age. He tlien began learning the carpen- 
ter's trade and made his home under the parental 
roof until he had attained his majority, when he 
started out in life for himself, working on a farm 
by the month and also at carpenter work. As a 
companion and helpmate on life's journey, he chose 
Miss Hannah W. Wentwortli, daugliter of Reuben 
and Sarah Wentworth, the marriage ceremony be- 
ing performed on the 18th of December, 1842. 

The 3'oung coujile began their domestic life in 
the Pine Tree State where they resided until 1866, 

when thej' came to Illinois, and in Highland, 
Grundy County, Mr. Thompson rented land and 
began farming. The following year, be Hime to 
Ford County, purchased eighty acres of raw land 
in Wall township and made some improvements 
thereon, after which he returned to Grundy County, 
where he continued to reside until 1869. In that 
year he brought his family to the farm in Wall 
township, and now devoted his entire time and 
attention to its cultivation. His fields were well 
tilled and, in consequence, abundant harvests re- 
warded his efi'orts, so that in the course of time he 
was enabled to lay by some money and is now the 
possessor of a competence. After carrying on 
general farming for some time, he purchased prop- 
erty in Melvin and, as before stated, is there living 
a retired life. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Thompson have been born a 
family of seven children, namely: William, who is 
a retired farmer of Mindeu, Neb.; Frederick G., 
district sergeant in one of the police stations in 
Chicago; Ann B., at home; RovelloG., a farmer re- 
siding in Grund3' County, 111.; James S., who oc- 
cupies the position of overseer in the tile factory 
of Melvin; May, wife of Charles Vananthro]), also 
a resident of Melvin; and Byron O., who makes his 
home in Chicago. 

In his political views, Mr. Thompson is a Repub- 
lican, have long supported that party, although he 
has never sought or desired public office. He and 
his wife are members of the Methodist Church, and 
he is a worthy and respected citizen of Ford County, 
where he has now made his home for about twentj'- 
three years. He has lived the (juietand unobtrusive 
life of a farmer but his true worth has been recog- 
nized by the high esteem which is tendered him. 


(^p^IMOTHY ROSS, a grain merchant and a 
/^>;, member of the County Board of Supervisors 
^^^ from Drummer Township, has been a resi- 
dent of Ford County for twenty-six years and for 
nineteen years has made his home in Gibson City. 
Mr. Ross is a native of the Keystone State, born 



in Greene County on the 18th" of October, 1846, 
and is a son of Abuer and INIarinda (McClelland) 
Ross, wl# were of Scoteli and Irish descent, respect- 
ively, but of American ancestry many generations 
remote. His parents both died while our subject 
was hut a child. He was only seven \ears of age 
when he lost his mother, who died in Pennsylvania, 
and his fattier died in Iowa when he was ten 3'ears 

Timothy Ross was brought up by an uncle in his 
native State until he reached the age of eighteen 
years. He then solicited and received the amount 
of his patrimony, $200, with which he determined 
to gratify a craving to see the West and seek an 
opportunity to make his way in the world. In pur- 
suance of this desire, he made his way to Chicago in 
1866, but soon afterward continued his journey to 
Ludlow, where he made the acquaintance of Thomas 
Stevens, an extensive farmer and prominent stock- 
man of Champaign County. The acquaintance 
l)roving mutually agreeable, he engaged to work 
for ^Ir. Stevens, whose home was just to the south 
and near the Ford County line. He continued 
in the employ of Mr. Stevens until 1869, when he 
entered upon the business, but still made his home 
with that gentleman for four j'ears, when he estab- 
lished himself in the grain business, in 1873. in 
Gibson Citj'. 

On the 30th of September, 1875, Mr. Ross was 
united in marriage at the home of her father in 
Drummer Township, Ford County, to Miss Julia 
A. Stevens, her father being the earl}' friend and 
employer of her husband. Mrs. Ross was born in 
Champaign Count}', 111., and her motlier's maiden 
name was Hannah Catherine. Four children, two 
sons and two daughters, were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Ross: Charles E., Beulah May, William Chalmers 
and Clella, all of whom were born in Gibson City. 
In political sentiment, our subject affiliates with 
the Republican party and has held a number of 
official positions, proving a faithful and efficient 
officer. He has been School Director and Village 
Trustee and was appointed Supervisor for Drum- 
mer Township on the 1st of June, 1891, being 
elected his own successor in April of the following 
year, without opposition, for a term of two years. 
He is a member of the present Village Board and 

Director of the school district. Socially, he is a 
Mason, holding menibershii) with Gibson Lodge 
No. 733 A. F. & A. INI.; Gilison Chapter No. 183 
R. A. M., and Mt. Olivet Commander}' No. 38 
K. T., of Paxton. Mr. Ross has a line farm of two 
luindred and eighty acres, situated in Brown 
Township, Champaign County, which he rents. 
He has been in the grain business for fourteen 
years and has built up a large and lucrative trade. 
He is now buying at four different stations besides 
Gibson City, namely: Harpster, Guthrie and Lud- 
low, on the Illinois Central, and Garber on the 
Wabash Railroad. The grain bought consists of 
corn and oats, and the aggregate annual business 
amounts to about seven hundred and fifty thousand 
bushels. Mr. Ross is one of the prominent citizens 
of the county and highly respected throughout the 

OIIN C. AMM is one of the widely-known 
and highly respected farmers of Patton 
j_-^. Township, his home being on section 35, 
'^^ where he has a valuable farm. We are 
pleased to record a sketch of his life in this work, 
for we know it will be received with interest by 
his many friends in this community. Mr. Amm 
was born in Bavaria, Germany, on the 21st of Ma}', 
1834, and is a son of Henry Amm, also a native of 
Bavaria. The father there grew to manhood, was 
married and reared his family. He never left the 
land of his birth, but there followed farming 
throughout his entire life. 

Our subject was one of a family of ten children, 
eight sons and two daughters, all of whom reached 
the years of maturity. At the age of six, he en- 
tered the public schools, where he remained until 
a youth of fourteen. In 1853, when a young man 
of nineteen years, he bade good-bye to his old home 
and started out to seek his fortune in the New 
World. It was the 5 th of June that he sailed 
from Bremen, and on the lltli of August, he ar- 
rived in Baltimore, Md., after a pleasant voyage 
of sixty-seven days. He did not pause long, how- 
ever, in Baltimore, but went directly to Preble 



<9: e^«-ci-^ 



County, Ohio, where he secured work in building 
stone fences. He then worked upon a farni bj' 
the month for three years, .after whii'h, in 185(), 
lie came to Illinois. 

Mr. Amm's first location in Illinois was made 
in Shelb.y County, where he continued to work as 
a f.irm hand, by the month, for a year, when, in 
1857, he went to Peoria County. Three years 
Later we find him a resident of Tazewell Count}^ 
where he was employed as a farm hand for four 
years. He had been industrious and economical in 
all this time and thus havina: .accumulated some 
capital, in 1864 he m.ade his first purchase of land, 
bu3'ing an improved farm of ninety acres, which 
he operated for three years. On the ex[)iratiun of 
that time he removed to Logan County and rented 
a farm for four years. It was in 1874 that Mr. 
Amm came to Ford County and bought a one hun- 
dred and sixty acre tr.ict, the same upon which he 
now resides. It was then but slightly improved, 
but he cleared and broke the land, planted crops, 
and the fertile fields were soon 3'ielding him 
abundant harvest. He has erected good buildings 
and the Amm homestead, which is pleasantly lo- 
cated five miles from Paxton, is considered one of 
the valuable farms in the township. 

While residing in Tazewell County, Mr. Aram 
was united in marriage to Miss Hannah J., 
daughter of .Jesse and Emily M. (Davis) Dillon. 
Her father, a native of Ohio, one of the hon- 
ored pioneers of Tazewell Count}-, where the daugh- 
ter was born. Their union was celebrated on the 
5th of September, 186.5, and has been blessed with 
a family of five children: John Henry, wlio is 
now married and resides on a farm in Champaign 
County; Leo Leroy, who is living on an adjoining 
farm in Ford County; Saphrona Alice, Mar}- and 
Thomas Davis, who complete the family. They 
have also lost two children: Theresa A., who died 
at the age of seven months; and Martin L., who 
died at the age of five years. 

Mr. and Mrs. Amm are memliers of the Christian 
Church of Ludlow, and are highl}- respected peo- 
ple, esteemed for their many excellencies of char- 
acter. In politics, he is a Republican, having sup- 
ported thatparty since he cast his first Presidential 
vote for Abraham Lincoln. He has served for 

nine consecutive years as a member of the School 
Board, and the cause of education has found in 
him a warm and faithful friend. In the summer 
of 1891, he made a trij) to (icrmany and visited 
his old home and the scenes of his youth. lie 
thus spent two months very pleasantly, after 
which he returned to his home. 

AURICE II. WE.WER is the owner of a 
fine farm of two hundred acres, situated 
on sections 15 and 22, Wall Township, and 
his landed possessions here and elsewhere 
aggregate five hundred and sixty acres. He is a 
prominent and representative farmer of the com- 
munity and one who has a wide .acquaintance 
throughout the countj-. He was born on the 19th 
of August, 1833, in Oneida County, N. Y., .and is 
a son of Henry and Louise (Si)encer) Weaver. His 
father was born in the Empire State, .lanuary 6, 
1804, and followed the occupation of farming. In 
politics, he was a Whig, and liimself and wife were 
members of the Methodist Church. His death 
occurred February 22,1846, and his remains were in- 
terred in the cemetery of Deerfield Corners, Oneida 
County, where a l)eautiful monument marks his 
last resting place. His wife was born in New Eng- 
land, October 6, 1807, came to the West in 1874, 
and spent her remaining days with her son jNIau- 
ricc. She died July 6, 1888, and was buried in 
Ijoda Cemetery. 

Their family numbered six children, four sons 
and two daughters: Catherine E., wife of John K. 
Gray, a speculator and gardener of Oneida County, 
N. Y.; Albert, who served as a soldier in the late 
war as a member of a New York regiment, died in 
Ford County; George Henry died in New York; 
Maria Louisa, wife of Josejih Mansfield, is living 
in Toledo, Ohio; Maurice is the next younger; and 
Joseph H., who has also followed agricultural pur- 
suits, resides with his brother Maurice. 

We now take up the personal history of our 
subject, feeling that it will prove of interest to 
many of our readers, .as he is widely and favorably 
known. Nothing occurred to vary the monotony 



of bis boyhood days, which were spent upon his 
father's farm and in attendance at the district 
schools until about sixteen years of age. His 
father died when he was a lad of fourteen ^ears. 
after which he went to live with one of his uncles. 
On leaving school, he began life for himself and 
for five years worked as a farm hand at $8 per 
month. In 1855, he went to Ottawa, III., where 
he worked upon a farm for one year, and it was 
thus that he got his start in life. Ho next rented 
land near Ottawa, where he made his home until 
1865, when he purchased an eighty-acre farm with 
the means he had accumulated through his own 
laliors. He afterward sold out at an advance and 
then purchased sixty-five acres. Upon that farm 
he continued to make his home until 1870, when 
he sold and came to Ford County, purchasing two 
hundred acres of land on sections 15 and 22, Wall 
Township. There he has made his home continu- 
ously since, covering a period of more than twenty- 
two years. He is truly a self-made man. He com- 
menced life empty-handed but has prospered since 
coming to this county, his l)usiness ventures have 
proved successful and he is now the owner of five 
hundred and sixty acres of land, all situated in 
Wall Township. 

On the 8th of November, 1860, Mr. Weaver led 
to the marriage altar Miss Nancy Snelling, who was 
born March 8, 1842, and is a daughter of John and 
Rebecca (Shaver) Snelling. Her father was born 
near Culpeper Court House, Va., March 11,1812, 
and was a carpenter and joiner by trade, but fol- 
lowed farming through much of his life. He came 
to Illinois in 1840, and in 184',>, attracted by the 
discovery of gold in California, went across the 
plains with an ox-team and remained on the Pacific 
slope for twenty-two months. The trip was very 
successful, and he returned home by way of the 
Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico and the Missis- 
sippi River. In politics, he was a Democrat. His 
wife is a daughter of David and Nancy (Grove) 
Shaver, both of whom were of German extraction. 
Unto Mr. and Mrs. Snelling were born three sons 
and three daughters, five of whom are yet living: 
Mrs. Weaver, of this sketch ; .fames, who resides in 
Wall Townshi|) and is represented elsewhere in 
this work; David, who is mairied and follows 

farming in La Salle County; Annis, wife of Hale 
Francis, a resident farmer of La Salle County; 
George, who was graduated from the Wesleyan Law 
School of rsioomington, is now married and en- 
gages in the practice of his |)rofession in Anthony, 
Kan. There are two children now deceased: Eliza- 
beth, who educated in (Jalesburg, was a suc- 
cessful teacher and died at the age of thirty-eight; 
and Olive, who died in infancy. 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Weaver been born a son, 
John Henry, who aids his father in the operation 
of the home farm. He was educated in the public 
schools of Paxton, the Paxton Collegiate Institute, 
the Normal of that place, and in 1887 and 1888, 
was a student in the State Normal University. He 
has been one of Ford County's successful teachers 
and also taught in JIcLean County. He married 
Miss Allie Augustine, a native of Pontiac, 111., 
their union being celebrated Februaiy 23, 1892. 
The lady was educated in the Normal University 
of Normal and a teacher of recognized ability. 
The young couple are people of high social stand- 
ing in the community. Mr. and Mrs. Weaver have 
also had Miss Lenora Gibson with them since she 
was five and a half years of age. .She is a most 
estimable young lady and is a member of the Meth- 
odist Church of Wall Township. 

The Weaver household is the aliode of hospital- 
ity and its members rank high in social circles for 
they possess that true worth of character which 
entitles everyone to respect. In his political affilia- 
tions, Mr. Weaver is a Democrat but has never been 
a politician in the sense of office-seeking. He cast 
his first Presidential vote for James Buchanan and 
his son voted first for Grover Cleveland and is a 
warm advocate of the Democracy. 

w/ '''"^ '^"^ ^^ Cooper & Wright, dealers in 
^^ lumber, of Roberts, was born in Brown 
County, Ohio, February 25, 1841, and is a son of 
James and Melinda (Bayne) Wright. The father 
was born in Biown County, Ohio, January 21, 1808, 



and in early life engaged in carding wool, but 
afterward turned his attention to farming, which 
occupation lie followed in Decatin, Ohio. In liS/il, 
he started Westward with his family, their destina- 
tion being Washington, III. Mr. Wright purchased 
one hundred and eighty acres of partially- improved 
land, but after some years removed to C'enterville, 
Iowa, in 1883. and his death occurred on the 1st of 
June, following. He always voted with the Re- 
pnltlican party and was a stalwart supporter of its 
principles. His wife was a member of the United 
Presbyterian Church. Siie was born September 14, 
1810, and died at the age of seventj'-five years. 
Both patents were buried in C'enterville, Iowa. 

Their family numbered seven children, four sons 
and three daughters, six of whom are yet living: 
Carey C, a retired farmer who resides with his fam- 
ily in Ottawa, Kan.; Eleanor E., deceased; Samuel 
N., who is married and is foreman in the round 
house of the Texas & Pacific Railroad, his home 
being in Dallas, Tex.; William, of this sketch; Julia 
A., who is engaged in teaching; .lolin T., who fol- 
lows farming in South Dakota; and ]\Iargaret E., 
who is also living in Rapids Cit^'. 

Under the parental roof, our subject spent his 
boyhood days, leaving home on attaining his ma- 
jority. He was married October 17, 1876, the lad^y 
of his choice being Miss Jennie C. Wilson, a native 
of Allegheny County, Pa., and daughter of Samuel 
and Susan P. McCannahan. She is a well-educated 
lady and prior to her marriage engaged in teaching. 
Unto them were born five children: Julia B., who 
is studying music; Linnie P. and Morna E., who 
are attending school; Jesse M., who died at the age 
of four years; and Wilson Bayne, who completes 
the family. 

Prior to his marriage, Mr. Wright went to C'he- 
noa, in 1870, and engaged in farming in Yates 
Township, where he spent ten j'ears. He then re- 
moved to Gardner, (Jrundy County, 111., where he 
engaged in the lumber business with his uncle, M. 
Bayne. After one year he bought out his uncle's 
interest and carried on business alone very success- 
fully for five and a half years. He also had an in- 
terest in a lumber yard in Winona, 111. In 1887, 
he sold his business in Gardner to Harry Snyder, 
and on coining to Roberts bought out Lisk Bros., 

dealers in hardware, lumber, and furniture. He 
continued to operate in those lines until July, 
1891, when he sold the hardware and furniture to 
Landel it Son and soon afterward admitted A. 
Cooper toi)artnerslii|) in the lumlicr business, whrle 
at the same time he purchased an interest in the 
agricultural implement business of Thompson & 
Co., Mr. Cooper being the company, and the firm 
of Coojier A Wright now deal in coal, lumber and 
agricultural implements. They also carry a full 
line of wagons, Iniggies, surreys, carriages, carts, 
etc. They have about « 10,000 invested, and are 
numbered among the leading and enterprising busi- 
ness men of Roberts. Their fair dealing and court- 
eous treatment have secured them a liberal patron- 
age. Mr. Wright is recognized .as one of the sub- 
stantial citizens of the communit}- and ranks high 
in business circles. 

- ^ ' ' y • I ' 6 


settler of Ford County, and a leading 

^^■' blacksmith of Gibson City, does general 
blaeksmithing, carriage and machinery repairing 
and horse shoeing. He born in the State 
of Wurlemlierg, Germany, September 8, 1835, and 
is a son of Johannes and Christiana Buchner, 
both natives of that country. lie acquired his 
education and learned his trade in his native land, 
serving a regular apjirenticeship. 

On the 25th of December, 1854, Mr. Buchner 
emigrated to America, sailing from Antwerp in a 
sailing-vessel. They encountered several severe 
storms and after nsuch discomfort and considerable 
hardship, in a voyage of forty-five da^'S, they 
reached New York City. On arriving in the New 
World, Mr. Buchner found employment at his 
trade, working in JSTewark, N. J., until May, 1855, 
when he went to Northumberland, Pa., where he 
engaged in the same occupation for one year. In 
185G, he removed to Chicago, being there emploj-ed 
for a year in Wright's Reaper Factory, where he 
made the first self-rake used in the country-. On 
leaving Chicago, he went to Champaign, where he 
was engaged in building cattle-guards from that 



city to Danville, on the line of the Great Western 
Railroad, now the main line of the Wabash. 

The winter of 1856-57, Mr. Buclmer spent in 
a shop at Homer, and the following spring went 
to Urbana, where for six months he worked in a 
machine shop. He then made his home in Big 
Grove, Champaign County, until Ma^' 23, 1858, 
when he located at Ten Mile Grove, Patton Town- 
ship, Ford County, and engaged as a journeyman 
in the blacksmith shop of AVilliam Trickel, and 
continued in his emplo.v one j^ear, when he bought 
out that gentleman and carried on business there 
for six years on his own account. From Ten 
Mile Grove, he went to Paxton, where he opened 
and ran a shop for four years. At the expiration of 
that time, he removed to Dix Township, where he 
purchased a farm, which he improved and culti- 
vated until April, 1873, when he came to Gibson 
City, engaging in his present business, and has 
since made that place his home. 

Mr. Buclmer was joined in wedlock, on the 12th 
of April, 1859, in Urbana, Miss Louise Lohmann 
becoming his wife. Mrs. Buclmer was born in 
Hanover, Germany, and is adaugliter of Christian 
and Caroline (Pieper) Lohmann. Her fatlier died 
in the old country, in 1857, and her mother, who 
came to the United States in 1863, lives in Cham- 
paign, ni., aged ninety-two years. Mr. Lohmann 
was a farmer by occupation. Mrs. Buclmer came 
to America with her brother in 1855, locating at 

Unto Mr. and Mrs. Buchner were born six chil- 
dren, as follows: John W. died at the age of twelve 
3'ears; Viola C. died in her second year; Louis A. 
is Secretary of the International Building and 
Loan Association of Gibson City; Charles died 
when fifteen months old; Edward F. is an in- 
structor in Yale University, and Minnie Etta is 
pursuing* post-graduate course in music in Gotts- 
chalk Lyric School at Chicago. 

Mr. and Mrs. Buchner are members of the 
church of United Brethren in Christ, and are act- 
ive workers in the Master's vineyard. In politics, 
he is a Republican, and while at Ten Mile Grove 
served as School Trustee for two terms, and since 
coming to Gibson City has been a member of the 
Village Board and has held the office of Trustee 

for five years in succession. He and his wife own 
a fine farm of three hundred and twent3- acres, 
situated in Dix Township. Mr. Buchner is widely 
and favorably known to the citizens of Ford and 
adjoining counties, as an industrious, hard-working 
man, who has, hj' the help of his wife, acquired a 
valuable property. He has always shown a warm 
interest in the growth and improvement of the 
town, and is highly esteemed by his fellow-citizens 
for his integrity' and honesty in all the affairs of 
life. In }-ears to come, his children and children's 
children may well point with pride to this record 
of the father, and also of the grandfather, who is 
entitled to the credit of being the founder of his 
family in America. 


W?OHN P. SMITH is the senior member of 
the firm of Smitli & Ha|)l)ron, grain deal- 
ers of Roberts. He was born in Canada, 
.July 17, 1855, and is a son of James F. 
Smith, an honored pioneer whose sketch appears 
elsewhere in this work. He acquired his education 
in the common schools, after wliich he learned 
telegraphy and was employed as telegraph operator 
for about seven years in Cornland, 111., on the 
lUinoij Central Railroad. He commenced life 
empty-handed, having only an industrious dispo- 
sition and a pair of willing hands, but by his 
energy, good management and close application to 
business, he has won success. 

On the 6th of October, 1880, Mr. Smith married 
Miss Sarah N. Day, a native of Logan County, 111. 
Three children have been born unto them, but the 
son, Clyde, died at the age of nine years. The 
two daughters, Edna and Delia, twins, eight years 
of age, are attending school. The parents rank 
high in social circles and have many warm friends 
throughout the community. 

In politics, Mr. Smith has been a Republican 
since he cast his first Presidential vote for Ruther- 
ford B. Hayes. He has served as a member of the 
Town Council since its organization and is now 
President of the Board. He one of the mem- 
bers who framed the constitution of the village of 



Roberts. He has also been connected witli the 
School Board for some time and has done every- 
thing in his power for the educational, moral and 
social interests of the community. Himself and 
wife are members of the Methodist Church and 
take quite an active interest in its growth and 
upbuilding, lieing especially active in Sundaj'- 
school work. 

In the fall of l^M, Mr. Smith embarked in the 
grain business in Roberts, erecting a new elevator 
at a cost of ^4,000, and the annual shipments 
amount to one hundred thousand bushels. He 
has met with signal success in his undertakings 
and has won the confidence of all as an upright 
and straightforward business man. He also handles 
coal, both bituminous and anthracite. He owns a 
pleasant and commodious home on IMain Street, 
besides other property in Roberts and Lyman 
Townshi]), and is now in comfortable circum- 
stances. He is a worthy representative of an 
honored pioneer family and it is with pleasure that 
we present his sketch to our readers. 





been prominently connected with the edu- 
cational interests of Ford County and is a 
prominent citizen of Roberts, was born of German 
parents in Watertown, Wis., January- 7, 1849. In 
the summer of 1851, when he was only a jear and 
a half old, Ijoth his parents died of cholera, which 
at that time raged with unparalleled fury. Young 
Franz was now left to the care of his grandfather, 
a widower. Without doubt he loved his grand- 
child dearly and cared for him tenderly, but he 
was of such a type that but few pleasures entered 
into the early life of the 3'oung lad. Indeed, it was 
the grandfather's ardent desire that Franz should 
become a German Lutheran minister. 

When our subject was nearly thirteen years old, 
his grandfather died, leaving some means which he 
had set aside for the education of his grandchild. He 
was accordingly sent to a select school for a j-ear 
and then entered the preparatory department of 
the Northwestern University of Watertown, an 

institution under the auspices of the Lutheran 
Synod of Wisconsin. Franz was bright and stud- 
ious and before he was seventeen years old he had 
successfully passed an examination for the fresh- 
man class, but the means for furthering his educa- 
tion being now exhausted, he seized upon this op- 
l>ortunitv as an excuse for discontinuing his studies 
fitting him for the ministry, as he was averse to 
making that profession his life work. So he left 
school, notwithstanding members of the faculty and 
private citizens proffered him aid. 

Mr. Lohinan now entered the field as a teacher, 
first in the primary department of a (4ei'man paro- 
chial school in Watertown, Wis., and afterward as 
a teacher in the grammar department of a German 
school in Milwaukee. His health liecoming im- 
paired, he returned to Watertown and accepted a 
position in a steam sawmill, where he had worked 
during vacations and in his bojhood days. In 
April, 1869, he was attacked with hip disease, 
which dislocated the hip joint and left him in a 
somewhat lame condition. Thinking that the 
climate in Wisconsin was too severe, he came to 
Ford C'ounty, III., where he worked upon a farm 
for several years. 

In August, 1878, Mr. Loliman was united in 
marriage to Miss Florence Belle McCann, and 
by their union have been born two sons and three 
daughters, namely: Sherrill B., Leona A., Howard 
A., Florence B. and Adelaide L. The parents are 
widely and favorably known in this community. 

In the fall of 1875, Mr. Loliman again entered 
the ranks of teachers and was exceptionally suc- 
cessful in his work. In .June, 1882, he received 
the nomination for Count}' Superintendent on the 
Republican ticket and was elected the following 
November by a large majority. Having faithfully 
served for four years, he was again elected in 
1886. Politically, he had been a Republican, but 
when the tariff was made the issue, in 1888, he 
voted with the Democratic party, which drew 
upon him the hatred of the leaders of the party 
which had twice nominated and elected him. In 
1890, he announced himself as an independent 
candidate for County Superintendent, and was 
endorsed by the People's Convention. Although 
the Republican majority is three to one, Mr. Loh- 



man was defeated by only twenty-five votes, 
which fact indicates his personal popularity, not- 
withstanding his withdrawal from the old partJ^ 
Since that time, he has withdrawn to private life. 
He is especially successful as an instructor and de- 
serves much credit for what he has done for the 
schools of Ford Countv. 

<| felLLIAM KEITZMANX owns and operates 
\/\j// two hundred acres of arable land on sec- 
W^ tion 9, Wall Township. His first purchase 
of land in this county consisted of one hundred 
and sixty acres but he has since bought an addi- 
tional forty-acre tract. His farm is one of the best 
in the neighborhood. On it is a pleasant home, 
good barns and other outbuildings and neat rows 
of liedge fence. He also has the latest improved 
machinery and other modern conveniences found 
upon a model farm of the nineteenth century. 

Our subject is one of the worthy citizens of Ger- 
man birth residing in Ford Count}-. He was born 
in Prussia, April 22, 1842, and is a son of Michael 
and Wilhelmina (Zabel) Keitzmann. His father 
followed farming throughout his entii'e life and 
died in the land of his nativity. His mother came 
to America in 1885, and spent her last da3'S in 
Roberts, Ford County. Both were members of the 
Lutheran Church. Of their seven children, Au- 
gust is now living in Germany; Julia is the wife 
of William Guderjahn, a farmer of Wall Township; 
William is the next younger; Lewis is employed in 
tlie tile factory in Melvin; Augusta is the wife of 
August Schultz, a farmer of Wall Township; Gus- 
tave is engaged in agricultural pursuits in the 
same township, and Emma is the wife of Gustavo 
Sabel, a resident farmer of L3'man Township, this 
county. All of the children were l)orn in Ger- 

The educational privileges which William Keitz- 
mann received were those afforded bj' the common 
schools of his native land, which he attended until 
fourteen j'cars of age, after which he worked as a 
farm hand. He was twent3'-seven years of age 

when he bade good-bye to his old home and, ac- 
companied by Lewis and Augusta, sailed from 
Hamburg to New York in 1868, where he arrived 
after nine days. He came on at once to Illinois 
and made a location in Marsliall Count}-, where he 
worked by the month for three years. He then 
rented land and engaged in fanning for himself 
for four years. In 1874, he purchased his present 
farm as before stated. It was then all raw prairie 
land and much of it was under water. Horses 
could swim where the tilled fields now are and one 
would not then have imagined that the ponds 
would be replaced by waving fields of grain. 
With $16, Mr. Keitzmann had begun life in Am- 
erica but he also possessed an indomitable will and 
energy and has thereby acquired a liaudsome com- 

On the 26th of November, 1874, in La Salle 
Count}-, he led to the marriage altar Miss Emilia 
Schoenneshoefer, daughter of a German phj-sician. 
She was born in the Rhine Province of Prussia, 
November 26, 1854, and cnme to America in 1867. 
By their union have been born six children: Ilil- 
arius, who was born in La Salle Countj-; .Uilia, 
Otto, Freddie, Emaline, and William, deceased, at 
the age of five and one half years, all born in this 
count}'. The parents are members of the Lutheran 
Church and, in politics, Mr. Keitzmann is a Re- 
publican, having cast his first Presidential vote for 
Hayes. He has served as School Director and Com- 
missioner of Highways, also as Pathmaster, and 
proved an efficient and competent officer, faith- 
fully discharging his duties. 

ylLLIAM BOND, senior member of the firm 
of Bond & Reinhardt, druggists, is one of 
the leading business men of Roberts, and 
has been identified with the history of Ford 
County since 1864. A native of Manchester, 
Lancashire, England, he was born February 4, 
1841, and is a son of Zacharia and Mary (Dixon) 
Bond. The family numbered nineteen children, 
of whom the following are yet living: .John, who 
IS married and follows fanning in Peach Orchard 



Township; Mary, widow of John Stone, and a 
resident of England; Ellen, widow of Thomas Old- 
ham, residing in Roberts; Eliza, wife of Josej)h Bar- 
rington, a packer residing in Manchester; Will- 
iam, who is the eighteenth in order of birth; and 
James, who is married and is a veterinary surgeon, 
of Streator, 111. Tlie father was a native of 
Lancashire, England, and a cabinet-maker by 
trade. In 1859, he sailed from Liverjiool to Amer- 
ica, and after landing in New York, came to Illi- 
nois, locating in Streator, where he lived retired 
until his death at the age of sixty years. His wife 
died in her native land at about the age of tifty- 

Our sul)ject had only limited educational privi- 
leges, but tlu'ough his own efforts he liecame a well- 
informed man and has ever been a friend to tlie 
cause of education. In his youtli, he learned the 
trade of brick-making, and in September, 1858, in 
company witli his brother J.imes, bade adieu to 
his native land and crossed the Atlantic to Amer- 
ica. He went to Livingston County, 111., where 
he remained from 1858 until 1863, since which 
time he has been an honored resident of Ford 
County. His success in life has been due to his 
own efforts, and from an humble position he has 
worked his way ujiward to one of affluence. 

Mr. Bond has been three times married. His 
present wife l>ore the maiden name of Sarah Bar- 
nett. She is a native of Illinois, and their union 
was celebrated in 1873. Unto them have been 
born seven children, three sons and four daugli- 
ters, namely: Delia, wife of Henry Stcinman, a 
merchant; Fannie, William A., Arena, Edwin, 
Jessie and an infant. 

As before stated, Mr. Bond is engaged in the 
drug business. The firm of Bond & Reinhardt 
carrj' a full line of staple and fancy drugs, chemi- 
cals, oils, varnishes, fancy perfumes, brushes and 
a full line of wall-paper, paints, etc. Their busi- 
ness amounts to about $2,000 annually, and, in 
addition to this, Mr. Bond is a partner of William 
Halm in the wagon and f^arriage making business. 
They repair both spring and lumber wagons and 
buggies and have a good trade. Our subject owns 
two hundred and sixty-four .acres of imi)roved 
land in Townshi|). which yields a golden 

tribute to him and adds not a little to his income. 
He is an industrious, persevering and sagacious 
business man, and by close attention to business 
and fair and honest dealing has acquired a com- 
fortable competence. 

Mr. Bond cast his first Presidential vote for 
Al)raham Lincoln and has since been an ardent 
Republican. He takes considerable interest in 
political affairs, and by his fellow-citizens has been 
called upon to serve for six years as School Di- 
rector, and for three consecutive terms was unani- 
mously chosen Highway Commissioner. Socially, 
he is a member of Lyman Lodge No. 293, K. T., 
and serves as Inner Guard. 

(^^HE FORD COUNTY BANK, Thompson, 
(f((^^ Blackstock ifc Co., proprietors, successors to 
v>^^ the First National Bank of Paxton, is the 
oldest bank in the direct line in Ford County. 
This is a private banking house, doing a general 
lianking business, and is conducted under the man- 
agement of Robert and Ira B. Blackstock. The 
Ford County Bank was established, January 1, 
1866, by S. J. Toy. In August, 1868, A. C. Thomp- 
son joined Mr. Toy, and the firm name was Toy & 
Thompson. On the 1st of November, 1871, the 
bank was converted into the First National Bank 
of Paxton, S. J. Toy, A. C. Thompson, Robert 
Blackstock, Edwin Rice and C. E. Henderson in- 
corporators. The capital stock was •t50,000. A. C. 
Thom[)son was made President and S.J. Toy, Cash- 
ier. In the spring of 1874, Mr. Toy sold his inter- 
est to J. M. Clevenger, and Robert Bl.ackstock be- 
came Cashier. The bank continued business until 
the 10th of February, 1876, when its proprietors 
closed it out by voluntary liquidation, after which 
A. C. Thompson, Robert Blackstock and William 
Blackstock organized the present Ford County 
Bank, of Thompson, Bl.ackstock & Co., successors 
to the First National Bank. Business was contin- 
ued under their management until April 15, 1883, 
at which time W. M. Blackstock withdrew from 
the firm. On the third of May following, Edwin 
Rice, a citizen of Paxton, bought an interest in 



the bank, which has continued with marked suc- 
cess to the present time, without cliange of firm 
name. Mr. Thompson and Mr. Rice are both now 
deceased, and the present proprietors are Mrs. A. 
C. Thompson, Mrs. Rice-Miles, R. Blackstock and 
I. B. Blackstock. The Ford County Bank has al- 
ways maintained its good name and is widely and 
favorablj' known as one of the solid financial in- 
stitutions of Eastern Illinois. 

ARMON STRAYER, who is living a retired 
life in Paxtou, is one of the well-to-do citi- 
zens of Ford Coiintj' and a man of promi- 
nence in the community. A native of Ohio, 
he was born in Fairfield County, September 20, 
1820, and is a son of Jacob Straj-er. The family 
is of German descent and was founded in America 
at an early day by John Strayer, the great-grand- 
father of our subject, who left his native land and 
became a resident of Pennsylvania in his youth. 
In that State, he was married and from there re- 
moved to Virginia in 1782. The father of our 
subject was born in Berkeley County, Va., June 7, 
1796, spent his boj'hood days in that State and 
when a young man went to Ohio, where he mar- 
ried Elizabeth Harmon, who was born in the Buck- 
eye State in 1803. Her father, Jacob Harmon, 
was also a native of Germany and came to the 
United States when a young man. He served as a 
soldier in the Revolutionarj' War and was taken 
prisoner at the battle of Monmouth, but succeeded 
in making his escape. Jacob Strayer and his wife 
began their domestic life upon a farm in (Jhio, 
and in 1824 removed to Indiana, locating in 
Fountain County. They settled in the wilderness, 
there developed a farm, and aided in the upbuild- 
ing and growth of that countj'. It was in 185-1 that 
Jacob Strayer brought his family to Illinois, locat- 
ing in what is now Ford County. He was one of 
the first settlers in Button Township, and there 
made a farm, upon which he resided until his 
death, which occurred January 3, 1869. His wife 
survived him for a number of years and died on 

the 22d of June, 1883. Thej^ were laid to rest in 
Mt. Olivet Cemetery' in Button Township. 

The subject of this sketch is the eldest in a fam- 
ily of five sons and four daughters who grew to 
mature years. The second in order of birth is 
Mary, wife of Moses Stroup, of Iroquois County; 
Susanna is the wife of Robert Robertson, of Foun- 
tain County, Ind.; ISIilton makes his home in But- 
ton Township; Elizabeth is the wife of David 
Robinson, a resident of Fountain County, Ind.; 
.John M. grew to manhood, married and reared a 
family, but is now deceased; Thomas B. has also 
passed away; Josephine is the wife of Joseph Har- 
ris, of Benton County, Ind.; and H. S., a resident 
of Paxtou, completes the family. 

No event of special impottanee occurred during 
the boyhood of our subject. He had but limited 
school privileges and spent his time in the usual 
manner of farmer lads, remaining under the par- 
ental roof until after he had attained his majorit}'. 
It was in 1851 tiiat they came to Illinois, locating 
first in Champaign Country, where he entered a 
quarter-section of land in the northeast portion of 
tiial county. Upon it he built a house, and broke 
and fenced about thirty acres of land. In 1855, 
he sold, and settled on land in Button Township, 
F"ord County, pre-empting a tract of one hundred 
and sixty acres. He afterward extended the 
boundaries of his farm by additional purchase, un- 
til he had three hundred and fifty acres, and made 
his one of the most desirable country homes in 
that part of the county. 

Mr. Stra3'er came to Illinois a single man but in 
1858 returned to Fountain County, Ind., and on 
the 29th of November of that 3-ear led to the mar- 
riage altar Miss Martha McClure, daughter of 
Samuel and Anna (Watt) McClure, who settled in 
Ohio in an earl}' day. She was born in Ohio, but 
spent her maidenhood days in Indiana. They had 
four children but lost two in infancy. Thomas B. 
is the elder of the two living and Lizzie A., the 
younger, is the wife of J. C. Martin, of Paxton. 
They have two children, Willie H. and an infant 

Mr. Strayer continued to engage in agricultural 
pursuits until 1886, when he removed to Jackson 
County, ]\riini., and there opened up a farm which 




he carried on for about six years. He tlien sold 
that land and returned to Ford County, since 
which time he has made his home in Paxton, 
where he is now living a retired life. In politics, 
he was first a Wliig and ctist his first Presidential 
vote for Henry Clay. He then supported Martin 
Van Buren, but since the organization of the Re- 
publican party he has been fovuid in its ranks. For 
five years, he has served as Assessor of Button 
Township and in 18.58 was Assessor of Patton 
Township wlien it Iielonged to Vermilion Count}' 
and included all of what is now Ford County. He 
was also Highway Commissioner, and in eacli posi- 
tion that he been called upon to fill he has 
proved an able and efficient officer. Tlic best in- 
terests of the community ever find in him a warm 
friend, and himself and wife are members of the 
Christian Church. He is now living a retired life 
in Paxton, enjoying a well-earned rest. 



ON. .lOIIN H. COLLIER, the pioneer hard- 
ware merchant of Gibson City, has been 
a leading Inisiness man of that place since 
its inception. He was born in Sangerfield, 
Oneida County, N. Y., March 29, 1844, and is a 
son of Joseph and Mary A. (De Forrest) Collier. 
His father was born in Buckinghamshire, England, 
on the 3d of August, 1820, and was descended 
from an old English family of that region. When 
nine years of age, he emigrated with his parents to 
America, the family locating in Oneida County, 
N. Y., wiiere he was married and made his home. 
Five sons and two daughters were born unto Mr. 
and Mrs. Joseph Collier, of whom John II. is the 
eldest, and in order of birth the others are, .Tames, 
Chauncey, Scott, Sophia, George, Martha. James 
and Chauncey were soldiers of the late, mcm- 
bersof the Seventeenth Illinois Cavalry; Chauncey 
died in 1865 from wounds received on the field of 
battle; Sophia became the wife of Edward Leiber, 
of Antioch, Lake County, 111.; and Martha is the 
wife of Wall.ace Arnold, of Chicago. In 18.55, the 
fainilj- came to Illinois and settled on a farm in 
L.ake County, where the wife and mother died in 

1860. The husband and father survives and re- 
sides with his son, John 11., in Gibson City. 

The subject of this sketch attended the district 
schools of Antioch, acquiring a good Finglish edu- 
cation. (Jn the 29th of July, 1862, when only 
eighteen years of age, he enlisted for the late war 
as a member of Company D, Ni: ety-sixth Illinois 
Infantry. The following year, he was promoted in 
regular order to be Second Lieutenant, First Lieu- 
tenant and Captain, a very high rank considering 
his j'outh. At the battle of Chiekamauga, on the 
20th of September, 1863, he was wounded by a gun- 
shot in the left tliigli, and again at the battle of 
Nashville, December 1 G, 1864, by a gun-sliot wound 
in the left arm. His service was mostly in the Army 
of the Cumberland. He was mustered out of ser- 
vice in 1866. 

On his return to Illinois, Mr. Collier engaged in 
merchandising in Antioch, Lake County, where he 
continued to reside until 1871, which year wit- 
nessed his removal to Gibson, Ford County, where 
he, with II. J. Ring, opened the first hardware store 
in that place, later on purchasing Mr. Ring's inter- 
est, thereby becoming sole owner. With marked 
success, he has carried on business continuously 
since and has one of the most complete and well- 
iissorted stocks of goods in the way of general 
hardware and farm implements to be found in the 

In his political affiliations, Mr. Collier is a Re- 
publican and has held various public offices of 
honor and trust. In 1873, he was elected Supervisor 
for Drummer Township, was re-elected and served 
several consecutive years. He was a member of 
the first Board of Trustees of the town of Gibson, 
has served several terms since, and has been Presi- 
dent of the Board. In 1876, he elected to 
the Thirtieth General Assembly of Illinois, was 
twice re-elected, serving in the Thirty-second and 
Thirty-third Assemblies, representing Ford and 
Livingston Counties. In 1888, he was elected a 
member of the State Board of Equalization for a 
term of four years. Ilis course in official life has 
ever been such as to win him the commendation of 
alU concerned and has gained him the respect of 
even his political enemies. .Sociall}-, Mr. Collier is 
a Knight Templar iVIason, belonging to Gibson 



Lodge No. 733, A. F. & A. M., Gibson Chapter 
No. 183, R. A. M., and Mt. Olivet Commandery 
No. 38, K. T., of Paxton. He is also a member of 
Lott Post No. 70, G. A. R., of which he was First 
Commander. He also enjoys the distinction and 
honor of being a member of the military order of 
the Loyal Legion Commandery of Illinois. 

On the 5th of May, 1875, Mr. Collier wedded 
Miss Harriet McClure, who was born in McLean 
Count3-, 111., and is a daughter of Benjamin H. and 
PVances McClure. Two children were born of their 
union, a son and daughter: Ben, born October 1, 
1878, and Kate, on the 25th of August, 1882. The 
lady is a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian 

Mr. Collier is interested in agricultural pursuits, 
as well as mercantile, and is the owner of a well- 
improved farm of one hundred and sixty acres in 
Drummer Township. In (jursuit of the hardware 
business, he ac(|uired a comfortable competence, for 
he has labored to please his customers, and his deal- 
ings have been characterized b\' honesty and up- 
lightness. Thus has he won a liberal and well- 
deserved patronage. 

J'J*'5''?''5" i 



EREMIAH CLEM is a practical and pro- 
gressive agriculturist living on section 36, 
Button Township. He was born in Warren 

County, Ind., on tlie 25tli of September, 1850, 
and is descended from one of the old Revolution- 
ary heroes, his paternal grandfather, Henry Clem, 
having fought in the War for Independence. He 
removed from Butler County, Ohio, to Warren 
Count}', Ind., about 1830. Tlie father of our sub- 
ject, Abraham Clem, was born in the former 
county about 1826, and was therefore only four 
years old when he went to the Iloosier State. He 
there grew to manhood and married Margaret 
N. Stary, a native of Virginia, wlio came to Indi- 
ana when a young maiden, and there resided until 
after her marriage. Her father, Nicholas Star}', 
was one of the first settlers of Warren Count}'. 

After his marriage, Mr. Clem engaged in farming, 
and now resides upon a farm adjoining the old 

homestead. He has reached the age of sixty-six 
years and is living a retired life. In politics, he has 
long been a Democrat, but has never been an office- 
seeker, and himself and wife are members of the 
Methodist Church. Their family numbered five 
sons and three daughters, who grew to mature 
years, the eldest of whom, Israel, is now engaged 
in farming in Warren County; .leremiah is the 
next younger; Elmira is the wife of Peter Lowe, 
of AVarren Count}-; Cornelius is also an agri- 
culturist of Warren County; Louis makes his home 
in the same county; .losephiue is the wife of 
Ed Spencer, a farmer of Warren County; Charles 
aids in the operation of the old homestead in In- 
diana; and Mary completes the family. 

Jeremiah Clem, whose name heads this record, 
spent the days of his boyhood and youth in the 
county of his nativity, remaining witli his parents 
until after he had attained to mature years. He 
received tlie educational advantages afforded by 
the common schools, and after he had attained his 
majority began working upon a farm for himself. 
It was in the siniiig of 1871t that he first made his 
home in Illinois, locating in A'ermilion County. 
He there resided upon a farm for two years, after 
which he removed to Champaign County, where 
he purchased one hundred and twenty acres of 
land and upon tliat farm resided for about four 
years. On the exjiiration of that period, he came 
to Ford County and purchased one liundred and 
fifty-two acres of land — an improved farm, which 
is yet his home. He has since bought a tract of 
one hundred and twenty acres near Paxton, and a 
flfteen-acre tract of timber land, making in all an 
aggregate of two hundred and eighty-seven acres. 
He keeps his farm well improved, his fields are 
well tilled and he is a successful agriculturist. 

In Vermilion County, on the 29tli of December, 
1878, Mr. Clem wedded Miss Maria E. Campbell, 
who was born in Fountain County, Ind., and, when 
a maiden of fourteen siunmers, went to Vermilion 
County, 111., in company witli her father, William 
Campbell, one of the substantial farmers of that 
county. Their union has been blessed with two 
children: Auiil and Orville B. The family is well 
and favorably known throughont this community, 
although their residence here covers a compara- 



tively short period. In politics, Mr. Clem has 
lieen a lifeloug Democrat anil takes a deep interest 
in ti\e success and growth of his party. He is one 
of the enterprising and substantial farmers of Ford 
County, and his sterling wortli and upright char- 
acter well entitle him to representation in this 

William A, Bicket is general manager, is 
an important part of the original Sullivant 
purchase in Ford and Livingston Counties and 
comprises twenty-one thousand two hundred and 
seventeen acres, valued at $1,326,73,5, and is di- 
vided into one hundred and thirty-six well-im- 
proved farms. Each farm has a tasty, roomy and 
comfortable tenant house and suitable farm and 
outbuildings. AVell-im proved roads run on section 
lines, and many hedges mark farm boundaries, di- 
viding the land into farms of one hundred and 
sixty acres each. These farms are rented to a su- 
perior class of tenants on shares, or for cash rent, 
as the tenant may choose. Wlien on shares, the 
tenant gives for the use of the land two-fifths of 
the corn crop and one-third of the small grain and 
hay. The rents for the year 1891 amounted iu 
round numbers to $90,000. The crops of that year 
were represented by three hinidred thousand bush- 
els of corn, two hundred thousand bushels of oats, 
and seeds and other products not enumerated. 
Garden and field seeds are grown extensively but 
not so much so as during the life of the proprietor, 
who was one of the greatest seed-growers and deal- 
ers in the Union. 

The soil of these farms is a black prairie loam, 
very rich and fertile, and well adapted to general 
farming and stock-raising. A system of tiie drain- 
ing has been extensively adopted with marked 
success, and farms that were held at from $12 to 
$15 per acre in Mr. Sullivant's day are now worth 
from $60 to $80. Thirt^^ sections of the property 
are situated in the township of Sullivant. Ford 
County, and five sections in Fayette Township, 
Livingston County. The town of Sibley, .an in- 

corporated village of five hundred inhabitants, is 
situated in the township of Sullivant and in the 
geographical center of the estate. It is astation 
on the Wabash Railroad and is situated on the 
main line between Chicago and St. Louis, being 
one hundred anil three miles south of Chicago and 
one hundred and eight3'-two miles north of St. 
Louis. The railroad, then the Chicago & Paducah, 
was built to this point in 1873, since which time 
Siblej' has grown to be a thrifty and prosperous 
town. The village has three churches and four 
religious societies: the Methodist Episcopal, Swed- 
ish Evangelical Lutheran, German Lutheran and 
German Methodist. The town is noted for its ex- 
cellent schools. Social and secret societies are 
represented by the following-named: Masonic, 
Knights of Pythias, Modern Woodmen of America, 
Good Templars and the Clover Club. The town 
has a good hotel, several mercantile houses and two 
important manufactories: the Illinois Canning 
Works, which have a canning capacity of the pro- 
duct of one thousand acres of sugar corn, and the 
drain tile works that supply the farmers of the 
surrounding countiy with a very necessary article 
for improving their land. The Sibley property in- 
cludes the grain elevator, having a storage capac- 
ity of fifty thousand bushels and facilities for 
loading thirty cars a day, being the largest on the 
Wabash Railroad between Chicago and St. Louis, 
with one exception. 

The tenants of the Sibley estate are of various 
nationalities, Americans, Germans, Swedes, English, 
Irish and French being represented, and tiie total 
number included in the tenant population is about 
an even thousand. The educational wants of the 
farmers' families are provided for by ten good 
country schools which are conducted under the 
State laws as district schools and are governed Ity 
officers elected by the people. A beautiful and in- 
teresting feature of the Sibley landscape is the 
little lake adjoining the village, which is well 
stocked with fish and adds much to the 
ness of the place. 

Under the careful and judicious management of 
Mr. Bicket, the estate has attained a degree of 
thrift that has not only brought profit and large 
increase in value to the owners but competence, 



comfort and contentment to the industrious and 
enterprisini"' tenants. It is safe to assert that tlieie 
is not another property of like extent on the face 
of the globe that is occupied under leases where 
the tenants are as prosperous, independent and 
contented as those on tlie Sibley estate. The 
causes for tliis happy result are easily discovered. 
First may be mentioned the wonderful richness 
and fertility of the soil, a plentiful sup|)ly of good 
water, cheapness of fuel and salubrity and health- 
fulness of the climate; secondly, the convenience 
to market; and last, but not least, the wise, liberal 
and judicious policy of the management, which af- 
fords every man a fair leturn for his labor and the 
advantages of schools and churches for his family. 
So popular have the leases of this property become 
that they are sought for as most desirable by the 
most respectable and worthy renters. For twenty 
years the manager has been weeding out the objec- 
tional)le tenants and supi)lying their places with 
the wortliy and desiralile lease-holder, until at this 
date the land is peopled by a model tenantry. The 
town contains a good library of well-selected 
books and many elegant works of art, and the 
High School can boast the most complete set of 
scientific ajiparatus for educational purijoses to be 
found in the county, all furnished through the 
liberality of Mr. Sibley and the efforts of the pu- 
pils, and should be credited to the broad-minded 
system of management, which has been so faith- 
fully and successfully carried out by the Board of 

H ■ ■ ! I f ^ rf . * <* M ^ ' 

'i'jOHN ORTLEPP is engaged in general 
merchandising in Roberts, and is recognized 
as one of the leading business men of the 
community. He was born in Hanover, 
Germany, May 14, 1841, and is the only son of 
Johann and Elizabeth (Busch) Ortlepp. They had 
one daughter, however. May, who married A. 
Greenfeldt, a boot and shoe maker b}' trade, and 
is now deceased. Johann Ortlepp born in 
December, 1H17, was a basket-maker by trade and 
a fine workman in that line. In 1872, accompanied 

by his wife, a native of Hanover, he sailed from 
Bremen to New York City and came at once to 
Illinois. He located in Iroquois County, but after 
a year came to this county and has since made his 
home with his son John. He is a member of the 
German Lutheran Church, to which bis wife also 
belonged. Her death occurred in Roberts in 1882. 

Our subject learned the butcher's trade in his 
youth and was .also a sailor. While on the high 
seas he visited St. Petersburg, London, Denmark, 
Norway, Sweden, Holland, Belgium, France, Spain, 
Portugal, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. He fol- 
lowed a sea-faring life for nine years and during 
all that time was never ship-wrecked. In the fall 
of 1871, he bade adieu to his native land and once 
more crossed the briny deep, sailing from Liver- 
l)Ool to New York City. He came at once to 
Livingston County, 111., where he began husking 
corn at $1 jier day. In June, 1872, he resumed 
his old trade of a butcher and after working at 
Fairbury for fifteen months, came to Roberts, 
where he has since made his home. At that time 
there were only four stores in the village. For a, 
year he was emi)Ioyed in a warehouse and in 1873 
began business for himself as a butcher, continuing 
in that line until 1887, when he added a stock of 
groceries and attended to both branches of trade. 
He has recently purchased a stock of hardware and 
a stock of furniture, and has already secured a 
liberal patronage from tlie people of Roberts and 
the surrounding community. 

Mr. Ortlepp was married, June 28, 1884, to Miss 
Emma Twarnoske, a native of Germany. Her 
parents were natives of the same place and now 
reside with their daughter. Five children have 
been born unto our subject and his wife: Lizzie, 
Mary, Alma, Ida and Lena. The parents are both 
members of the Lutheran Church, to the support 
of which they contribute liberally, and they have 
also given of their means to other enterprises of 
interest calculated to ui>build the community and 
promote the general welfare. 

In politics, Mr. Ortlepp is a Democrat. He has 
now been a resident of Ford County for many 
years. He came with a cash capital of about i<80() 
and is now the owner of a large general mercantile 
establishment, and in connection has one hundred 



and sixty acres of valuable land and his pleasant 
and commodious home located on Maple fStreet. 
He is truly a self-made man. liy the exercise of 
good business principles, supplemented by indus- 
try and perseverance, he has acquired a handsome 
property, and tlie prosperity wiiich has crowned 
his efforts is certainly well deserved. He is now 
numbered among the substantial citizens of the 
community and it is with pleasure that we present 
this record of his life to our readers. 


EMANUEL LOWRY, editor and proprietor 
of the Gibson Courier, is a resident of Ford 
,. County and has made Gibson City his 

home since 1875. He was born in ^Somerset County, 
Pa., January 22, 1837, and is a son of Michael and 
Salome (Moyer) Lowry. The parents were Ijoth 
natives of Pennsylvania and passed away in that 
State, greatly beloved by all who knew them. 

Emanuel Lowry received his primary education 
in the common schools of his native count}' and 
afterward took a classical course in Bethany Col- 
lege, in West Virginia, graduating in the Class of 
'66. lie served a regular apprenticeshij) to the 
printer's trade in Somerset, Pa., and then spent 
some years teacliing in the public and normal 
schools of the county. In 18G0, he went to Beth- 
any, W. Va., where he followed the occupation of 
printing, devoting his leisure hours to study, and 
111 this way working his way through college. In 
1870, he left Bethany and bought a half-interest In 
a paper in Wadsworth, Ohio — the Wadsworth £!ii- 
terprise, with whicli he was connected for one year. 
He then sold out and came to Illinois, settling at 
P'ureka, and there purchased the Eureka Journal, 
in .January, 1872. He conducted tliat paper for 
tliree years, and in 1875 came to Gibson, purchas- 
ing the Courier, which he has since carried on, 
with the exception of one year, 1884-85, which he 
spent at Pontiac, 111., where he bought a half- 
interest in the Pontiac Senlind, which lie still 
holds. The SvnUnel is the leading Rei)ublican 
paper in Livingston County and is very ably and 
well conducted. 

A marriage ceremony performed on the 24th of 
September, 1862, in Somerset, Pa., united the des- 
tinies of MissPluebe Colliorn and Mr. Lowry. Tlie 
lady is a daughter of Sylvester and Olive Col- 
born, and was born in Somerset County, Pa. She 
was a sucessful teacher in the public schools of 
her native county at the time of her marriage, oc- 
cupying a front rank in her profession, and is a 
lady of culture and fine literaiy taste, a true 
helpmate to her husband in his literary work. 
Unto ]Mr. and Jlrs. Lowiy have been born seven 
children, but two died in infancy, and one daugh- 
ter, Emil}', died at the age of twenty- j'ears. The 
living are: diaries E., who is in the Courier office 
with his father; James P. and John A., who are 
students in the University of Illinois at Cham- 
paign, 111.; and Russell, the youngest of the 

Mr. Lowry and liis wife are members of the 
Christian Church and take an active interest in its 
work. The}- are botli members of the Society of 
Royal Templars of Temperance, and in active 
sympathy with every movement which has for its 
object the moral and intellectual uplifting of so- 
ciety. Mr. Lowry is an experienced and success- 
ful journalist, and in his hands the Courier has 
been a potent in the development of good 
moral sentiment in tlie community and in promot- 
ing the cause of temperance. His outspoken ad- 
vocacy of temperance sentiment in his paper has 
done much to crystallize public sentiment against 
the saloon and drive it from the community 
in which he makes his home. The good effects of 
his teaching and example will live after him. 

f^-_^ UGH MEHARRY was born in Connellsville, 
Pa., February 12, 17!I7, and the next year 
moved with his parents to Adams County, 
Ohio, where he resided until 1828, when he 
married Miss Susan Ambrose and at once moved 
to Montgomery County, Ind., near Shawnee Mound, 
where he and his new bride settled for life. 

By Industry and economy and the great oppor- 
tunity there offered for buying land of a superior 



quality very cheap, he amassed a large fortune. 
His father died before he left Ohio. About two 
years after the son removed to Indiana, his mother 
also moved from the Buckeye State with six 
other sons and one daughter, and settled at 
Shawnee Mound, near Hugh. The sisters and 
brothers all married and settled in the neighbor- 
liood, and, like Hugh, were very prosperous, and 
became wealthy, notwithstanding their large dona- 
tions to colleges, churches and benevolent institu- 
tions. Prominent among our subject's philanthropic 
deeds was the endowing of a professorship in the 
Central Tennessee College, iu Nashville. He also 
contributed largely to the building and endowing 
of the Illinois Wesleyan University, of Blooming- 
ton, 111. 

When this part of Illinois was comparatively 
new, 3Ir. Meharry came here and secured a large 
am<junt of land. On one trip tiirough this part of 
Illinois which is now Ford County, he remained 
over night at Ten Mile Crove with .John Crothers, 
in a log house yet standing on the farm now owned 
by .John M. Hanlcy, Esq. During the evening, he 
entered into conversation with Mr. Crothers and 
made some inquiries about the health and morals 
of the people. Crothers became excited, jumped 
up, and. slapping his hands together, said: "I have 
lived here for sixteen years, and I thank God I 
have never had a preacher or doctor in my house." 

Like his father, Hugh Meharry raised a large 
family, all the members of which he settled in Illi- 
nois on good farms, excepting one sou and daugh- 
ter, the former owning and occupying the old 
homestead at Shawnee Mound, and to the latter 
he gave fourteen hundred acres of land near Am- 
bia, Ind. 

When Mr. IVIeharr^- was about seventy-three 
years old, his wife having died some three years 
before, he left his old home and came to live with 
his children iu Illinois, residing with his son, F. 
Meharry, and his son-in-law, Rol)eit Blackstock. 
He died in his eighty-fourth year while on a visit 
to his son-in-law, the Rev. .John A. Kumler, in Be- 
ment, 111. His remains were brought back to Pax- 
ton, and funeral services held in the Methodist 
Episcopal Church on the 27th of December, 1881, 
after which he was laid to rest in the family cem- 

etery at Shawnee Mound, Ind. He was an active, 
faithful and consistent member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church for sixty -nine 3'ears, and died in 
the full assurance that he was going to join the 
loved ones who had passed before. Truly it can 
be said of him in the language of the Psalmist: 
"Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord, they 
rest from their labor and their works do follow 

Of Mr. Meharr3''s children five are living at this 
writing, three sons and two daughters. The sons 
are Francis, Charles W. and Alexander, and the 
first two mentioned are residents of Ford County. 
The daughteis, Mrs. J. A. Kumler and Mrs. W. H. 
Adams, also reside iu Illinois. 

"^ OSKPII \. KING, agent for the Illinois Cen- 
tral Uailroad at Roberts, has filled his pres- 
ent position longer than any other agent 
between Gilnian and Springfield. He was 
born April .5. 1851. His father, Vincent King, 
was a native of Virginia, but was reared in Ohio, 
and became a miller by trade. In politics, he was 
a Repulilican and was a friend to all interests cal- 
culated to improve or upluiild the community. 
He died when well advanced in years. His wife, 
who bore the maiden name of Jane G. Stevenson, 
was reared in Ohio, liut was born in Kentucky. 
Her death occurred at the age of sixty-nine. They 
had nine children, eight 3'et living: Richard, who 
makes his home in Richmond, Ind.; Mary, wife of 
Robert E. Wead, a farmer of Xenia, Ohio; William, 
a carpenter and joiner of Xenia; .John, who is en- 
gaged in carpentering and superintends a sheep- 
ranch in St. Ann, Cal.; Ann, wife of Albert Stra- 
tum, of Aberdeen, S. Dak.; .James B. is engaged in 
the lumber business in Cincinnati, Ohio; Olive, wife 
of J. R. JjOtt, of Gibson; and .Josei^h, of this sketch. 
Our subject was educated iu the common schools 
and spent his earl\' life with his father in the mill- 
ing business. He became a messenger boy at Cen- 
terville, Ind., and there began learning the princi- 
ples of telegraphy. After finishing school he took 



charge of a night office, but after a year returned 
home. Three years later he resumed telegraphy 
and in 1874 became connected with the Illinois 
Central Railroad. He has been in the employ of 
the company since that time, which shows that he 
has faithfully dischaiged his duties and that his 
services have been very acceptable. 

In 1876, Jlr. King married Miss Nannie Newman, 
who died in 1888, leaving one son, Clyde, who 
now attends school. In 1889, our subject wedded 
Miss Anna Newman, a native of Kentucky and a 
daughter of William Inghram Newman. He was 
born lu Campbell County, Ky., June 28, 1820, was 
reared to agricultural pursuits and emigrated to 
Barcla}', 111., in 18G4. He there engaged in farm- 
ing until 1874, when he became proprietor of the 
Newman House, of Roberts, and continued in that 
business for ten years. He afterward traded his 
property for land in McLean County. He was a 
stalwart Republican, a well-informed man, and had 
the high regard of all with whom he came in con- 
tact. He was a member of the Methodist Church, 
and a devoted Christian gentleman. His death 
occurred in Roberts, November 1,5, 1889. His wife 
was born in Kentucky, July 11, 1819, and died 
August 16, 1887. The\' were married September 
1, 1842, and had a family of nine children, of 
whom four sons and three daughteis are yet liv- 
ing: Edward, who resides in Sibley, 111.; RoUa T., 
who makes his home in Englewood, 111.; Mary J., 
wife of William B. Flora, a farmer of Lj'inan Town- 
ship, whose sketch appears elsewhere in tliis work; 
Elizabeth N., wife of David C. Kemper, of Deer- 
fteld. Mo.; Dick and Fiauk, residents of Roberts; 
and Anna, honored wife of our suliject. 

Mr. and Mrs. King are parents of two sons, Roy 
and Milo S. The mother is a most estimable lady 
and a member of the Methodist Church. Mr. 
King has always been an advocate of Republican 
principles and a stanch supporter of that party 
since he cast his lirst Presidential vote for U. vS. 
firant. The cause of temperance finds in him a 
true friend and he gives his support to all those 
interests calculated to prove of i)ublic benefit to 
the communit}'. He was one of the first memliers 
of the Village Board and helped to draft its by- 
Jaws and ordinances. Socially', he is a member of 

Lyman Lodge, No. 29.3, K. P., in which he holds 
the office of Deputy, and is Master Mason of Buck- 
ley Lodge, No. 264, A. F. & A. M. Himself and 
wife are pleasant, genial people, who for many 
years have been identified with tiie interests of 
Roberts and are held in high esteem by all who 
know them. They have a pleasant and commo- 
dious home on Green Street. 

EIS ARENDS, a well-known German-Ameri- 
can citizen of Melvin, was born in the town 
of Noordan, Hanover, German}', on the 13th 
of August, 1818, and is a son of Onno and Ger- 
trude (Feters) Arends. His parents were natives 
of the same district and there spent their entire 
lives, both being now deceased. 

The subject of this sketch spent the days of his 
boyhood and youth in his native country, where 
he also acqirired a common-school education and 
learned the shoemaker's trade. He has been twice 
married. Kie leaving the Fatherland, on the 25th 
of December, 1847, he was joined in wedlock to 
Teda Becker, a daughter of John Becker, and in 
the following March, having bade good-bye to the 
old home, the young couple emigrated to America. 
On board tlic ship, Mr. Arends was taken sick with 
the prevailing fever, and wlien they landed in 
New Orleans, he was still ill and had but $100 in 
money. In hopes of improving his health, they 
came up the Mississippi River to Illinois without 
much delay and settled in Peoria, where Mr. Ar- 
ends, having partially regained his health, 
emploj-ed at his trade. Three years later, he re- 
moved to Pekin, but remained there only two 
years, when he returned to Peoria and again 
worked at his trade for three years. 

In 1859, Mrs. Arends died, leaving four chil- 
dren: George T., the eldest, was married to jMiss 
Telca Weiss and is a member of the firm of lehl A 
Co., bankers of Melviii; Hannah, wife of Gottlieb 
Harsch, a resident of Chicago, and Mary now the 
wife of John lehl, a banker of Melvin. On the 
31st of December, 1860, Mr. Arends was again 
married, the ceremony being performed in Pekin. 



The bride was Mrs. Mary Frasius, widow of Peter 
Frasius, and a daugliter of Joliau Poplien. She 
was born in Wittniont, Hanover, German}', and 
came to America in tlie fall of 1859. She luis two 
children by her former marriage, a son and daugh- 
ter: William Frasius, who is married and lives in 
Kansas, and Hannah, wife of Carl Gaertner, of 
Youngstown, Ohio. Two children were born of 
the present marriage, but both died in infancy. 

Mr. Arends was engaged in farming near Pekin 
for a couple of years and traveled back and forth 
between that city and Peoria at short intervals, 
until finally he removed to Mason County, 111., 
and was there engaged in farming until 1870, when 
he removed with his family to Peach Orchard 
Township, Ford County, where he owns a fine farm 
of three hundred and twenty acres and has also 
an eighty-acre tract not far distant. They contin- 
ued to reside on the farm until 1877, when, being 
alone and finding the farm work too laborious for 
old age, Mr. and ]\Irs. Arends removed to the vil- 
lage of Melvin, where they have since resided in 
the enjo.ymcnt of well-earned ease. This worthy 
couple are members of the German Methodist 
Church and, in i)olitics, our subject is a Kei^ublican. 
He has always been an industrious, frugal man 
throughout life and has accumulated sufficient 
propertj' to make him and his wife independent in 
their declining years. Both are highly respected 
in the community where they have so long resided 
and it is with pleasure that we present this record 
of their lives to our readers. 




I? EWIS E. ROCKWOOD, Assistant Cashier of 

Co., of Gibson City, has been an employe 
of that company, as book-keeper and assistant 
cashier, continuous!}' since 1883. Mr. Rockwood 
was born in La Salle County, 111., October 15, 1855, 
and is a son of .lohn A. and Sarah J. (Lewis) Rock- 
wood. In 1863, he removed with his parents to 
Normal, this State, and there received his educa- 
tion in the |Hiblic schools, completing his literary 
studies in the High School. He came to Gibson 

City in 1872, wlien it was but a hamlet of a year's 
growlli, and made his home with his parents on a 
farm in Drummer Township until 1880, since 
which time he has resided in the city. During the 
years of his residence on the farm, he engaged in 
agricultural |)ursuitsand in teaching school, having 
taught in all nine terms. The two years just pre- 
ceding his coming to Gilison, he devoted his time 
almost exclusively to teaching, and was very suc- 
cessful in that occupation. Until 1883, he wasem- 
plojed as a book-keeper by a Gibson grain firm, 
and at the expiration of that time, lie entered upon 
the duties of his present position in the bank. 

Mr. Rockwood has been twice married, the first 
time in Paxton on the 10th of July, 1884, to Miss 
Florence Moffett, a daughter of S. R. Moffett. Mrs. 
Rockwood was born in Indiana, and accompanied 
her parents to Paxton in childhood. She was 
called to her final rest on the 1st of November, 
1885, and her death was deeply mourned by a 
large circle of friends and acquaintances. On the 
9th of May, 1889, Jlr. Rockwood was united 
in marriage in Gibson to his present wife, whose 
maiden name was Ida Baird. Mrs. Rockwood is a 
native of Illinois, born in McLean County, and is a 
daughter of W. .1. Baird. of Gibson Cit}-. One 
child graces this union, a son, Roscoe, who was 
born in Gibson, Febru.ary 20, 1890. 

In politics, Mr. Rockwood easts his vote with the 
Democracy, and is a stalwart supporter of the i)arty 
principles. He has been a member of the Village 
Board two terms, and now holds the position of 
President of the City School Board. He and his 
wife hold membership with the Methodist Church, 
and are earnest Christian people. Our subject is a 
Knight Templar Mason, belonging to Gibson Lodge 
No. 733, A. F. & A. M.; to Gibson Chapter No. 
183, R. A. M.; to Gibson Council No. 72; and to 
Mt. Olivet Cominandery No. 38, K. T., of Paxton. 
He was ISIaster of his lodge in 1877, 1878 and 
1879, and is an active member of the fraternity. 

Mr. Rockwood now been emplojcd in the 
bank of Mattinson, Wilson A' Co. for nearly ten 
3'ears, and has, by the strict and faithful discharge 
of the duties of his position, grown in favor with 
the firm, and is honored with their confidence and 
trust. His services in the School Board have 

^~e.-'^^^*~\^ ^^/Ck. 




helped to advance the educational interests of the 
city, which are now grown to important dimen- 
sions, while his courteous liearing- and e-orroct busi- 
ness methods in the discharge of liis duties at tlie 
bank liave won for him the respect and c<.inlidence 
of its patrons. 


;yv ETKR LAlvSUN (deceased) was tlie pioneer 

merchant tailor of Paxton, and the founder 
of the clothing house of Peter Larson it 
Co., the largest mercantile liouse in Ford 
County. He was born in Olmstad, .lonkopings 
l>an, Sweden, December 12, \S'd'S, was reared and 
educated in his native country and there learned 
the tailor's trade. In 1854, he emigrated to America 
and made his first location in Attica, Ind., wliere he 
was engaged in business and where lie was married, 
in 1857, to Miss Lavisa Gustafson, a daugliter of 
Jacob tJustafson. Tlie lad^' was born in Linderas, 
Sweden, and came to America in 1853. 

The union of Mr. and Mrs. Larson was blessed 
by a family of six children, four of wliom are 
yet living: Charles Albert, the eldest, is now at 
the liead of the mercantile house of P. Larson & 
Co., of Paxton, with branch stores at Gilison City 
and Watseka. Jacob Theodore wedded Kmily 
Peterson, and conducts the Gibson store. Peter 
Edward is the resident partner and manager of 
the branch store in Watseka. Kmil and Ida Ottilia 
died in infancy; and Ida Ottilia, tlie second of tliat 
name, resides with her motlier in Paxton. 

In 1864, Mi'. Larson came to Paxton and en- 
gaged in merchant tailoring, also doing business as 
a dealer in ready-made clothing, in company with 
William Liudberg and John Nelson, under the 
firm name of Lindberg, Larson & Nelson. From 
1870 until 188.3, lie was alsne in business and suc- 
ceeded in building up a large and successful trade. 
In October of the latter year, he sold out to his 
sons, C. Albert and J. T., and C. A. Englund, the 
firm name of P. Larson & Co. being retained for 
business advantages. In 1887, a younger brother, 
Peter E., became a member of the firm and, with 

those above named, constitute the companj'. This 
house does a general trade .as merchant tailors and 
dealers in ready-made clothing and gents' furnish- 
ing goods and the aggregate business of the three 
stores amounts to an even ^100,000 The 
firm has succeeded to the good-will of the custom- 
ers of Peter Larson and still maintains the reputa- 
tion of the house for selling good goods and for 
fair and honest dealing. While they have the 
largest trade of any house in their line in Ford 
County, they also enjoy a corresponding popular- 
ity. The branch store at Gibson City was opened 
February 27, 1887, and tliat at Watseka in August, 

Charles Albert Larson was born in Attica, Ind., 
F'ebruary 1, 1859, came to Paxton, III., with his 
parents in 1864, was educated in the public schools, 
and received liis business oducaticm in his father's 
store, beginning when he was but thirteen j-ears 
old. In October, 18«3, he became the head of the 
house as previously stated. He was married in 
Paxton, on the 13th of .lanuary, 1887, to Miss 
Annie Larson, who was born in Chicago and is a 
daughter of Andrew Larson. Tiie3' have one child, 
a son, Clarence Raymond, who was born March 
12, 1888. 

Mr. Larson and his wife are members of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church and by his ballot he 
supports the Republican party. He is also a Di- 
rector in the F^irsl National Hank of Paxton and 
is accounted one of the foremost business men of 
the citj'. 


OIIN NEWMAN is a member of the firm of 
Newman it Peterson, undertakers and deal- 
ers in furniture, of Paxton. lie is a native 
of Denmark, his birth having occurred on 
the 6th of March, 1848. His parents, Hans and 
Cecelia Newman, who were also natives of the 
same countrj', are both deceased. lie was reared 
to manhood in his native land, acfpiired his educa- 
tion in its public schools and learned the trade of 
a machinist, at which he worked until 1869, when 
he determined to seek his fortune in Ameriga, 



Bidding good-bye to home and friends, he crossed 
the Atlantic and came direct to Illinois, locating 
in Kankakee. He remained there, however, only 
a short time, after wliicli he went to Wilmington, 
where he was employed in cabinet-making. Later, 
he returned to Kankakee, and thence came to Pax- 
ton in 1871. Ills residence in this city, therefore, 
covers a period of twenty-one years. In 1873, he 
formed the existing partnership with J. Peterson. 
This is the oldest house in their line of business in 
the count}' seat and one of the most popular in 
the county, as their customers can always depend 
on getting well-made goods at reasonable prices. 

On the 12th of March, 1874, Mr. Newman was 
united in marriage to Miss Anna Nelson, the wed- 
ding being celebrated in this city. The lady is a 
native of Denmark and a daughter of Nils Nelson. 
Five children have been born of their union, two 
sons and three daughters: Jolin C, Cecelia, Ileniy, 
Hazel and Leta, all born in Paxton. 

Mr. Newman and his wife are members of the 
Lutheran Church. In politics, he is a supporter 
of Republican principles, having afliliated with 
that party for many years, and is a member of the 
Paxton Board of Education. He also belongs to 
Paxton Camp, Modern Woodmen of America. The 
firm of Newman & Peterson has now been in busi- 
ness nearly twenty years, without change, and is 
classed as one of the successful houses of Paxton. 
They are enjoying a well-deserved prosperity, 
which is the reward of industry, perseverance and 
earnest and well-directed efforts. 


"^ OHN S. JOHNSON, a farmer residing on sec- 
tion 26, Patton Township, is a native of 
Sweden, his birth having occurred on the 
10th of August, 1841. His father, Jonas 
Johnson, was also born in that country, there grew 
to manhood, was married, reared his family and 
spent his entire life. Our subject was the only son 
and the youngest child in a family of nine chil- 
dren. He remained in his native land until fi'fteen 
years of age, spending the greater \)a.rt of his time 
in school, where he acquired a good education. It 

was in 1856 that he emigrated to America in com- 
pany with his married sister and her husband. 
They sailed from (Jottenburg in June, and after 
seven weeks spent on the bosom of the Atlantic, 
arrived at Boston in the latter part of July. On 
the loth of August following, the_v reached La Fay- 
ette, Ind., where Mr. Johnson joined a brother- 
in-law, and worked for about a year and a half to 
pay for his passage to this country. He also at- 
tended school in the winter seasons for a time, and 
remained in La Fayette for about thirteen years. 
The year 1869 witnessed liis arrival in Illinois, 
and saw him a resident of Ford County. 

In this count}', in October, 1879, Mr. Johnson married, the lady of his choice being Miss So- 
phia Johnson, wiio was also a native of Sweden, 
and when a young lady came to this country, mak- 
ing her home with a sister in Paxton. Unto them 
have been born five chihlren: Helen R., at home; 
Eva, Hannah and Norma, who are attending the 
home school; and Otto S., the youngest of the 

For several years after locating in Ford County, 
l\Ir. Johnson rented land, I)ut at length, having ac- 
cumulated some capital through his industr}' and 
economy, he purchased a part of the farm on which 
he now resides. This was in 1874. He became 
the owner of one hundred and twent^'-one acres, 
and with characteristic energy be began its cultiva- 
tion and improvement. The boundaries of his farm 
he has since extended by an additional purchase of 
eighty acres, making in all two hundred and one 
acres of valuable land which pays a golden tribute 
to the care and labor he bestows upon it. It is all 
under a high state of cultivation and well im- 
proved. There is a good home and other neces- 
sary buildings, and the owner is regarded as one 
of the substantial farmers of Patton Township. 

Mr. Johnson is a man who takes an .active inter- 
est in all that pertains to the welfare of the com- 
munity in which he resides, and is a true friend to 
all educational and moral interests. He has been 
honored with several local offices of trust, and to 
those who know him it is needless to say that, his 
duties were ever faithfully performed. Himself 
and wife are church members, and are well and 
favorably known throughout this community. Mr, 



Johnson is a self-inade man. At the early age of 
fifteen years he began life for himself and worked 
his way upward, overcoming all dilliculties and 
obstacles in his path. He may well be proud of liis 
success, which has licen achieved by his own un- 
aided efforts. 

<A I^H.LIAM A. HOOVER, a successful dental 
\/\l/l surgeon of Gibson City, was born in 
^^ Greenville, Ohio, .Tanuary 7, ISfil, unto 
Frederick G. and Mary C. (Cole) Hoover. The 
father was a native of "NVurtemberg, Germany, but 
at the age of eleven years came with his parents 
to Greenville, Ohio, where he grew to manhood 
on a farm, following that occupation through life. 
In that county he married Miss Cole, a native of 
Ohio. In 1861, Mr. Hoover enlisted in the service 
for the late war, becoming a member of Company 
G, Fortieth Ohio Infantry, of which he made 
Corporal. He was killed at the battle of Chicka- 
mauga, thus laying down his life on the altar of 
his country. Subsequently, his widow wns again 
married, becoming the wife of .John C. Hoover, a 
brother of her former hvisband. By her former 
marriage, three children were l)orn, but our subject 
is the only one now living, the two others having 
died in childhood. By the second union, two 
children were born: Charles G., a dentist of Mani- 
towoc, Wis.; and .Tohn L., who is preparing him- 
self for the same profession at the Michigan .State 

William A. Hoover was reared to nianiiood on a 
farm until eighteen years of age, receiving his 
primary education in the common schools of the 
district. He afterward attended the Greenville 
High School and completed his literary course in 
the lyCbanon, Ohio, Normal. After teaching for 
two years, he entered the dental oflice of .1. .J. 
Little, D. D. S., of Greenville, Ohio, wliere he re- 
mained for the same length of time, and then si)ent 
a jear in the dental dei)artment of the I'niversity 
of California. He completed his professional 
studies in 1886, graduating from the dental depart- 

ment of the Michigan Universitj'. In September, 
1886, he located in Gibson City, where he has 
since been in continuous practice, and is numbered 
among the enterprising young business men of the 
place. He secured a large and liberal patron- 
age, which is justly deserved. 

At Mansfield, 111., Mr. Hoover led to the mar- 
riage altar, on the 29th of August, 1888, Miss Laura 
E. Howver, a daughter of George and Ellen 
Ilowver, who reside at that place, where the}' are 
widely and favorably known. Unto our subject 
and his wife has been born one child, Sibyl M. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Hoover are Presbyterians in 
religious sentiment, and take an active part in the 
work of that church. Politically, he is a Repub- 
lican and is deeply interested in the success of that 
party, of which he is a stalwart advocate. In 
social circles, he and his wife rank high and are 
numbered among the worth3' citizens of Gibson. 
He is a Mason, socially. He also belongs to the 
Eastern Illinois Dental .Society. Dr. Hoover is a 
man well versed in his profession and justlj^ merits 
the confidence and liberal patronage he receives. 

i'OBERT STRONG is the owner of a fine farm 
of one hundred and sixty acres, pleasantly 
i situated about four miles from Paxton, on 
section 22, Patton Township, and there in 
connection with general farming he also carries on 
stock-raising. Tiiis is a valualile |)lace, improved 
with a commodious residence, good barns and out- 
liuildings and all tiie other .accessories of a model 
farm, and a glance over the broad acres will tell the 
beholder tliat the owner is a man of thrift and en- 

Mr. Strong is a native of Indiana, his birth hav- 
ing occurred in jMoni'oe County, .January 1',), 1836. 
The family is of Irish descent and the original 
ancestors were among the first settlers of the Fair- 
field district of South Carolina, wheie Samuel M. 
Strong, father of our subject, and Robert Strong, 
the grandfather, who served in the War of 1812, 
were born. The maternal grandfather, .lolin Weir, 
was also a native of South ("arolina, and his 



daughter Lutecia, who was born in the Chester 
district, became the wife of Samuel Strong. After 
their marriage they removed to Indiana, becoming 
honored pioneers of Monroe Count\'. They set- 
tled in tlie wilderness and in the midst of the for- 
est Mr. Strong developed a farm which he made 
his home until his death in 185.5. His wife sur- 
vived him about twenty years, passing away in 
1874. In the family were six sons and two daugh- 
ters, who grew to manhood and womanhood, the 
eldest of whom is Robert; .lohn enlisted for the 
late war in the Eight3'-second Indiana Infantry, 
was taken sick and died in the service in Tennessee, 
August 4, 1863; .James died in Indiana, in 1890, 
leaving a family; .Jennie died in earl>' womanhood; 
William B. is a resident farmer of this county; 
Rev. Charles S. is the minister of the United Pres- 
b^'terian Church in Lawrence, Kan.; Samuel W. is 
engaged in agricultural pursuits in Monroe Count}', 
Ind., and Sarah, widow of .John Harris, resides in 

The childhood and youtii of our subject were spent 
upon his father's farm in the county of his nativ- 
ity. As soon as old enough, he aided in its opera- 
tion and his training at farm labor much 
more extensive than that received in tiie school 
room, his educational advantages being very 
meagre. After arriving at years of maturity, he 
remained upon tlie farm with his mother for a 
time, after which he was joined in wedlock to 
Miss Martha .J. Miller, daughter of .James Miller, 
a native of South Carolina, and a pioneer of Mon- 
roe County, Ind. Their union was celebrated on 
the 13th of October, 1859, and unto them have 
been boin four sons who are yet living: Samuel 
O., who operates a farm adjoining tiiat of his 
father; .James, who follows agricultural pursuits in 
Iroquois County; .John T., a farmer residing with 
his father, and Charles D., a lad of twelve years, 
attending the home school. 

For five years after his marriage, Mr. Strong 
followed farming in Monroe Ctuuity, and in 1864 
came to Ford County, 111., since which time he has 
resided on the farm which now yields to him a 
golden tribute for the care and cultivation he be- 
stows upon it. He started out in life empty- 
l)ande<i but has worked his way upward to a position 

of affluence, and in connection with the property 
which he possesses, he has also given to his three 
sons eighty-acre tracts of land. In politics, he was 
first a .Jackson Democrat, afterwards supported the 
Republican party and later affiliated with the Green- 
b.ack party, but for some 3-ears has been identified 
with the Prohibitionists. He is a strong advocate of 
temperance and gives his support to the party which 
embodies his views on that subject. He and his 
wife are members of the United Presbyterian 
Church of Paxto'n and are people held in high re- 
gard by all who know them. Their residence here 
covei's a period of twenty-seven years, during 
which they have witnessed much of the growth 
and development of the county and seen its ad- 
vancement and progress. 




(JUIRE JOHN MORRIS, a Justice of the 
Peace and Insurance Agent of Paxton, is a 
pioneer of Ford County, coming here in 
April, 1858, and was the first Justice of 
Wall Township. He was born in Newburg, near 
Dundee, Scotland, July 14, 1830. His parents, 
John and Euphemia (Bonie) IMorris, were also na- 
tives of the same country, and there passed to their 
final rest. 

The education of our subject was received in 
Scotland, and he emigrated to the United States in 
1849, settling in Rochester, N. Y. He afterwards 
removed to Fowlerville, twenty-two miles from 
Rochester, where he worked at his trade of a ma- 
chinist until 1854, when he came to Illinois, mak- 
ing a location in Ottawa. He opened a machine 
shop in Henr3', 111., which he carried on for two 
years, and then went toFreeport, where he was em- 
ployed in the reaper works of J. P. Manney. In 
1858, he came to Ford County, and settled on a 
farm in Wall Township, where he remained for 
several years. 

On the 1st of September, 1854, in Fowlerville, 
N. Y., a marriage ceremony was performed which 
united the destinies of Mr. INIorris and Miss Mary 
Martin, a daughter of James Martin. ISlrs. Morris 
was born in Scotland, and came to America when 







eight or nine years of age. Six children have been 
born to our subject and his wife, but two are now 
deceased. Johnson J. married IMiss Jlaggie Morri- 
son, and they reside in Paxton; Mary E. is at 
home; Hattie, wife of Robert Moffett, also makes 
her home in Paxton; Annie became the wife of 
John McElro}', but was called to her final rest in 
May, 1887; Charles M. and AUie are at home. 

Mr. Morris continued to make his liome on his 
farm in^ Wall Township from April, 1858, until 
the fall of 1876, when he came to Paxton, and has 
here since resided. He was elected Justice of the 
Peace in April, 1886, and has held that office con- 
tinuously since, being re-elected on the 5th of 
April, 1889. He is also engaged in the insurance 
business, and has been quite successful in line. 
In politics, he is a Republiciin, .and a stanch sup- 
porter of the principles of that part3'. Religiously, 
he holds membership with the United Presbyterian 
Church, and is one of the highly respected citizens 
of the community. He stands high in social as 
well as business circles, and is one of the enterpris- 
ing men of Ford County. 

operates a finely improved farm of eighty 
acres, pleasantly situated within two miles 
of Roberts. He is one of the worthy citi- 
zens that Germany has furnished Ford County. He 
was born February 17, 1833, and is the fifth in a fam- 
ily of five sons and one daughter, but he no 
account of his brothers and sister, whether they are 
living or not. His parents, John and Elizabeth 
(Heinmann) Bernhardt, are both deceased. The 
father died in July, 1847, at the age of flfty-two 
years. He was a blacksmith by trade and possessed 
much mechanical genius. For sixyeare, he served 
in the German army and was in two invasions 
into France. He well remembered the three Bon- 
apartes. His wife died in October, 1849, at the age 
of fifty-three years. Both were members of the 
German I/Utheran Church. 

Our subject spent the days of his boyhood and 
youth upon his father's farm, and at the age of 

twenty-one years, having determined to try his 
fortune in America, sailed from Bremen to New 
York, where he arrived after a voyage of forty- 
five days. He went to Paterson, N. J., where his 
brother John was working at the shoemaker's 
trade, and there resided for eighteen months, after 
which he went to Iowa City, Iowa, and later to 
Chicago. He then removed to Putnam County, 
where he began life emijty-handed. In 1868, he 
came to Ford County, and purchased eighty acres 
of raw prairie land near the present site of Roberts, 
though the vill.age was not then laid out, and since 
that time has been a prominent resident of Ford 

Mr. Bernhardt resjionded to the call of his 
adopted country during the late war and enlisted 
at Granville, Putnam County, September 27, 1862, 
as a member of Company E, Fourth Illinois 
Cavalry, under Capt. AVardlaw. The regiment was 
assigned to the Army of the Tennessee and ordered 
first to Trenton, Tenn. They afterward went to 
Jackson and then entered upon the long marches 
and raids which proved so disastrous to many of 
the brave boj's. Sometimes they weie not out of 
the saddle for days together, but rode through 
mud, rain and snow with scared}' anything to eat, 
save what they could pick up along the route. In 
the latter part of January, 1863, the regiment went 
into winter quarters in Collierville, Tenn. Mr. Bern- 
hardt while scouting was taken prisoner but 
parolled the next da}-. Feeling a sickness coming 
on, he obtained leave of absence, and had hardly 
reached home when he was t.aken seriously ill and 
the doctor said there were no hopes of his recover}', 
but by careful nursing he at length pulled through 
and returned to his regiment, then in the rear of 
Vicksburg. He remained in that vicinity for about 
a year and suffered many of the hardships and 
privations of army life. Often they had not 
enough to eat. On one occasion, Mr. Bernhardt told 
his companion he would hold his horse if he would 
go into a cabin near by and get something to 
His comrade returned with a piece of corn bread, 
and going on to the next house they secured a 
bucket of stewed peaches. Off this they dined, and 
Mr. Bernhardt s.ays that no Christmas dinner ever 
tasted better tiian that lunch. He went with his 



regiment on the raid through Mississippi, Alabama 
and Georgia, and when the war was over was hon- 
orably discharged at Memphis, Tenn., in June, 
1865, and was mustered out and jjaid off in Spring- 

On the 20th of .Tanuary, 1872, Mr. Bernhardt 
married Miss Amelia Smith. Their union was 
celebrated in Lyman Township, and unto them 
iiave been born three sons and two daughters, three 
of whom are yet living: Charlie, who is engaged 
in agricultural pursuits; .Tennie and George. The 
mother died on the 18tli of Jul^y, 1878, and was 
buried in the Roberts Cemetery. Mr. Bernhardt 
was again married, his second union being with 
Mrs. Jlaria (Frcel)ury) Wagner, a native of New 
York. She was lirought to Illinois when a maiden 
of three years and educated in La Salle County. Her 
father, Freelmry, was a native of England, 
and in tliat country married Margaret Harvey. 
Crossing the Atlantic, they settled in the Empire 
State, after which they came to Illinois, and have 
since been residents of La Salle County. Mrs. Bern- 
hardt is a lady of genial manners and presides 
with grace over her hospitable home, where her 
many friends delight to gather. Mr. Bernhardt 
has served for nine years as School Director in his 
district and does all in his power for the advance- 
ment of the cause of education. He also contri- 
butes to other worthy enterprises calcu- 
lated to benefit and improve the communit}'. Soci- 
ally, he is a member of Meadow Mound Grange 
No. 711, and his wife is a member of the Evangel- 
ical Church, of Lyman Township. 

^M NDREW J. NELSON, who is engaged in 
@ytj[ general farming on section 4, Button 
//[ 14 Township, was born on the 1st of January, 
<^ 1857, in Sweden, of which countiy his par- 

ents, Peter and Lena (Christina) Nelson, were also 
natives. The father was a farmer, and with his 
family emigrated to the New World in 1869, sail- 
ing from Gottenburg in June. The vessel dropped 
anchor in the harbor of New York, and he came on 

to Illinois, reaching Ford County on the 5th of 
July. Purchasing a tract of raw land in Button 
Township, he made a home, and upon that farm 
reared his family. There he continued to reside 
until his death, which occurred on the 30th of Feb- 
ruary, 1891. His wife died six da3-s previous 
and they were laid to rest side by side in Paxton 
Cemetery, where a monument has been erected to 
their mcmoiy. Mr. Nelson was an industrious man 
and a prosperous farmer, and was one of tlje origi- 
nal members of the Swedish Church, of Clar- 
ence. The family numbered four sons: August, a 
substantial farmer of Iroquois County; Charles G., 
who died in this county in 1879, leaving a wife 
and family; Andrew J., of this sketch; and John 
A., also a well-to-do farmer of Iroquois County-. 

Andrew Nelson was a lad of but twelve sum- 
mers when he came to Illinois with his parents. 
His education was acquired in the public schools 
of his native land and in Ford County, and he 
gave his father tlie benefit of his labors until about 
twenty-four years of age. As a companion and 
helpmate on life's journey lie chose Miss Hattie 
Johnson, a daughter of A. J. Johnson. .She is a 
native of Sweden, and when a child came to Ford 
County. Tlieir marriage was celebrated in Pax- 
ton, April 18. 1882. and three children grace their 
union: Ellen .losephine. .Vrtliur Gilbert and Fred 

Previous to liis marriage, Mr. Nelson purchased 
a tract of eighty acres, upon which he and his bride 
began their domestic life. The boundaries of his 
farm have since been extended, until now one liun- 
dred and sixty acres of good land yield to him a 
golden tribute. He started out in life empty- 
handed, but his indusliy, energy and enterprise 
stood him instead of capital, and he has steadily 
worked his way upward until he is now numbered 
among the well-to-do agriculturists of Button 
Township. His farm is a model one, and a valu- 
able one. In politics, he is a Republican, having 
supported that party since he cast his first Presi- 
dential vote for Gen. U. S. Grant. He was elected 
and served for .eight consecutive \'ears as Constable 
of Button Township, and proved an etllcient officer. 
Himself and wife are members of the Swedish 
Church, of Clarence, and are people held in high 



reijiirrl hy their many friends and acquaintances 
througliout this comnumity. Mr. Nelson has siient 
the greater part of his life in Ford County, and in 
its history is well deserving of mention, for he has 
ever proved himself a (jublic-spirited and valued 




JAMES D. H'DLOW, in wliose honor the 
village of Ludlow, 111., was named, was 
born at Ludlow Station, Hamilton County, 
Ohio, in the old block house that was built 
by his ancestors in the pioneer days of Cincinnati, 
when it was necessary to guard against the attacks 
of hostile Indians. The paternal grandfather of 
our subject drew the chain in the survey for the 
original plat of Cincinnati and erected the l)lock 
house alluded to above. It continued to be the 
home of his children and grandchildren for many 
years. The site of the old house was within tiie 
limits of what is now the Twenty-fifth Ward of 
Cincinnati, and the station established there bears 
the family name of Ludlow. 

The subject of this sketch was reared and edu- 
cated in Hamilton County and on attaining man- 
hood was emplo3'ed on Covernment surveys in 
Tennessee. In 1856, he came to Illinois and lo- 
cated in Champaign County, within about six 
miles of Paxton. There he established his home 
and engaged in farming. In 1862, he returned to 
Ohio, and was united in marriage with Miss Susan 
Middlecoff, a daughter of Daniel Bliddlecoff, and a 
sister of the Hon. J. P. Middlecoff, of Paxton. 
Mrs. Ludlow was born in Lebanon, Ohio. After 
their marriage, the young couple came to Illinois 
and occupied the home Mr. Ludlow had pre- 
pared in Champaign County. In the course of 
time, a village, with post-oflice, church and schools, 
developed at the site of his settlement and was 
given the name of Ludlow, by which it is still 

Two sons and five daughters were born unto 
Mr. and Mrs. Ludlow: Samuel, the eldest, who 
married Miss Adella Martin, a daughter of .James 
Martin, IS a resident of Paxton, wliere he is en- , 

gaged in the insurance business; Belle died at the 
age of three j-ears; Theresa is the wife of John L. 
Benedict and their home is in Indianapolis, Ind.; 
Edmund, who is single and resides in Paxton, was 
named for Edmund Ludlow, one of the regicides 
of King Charles I, of England, and a memlier of 
the Ludlow family prior to the settlement of the 
Ainciican branch in the New World; Charlotte 
died in infancy; Catherine is single; Clara, the 
youngest, died in infancy. 

Mr. Ludlow was engaged in farming and stock- 
raising in Cliampaign County until 1883, when he 
removed to Paxton and made that city his home 
until his deat